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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, September 25, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 43 Freight rates won't rise sharply By BOB DOUGLAS OTTAWA (CP) The expected lifting of the rail freight rate freeze Jan. 1 is unlikely to lead to a sharp jump in tariffs, say federal sources They say the railways probably will have to guarantee a gradual increase in return for ending the rate freeze. The freeze, in effect for more than a year, applies to about 25 per cent of rail traffic It does not apply to rates such as agreed reach- ed between specific- shippers and the railways for a certain amount of traffic. It also does not affect goods moving west from the Atlantic prov- inces to a point just east of Quebec City as these rates are under another tariff agreement. The freeze was proposed by Transport Minister Jaan Marchand at the western economic opportunities conference in Calgary in July, 1973, and the rail- ways had little choice but to comply. Western provin- cial premiers had protested that some freight rates discriminated against industry in the West The freeze was to last to Jan. 1 and government in- formants say it is unlikely to be extended. "We can't let the rates go up 50-60-70 per cent without some kind of guaranteed a federal source said. AGREED TO SUBSIDIES Earlier this year, the government agreed to provide million in sub- sidies to the railways in compensation for the rate freeze. But government officials don't like subsidizing the profitable rail freight in- dustry They suggest there are "real difficulties if you don't allow some adjust- ment eventually in the rates With one rate group sub- sidized and another left out, imbalances are created, they say Railwaymen have long supported the 1967 National Transportation Act which gives railways con- siderable freedom in setting their own rates though there are protec- tions for shippers who can us only rail. There are also limits against unfairly un- dercutting rivals through lower rates. Railways say this approach is more realistic with rates reflecting what the market will bear. However, some western political leaders have said there is very little competi- tion for the railways in the West Mr Marchand requested the rail rate Ireeze to allow investigation of some tariff anomalies that particular- ly bothered the western premiers. Federal and provincial officials have been looking at these issues and also dis- cussing different ways of setting rates The rate problem will be I reviewed by Mr Marchand and his provincial counter- parts at a Saskatoon meeting Oct 21. Federal) sources say it is still too i early to speak of a clear' solution to the freight rate issue t Volunteers to protect archeological sites VICTORIA (CP) A sys- tem of volunteer wardens to guard archeological sites in British Columbia from de- struction by bulldozers and vandals has been announced by Provincial Secretary Ernie Hall. He said the Archeological Sites Advisory Board, a 13- member group administering legislation under his jurisdic- tion, has written to Indian bands, museums and inter- ested individuals asking them to help Assistant provincial arch- eologist Gordon Hanson, in charge of the new program, said it is part of a continuing effort by the board to locate and protect archeological sites in the province, some of which date back years. Wardens will be responsible for different regions of the province, and will keep an eye out for possible dangers. If a sewer excavation is made and something turns up, the local warden will notify Victoria or one of the board's regional of- fices, which will open in the next few years. Until now, Mr. Hanson said, the board has worked mainly with government departments and major organizations. It has asked B C Hydro. CP Rail and the highways department for advance notice of construction work They also provide the board with funds to operate and carry out its protection work. It has a budget of this donated by Hydro. The board's main work is a 'continuing inventory of sites This year it hired 100 stu- dents, half of them native In- dians, to locate and map sites Their information goes to the provincial lands branch and the environment and land use secretariat or cabinet and out to forest districts Forest rangers "try to get them protected" when logging roads or other operations head into the woods. About sites have been surveyed, many of them long covered over by subdivisions or blacktop The sites are scattered throughout B C but are more numerous along waterways, on the coast and major rivers such as the Fraser. Skeena and Nass Mr Hanson said often prime recreational land will contain numerous indications of prehistoric settlement- fresh water and well-drained land was just as attractive to Indians thousands of years ago Sought by Russians Dmytro Kupiak, accused of war crimes by the Soviet Union, stands in front of his restaurant in Toronto. Kupiak, a Conservative election candidate in the 1972 federal election, is one of four alleged war criminals that Russia is attempting to have extra- dited from Canada. Gloves off in Newfoundland political battle By ED WALTERS ST JOHN'S. Nfld. (CP) "It's boots and all now." said Liberal leader Ed Roberts as he joined battle with former premier Joseph R. Smallwood for the party's top post. The attempt by the 73-year- old Mr. Smallwood to wrest the party leadership away from the man who was once known as his protege is the first step in a plan to regain the premiership and enhance his name in Newfoundland history. Meanwhile. Steve Neary and Roger Simmons, the other contenders for the Liberal leadership to be decided at a convention in St. John's Oct. 25-26. are hoping the 800 elected and ex-officio delegates will turn away from the party's big names and make one of them the victor. Mr. Roberts, a 34-year-old lawyer who entered politics under Mr. Smallwood's tutelage eight years ago. was elected leader in February. 1972 and a month later saw his party crushed by the Progressive Conservatives under Frank Moores in a provincial general election. Mr Smallwood. who resign- ed from politics in January. 1972 after a series of recounts and court hearings showed his Liberal government had been defeated the previous October for the first time in 22 years, said at the time that Mr. Roberts was the person best able to lead the party. 'BEYOND COMPARISON' "His qualifications to be leader and premier are beyond comparison, far and away beyond those of any man in Newfoundland politics today, on either side of the Mr Smailwood said when Mr Roberts was chosen Jo succeed him. But earlier this month as Mr Smallwood announced his rolurn lo politics, he said Mr. Roberts would not win an election "as handily or as readily as I can." Mr Roberts sees nothing unusual in brmo fppcssed by Mr Smallwood for the party leadership "I'm flattered by his runn- ing against Mr Roberts said in an interview. "The party which I lead is an open one." Mr Roberts, health minister during Mr. Smallwood's lass as premier, said he did not think Liberals would blame him for losing the election of March, 1972. "I didn't put the party in op- position." Standing in the 42-seat house now is Progressive Con- servative 32. Liberal eight, and New Labrador Party one, with one seat vacant. Mr. Smallwood says New- foundlanders want him to oust the Moores government and to do so he must first regain the Liberal party leadership. PUBLIC DUTY "I have received strong evi- dence that the people consider that I am the person who can most surely bring about the defeat of the Moores adminis- tration and I therefore believe it to be my public duty to un- dertake the task." he said in announcing his return to poli- tics. Pledging to "cleanse, purge and purify our whole system of elections." he also promis- ed reforms in government ad- ministration of education, welfare, finances and in- dustry. "As the weeks pass I will declare my belief in other reforms that are needed in our province, for I have the deep desire to have my name associated in our New- foundland history with the great reformers of the past. But one observer who has been writing about New- foundland politics for more than 50 years says Mr. Smallwood has no need to seek further historical recognition. "What can be brought about confederation with Canada