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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IHHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, September 26, I97J------------------------- Dave Humphreys Can terrorism be halted? It is plain that many countries do, in fact, condone terrorism to gain political ends. Many these nations claim that the guerrillas are uncon- trollable, that they have become so frustrated at their inability to attain their objectives by any other means that they have convinced themselves that international piracy is justified. It is not. No country, or group within that country, can expect to right the wrongs of history in this way; but it is becoming increasingly difficult to stop terrorists from attempting to do it. The hijackers, the mail bombers, the fanatics who will stop at nothing, indeed will give their own lives for a cause, are not heroes, but mad- men. They have become a bitter fact of life in this modern world where people have become increasingly con- temptuous of the ethics, the moral code and the rule of law which once governed international relations. What can be done? First, there must be tighter airport controls at internationall terminals and a freer exchange of intelligence Information between nations. The difficulty here is that men engaged in security ser- vices are wary of giving out informa- tion to a foreign country except for specific cases. (Interpol, for instance, includes some Arab countries. It would be difficult to persuade Israel to trust Arab intelligence services with information on guerrilla activi- ties, which could be passed on to the terrorists.) Tighter passport controls will have to be instituted. West Germany will from now on demand entry visas for most Arabs, even if this does give rise to charges of racism. The Lon- don Economist writes that "uncheck- ed movement is likely to prove one of the casualties of an age of politi- cal violence." Any country that harbors terrorists and knowingly allows them to pre- pare active operations against an- other is an accessory to their crimes according to the Hague Convention. But by no means all countries sub- scribe Io the convention. None of those nations, like Cuba, or Algeria, who have provided a safe haven for hi- jackers have signed it, or are likely to sign it. How can such'countries ba punished? There is no way in sight, not yet at least. Perhaps in the end, the Interna- tional Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) will have to act on its own, a solution that is looked upon with disfavor by many. It could refuse landing rights to those countries har- boring air pirates. If this were not effective, biting sanctions could be imposed such as the refusal of technical aid and spare parts to the delinquent nation. It could suspend international air services entirely. But chances of acceptance of this measure by all ICAO members are al- most nil. The plain and tragic fact Is that there is no workable solution in sight, one which could with certainty eradi- cate terrorism. But some measures can be taken to diminish it. Perhaps the most powerful weapon of all lies with the complete rejection of terror- ism as a means to an end in the national psyche. It will take a very long time, but it must be plain to everyone in the civilized world now where permissiveness in individual attitudes to social behavior has led us. A difficult choice Since our discovery, a few years ago, that by destroying the environ- ment we may be destroying our- selves, we have become accustomed to hearing a moral and at times moralistic justification for tha conservationist position. It was rath- er surprising to discover that mor- ality can also be cited as an argu- ment for greater industrial develop- ment. Recently, an environmental ad- visor to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development did just that, and what's more he pre- sented his case in what must hava been a hot-bed of conservationists, the recent conference of the Interna- tional Union for the Conservation o( Nature and Natural Resources. In a paper distributed to the technical session of the conference, he argued that for many of the so-called Third World Nations, poverty poses a greater and more immediate threat than pollution the environment, and that in such cases "To decide that a basic industry should not be installed in a poor country would bo This argument is by no means without substance. It will appeal as much to the progress-minded in the developing countries as it will to those who believe they have a duty to rectify all economic disparities between nations. And perhaps right- ly so. There are counter-arguments, of course. One that was advanced at the same conference contrasted the life enjoyed by early North Ameri- can Indians with that presently en- dured by today's freeway commut- ers, slum-dwellers and others who appear to be victims, rather than beneficiaries, of. modern industrial development. Differences like these will be with us for a long time, they are unlikely to tfc resolved or even greatly influenced by editorial comment. One cannot help feeling, however, a sense of despair that a civilization as advanced as we believe ours to be must still choose between poverty and pollution. ER _ 1 GOL Riding high enormous popularity of cycling has spun off a spate of books and articles telling How to Ride a Bicycle, Un- til I saw all this material in the book store I had failed to understand how complicat- ed biking is, or can be, if a person puts his mind to