Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
low tonight near 30 High Wed. near 35. The LetUbridge Herald VOL. LXV No. 243 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO Japan leader logizes- or did he? Money system tabled By JOHN BURNS FP Publications PEKING Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka offer- ed a guarded apology to the people of China last night for the suffering inflicted on them during the Jap- anese occupation, pledging that Japan seeks only good neighborly relations with China in the future. Speaking at a banquet in his honor Bt the Great Hall of the People, Mr. Tanaka voiced his regret for the bludgeoning of China which began with the occupa- tion of Manchuria in 1931 and ended only with tho Japanese surrender in 11M5. In his speech of welcome Premier Chou En-lai also referred to the occupation, citing the "tremendous dis- asters" endured by the Chinese people and declaring that "a past not forgotten is a guide to the future." With millions of Japanese television viewers watch- ing, both leaders looked forward in their speeches to tile establishment of diplomatic relations between tha two countries, which is expected to be announced in a communique at lha conclusion of Mr. Tanaka1 s visit later this week. The Japanese prime minister also used his speech to give an indirect assurance to the United States, wiiich has worried that Japan's sudden rapproache- ment with China could undermine Washington's network of alliances in Asia. By establishing a new relationship, "the two coun- tries can on the ono hand respect each other's rela- tions with our allies while on the other contribute to peace and prosperity in Asia and the rest of the he said. Mr. Chou, with aflies of his own to reassure, de- dared that Sino-Japanese friendship "is not exclusive." "It will contribute to the relaxation of tension in Asia and the safeguarding of world he said. Confusion exists Correspondents covering the banquet were not pro- vided with an English-language text of the Japanese prime minister's speech, causing confusion as 'to how exactly he had phrased his apology for the occupa- tion, which is said to have left tens of millions of Chinese dead. A Chinese foreign ministry official, giving an un- official translation, quoted Mr. Tanaka as expressing "deep repentance" at the "great troubles" brought upon China hy Japan's invading armies. However, Japanese officials suggested that the word repentance was too strong and offered several alterna- tive translations, each of them .tending to weaken the apology. The Japanese phrase used hy Mr. Tanaka was "fukai hansci no nen." Japanese officials described it as a classical form of apology, conveying deep feelings of reflection and self-examination. i the translation, Mr. Tanaka's description of the bloodshed brought on by the Japanese invasion as "great troubles" certainly contrasted strongly with Premier Chou's reference to "tremendous prompting observers here to suggest that the Japanese leader deliberately pitched the apology in a low key. A Chinese official said that the official Chi- nese translation at the banquet gave the apology "a certain but agreed that the words used were "not very strong." Bitter memories The apology seemed certain to be a major point of Interest among the Chinese masses, who have been urged incessantly over the past few years never to forget the atrocities committed by Japanese militarists In China. Even 27 years after the Japanese surrender a vis- itor can scarcely go anywhere in north China without encountering families with bitter personal memories of the occupation. Memories are particularly acute in Nan- king, where more than Chinese civilians died in two bloody weeks in 1037. At the banquet there was a special poignancy in the fact that both leaders were speaking of a war which they saw at first Chou as a leader of the Communist guerrilla fighters and Mr. Tanaka as a cavalryman in Manchuria. For his part, the Chinese premier made it clear that if file Chinese people are now being asked to forgive Japan for her aggression, they .ire not be- ing asked lo forget. "We should firmly bear the ex- perience and the lesson in he said. Toast omitted Mr. Chou drove the point home at the end of his speech hy omitting any toast to Emperor Hirohito, the Japanese head of stale, who occupied that position throughout the occupation of China. Normally the pre- mier includes a toast (o the head of state of wel- come for visiting statesmen. Mr. Tanaka, striking a different note, declared that the two countries "should not forever linger in tho dim blind alley of tho but should concentrate their energies on