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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD-Tuesday, September 25, 1973 Zapping the Americans without warning Welcome, Libertarians A new political party, the Libertarians, has arrived on the Alberta scene. Its philosophy is appealing or appallingly simple, depending on one's point of view. According to the dictionary, a liber- tarian is "one who holds the doctrine of the freedom of the will as opposed to that of necessity." As envisaged at the party's founding political convention in Edmonton Sept. 14 the main freedoms for which it will cam- paign are freedom from government economic controls of any sort and freedom from any sort of social welfare program. In other words, no minimum wage laws, no health care insurance, no Canada Pension Plan, no publicly fund- ed highways or schools. Let free enterprise take care of these needs. In spite of the seemingly ridiculous naivete of some of the party's propositions it should be welcomed to the political scene. It will afford a platform and a refuge to those few Albertans to whom its proposals represent a Utopia, not a jungle, and it should lead the rest to think, and perhaps become articulate about, the reasons why government programs exist. What is the rationale behind the tax- supported highway system? Why should everyone pay for education costs through taxes whether or not he has children in school? Why shouldn't everyone pay his own medical expenses? And why shouldn't an entrepeneur telecast over whatever wave length and with whatever content suits his purposes? Another reason for welcoming the par- ty is that many of its proposals hit government programs which have been around so long as to seem sacred and if a democratic society is to remain healthy no idea should be considered immune to challenge. It hardly needs saying that worthwhile ones will withstand the test. The Libertarians was founded with a core of 35 members. Its growth, if indeed it grows, will give some insight into the frustrations of the times. People tend to retreat to simplicities in much the same way they retreat to the wilderness, to es- cape the complex nature of a society whose problems burgeon right along with its possibilities. The party should not be laughed off politically. In the recent Norwegian elec- tions, a small party with a similar message lower taxes and no state interference won four seats and nearly acquired the balance of power in a very close election. ambassador Marcel Cadieux's was a lone voice in the wilder- ness between Ottawa and Washington last week when he made a brave speech about energy policies. All official communications on that subject were short- circuited by Ottawa's un- ilateral actions in announcing it Canada-first oil policy and in speedily implementing the two-price part of it. Unilateral, in this context, is the polite diplomatic word for zapping the Americans without warning. The remarkable thing about Cadieux's speech was that it called for co-operation between the two countries at a time when co-operation is con- spicuously absent. By Frank Rutter, Herald Washington commentator It is true that Energy Minis- what they can still get. the Trudeau government's oil ter Donald Macdonald was rather preoccupied at home with trying to patch up federal provincial relations as a result of the government's proposals. Although they haven't been getting their information from official contacts, U.S. govern- ment and industry are follow- ing these Canadian capers with great interest and con- siderable amusement. "Is Alberta at war asked a state department offi- cial as Macdonald flew into Calgary to try to mollify a furious Premier Peter Lougheed. But the Americans are not amused at the prospect of los- ing Canadian oil imports on which they have depended or at paying more money for Canada has been the biggest source of U.S. crude oil im- ports, supplying more than 38 per cent of the total despite all the fuss about the Arab market, less than twenty per- cent of American oil imports come from the Middle East. Cadieux was apparently act- ing on his own initiative in speaking out on energy rela- tions. He likes to travel and he likes to talk so he used an in- vitation from the Inter- national Relations Club at Portland. Ore., to make his energy speech. The speech was prepared here, not in Ottawa, and evidently without the benefit of current advice because the text bore distinct signs of has- ty amendment to update the ambassador's explanation of policies. Perhaps he was as surprised as the Americans by recent developments. Although Cadieux went to some length to try and explain why Canada is getting touchy about oil exports, his speech was conciliatory in tone and made references to the need for co-operation and mutual consideration. It was just the sort of statement that been forthcoming from the policymakers in Ottawa. It may be that the Tru- deau government feels quite justified in acting without consulting Washington; there are enough past instances of failure by the Americans to warn or brief Ottawa on im- portant policy decisions. There is also a considerable Keep office open The latest 10 per cent