Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 48

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 48

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives

googlemap

Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 26, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 48 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, September 26, 1973 CUPE flexes muscle on labor scene By VIC PARSONS OTTAWA (CP) Garbage collectors, university profes- sors, CBC production workers and nursing aides are an un- likely, mixed bag of people to be woven into the fabric of one organization. But despite wide differences in occupational duties and tal- ents, they are partners in one of Canada's most successful Canadian Union of Public Employees CUPE, a relative Johnny- come-lately On the labor scene, strides boldly into its second decade this week. On Sept. 24, 1963, CUPE was born from the union of two or- ganized labor groups. It was at the outset a healthy president Stanley Little with members at birth. Today, CUPE challenges the United Steelworkers of the country's largest the position of the heaviest of the heavyweight labor groups. Dief inspects poster Former prime minister John Diefenbaker inspects an antique railway poster, presented to him during ceremonies commorating the 100th anniversary of the Toronto, Grey and Bruce Railway in'Owen Sound. Mr. Diefenbaker was also presented with the key to Owen Sound (key protrudes from his vest Stubborn Red voices won't be silenced Nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov and novelist Alexander Solzhenitsyn are perhaps the most promi- nent dissenters in the Soviet Union. Who are the others and what is the Kremlin doing about them? By WILLIAM L. RYAN NEW YORK (AP) -Soviet repression campaigns, launched almost two years ago, have wounded the civil rights movement severely, but it remains alive. The drive began when the Kremlin was building its current policy of peaceful coexistence with the West. It has silenced the under- ground press, but ran head-pn into a highly publicized chal- lenge, a situation unique in the history of Communist power, when it turned its heaviest ar- tillery on the outstanding figures of the rights movement. Stubborn, voices, like those of Andrei Sakharov, the nu- clear physicist, and Alexan- der Solzhenitsyn. the Nobel Prize-winning novelist. re- fused to be silenced. These stalwarts were no or- dinary men. It would not be easy for the Communist party to deal with them in the or- dinary way: shipment to in- sane asylums, forced labor or exile. Their towering reputa- tions made their voices too clearly heard. THREATS FAIL Yet threats hadn't worked and while the two remained articulate, the rights move- ment could not be considered at an end. Dissenters are many .scientists, writers, other in- terms of indi- viduals suffering or threat- ened with prison, forced labor or forced mental treatment. But in relation to the Soviet population of 240 million, they are just a handful Historically, Russians have shied away from revolution. In their vast land, change un- der the czars had to be forced by the few who dared chal- lenge absolute authority. Dissenters today have pro- grams, dreams, ambitions, little in the way of organization or cohesion. There are no reports of vio.- lent clashes with authority and other such phenomena so 'familiar in the West. Many seeking change come from the ranks of survvors of Stalin's concentration camps. After Stalin's death in 1953, some had hoped for a more open society, not through overthrow of the existing sys- tem but through liber- alization. HOPES STIRRED For a brief period of thaw under Nikita Khrushchev, some hopes were stirred. These hopes became some- what clouded in Khrushchev's later years though as late as 1962 it had been possible for Solzhenitsyn to publish his One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. an account of the horrors of a Stalinist labor camp. It remained to Khrush- chev's successors under the leadership of Leonid Brezh- nev, the Communist party chief, to stage repression reminiscent of the Stalin era. This began in 1965 and is still in progress. Communist party leaders, worried about "unhealthy ten- dencies." seemed fearful that something akin to a political opposition might develop. Yet the more they suppressed, the more the opposition appeared to be taking shape. DEMANDS PERSIST Some milestones in the de- velopment of political opposi- tion: 1962-3: The Phoenix group, a small band of young in- tellectuals, launched the fore- runner of the underground self-publica- typewritten script passed hand-to-hand. One of these, Vladimir Bukovsky. went through the tortures of lunatic asylum treatment, forced labor and prison time after time, and now. in frail health, is serving a 12-year term. Early 1965: A political un- derground in Leningrad form- ed the All Russian Social Christian Union with 10 char- ter members. The program called for a democratic sys- tem, elected leaders account- able to an elected parliament and some vaguely socialist aims. The regime hit them hard in 1967. arresting per- haps up to several hundred. Many went to labor camps on charges of treason. September, 1965: Writers Yuli Daniel and Andrei Sin- yavsky were arrested for crit- icizing the Soviet system. Their writings found their way to the West. This was a oenchmark case since the harsh sentences the two drew led to open protests. One pro- te.st group calling itself SMOG, the Russian acronym for "Word, Thought, Image, Depth." issued a manifesto and even staged a demonstra- tion in December. DISCLOSURE FORCED April, 1968: The chronicle of Current Events appeared. This underground, typewritten newspaper, cir- culated hand-to-hand in carbon copies, carried names, dates, places, prison terms, types of persecution and other information of interest to dis- sidents. It appeared regularly every two months until Oc- tober. 