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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 26, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LSTHBR1BGE DAILY IIERALD I'AGE SEVEN Program Believed to Contain 'An Outline of Germany's , " - Actual Peace Terms London, Sept. 25.-There Is good reason to believe that the program .Adopted 'by the Social-Democratic faction of the Reichstag at its meeting on Monday was not only insplred_by Ihe German, government, bilt.actually embodies Germany's ponce terms, according to Rotterdam advices f o the 'Telegraph. , It is pointed out by the dispatch that the part of the program referring � to International arrangement as distinct from internal reforms was dismissed soon after the failure of! -the German offensive and when it became ^ apparent that Germany's prospects were hopeless. The resolutions adopted hy> itlie eocIal-Democratic party included the unrestricted endorsement of the Reichstag peaco resolution of July, 1917. It also declared in favor of Germany joining a league of nations based on a peaceable settlement of all disputes and general disarmament. There were non-eoinmittaf deelara-iions on the restoration of Belgium, on an understanding regarding indemnities and on the restoration of Serbia jtnd Montenegro and a declaration that Mie peacevtreatfes of Brest-Litovsk and Bucharest must not hinder the conclusion of peace. It was urged that Jivii administration over the occupied � (erritories be given upon the conclusion of peace to democratic parliaments which are to be established forthwith. Autonomy for Alsace and Lorraine was also provided for in the resolu-iion, which also declares for universal, iqmrJ, secret and direct suffrage for .ill the German federal states. . It is said that the Prussian landtag will be" dissolved if equal suffrage Soes not result without delay from deliberations of the committee of the jpper house. > Id order to reach the highest point of perfection each of the new square Royal Yeast Cakes will be wrapped and sealed in waxed paper by machinery. This makes them practically airtight, and keeps them fresh longer. E. W. GILLETT CO. LTD. TORONTO. CANADA WINNIPEG MONTREAL t' �'.l �.UM ' U-j BUILDING OF NEW SHIPS Washington, Sept. 24. - Thirteen ..ihips of all types of 55,000 tons deadweight were completed and delivered lo the Emergency Fleet Corporation Juring the week ended Sept. 20. The .figures made public today show there were six steel ships of 31,400 tons .capacity and seven 'wooden and composite ships aggregating 24,500 deadweight tons. Launchings during the week numbered 17 of a deadweight tonnage of 72,700. Among these were 11 steel ships of 50,500 deadweight tons and eix wooden and composite ships of 22,200 tons. Small Pin Small Dose Saudi Price / FOR; CONSTIPATION have^'ctood the teat of time. Purely vegetable. "Wonderfully quick-to banish biliousness, headache, Indigestion and to clear up a bad complexion. Gamine bean Isntture PALE FACES Generally indicate � tack of Iron In Ibe Blood Carter VIron Pills Will help tola condition MEN TO BLAME IF SUFFER FROM GAS London, Sept. 26.-German gas does not hold the terrors it did in the earlier days of the war, as British masks provide practically complete protection. Army scientists are said to be so satisfied with the anti-gas masks that cases of gassing are now treated as self-inflicted. Unless the victim can establish that his hurt was suffered through no fault of his own, ho is regarded as suffering from self-inflicted injuries. Latest German gases are said to be .outwardly unpleasant and have no immediate effects, with the consequence that men are tempted to disregard the warnings and delay put-.tiug on the mask. HUN SUBS' TOLL OF Ottawa, Sept. 26.-A loss of. nine vessels, valued at $264,000 and laden with fish worth $136,000, through the activities of a submarine off the Atlantic coast, Is shown'by the fisheries statement for- August issued from the naval department. Another vessel from Yarmouth, lad en with a good catch- o� fish, was also destroyed by the raider. The statement shows that the to tal value of sea fish in first hand caught in Canada during August was $4,240,388, an increase'of $139,117 over August, 1917. ;.  , TO LOOK AFTER THE QUARANTINED SOLDIERS Sydney, N.S., Sept. 26.-The local branch of the Red Cross will furnish comforts to the United States soldiers quarantined here with influenza, it' was decided at an emergency meeting today. All the .housewives in the city are being called upoa-, to assist'. .;. 4 .;.$ .>.