building a friendly relationship for tho future. "It goes without saying that Japan and China have different political convictions and social he said. "Yet I think, in spile of all this, It is possible for Japan and China to establish good neighborly and friendly relations." With Ihis, Mr. Chou obviously agreed. He said a good basis for the normalization of relations already existed in tho friendly feelings of tho two peoples for each other and now w.is "tlic time for us to accom- plish tins historic task." Neither side mentioned Taiwan, a home of the Na- tionalist regime which Japan has recognized ns tho government of China ever since signing the Tokyo- Taipei pence treaty in 1952. But it was clear the is- land is not going to lie allowed to get in the way of diplomatic recognition between Tokyo and Peking. WASHINGTON (AP) The United States unveiled a far- reaching proposal today for re- vamping the world monetary system, including tough new measures lo force currency changes and an end to tha once-special role of the U.S. dollar. Under the proposal, more flexibility would be built into the system to prevent recurring monetary crises. This would be done by allowing all currencies to fluctuate widely from their fixed values. The United Stales would in- tervene in money exchange markels, just like- any other country dees, buying and sell- ing currencies to define the value of the dollar. Gold would be eliminated as an intern all onal reserve asset. All currencies in the 124-nation monetary system would even- tually be valued in terms of Special Drawing Rights, or pa- per gold, the. invisible reserve asset valued by mutual agree- ment. An SDR now is worth Treasury Secretary George Shullz gave delails of the U.S. plan at the annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund. PROPOSAL SPECIFIC It was the first specific mone- tary proposal lo be offered and it moved the world debate over how the new monetary system should look off dead centre. As envisioned by the United States, the new monetary sys- tem would be balanced. Coun- tries piling up balance-of-pay- ments surpluses would be told to revalue their currency up- ward or face international eco- nomic sanctions. The United States refrained from giving all the details on how sanctions could be applied. Shultz implied the proposals. are subject to debate and pos- sible compromise. Under the old monetary sys- tem, the United States played a passive role In determining the value of the dollar, leaving that job to other countries in foreign exchange markets. In turn, the U.S. pledged to convert all dol- lar claims into gold. In practice, the dollar over the years became the main re- serve asset of most countries, meaning that it was widely used to settle international i debts. But with chronic deficits in the U.S. balance of pay- ments, faith in the dollar began rapidly declining. Embezzler faces 400-year-term MONROVIA, Liberia (Reu- ter James Bestman, former security officer of the lala President William Tubman who was found guilty of embezzling more than was sentenced to two months' im- prisonment. If restitution can- not be paid in cash Bestman will serve a teirm of one monlh for every stolen. This could be equal lo a further prison term of more than 400 years. FEAR DISASTER JiV ALBERTA Financial aid sought for hard-hit farmers INFORMAL TRUDEAU VISIT Accompanied by local Liberal candidate Andy Russell Prime Minister Trudeau was ushered through a receptive crowd ot the lethbrtdge Exhibition Pavilion during a one-hour visit this morning. life is govt. aim Accept peace plan By GREG McINTYRE Herald Slaff Writer Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau told a friendly crowd of half of them students -at the Lelhbridge Exhibition Pavilion today that since being elected in 1968 his government has concentrated on the na- tion's "s 1 o w-growth areas" in an attempt to create more equality among all Canadians. NO HASSLING He was occasionally cheered during a 15-minute speech, par- ticularly when he commended Bud Olson, minister of agricul- ture, and Otto Lang, minister responsible for the Canadian wheat board, for making record grain sales in Hie last year. There was none of the animos- ity and hassling that greeted, tho Tmdeau party visit to Vancou- ver where the prime minister was reported to have hurled an obscenity at a persistent ques- tioner. Thare was joking before the prime minister's arrival by helicopter at the exhibition parking lot at a.m. that Lethbridge might also be dis- tinguished by a f o u r-leller word. However, the visit was all smiles and warm hand shaking as Mr. Trudeau, with Lelh- bridge Liberal candid ale Andy