increase in summer job placements realized through the Hire a Student office of Canada Man- power spells its importance to Southern Alberta's young people. Some 2204 students of the 3692 registered found summer jobs through this agency this year with 1364 registrants locating jobs on their own. Of particular significance was the large increase in rural job placements. A 1000 per cent increase was reported at Milk River where Miss Charla Winters, in charge, filled 155 casual labor vacan- cies compared to 16 last year. The Cardston branch office, directed by Dean Russell, jumped from 61 job placements in 1972 to 73 this past summer and Coaldale increased from 36 a year ago to 48 this year. Increases were also record- ed in Fort Macleod and Blairmore with the Claresholm. Pincher Creek and Taber offices showing a slight decline (due to local economic The Hire a Student office n Lethbridge, managed by Mike Clemis, placed a total of 1507 students in summer positions this year. The program initiated in 1968 has shown a 65 per cent increase in registrations. 44 per cent in job placements and 40 per cent increase in job vacancies since 1971. Particularly gratifying to Mr. Clemis is the high motivation displayed by this past summer's applicants plus the fact an increasing number of factory offices and businessmen listed their job oppor- tunities with his office. In view of this splendid record one wonders why the Hire a Student office closes at summer's end. Is there not justification in keeping it open (even on a smaller scale) to accommodate those students requiring part-time work and those anxious to gain work ex- perience by getting into the trade and business fields. With the office's closure students must re-register with the main Manpower otlice (many of them are not aware of this and wait expectantly and unsuccessfully for the Hire a Student office to phone So much of the leg-work and organizational planning necessary to ensure the Hire a Student office's success has to go into mothballs during the office's long winter recess, only to be reactivated in early summer. If the office functioned year-round, infor- mation gained would be applicable throughout the year, and ready for the next summer demand. bouquet for pensioners Every effort to better a community is worthwhile and deserves commendation but few warrant more praise than the Fort Macleod Old Age Pensioners' Association's effort to advertise their 1974 centennial celebrations. The two huge Maple Leaf 100th birthday signs bei- ng erected at both the westerly and easterly entrances to the fort city are their contribution to this memorable oc- casion. Designed and constructed by long-time resident Harry Bedingfield, retired carpenter, with an assist from Charlie Reach, the project received a boost from the Centennial society with a contributi- on of to cover cost of materials and paint. The town council provided the necessary supporting posts. The two 12-foot, bright red Maple Leafs, spiked with white and gold, patterned from the leaf on the Canadian flag, are fronted with a large 100, an Indi- an war bonnet and an RCMP hat, iden- tical to the emblem at the Fort museum. One has already been erected at the easterly end of 25th Street. This commendable centennial effort on the pensioner's part could be only the first in a series of suggested projects they are entertaining for next year's gigantic birthday party one of which could be assisting with the gala homecoming. With their two attractive Maple Leaf signs sure to capture public attention it would be a pity if the present faded and leaning "To the Fort" signs should detract from the attractive new ad- ditions. Perhaps these signs could be repainted (with the scored out section covered up) and the supporting posts straightened so the signs stand upright. Then they will express a 'cared-for' rather than a neglected look sure to com- plement, rather than embarrass the pen- sioner's efforts. THE CASSEROLE Union organizers who work at recruiting women office workers say they don't have too much trouble signing up the girls except for secretaries who. they say, show "a ridiculous loyalty to their bosses." Try telling that to the bosses. Belgian oil companies are ignoring tenders for supplyting the army with gas- oline; they are boycotting the government because it refuses to sanction an increase in the consumer price of gasoline. We should soon know if an arrm really can travel on its stomach Munich University has just completed an exhaustive study of snoring. To stop this an- noying habit, it recommmends sleeping on the stomach. Considerable evidence is offered in support of the recommendation, but no suggestions as to how one mnanages to remain in a face-down position for seven or eight hours each night. "Terrorists strike again" said the headline ol a London paper recently. And most people weren't even away they were unionized. Reporters who think life is tough when the editor chews them out might consider the lot ol colleagues in other lands. Minere Amakiri, a reporter for the Nigerian Observer, was k'iven 24 lashes on orders of the local military governor who found it embarrassing that on his birthday the