it. I for example have been riding a bika for almost half a century without grasping the complexity of what I was doing. I thought I was just climbing on a two- wheeled vehicle and pedaling in the gen- eral direction determined by the handle- bars. Now I know that cycling is an art, or a science, or possibly both, requiring thor- ough instruction. It's a miracle I've sur- vived as long as I have. I learned to ride a bike in the same place that I learned about sex in tho gutter. Yet I never thought of the two pastimes as being related (cf. The Sen- sous Cyclist, by C. C. M.) Despite the lack of formal training in transport by two-wheeler, I believe that 1 qualify as an authority on the, subject, having ridden Canadian, English and French bikes, racing and standard, on sev- eral continents and over most types of ter- rain including the cobblestones that do so much for biking by .Continental girls (cf. Look JIa, no Bra! by Simone Tour do I am therefore preparing my own book, The Bicycle Clip, a tantalizing excerpt of which follows: Bicycles are of several kinds. There is the girl's bike and the boy's bike. The boy's bike differs from the girl's bike in that it has a bar that segregates his legs. This bar dates from the 19th century when girls wore hoop skirts that IJio bar billow- ed upward, reducing visibility (for the Terrorists ingenious methods of killing T ONDON: The booby trap- ped letter bomb which exploded In the face of an Is- raeli diplomat, killing Mm last week, was sadly instructive in the ways of terrorism. Who would have thought that death would come, in an innocent- looking letter in the quiet of a diplomat's office on Kensing- ton Palace Gardens. To be fully effective, it seems, terror must be conveyed either in the most sustained and demoralizing campign or in the drama of the mr.jt unexpected, least suspect- ing places. The latest vicilim of Iiliddle East terror U Dr. Ami Sha- chori, agricultural counsellor at the Israeli embassy. He went liappily into his office Tuesday after the Jewish Yom Kippur holiday. He was but one of hun- dreds of diplomats who went through the fashionable street, which is lined with great trees and embassies. Security at the Israeli embassy is always stringent. The embassy staff and Scotland Yard have been only too aware of the possibil- ity of an Arab terrorist attack. But all the normal checks ware made, including the door and the examination of incom- ing mail at a central location before delivery to the various offices. Dr. Shachorl apparently con- fined his activities only to his specialty. He was no more a marked man than any other Jew. Yet, in the most unsus- pecting manner, tills quiet man opened a normal sized letter, one of many on his desk, and was killed. It was perhaps not without Irony that Dr. Sachori's oppo- site number at the Irish embas- sy should comment, "I don't see why he should be struck down in this way." Only the previous evening an innocent civilian died in Northern Ire- land when his booby trapped car exploded, another of the limitless i sacrifices of Irish lives the IRA is prepared to perpetrate. Irish deaths almost daily have become deadly mon- otonous. They no longer com- mand the attention of the dra- matic letter-bomb. The impressive thing about the Israelis at times like this is their shrewd grasp of realities. The press attache at the em- bassy, Eli Tabori, knew only too well why his colleague died: "It Is the practice of ter- rorists to attack soft and un- suspecting targets." Without going Into a discus- sion of the clear differences be- tween the two brands of ter- rorism, the animal is much more defined and understood in the Middle East than in Ire- land. Terror, applied in differ- ent ways, is killing wantonly in both the Middle East and Irish contexts. However much the Israeli retaliation into Leb- anon may be regretted for rais- bikert and increasing wind resistance to the point where girls could only bike back- wards, which frightened the horses. Today, girls wearing what they do or, more often, don't there is no aerodynamic reason for building a girl's bike. But it would cut the market to manufacture a bike that could tw ridden by all members of the family, regardless of sex, color or creed. This makes the bicycle one more entertainment that profits from addition of a bar. Besides being sexually deviant, bicycles may be 10-specd, five-speed, three-speed, one-speed, or Aargh, I'm walking up. The problem witli the ID-speed racing bike is that the saddle is so miniscule that the biker may face an operation to have it removed from the lower alimentary tract. A warning symptom is that, on dis- mounting, the rider hears an extractive pop. It's bad enough having a split per- sonality without creating problems at the other end of the spine. Another thing to watch for on your bi- cycle is mudguards. The standard two- whcelcr comes with mudguards, and if you want no mudguards there is an additional charge. The odd feature of bikes compared to automobiles is that the less optional equipment the bike has, the more the bike costs. For you can buy a bike so strip- ped down it is like riding a cheese straw. Finally, the boll. Docs your bike have a dingaling? Yes? All the more reason why you should have a bell. As you can sec, I have barely scratched the surface of the cycle path. Fashion wear for biking, cycle flasks and contents, de- fensive biking, how io cheat on a bicycle built for two all these and many other essential points are covered in The Bicycle Clip. A real grabber. Watch for it. "My