>.;. .j..;. L Apply the Test of Time to Our High Grade American Dental Work X THAT is what1 counts. It Is not sufficient that we just put your teeth in shape t and collect our moderate fee. We must and we do complete our work dn a manner to make it permanent and lasting. That is why >we Bay that our dental work is -for the patient a( "splendid investment," yielding interest in years of comfort and good service. The patient of ten years ago points today to the work we did for him; then also he tells you that then as now- Dentistry As We Practise It Is a Gentle Art. >�����>������>���>��>�. Drs. Bruner, Richards & Nelson High Grade American Dentistry PHONE 363 Ott Bik., 4 Doors from Lethbridge Hotel, LEXHBRIDGE, ALBERTA ' CALGARY OFFICE-1.16A EIGHTH AVENUE E. EDMONTON OFFICE-3 CRI8TALL BLOCK. WATER SUPPLY Trouble in Mining Camp Over Hauling-Would Make Change Hardlcville, the mining suburb to the north of the city is in a storm of protest over tho water service received by ..thorn and a meeting was -held last night to try and settle all difficulties. Thi's trouble is of long standing and commenced back in the early part of August when C. II. Van Horn ,who,'hauls the water for the village raised the price twenty-five cents per house per month. It was asserted that by this act, Van Horn violated the terms of his contract and a committee was formed to investigate as to tho will of the people in the matter. This committee was supposed to present its report last night but failed to do so. Although the committee's contract with Van Horn expired last month, he has still been hauling water. The chairman, J. S. Wright asked for the opinion of thq meeting and it was unanimous for a change in waterman, preferring to have an: inhabitant of Hardieville. A new committee was appointed with power to act and tenders will be called for forthwith. NEW FRENCH LOAN Paris,. Sept. 26. - (Havas).-Subscriptions to the new French loan will open on Oct. 20 and close on Nov. 24. : : : V V V V V ? ? THE PEFEAT OF SUBMARINE ? ? Minefields and Barrages > ? T=7- * ? (By Arthur Pollen, in the Lon- > > don Chronicle). ? ? * * * : * > : > : : : : * ? ? > We saw last week that we cannot blockade the German ports by minefields so long as there is a German fleet in existence. If we use mines, then, it must be further afield. Now we know that minefields have been laid. Our government has warned navigators to avoid three areas; one of about 2,000 square miles, from the Flemish coast to the mouth of the Thames; another, three or four times this size, off the Danish coast and stretching into the Kattegat; a third, ten times the size of the first; stretching from Norway to within 20 or 30 miles of Scotland. Few understand how sucli.yast minefields can be made, or exactly what their value is. A sub marine, they say, can slip through a space 50 feet wide and between two levels 40 feet apart. To make a mine' field inpenetrable to submarines, then, you would ;want mines at the rate of 120 to the mile laterally, and'at every 40 feet level till you got as low as a submarine could dive. If we take 250 feet as the lowest, then six layers, if not seven, would be wanted. Now all the North Sea from Norway to Scotland is deeper than 300 feet. :f.o make a single barrier, then, 250 miles long we should want 20 multiplied by seven, or 840 mines to the mile, or more than 200,000 mines for one section of this barrier alone. Cost of a Minefield Now, mines are not cheap. They may cost anything from �100 to �200 apiece without explosive, and T.N.T. and gun-cotton are pretty expensive nowadays. Fifty millions sterling would go in a single unit of a single minefield at this rate. . But in war we ignore cost. Yes; but we cannot ignore work and the time it takes. The first thing, then, that bothers the lay reader is that it is quite impossible to make the minefields at all. The second is that, 'when you do make a minefield, you have to tell all the. world where it is. You are bound to do this by the conventions which we, who are parties to them, consider binding. "Well, if we warn all the world, the enemy submarines will keep out of the minefields, and then what is the use? The truth of the matter is that there is ho pretence made that, once a minefield is proclaimed, every part' of it is always Impenetrable. What is meant is that any part of it may at any time be dangerous. No minefield and no part of a minefield is strewn so thickly that no submarine can possibly slip through. The area has to be large precisely because, when fields are established