reporter filed a story in- some o. in .iis district were not happy. Anyone planning on moving to Vancouver and wishing to save some money might look ;il Frank McMahon's old house on Southwest Marine Drive, on which the original asking price of an even million (that includes fur- niture, of course) has been reduced to a mere OTUXK) That's a clear saving of and who couldn't use From the first issue of a newspaper for Alberta employees of the Royal Bank: "Did you know that the first branch of any chartered bank to be established west of Win- nipeg with the exception of Vancouver was done so by the Royal'd old Aunt the Union Bank in Lethbridge in 1885. This was the same year that Lethbridge was given its name." It wasn't America that Columbus dis- covered; it was pop-corn. According to Field Knlerprises Educational Corp., he got to this side ol the Atlantic sometime after the Norsemen, and perhaps a few others, but he was the first European to encounter exploded corn, which natives of the West Indies used as lood and also as a decoration. And there's just got to be some symbolism in that. For Americans, it was bad enough when Libya doubled the price of oil from the wells it had just expropriated. But when the Libyan government announced it was no longer will- ing to accept payment in U.S. dollars, which it said had lost their value "Because you've been so fair and understanding with us on trade matters, we're upping the price by ONLY 40 cents. Caution: producer's world looming By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator While bumper crops are now being harvested in this country, soaring food prices are fueling a record inflation here and abroad. How come? The answer lies in a worldwide condition which we are just beginning to grasp. Producers are in the saddle everywhere, and widespread inflation is only one of the dimly understood conse- quences. A good example of the general condition is protein loods. There is an over-all world shortage because of the convergence of a number of factors which are rarely ex- amined together. One is the catch of fish, a major source for feeding livestock. Thanks to modern methods, the catch rose steadily and dramatically from 1948 through 1969. But after reaching nearly 70 million tons that year, as against only 20 million tons in 1948, it began to slump. There was a considerable drop in 1969. a slight drop in 1970 and a considerable drop again in 1972. The reason for this fall-off is the excessive fishing which has caused so many nations to try to extend their claim to coastal waters. For example, there was a precipitate rise in the haddock catch from 1954 through 1965. Since then it has been dropping steadily, and in 1970 it was only one-sixth the 19B5 peak. Fisheries, in other words, are being exhausted, and it is going to take a long, slow effort to rebuild them. A second factor to examine is per-capita grain consump- tion in the Soviet Union. The record from 1955 through 1970 is one of ups and downs. Whenever there was a bad harvest, there was a tighten- ing of belts expressed in a reduction of grain consump- tion. But the regime of party secretary Leonid Brezhnev is selling itself on the theme of the full breadbasket. Instead of asking Russians to eat less Letter to the Editor A double standard After spending the Labor Day weekend camping at Waterton Lakes, park, we have become aware that park policy is one thing and park management another. A dou- ble standard prevails. On arriving at the gates of the main campground we were told there were no ser- viced trailer sites available and that we would have to wait until one was vacated. While waiting we offered to pay for another serviced site for friends arriving later. We were informed it was against park policy for visitors to pay ahead. After waiting at the gate for three quarters of an hour we were told that a site was final- ly empty. Arriving at the site we could see many empty sites around us. Who were they saved for and why the long wait at the gate? When our second trailer arr- ived later we were told that an unserviced site would have to be used until morning. Then in the morning we were inform- ed that in order for the trailer to be transferred we would have to take it out to the gate and re-enter and re-register. This was done but after a wait of two and a half hours we were informed that there was no site available, yet dur- ing the whole wait we could see trailers moving into the serviced area without having to re-register. When we asked about this the supervisor said those people had asked to be moved in the morning. We had also asked and had been promised a site in the mor- ning. Why the double standard on the part of this employee? We observed four campsites that had two trailers parked in each. We inquired if we could do this also but were informed that those people were only visiting. They were still dou- ble parked when we left Mon- day morning. This kind of administration is a detriment to Waterton park. MR. AND MRS. W. II. ANDERSON. MR AND MRS. W. CHRISTIANSEN N. ISAAC. LelhbridRC when the crop is bad, Moscow now imports grain from abroad. Last year alone, the Russians imported 28 million tons of