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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, September 27, 1971------ Tim Trnynor Required: a Soviet push The East Germans were n c v c r happy willi the four-power agreement negotiated and signed by Ihe occupy- ing nations in Kerlin last month. They are now using all the obstructionist tactics they can muster lo prevent its ratification by the parliaments of Russia, France, the U.S. and Britain. The Kast German negotiator re- sponsible for working out the techni- cal details of the agreement refuses to accept the German text, although both Germanics had originally ac- cepted it. He says that his interpre- tation of the agreement is Hint it should be a matter between West Berlin and East Germany alone, and that Bonn has no right lo lake part in the arrangcmeiils. 1'lainly East Germany is playing for time, unwill- ing to acknowledge that the new agreement endorses West Germany's ties with West Berlin. Chancellor Willy Brandt look time out lor a quick trip to Ihe Crimea last week and among other things he and Mr. Brezhnev must have dis- cussed are the blocking lactics of the East German government. A good shove from Moscow could malic vards for Willy Brandt's team. Aged ask more benefits Things are looking up these clays for people over 05. Spurred on by the modest success of Ihe Opportun- ities for Youth program carried out this past summer, Justice Minister John Turner is tossing around the idea of a similar project for old age pensioners. This would he a boon to many older folk who find too many leisure hours tedious. Their experi- ence, patience and wisdom would also be a great benefit lo society. Pensioners, too. are becoming more vocal on their own hehalf. particu- larly in the light of the various youth programs, including the reduced air fares for overseas travel. In Ontario recently, representatives ofmorelhan 400 senior citizens groups convened lo discuss ways and means of improv- ing their status. They agreed to de- mand more senior citizens centres, and programs to prepare the elderly for rcliremenl. Also to be demanded is an increase in the old age pen- sion to S115 from 880 a month and that it be paid at age Wl instead of (in. But why should Ihey stop there'.' Although the CNR has announced re- duced rates for pensioners, why are they not extended the same rates for overseas travel as people under They should go after this too Unfortunately Canada's elderly are loosely organized. They have no ar- ticulate spokesman of their own, nor do they represent a solid voting bloc which "would be certain lo influence Ottawa. There is no likelihood of them staging uprisings so they are of little threat lo the social order. Precious few funds have been expended to dale lo meet their needs or even to find out what their needs are But here and there are signs of a change. Mr. Turner's hint at an op- portunity program, Ihe magnanimous gesture of the CNR and the growing voice of Ihe elderly themselves indi- cates that this age group at long lasl is going lo receive the attention and assist mice Ihev so richly deserve. Wunderbar! Two psychologists working for eight years have come up with the conclusion lhat sport per se does not build character. The study involved interviews wilh athletes in pro- fessional and non-professional cate- gories, with high school students, col- lege students and goodness knows how many others. It's a long lime and a lot of work lo arrive at the momentous decision, one which most intelligent people have known for a long time. Jlens sana in corpore sano is a saying used by the Romans. U holds good even today with the blessing of extensive psychological research. Wunderbar: ART BUCHWALD Sunday afternoons -Harry Harry will you slop looking at that stupid foot- ball game and listen me? There's a very suspicious man lurking in front of the house What do you mean find out what lie wanls? You find out what he wants You're the man in this house Harry. I think he's getting into your car Yes. he is gelling into your car Let's call the police. "How can you say that Harry? it the car is insured you should at least make some effort to stop a thief 1 don't care if it is fourth down and one lo go, you can't let somebody just up and steal your car Look Harry he's getting out now and opening the hoed He's prob- ably trying to get it started I think should at least yell at him "All right, so the Redskins made a fu'sl down But if you just come lo the window Look he's got the molor start- ed Please, Harry, call the police What? It will ruin your afternoon if the police come Yes, I know you have your heart set on watching Ihe game, hut what are we going lo do for a car? I'm not distracting you How can you say I always think of ways of interrupting you when you're walching a football game Am 1 supposed lo let someone steal your car without Idling you Harry you're gelling up from your chair What happened? Oh, it's a commercial No, the car's gone now Tile man drove it off Are you going to report il? After (he Kansas Cily game which ends at 7 o'clock'.' Well you've cerlainly made a confributicn lo law and order loday "All right, I promise I won't bother again (lo hack to your game "Harry, iho-re'.s a cab pulling up lo the house Harry il's our son .Jimmy who has been in the Navy for two years I didn't even know he was back in Ihis country Oh, n'.y goodness, he