Russell, circled the crowded floor of the auditorium. HONOR GUARD Wearing a light grey summer weight suit and an off-white textured shirt, the prune minis- ter, wilh Mr. Russell, Mr. Ol- son, Crowfoot Liberal candidate Andy McAlister and others en- tered the auditorium past an honor guard of Lcthbridga Royal Canadian Sea Cadets, and to the spirited music of the NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) Foreign Minister Omar Arteh of Somalia said today that Tan- zania and Uganda have ac- cepted a five-point peace plan. Arteh fold reporters he ex- pects the delails of the plan lo be annotmced in a few days and that it would be in effect by the end of the week. He said a cease fire already was in effect. "I have accomplished my said Arteh, who stopped briefly in Nairobi en route back to Mogadishu after visits lo both the Tanzanian and Ugandan capilals. The foreign minister said remnanls of Tanzania-based guerrillas who invaded Uganda on behalf of former president Milton Obote were still in Uganda. Canada dickers for sale of Arctic ore to Bonn OTTAWA (CP) Canada is negotiating with West German interests to ship iron ore from the north end of Baffin Island in the Arctic to the Ruhr Val- ley, government officials said today. Included in the plan would be (he provision of Canadian tech- nology to German ship-builders to help them construct vessels to ply the ice-filled Davis Strait and Baffin Bay during most of the year. Millions of tons of rich iron ore have been discovered near Mary River, nearly miles north of Churchill, Man., close to Milne Inlet on the north coast of Baffin Island. Devel- opers have called the ore so rich that it could be fed directly into steel mill furnaces without further treatment. The difficulty is to get it out of the Arctic. Original planning was to move it during (he short Arctic shipping season to some Ice-free winter port in Green- land or Newfoundland, and then ship it to steel mills elsewhere as needed on a year-round basis. A subsidiary of the Krupp steel interests in West Ger- many now is considering tho construction of heavy ice-break- ing freighters that could move the ore directly from Baffin Island to Germany, virtually on a year-round basis, officials said. U.S. takes initiative They wouldn't let me New York Times Service UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. Tha United States launched a powerful initiat i v e Monday aimed at ending international terrorism. Secretary of State William P. Rogers called upon the General Assembly to be "the driving force for the specific and vig- orous slops that are required" to arrest "the growing assault on international order As Rogers addressed a plen- ary session of the assembly, the United States circulated a draft resolution in the assem- bly's legal committee that call- ed for the convening of a pleni- potentiary conference early next year to adopt a convention on the prevention and punish- ment of international Icrrorism. At the conference, tho United Sates would propose a draft con- vention for study by the 132 members of the United Nations. Copies of it were distribuled here Monday. The draft convention provides for the prosecution or extradi- tion of persons who kill or seriously injure or kidnap In- recent civilians in a foreign stale for the purposes of harm- ing them or of obtaining con- cessions from another slate or from an international organiza- tion. Rogers said In his speech that the general assembly had "an obb'gation to take action of Bomb is found SYDNEY, Australia (AP) A letter bomb addressed to tho U.S. consulate was detected by an x ray macliinc at a post office operated by the U.S. Air Force- in Sydney. vital importance lo the inleer- national community." "Let it prove that the United Nations can meet this the secretary of state said. "Let it show people every- where that this organization here now is capable of tho concrete action necessary to bring us closer to a world free o! violence, the kind of world which is the great goal of the United Nations charter." Rogers said that what was at slake was whether "millions of air travelers can continue to fly in safety each year, whether a person who receives a letter can open it without the fear of being blown up, whether diplo- mats can safely carry out their duties, whether international meetings like the Olympics, ]iko this General Assembly can proceed without the ever- present threat of violence." Magrath Cardston marching band, in royal blue uniforms and stationed in the bleachers at a far side of the building. After half an hour of mingling with the crowd Prime Minister Trudeau was introduced by Sven Erickscn, local Liberal