1972. That was the last. Evidently, recently convicted dissident Pyotr Yakir had been forced to disclose names and places. "Now, without the Chro- mourned Solzhenitsyn recently, "we perhaps won't be informed of the latest vic- tims of a prison camp regime which kills by its very cruelty over a long period." With a startling growtli rate of 900 new followers a month since the National Union of Public Employees and the Na- tional Union of Public Service Employees merged, the union claimed members at the end of June. QUARREL LOOMING But as it stands on the thre- shold of its second 10 years, CUPE must face up to a quar- rel with the Canadian Labor Congress (CLC) executive that could mar its future. On Sept. 12 in Char- lottetown, the congress executive council ruled against a bid by CUPE for ex- clusive membership rights over all provincial public ser- vants not now included in the CLC. Two years ago, CUPE con- vention delegates voted to withhold dues to the congress unless they were granted the exclusive jurisdiction. If the union holds back three months, it can be suspended from the congress. CUPE leaders are to con- the congress executive's decision and will report to their membership at the next convention in November. Delegates will then make the decision which could lead to the union's isolation from the CLC. Should CUPE withdraw, there is the possibility of a bitter battle between the un- ion and other labor groups as they vie for both organized and unorganized worker sup- port. The largest all-Canadian un- ion, CUPE has a history of moving vigorously into sec- tors largely ignored by the labor movement. That perhaps explains its quest for the provincial public servants. The provincial workers have their own associations, but CUPE maintains these groups are not true unions. The CLC would admit these associations directly. In the past, municipal em- ployees, non-professional hospital workers and staff in homes for the aged and work- ing for school boards flocked to the CUPE banner. Some provincial hydro and highway workers, library staff and even university professors and social workers followed suit. BECAME MILITANT The union established a reputation for militance as it the renown probably bolstered because of efforts among the unorganized. CUPE leaders feel they have a problem in gaining public support for their causes because of the nature of their membership. When garbage piles high in cities as collectors strike, when staff in hospitals and homes for the aged leave their jobs, the public tends to blame unions for their problems, Mr. Little said in a recent inter- view. "It's hard because the public zeroes in on the effect, not the cause of a he says. "It doesn't matter how irresponsible management is." "We have to get our view- point across to the public better than we're he added. Despite the apparent mili- tance of CUPE and its high membership among tradition- ally low-paid workers, only three per cent of its negotia- tions since 1963 have ended in strike action. The union has bargained for agreements with 100 disputes ending in walkouts. Since its founding, CUPE has pioneered a number of in- novations still not common among other Canadian unions. SPECIAL STRUCTURE CUPE has a departmental structure that the 62-year-old Mr. Little says is not parallel- ed in other unions. Specialists in law, organization, education, public relations, research and job evaluation work for the union. "Departmental structure has been a real asset in bring- ing about uniformity in bargaining Mr. Little said. The rotating strike, first used in the 1967 Quebec Hydro dispute, was another first for CUPE. The tactic was designed, union spokesmen say, to put maximum pressure on management while minimizing inconvenience to the public. Since its inception, the rotating strike technique has been used by postal workers, railwaymen and Air Canada employees, among others. The union has also been con- cerned with erasing dis- crimination in the work place against women. About of its members are female. Indicative perhaps of the un- ion's pre-occupation with women's rights was the adop- tion in 1971 of a policy that commits CUPE to making sure working contracts do not discriminate on the basis of sex. Sears Save S45 Genuine Cabretta leather coats hand-crafted by a leading Canadian manufacturer. With zip-out orlorf pile lining for warm-weather wearing. Savings last only 3 days! 99 99 Simpsons-Sears is proud to bring you these superlative quality, genuine Cabretta leather coats. With the present high prices due to a world shortage of leather, these coats are a truly outstanding value! Hand- crafted by experts, these coats boast im- portant features such as hand-bound buttonholes, leather-lined and canvas-reinforced pockets. Zip out Orion pile lining. Fashion belts, reinforced padded shoulders, for the look you love. Fashion colours: Navy. Grey. Beige or Brown tones. Not all styles available in all colours and sizes. 10-18. The price? Tha1 speaks for itself. Now it's your turn! a-Single-breasted, novelty flap pockets. b-Double-breasted, slash pockets. c-Single-breasted, tub pockets. Ladies' Suits and Coats this is best value Available from coast to coast in Canada through all Simpsons-Sears stores, this very special offer is the smcerost effort Simpsons-Sears can make to bring you merchanaii" that combines fine quality with the lowest possible piice. at Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee satisfaction or money refunded and free delivery Simpsons-Sears Ltd. Store Hours: Open Daily from a.m. to p.m. Thurs. and Fri. a.m. to p.m. Centre Village Mall, Telephone 328-9231 ;