grain, which represents a terrific drain on the worid market. The largest previous record import of grain was done by India dur- ing the famine of 1966-67. when the figure reached only about one-third of last year's Soviet imports Thus the change in Russia's attitude constitues a major new drain on lood resources unlikely to ever go away. A third factor is the decline largely because of popula- tion growth in the capacity ol many developing countries to teed themselves. A striking example is currently supplied by the famine now affecting the string of countries along the southern fringe of the Sahara Desert. Population growth in those areas lias brought a rise in grazing herds. As grasses and other vegetation have been eaten away, the quality of the soil has deteriorated. Accor- dingly, the desert is now spreading south. There are lood shortages in Chad. Niger and parts of the Sudan, und only a long-term program of reforestation can begin to restore the old natural balance. The shortage of available foodstuffs has as its first consequence a scramble led by the richer countries lor what is available. The im- mediate result is the simultaneous incidence of the worst inflation in years in the United States. Western Europe and Japan. The pinch in foodstuffs, coincides with a shortage of other primary products. The prospective oi! crisis is notorious, and many metals and fibs os are also in short supply. So there an- bound to be other results apart from inflation. One result is that the un- derdeveloped countries rich in primary products and not only petroleum should have increased bargaining power. A second is that the United States has a different kind of power in the world. This country's great asset now is not the capacity to bomb Hanoi. It is the capacity to export wheat, soybeans and corn. So. far better deals than we have cut in the past should be arranged in the tuture in order to foster both American properity and this country's diplomatic influence. But these are only the most obvious consequences. The central fact is that we are moving into a world nobody understands very well a producers" world. Accor- dingly, it makes sense for all ol us. and especially those in authority, to be cautious about what lies ahead. amount of tension because of nationalistic political pressure in Canada. Cadieux deserves high marks for trying at a difficult time to get Canada's views across. It these views had been communicated sooner and on a more official and direct basis the reception in Washington might have been a lot more sympathetic. Most U.S. government energy officials do understand Canada's motivation but they are piqued at the way oil policy has been handled. Oil, however, is only the be- ginning. There is now anxiety about exports of natural gas, too. It follows the announce- ment by Westcoast Trans- mission that it will have to cutback supplies to its customers this winter because one of its major producers can't deliver. Westcoast's biggest customer is El Paso Natural Gas in the U.S. and it is feared that El Paso might have to bear the full brunt of the cut- back. This will depend on the Na- tional Energy Board, the in- strument of the sudden order for increased oil prices, which is being pressured by the B.C. government to ensure that Ca- nadian customers of West- coast are given full protec- tion. Although the Westcoast situation may be resolved without too much pain, it does raise the whole question of gas export policy and it may in- spire a complete review in line with the oil policy. Although there have been vague mentions of Ottawa- Washington talks about energy from both sides nothing has yet been arranged. In fact there hasn't been an official meeting (discounting the abortive visit of a parlia- mentary delegation with no authority to speak for the government) for some months. A conference between Macdonald and top U.S. officials could have been highly beneficial before the Transalaska Pipe-line debate began in Congress this summer. There wasn't one and since no one here knew ex- actly what Canada wanted to do the pipeline project is being processed as fast a possible and U.S. attitudes have hardened on sending the Alaska oil by supertankers to Washington state refineries. Confirmation is awaited here of Macdonald's proposal to visit Washington sometime in the near future. He has said he wants to meet President Richard Nixon's energy czar, .John Love. Macdonald is also said to be planning a trip to Venezuela to discuss new contracts for sup- plying oil to the east coast of Canada. He may make a diversion to Washington at that time. He would proabably find Love receptive to a meeting although the U.S. energy commissioner may not live up to his name in words. (Hr (C 1973 by NEA. In "How do you like your Lethbrtrlcje Herald 504 7th SI S Lethbridge Alberta LFTHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954. by Hon WA BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and ihe Audit Bureau ot Circulations OLCO W MOWFRS. Editor ,ind Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Edltor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K.WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;