president. Mr. Olson, MP for Medicine Hat, in a short address in which' he said "things are bet- ter in southern Alberta than they have been for a long, long turned the microphone over to the prime minister. Mr. Trudeau, gesturing char- acteristically with Ills hands, said "government can't ba everywhere all the time. What we've tried to do ui the last four years is to concentrate on those areas where there is glar- ing inequality." He said the federal govern- ment has improved relations with foreign countries such as the Soviet Union, "and you know what this has meant for grain Increased p e n slon supple- ments and opporlunily pro- grams for the elderly, Oppor- tunities for Youth, Local Initia- tives and clher programs by Ihe Trudeau govemmenl havo been aimed lo "bring equality to persons and groups who aren't ss wealthy as other Ca- nadians." The prime minister said his government's official guages and foreign trade pro- grams have been attacked by the opposition, "but they wouldn't abolish them." He said "I hope you will remember we need members in Ottawa who are not nega- tive but who can help us build this together." The prime minister departed at by motorcade for the airport where the party loft at 11 for Medicine Hat. By THE CANADIAN PRESS The federal government was asked Monday to provide finan- cial assistance to Alberta farm- ers who could lose more than million following an unusu- ally early snowfall. The request was made by Dobson Lea, president of Uni- farm, an Alberta farm organ- ization, in _a letter to Agricul- ture Minister H. A. Olson. Malmberg, an economic analyst in Calgary for the Al- berta Wheat Pool, said Monday if the snow and cold woather remains "it would be a dis- aster." Mr. Malmberg said about 143 million bushels of barley and 70 million bushels of wheat re- main in Alberta fields. ESTIMATES LOSS "If you take a loss of one grade, this will cost us, con- servatively, a nickel a and that's slightly over mil- lion. Mr. Lea said in an interview that the early snowfall and ab- normally-low temperatures had created a "near disaster" for some farmers. Southern Alberta received up to five inches of snow during Uie weekend and much of it re- mains on the ground because of temperatures in the 20s. South- ern Saskatchewan's grainbelt received up to eight inches of snow- Sunday. Mr. Lea said some farmers ;''now are faced with loss of in- ;'come, mounting overdue ac- counts and for grain when snow-cohered crops are harvested. Loslfterops also meant farmers would have to buy feed for livestock. SUGGESTS ADVANCES The federal government should consider advancing 25 per cent of what farmers ex- pect to sell, he' said. Meanwhile, the weather fore- casts gave little hope for a quick thaw. "It doesn't look like there be any break for at least three reported the Ed- monton weather office. More snow was forecast to- day for southern Alberta. "If it stays like (his, it would be a said L. A. Mel- mberg, economic analyst for the Alberta Wheat Pool in Cal- gary. The weekend storm set farm- ers back at least one week, he said, and "it's getting later all the time." The pool reported Monday that more than 143 million bushels of barley and 70 million bushels of wheat still were ly- ing in Alberta fields. Also, there were two million bushels of rapeseed in swath. One week of sunny, dry weather was needed before tho harvest could be resumed, said the pool. Parties face Seen and heard About town GLIMMER Edwin Wedking unhappy because no one has noticed he recently lost 11 pounds Rob Gall con- sidering adding "stone" to the end of his name so he can call himself Dr. Gall Stono Pat Marlinl won- dering how to keep a uck.ng clock shower gift quiet after testing it to see if it worked. DARLINGTON, England (Reutcr) Northern Ireland politicians, meeting to discuss the future ef Ulster, were ex- pected today to tackle a poten- tially stormy point of dis- should control the police force. After reaching a large meas- ure of agreement Monday on the first day of talks, the dele- gales from three of Northern Ireland's seven political parlies face a split over the important police issue. "The gloves will come ofl said one source close to the British government, which organized the gathering. The parties attending Iho three-day conference near Ihis northeast England industrial town are the Protestant-domi- nated Unionist ruled Northern Ireland until tho suspension of the Ulster Parlia- ment last the Al- liance party and Northern Ire- land Labor party, smaller groups having mixed Poman Calhotic-Proleslant support. However, tho discussions have somelhing of a hollow ring as the four other parties; boycotting them.