on separate levels, they must b6 a considerable distance apart. The mine-layers must have plenty of room for travelling about and looking after their mines, and replacing those which break away and are lost. It is1 their secret what parts o� tho field are safe and what are un safe. The numbers of mines used, then, are, nothing like so fabulous as the too logical layman has supposed Next, the purpose of < the minefield is not defeated if the enemy avoids it, because its purpose is not merely to trap him, it isi to divert him. The threat of mines limits his freedom of action, just as the threat of the, torpedoes in battle may force big ships to manoeuvre to get out of their way. If no submarine can get either from, the German harbors, from Zeebruggee, or from Ostend into the Channel, ex-; cept through a narrow passage off the British coast, the ta^k of watching their passage is very much simplified. If the German pirates are cut off from sneaking up the North Sea by way of Denmark and Norway, and aro compelled to como across to our coasts if th'ey wish to go round Scotland to the Atlantic, then the job of listening for them, tracing them, and depth-charging them is made much simpler. Let us start, then, with the proposition that the minefield is intended to facilitate all the other methods of dealing with the submarine. [ Distant- and Bloofc�rflnn Minefields I It is tho Ctts* Sanction between the distant minefield and the blockading minefield, that tho first is neither an absolute barrier nor a complete barrier, that is from shore to shore, and so is of a different character altogether from that which might be laid round-the German harbors if the Germans had no means of preventing the operatqin. The use of mines is not limited to placing .them in proclaimed minefields. You aro bound to proclaim only the "fields whore mines can bo encountered by surface ships. Nov/ no ship draws more than forty feet. And all the bigger submarines when WELSH RAILWAYMEN WILL RESUME WORK Cardiff, Sept. 25.-At a meeting here today, 3,000 rallwaymen decided unanimously to resume work at once. their periscopes are showing on tho surface have their keels nearly at this depth under wifter, -If your mines are of such as by international agreement they aro bound to bo, then they would bo perfectly safe as long as they are anchored deeper in the water than the Hurfaco ships can reach, because they can only explode when they are struck by a ship's koel or bottom. And they will also bo perfectly safe if they break their moorings and rise to the surface, because thev can bo fired, not by a blow at any point, but only by one delivered at some portion of the mine which operates the firing mechanism, and this mechanism is disconnected the mom-enj; tho pull of tho mooring rope is removed. Thus whole areas of sea can bo mined beneath tho surface against submarines, which areas will be quite safo for surface ships. Now if these areas are made so narrow that the submarine cannot come t< the surface itself, then it can- be driv en downwards on to the minefields and thus the mine becomes the nios dangerous of all tho submarine's one mies. But it takes time to get mines then an enormous time to lay them It is a slow and costly form of wa and we must wait, and wait patientlj before its full value can be felt. Bu it has this good side that whei its value is felt, the effect will cei tainly be sudden and may be com plete. And certain'thnigs will folio from this. ' 7J Made inXTanadat: OU won70 have to puzzle yvef -l picking out the right^suit or overcoat if you will ask to try on Society Brand. /These clothes fit so'well and look so good you'll know right away they are what you 1 wantJ The label is our pledge to you'of unqualified satisfaction.^ All the new attractions are showuin our Fall and Winter Style Book.\_Write for iu] SOCIETY BRAND CLOTHES, Limited, CANADA ALFRED DECKER ,& COHN,^UNITED STATES * chicago \ new york montreal.* STYLE HEADQUARTERS, 00CtVtt} %XXXVib GTlOfljnJ ore sold Wh J T� Y looking aPclothes^you^canVtell^what?islfi them, or how they are made. Arid in these times you*are more dependent on the Society Brand label than ever before. It's the makerV pledge of satisfaction and your way of knowing that you are getting style that will last and shape that will-hold until the fabric is worn out. In Society Brand the work-manshipis carried to a/arther degree of excellence than probably in any other clothes.! McKelvie & McGuire J V. Lethbridge F&t'yle Headquarters" - Where fcoririg $ra�d GTlfltJjPS are sold ;