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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 36 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, September 26, 19.4 Entrance exams determine admission to Japanese universities TOKYO (AP) Maki Ishikawa's happy world crumbled last spring when she failed the entrance examinations for Tokyo University. She is in academic limbo along with thousands of other young Japanese. The 18-year-old girl graduated from high school in April and wants to become a doctor. She is spending an extra year cramming in hopes of passing the tests next winter. It is almost an accepted Japanese educational tradition to fail the tests for the best univer- sities. Most of these disappointed young people become a term once applied to wander- ing warriors of the feudal period. Modern ronin attend special preparatory schools or spend a year studying by themselves in hopes of passing on a second try. Every day, along with other young peo- ple around the country, Miss Ishikawa attends lectures at a preparatory school which specializes in getting students ready for univer- sity tests. Even to get into this school, she had to pass an examination which two-thirds of the applicants failed. Just in case she doesn't get into Tokyo Univer- sity next time, she also is taking tests for other, lower-ranking universities. The results of entrance examinations are the only criterion used by most major Japanese un- iversities in deciding admissions. This is in contrast to other countries, where a wide range of information about a student's personal record is considered. An estimated IVz million Japa- nese are enrolled in universities. The single-minded emphasis on tests and the huge demand to get into the best schools have created what the Japanese call a "shiken or examination hell. Many students spend all their extra hours with special tutors preparing for entrance exams even to top-ranked high schools. Parents feel these schools offer the best preparation for getting into the best univer- sities. Despite her problems, Miss Ishikawa defends the system. "The present situation provides a sort of freedom in that the more you study, the better school you can go to despite your family's eco- nomic she said. FEES COME HIGH She conceded that the poor cannot pay for tutors nor can they afford the roughly in an- nual fees for a preparatory school. Nevertheless, she feels the present testing sytem is fair. About 45 per cent of the new students at Tokyo University flunked the entrance tests the first time around. Last year some of Japan's brightest students took the first group of exams at the un- iversity and of these about passed and were permitted to take the final two days of tests. Eventually, were admitted. This is an extreme example. But it gives an idea of the amount of pressure to get into Japan's favored institutions, notably the first- rank national universities. Many other schools, especially private ones, have plenty of openings. The tuition at national universities is about annually, plus another one-time enrol- ment fee. In private schools tuition usually is more than plus an enrolment fee which often is or more. Education always has been valued highly by the Japanese. But the present preoccupation with entrance exams has grown up because school background has become important for political power and economic advancement. Nearly all business and government leaders graduated from a handful of elite universities. Japan's system of higher education has ex- panded rapidly in the post-war years and about 30 per cent of high-school graduates now go on to further Schooling, compared with a mere hand- ful before the war. A lot of publicity has been given to isolated suicides by students who failed to pass entrance examinations. Some people also complain that the pressure turns many students into narrow- minded bookworms. Some educationists, however, say the present system encourages students to study. But there is a growing feeling that the univer- sity admission system must be changed, said Hideo Minato, professor at Tokyo University who handles admissions. The national universities are considering changes in their admission procedures, he added. The aim would not be so much to reduce the importance of admission tests as to en- courage students to apply to other schools. The concern of most Japanese for what others think of them seems to be a major reason a few elite universities have remained so popular. This trait also helps explain why these schools feel they must rely exclusively on impersonal entrance examinations in deciding who is ad- mitted. In their personal relations, many Japanese tend to take even mild criticism as a personal in- sult. This means there would be great unhappiness and bitterness if, for example, a university used subjective recommendations of high school of- ficials. Students who were rejected by the un- iversity might carry a lifelong grudge against their teachers and administrators. The Uthbridge Herald think PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS This Far Eastern leader was scheduled to dis- cuss international problems with Prime Minister Trudeau this week. Who is he? HOW DO YOU RATE? 91 to 100 points TOP SCORE! 81 to 90 points Excellent 71 to 80 points Good. 61 to 70 points Fair. 60 or Under? H'mm! FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION In what areas do you think the national budget should be cut? Increased? YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 Finance Minister John Turner announced the In- terest rate on 9-year-iseue Canada Savings Bonds will be raised per cent this fall to the record rate of per cent. 2 Halle Selassie, emperor of was deposed by the military and arrested on corruption charges after roughly a half-century of ab- solute rule. a-Somalia b-Southern Yemen c-Ethiopia 3 White settlers in the African provinces of.. and demonstrated against s plans to give self-rule to blacks. a-Mozambique b-Angola c-Dahomey 4 U.S. President Gerald Ford signed a conditional amnesty plan for Viet Nam war registers. True or False? 