looks so brown and lall Come Harry, lets greet him at the door Harry, you don't want to greet your son after he fought for his country? "Oh you can'l leave the set now Iwcause the Cardinals have just fumbled? No, don't worn-. I'll ask Jimmy lo come in the side door so he won't disturb you Why are you yelling al me? Be mad at the Navy. They're the ones who let Jimmy come home on Sunday. "Harry, I know you (old me not to both- er you, and I've let you alone for the en- lire quarler, but something has come up I think you should know about Our daughter Gertrude has just called from the hospital and she's ahoul to give birth to a baby Will you slop screaming at me? I know if isn't a big thing to have a baby, Harry Women have them all the time. Ordinarily it isn't worlh in- terrupting a football game to lell you about il. but I wculd like lo remind you of one Ihing, Harry Gertrude isn't married! This could be a very Iraumalic ex- perience for a lo-ycar-old girl "Yes Harry, I'm as sorry as you are that Bragg missed Hie field goal it's very wet on that aslrolurf Well I'll go lo the hospital myself. I'm sure Gertrude will understand "I'm back Harry Gertrude had a lillle Iwy What game are you watch, ing now? The San Diego Chargers. What happened to Ihe Redskins? They woij? Isn't Ihal wonderful Then your aflcrnoon wasn't a complcle waste after all. "Harry I've decided to leave you No, I can'l wail until San Diego loses the ball I wish lo discuss il now I've given it a lot of thought and I've decided that life is just passing me by Don't turn the volume up, Harry fl won't do vou any good. I'VIC MADIC .MY DECISION', HARRY HARRY, TURN" DOWN Till'1, SKT N'O, HARRY, TII1CRK IS NO SliNSK TALKING ABOUT IT TOMORROW NICIIT WHY NOT' RECAUSK TOMORROW NIGHT DETROIT IS PLAYING THE MINNESOTA VIK- (Toronto Trlrginm .News Service) Convened lly Moiil! Walker lly Doiii; Walker IIM RAK felt pretty good ahont being ,Iim probably liimighl: "Bin lor Ihe in cburch one Sunday Ibis summer, grace of Mary I would have under The preacher made a snide remark about Ihe same condemnation." all Ihe cars lhat were parked al Ibe Hen- Anyway, il made such an impression on dcrsnn (loir f'omv-o when lie drove .jlm in church again Ibe Surcharge exposes world economic ills N The best that can be said of in- Icrnational economic develop- ments recently is that some cards have been put on the ta- ble. The U.S. has elaborated its iew of the current situation. President Nixon's m i d-August initiatives have been placed against the background of a draGlic slump in the U b'. trade and payments situation. Early in the week, a top treasury de- partment official foresaw a massive SI) billion 1071 deficit in the "basic" U.S. payments balance, which covers all trade and capital transactions except short-term capital movements. Later L" the week, figures were released pointing to a 512 bil- lior. basic deficit. More adamantly than ever, Secretary of the Treasury John Connally restaled the basic U.S. proposition: World eco- nomic stability demanded cor- rection ot Ihe slump and, to this end, trading partners must move so as to ease (lie si rains on the U.S. trade and paymenls position. Specifically, Mr. Con- nally looked lo a major bolsler- ing of Ihe US. trade posilion as llio chief contributor lo a billion gain on current account, which covers trade and finan- cial services. It appeared that the U.S'. reckoned on restoring substantial Irading surpluses to place against a continuing siz- able net capital outflow, re- lated to U.S. investment and military spending abroad. The American proposilion, as spelled out to the London meeting of the Group of Ten chief industrial powers, was formidable. The projected ad- justment was enormous, and would obviously fake some lime ;o accomplish. The U.S. seemed, moreover, to be sajing that it had start- ed the process of adjustment through Ihe imposition of the import surtax, and meant to sec Ihe process continue, whether or not meant the maintenance of the surtax. What Ihe U.S. pouited to as a basis for au internationally- agreed adjustment process was ;ip arrt movement of currency values well beyond the current floating levels, a dismantling of trade restrictions whicli in- terior" wilh U.S. exports, and an increase in foreign contri- butions lo U.S. military costs. 11 was suggested the U.S. would only shift its posture after there had been considerable progress towards the goals it had set out. President Nixon did nothing In ease fears about the surtax (luring his press conference, when he said the U.S. meant to achieve a "permanent" solution lo world economic problems, as opposed lo a "temporary" solution, which would allow a removal of the surtax after a "very brief" Lime. A temporary solution would be only "a patching up" of the old syslen. but that system had "simply become obsolete." He said it was "essential that the U.S. move as it did to protect its interests and also lo get a sohtion lo the problem." In or- der to get a permanent solu- tion, the surtax would have to be of "somewhat longer while the world dealt with ex- change rates, trade barriers, and defence burden sharing. To trading partners, it seems that the U.S. has impeded their trade through the surtax, is holding the surtax firmly in place, and is now asking them to accept further trade liabili- ties, notably the upvalualion of currencies, which has Hie ef- fect if