name is W. Lewis invented me.'1 Ing the toll of Innocents, It must be remembered that it was aimed at the guilty. Terror- ists camps were operating in southern Lebanon, known for months to both Beirut and Jer- usalem. The Lebanese govern- ment did not respond to ap- peals to act against them. Is- rael, with plenty ot evidence of the terrorist threat to her security, finally acted herself without the co-operation of tin Arab states. This Israeli "teach- them-a-lesson" approach may be destined to be long and bloody. In neither Ireland nor the Middle East is terrorism close to being defeated. As The Econ- omist points out this week, it is likely to survive "until the force that drives such men, the calculation that such methods can bring them what they want, has been disproved by repeated failure, and they have no more Imitators." Mayor Jean Drapeau of Mon- treal, promoting the 1978 Olym- pics, was quoted on British tel- evision the other night as say- ing, rather naively, that ha hoped terrorism would be a tiling of the past by the time of the Montreal, games. Some hope. He and all concerned should realize fully that terror- ism will likely be very much alive in 1976 and the games will be the mamoth victim for any evil and willing minds. Let the letter bomb be a lasting example of terrorist in- finite variety. The Israeli press attache's dictum may well hold true. Indeed, in the post Mun- ich circumstances, Mayor Dra- peau can bo grateful for all the publicity surrounding the 1972 tragedy and tho attention it has focussed immediately on the Montreal games. Montreal will have to spend a lot more money on security to satisfy the fears which Munich has raised. Yet there is every reason to sup- pose that Montreal, precisely because it has become such an obvious target, will be left alone. Or it may not. Any num- ber of other public occasions, national and international, may be selected instead and by terrorists at present obscure or unknown. If Mayor Drape au's fond hope Is ever to be realized, govern- ments will have to steel ihem- selves to this scourge on civil- ized society. They will have to apply forms of practical co-op- eration on a scale the world has not seen for a long lime. (Herald London Bureau) James Reslon United Nations urged to act against growing anarchy WASHINGTON Tile Unit- ed States is going to carry the fight against terrorism and anarchy in world communica- tions to the United Nations in the next couple of weeks and try to make this a major test, not only of the world organiza- tion but of the "basic princi- signed by President Nix- on and chairman Brezhnev tho Soviet Union four months ago. The problem Is clear enough. Normal diplomatic intercourse between the nations has been violated repeatedly by the har- assment, kidnapping and even murder of diplomats during the last few years. Not only diplomats but ordin- ary citizens cannot be sure when they enter an airplane these days that it won't be hi- jacked, diverted and threatened with destruction in the air. An evening out on the town for Henry Kissinger is no longer merely a social occasion but a military operation, with cops watching the kitchen and the doors. All international meetings, whether of athletes, diplomats or businessmen are subject to this terror, and now the postal services of the world are be- ing used to send, explosive de- vices to Israeli embassies, where the mail has to be sift- ed by experts in bullet-proof vests. Secretary of stale William Rogers, whose quiet efforts to deal with this problem have failed, is now going to challenge the United Nations, and espec- ially the Soviets and the other permanent members of the UN security council, to agree to lough new regulations to pun- ish the hijackers and bomb- throwers and those who fi- nance and protect them. He will propose that the members of the UN agree not to provide arms and money to organizations engaged in this international banditry, and mainly that they agree to extradite or punish skyjackers and cut off air traffic with any ration that refuses to cooper- ate. He has tried this before with- out success, but this week he Intends to call on the UN for effective action, and much de- mands on whether in the mean- while he can persuade the So- viet Union, China, Britain, Franco and the other major commercial airline nations to go along. Letter to the editor This will be an interesting test of the Nixon-Breszhnev "basic principles" signed in the Kremlin last May 29. The third article of that declaration said: "The U.S.A. and the USSR have a special responsibility, Olympic spirit violated In 19C6 the Security Council passed a resolution ordering all the members of the UN to ap- ply sanctions against Rhodesia. A r t i c 1 e 32 of the UN Cliarter states: "Any member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Coun- cil, or any state which is not a member of the United Nations, if it is a party to a dispute un- der consideration by the Secur- ity Council, shall be invited to participate, without vole, in the discussion relating to the dis- pute. The Security Council sliall lay down such conditions as it deems just for the participation ot a state which is not a mem- ber of the United Nations." Rhodesia applied to partici- pate in the discussion, a right she was entitled to under the Charter. Tliis right was denied and the UN, in order to appease the African member states, thereby violated its own Charter. An organization which depends on moral principles for its own survival cannot disobey its own rules without falling, slowly