5 Prime Minister (CHOOSE ONE: Edward Heath, Harold Wilson) of Great Britain Informed the Queen he plans a general election for October 10. PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. l.....prerequisite 2.....prerogative 3.....perpetrate 4.....penetrate 5.....perpetuate a-pierce, enter b-commit, be guilty of doing c-Bomething necessary to achieve an end d-continue, make ever- lasting e-special right PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 5 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues. 1.....Chou En-lai 2.....Mao Tse-tung 3.....Rene Levesque 4.....Lou Brock 5.....Jimmy Connors 923-74 a-President, Parti Quebecois b-Chairman, Chinese Communist Party c-Premler, People's Republic of China d-U.S. Open tennis champion e-Outfielder. St. Louis Cardinals VEC, Inc. STUDENTS Save This Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Material for Exams. ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE Women neglected by families finding new hope in rural India By RAM SUNDAR CP Correspondent BOMBAY (CP) Widows, spinsters and mothers neglected by their children are finding new hope in rural India. Hundreds of them have en- listed themselves in organ- izations dedicated to the wel- fare of villagers, particularly women and children.- "My husband died when I was only 25 and my brothers refused to help says Luxmi Sethi of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh state. "After spending two lonely years in an ashram (Hindu I joined the Universal Uplift Movement founded by Mohandas Gandhi." HOLIDAY FLOWERS Holiday Village 453 Mayor Magrath Drive See Jerry and Ellen Martin for personal Attention Fresh Flower arrangements Wedding Flowers Artificial Flowers Funeral Flowers A good selection of FALL MIXED BOUQUETS and green Tropical plants for Terrariums PHONE 328-9291 Ampli Frw Parking Credit Cards Acciptid Sears DISCOVERY Charm Course For girls ages 13 to 16 TEN WEEK COURSE The enrolment includes a text book. Classes start Oct.5 and may be limited to 25 students per ciass. '20 INCLUDES Hair Care. Grooming. Skin Cafe and Make-up Figure Control. Modelling. Assurance and Poise. Wardrobe Co-ordination. Complete ten week course with expenenced tutelage and specialized trainers. Lessons are conducted at 10 a.m Saturday mornings. Application forms are available in our Girls Department and Junior Bazaar, or simply mail name, address, age and ptione number to Division 77, Simpsons-Sears. Centre Village Mall Deadline lor appli- cation forms is Tuesday, Oct. 1st. LETHBRIDGE, CENTRE VILLAGE MALL The Universal Uplift Move- as Sarvodaya in in many remote Indian villages, help- ing people to stand on their own feet without expecting assistance from the government. UUM workers are not ex- pected to use any mode of transport during their tours. They walk from hamlet to hamlet, often covering 20 to 30 miles a day. The leader of the movement is Acharya Bhave, an aging follower of Mohandas Gandhi, who lives in Wardha village in central India. The saintly Bhave has brought cheer into the lives of hundreds of widowed women in villages. Recently, his followers prevented six destitute women from com- mitting suicide. They now are active welfare workers in Maharashtra state. "Hundreds of women would have ended their lives but for timely intervention by the fol- lowers of Vinobha says Prakash Vaidya, a UUM worker of Poona city. More and more women who failed to find suitable husbands are also finding rich satisfaction in welfare work. Says Sarojini Rawal of Ah- medabad, capital of Gujarat, Mohandas Gandhi's home state: "I thought marriage was the ultimate destiny of a Hindu women. I now know there are more important and meaningful things in life." Club corner The Lethbridge Council of Home and School Associations is sponsoring a public forum at p.m. Monday at Lakeview School. Candidates for positions on both the separate and public school board will present their positions on current educational matters. All parents are urged to attend. Coffee will be served by the Lakeview Association. The Lethbridge Social Credit Women's Auxiliary will be holding the fall tea and bake sale from 2 to 4 p.m. Saturday at the YMCA. A white elephant table and raf- fle for a handmade afghan will be featured. Tickets available at the door. Convenor will be Mrs. J. V. Anderson. Mrs. A. A. Dogtrom. president, and Mrs. V. 0. Odney, first vice- president, will receive the guests. Everyone is welcome. WeeWhimsv Kami Sue StJrnngt Se wm ihe an tot queue Sens your dhMTs outtntcm tfhit tapei Forty-seven-year-old Miss Rawal, who is a qualified nurse, spends nine months in the year in remote tribal villages helping teach il- literate women how to look after their children. An admirer of Miss Rawal says she is responsible for rooting out tuberculosis from at least 50 tribal villages. Miss Rawal visits Bombay once a year to attend music concerts and see the latest art films. "But my heart is always out there in the remote she says. "For those who want to do welfare work the possibilities in India are im- mense and rewards satisfying." BEST-0-MILK (Lethbridge) Invites you to inquire about our sensational skim milk and partially skim milk powder. Intro- ductory offer available. Phone 328-7114 or 328-7505 WE DELIVER! JACKPOT BINGO This Thursday Evening, September 26th Sponsored by Ladies' Aid of St. Peter and St. Paul's Church STARTS P.M. HALL Corner 12th Street B and 7th Avenue North Jackpot starts at and is won every Thursday 2nd Jackpot in 51 numbers 5th 7 Numbers Jackpot Pot of Gold Per Card or; for Also Free Cards, Free Games And A Door Prize PERSONS UNDER 16 YEARS NOT ALLOWED. BINGO SCANDINAVIAN HALL 22912th St. 'C' N. FRIDAY, SEPT. 20th 8 P.M. DOORS OPEN AT 7 P.M. New Game in 52 Numbers 4th, 8th, 12th Games: 7 Nos. or less 5 CARDS FOR POT OF GOLD Single Winner First 12 Gamea Neighbors Receive SOC GOLD CARDS PAY DOUBLE EACH DOOR PRIZES 36 FREE CARDS 5 DRAWS FOR NEXT WEEK Sorry Wo one under 16 years ol age Trim.Compact Zenith [Jjf Eyeglass Hearing Aid Make the right decision now and try this reliable Zenith Carlyle aid at no obligation. And if within 10 days after purchase you aren't completely satis fied, you may return the aid and your money, except for the cost of a custom earmold, will be refunded. Batteries for makes of hearing aids. The q.jaluy ores .n be'-. :c "j-n; gcc; on LEISTER'S MUSIC LTD. F. A. LEISTER, Certified Hearing AM Audtotogitt "Helping the hard of hearing since 7943" Paramount Theatre Bldg. Phone 328-4080 715-4th Avenue S. 327-2272 CONFIDENTIALLY YOURS TOROXTO. September J2th pets could talk they would JikcJy be complaininc about the pitter-patter