curbing Ihe exports of the upvaluing country. The U.S. was accordingly presented with countcr-de- ma.ids that it undertake lo re- move the surtax as part of any broad agreement on Ihe up- valnation of currencies. Ajid it was said Hint the U.S. must further modify ils line to the extent of agreeing to a de- valuation of the dollar against gold, this to lighten the burden w h i c h would be accepted by tl-e upvaluing countries. Under an International Mon- etary Fund proposal, an effort would be made to find an m- lerim accord providing for re- THEREJHERE NOW-EU HAVE THOSE moval or llio surtax and a re- alignment of currencies, in- pcralcly tilling to asemble eluding (lie dollar. Subsequent stages would tleal with the re- moval cf trade barriers and the development of a reformed monetary system. The U.S. would not go this far subscribing only lo vague language not committing her to an interim agreement in- volving Hie removal of tiic surtax. This rejection was ominous in the light of recent comments by several former high officials of the U.S. trea- sury. Robert Uoosa, a former un- dersecretary of the treasury, has said the prolongation of the surtax ivould have numerous ill effecls, possibly including 'the creation of "severe depression" in Canada and Mexico. Mr. Roosa has cautioned the Nixon administration against the surcharge as "an all- purpose for imposing burden-sharing, and has said it would be wrong lo "expect any large proportion of the imbal- ances among nalions to be set- tled in a single massive ne- gotiation." In congressional tes- timony, he opposed a devalua- tion of the dollar of giving un- warranted new importance to gold, but endorsed the idea of an interim agreement as a ba- sis for stabilizing trade. In congressional testimony Henry Fowler, a former trea- sury secretary, underscored the seriousness of the U.S. eco- nomic situation, and said a strictly domestic effort lo right the balance of payments would have meant a depression in Ihe U.S. and ultimately the world. II- called on U.S. trading part- ners :o make "a giant collec- li'-e towards P r c s i dent Psixon's proposals for co-opera- tive balance ot payments ad- juslmcnt. fie added, however, [hat as a first priorily there .vhuuld a multilateral agreement on lifting the surtax, which oilier- wise "may impede adequate currency revaluation, provoke retaliatory measures, or be- come permanent hostage to prolectionism.'1 The failure lo reach satisfac- tcrv agreements on the broad range of problems could, he warned, mean the destruction of the international monetary system, the rise of trade wars, the lightening of exchange con- trols in the manner of the 1930s, and the undermining of the alliances of the non-Commun- ist world. (The Herald Washington rim-rail) Maurice Western, Canadian trade entering tricky waters OTTAWA H IHIS becomn apparent thai the Canadian government, in its response to the U.S. surcharges, is steering a very tricky course. The prob- lem is to pass Scylla (Ihe new American levies) willioul being wrecked on Charybdis (the U.S. anti-dumping In matters of trade the gov- ernment can rely on the advice of some fairly experienced sea- men. For example, Ottawa in- vented the device of the "vol- untary quota" which is accept- ed yearly with commendable politeness by the Japanese and certain other trading partners. But this would not be helpful in present circumstances because it is restrictive in concept, be- ing related lo a different situa- tion, and because the Ameri- cans, in any event, have shown themselves extremely reluctant volunteers. If manufacturers exporting into the United States are to be assisted by government in scal- ing the surcharges, there is ob- vious risk that the Americans Letter to the editor may counter Ihe subsidies by imposing anti-dumping duties. it Applicable, or countervailing duties (as permitted by Article 19 of the GATT) if they are not. Mr. Paul Volcker, U.S. un- dersecretary of the treasury, has indicated that American of- ficials are studying our legisla- tion with this in mind. It seems prudent lo assume lhat the Americans, like our own policy makers, have been nlert lo contingencies in writing their protective legislation. Thus our own remodelled law of 19R9 looked heyond dumping in the strict sense, empowering the governor in council to im- pose surtax when satisfied thai "gcods of any kind, the growth, produce or manufacture of my country, are being imported in- to Canada under such conditions as to cause or threaten serious injuiy lo Canadian produc- ers Thus the present Canadian bill is being prudently present- ed as something other than an export subsidy measure. Its purpose is employment main- International controls hy (in his way lo clmrch As 1 uas travelling through the Koolcnay area of B.C. recently we came upon a town with a burning garbage dump that marred a most beautiful couulry-.side. This small town (population just over il.OOO) was making more smoke llinn would come from Ihe city of Calgary if every household was allowed to bum garbage. Local in this town as- sured me Hint Lhoy only hum once in a while, lint this points up the need for pollution con- trol on Hie local, national, and intornnlional level. What i.s Lho use of banning open burning of refuse in uno place if another nrv.ii is allowed lo do.whiii it likes? This recalls .some infor- mal ion fjivni earlier here Ihis your by