but surely, into disre- pute. Today we sec a similar tragic situation developing in the In- ternational Olympic Commit- tee. Shortly before 1896 the founder of the modern Olympic Gam e s, Baron Pierre do Coubertin of France stated: "Nothing but good could result if the athletes of all countries- of the world were brought to- gether once every four years on friendly fields of amateur sports unmindful of national rivalries, jealousies and differ- ences of all kinds and with all consideration of politics, race, religion, wealth and social sta- tus eliminated." It was on these principles that the present Olympics was founded. We have- just witness- ed these principles being disre- garded by the expulsion of tha multi-racial Rhodesian team. This expulsion was not only in flagrant violation of the Olym- pic spirit but was especially vindictive since the Rhodcsians had been invited and had al- ready arrived in Munich. Ayery Bnindage, the retiring president of the IOC comment- ed as follows on the Rhodesian expulsion: "There was a bla- tant intrusion of politics. They (certain countries) had a gun to our heads. It was political blackmail, nothing but black- mail and we gave in." In the case of the UN the Se- curity Council disobeyed its own Charter. In the case of the IOC it gave in to blackmail. It is a known fact that sub- mission to blackmailers merely whets their appetite. Are we go- ing to witness the possibility of Asian countries expelling Uganda for its policies aimed at Ugandan Asians, or Red China, when invited to compete in tho next Olympics as it should be, blackmailing Taiwan? We believe that all Canadian sportsmen who have the future of the Olympics at heart should carefully consider the implica- tions of what we have just wit- nessed. We fear for !he future ol that great organization and trust that all sportsmen mako their views known to their lo- cal Olympic committee. The Games, one of the very few maining opportunities for inter- national friendship and under- standing should not be allowed to fall into bickering and feud- ing factions, a forerunner of its eventual demise. CEDRIC GREENII1LL, DFC Executive Member, Friends, of Rhodesia Association. as do oilier countries which are permanent members of tho United Nations Security council, (China, Britain, and France) to do everything in the-' power so that conflicts or villons will not arise which would serve to increase international tensions. Accordingly, they will seek to promote conditions in which all nations will live in peace and security Well, the big five of the TJN, except China, have the biggest commercial air fleets in the world. They not only have a "special responsibility" to try to bring some order into inter- national air travel, but togeth- er they could go a long way to- ward discouraging skyjackers if they refused to fly into any nation that refused to extradita or punish them. So far, tlie Brezhnev regime In Moscow, while deploring sky- jacking, has shown little inter- est in withdrawing its air traf- fic from Cuba, Algeria, or tha Arab states, which are the usu- al destinations of gunmen who blackmail the airlines and tako over the planes, but Rogers is going to make a public issuo of the pioblem anyway. ProtecUng the mails and in- ternational meetings from pol- itical terrorists is a harder problem, and here about all Rogers can do is to urge ex- tradition or punishment of those who arc caught. But it is easier to slop commercial air travel to nations that refuse to co-operate than it is to with- hold all postal service. Nevertheless, the first "basic prinicple" in the Nixon-Brezh- nev agreement is that the U.S.A. and the USSR will be "guided by their obligations under the United Nations char- ter" and as secretary of stain Rogers says, "If the United Nations won't apply its principles to this in- ternational anarchy, I don't know what It will do." Tho trouble with this argu- ment of course, is that once the American secretary of state raises the question of imposing the principles of the charter and defending human rights he is likely to be asked to apply those principles to the war in Vietnam, and to Uto misery of the refugees in the middle east and southeast Asia, and this is not his favorite-subject. In fact, it may te that a pri- vate appeal by president Nixon to Brezhnev, Chou En-Lai, Prime Minister Heath, and President Pompidou would have a better chance of success than a public challenge in tha United Nations. The Soviet Union Is facing the. worst agricultural problem, since the 40's, and Nixon has agreed to sell it over a quarter of the American wheat crop at favorable prices to get Brezh. nev over a very difficult politi- cal and economic problem. Under these circumstances, It is not unfeasonable for tha president to ask that the Nixon- Brezhnev agreement ot last May be applied to the world communications crisis, even if this leads to a serious debate on the war in Vietnam, which should probably have been held at the United Nations long ago anyway. (New York Times Service) The LetKbtidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishcri Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Mai! Registration Mo. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and tlie Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CIrculalloni W. MOWERS, EdUor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing E till or Asset lain Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAi K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Edllor "THE HERALD SERVES THE ;