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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE VFtHBRlDGS HERALD Monday, Soplembor 25, 1972 Joseph Kraft Towards improved planning Asked to comment on the conliii- ning decline in university enrolment, President Max Wyman of the Uni- versity Alberta is reported as say- ing that our universities simply aren't offering today's student wliat he wants. "We can't give the stu- dents what they he is quoted. "If we could, enrolments probably would be growing instead drop- ping." That is a remarkably frank state- ment for a university president to make, even for Max Wyman, who has an enviable reputation for lay- ing tilings right on the line. But what followed is more remarkable still. Quoting again "It will be neces- sary for the Universities Commis- sion, or whoever is going to be do- ing this type of thing, to develop a plan for universities according to what students want to take." A simple and reasonable state- ment. But probably it is the first time in the recent annals of higher education that the president of a major university lias seriously pro- posed an agency external to tlie uni- versity ilself should have a part in academic planning, the determining of the programs the institution should offer. (The reference is ob- viously lo academic planning, as other planning areas arc of little consequence lo students or any- one else, for that matter.) For some time now, the planning function at our universities has been a completely internal exercise, a sort of academic sanctum sanctorum forbidden to the layman, or to any- one not wholly committed to the fac- ulty perspective. Undoubtedly this ensures great dedication and the needed expertise, but one cannot help wondering about the degree of objectivity with which whose who are fully and professionally involv- ed will or can plan the future of the institutions that employ them. To have a first rank educator ack- nowledge the value of views from outside the academy is as refresh- ing as it is overdue. Is this really necessary? Last year when the Alberta legis- lature announced it would publish a daily Hansard verbatim proceed- ings of the day's events in the House it was received by the public in- itially as a good idea. It was also a first in Canada, as none of the olher provincial govern- ments have gone into this method of keeping government business so conscientiously before the public. But now, after several months of publication, one wonders just wheth- er or not this day-by-day pamphlet is being read by many and is there- fore worthy of the expenditure. In- itial estimates placed the cost for Hansard per year at about However, the speaker of the legis- lature Gerry Amerongen, admitted in an address to the Ad and Sales bureau in Calgary recently that the Hansard costs this year could go as high as That's a lot to pay for a pamphlet with a limited read- ing public and who needs legisla- tive small talk repeated verbatim anyway? As the legislature also boasts an- other first TV cameras and news- paper photographers to record daily proceedings, how much coverage does the government figure it needs? We certainly don't want our MLAs upstaging each other and arguing over their best TV profiles. The government should take an- other look at its communication ex- penditures and try to evaluate just what is essential and what is not. After all, it all costs money. Congratulations The post office more often than not comes in for criticism rather than praise. But occasionally the powers-that-be behind the postal scenes do come up with ideas which are both innovative and educational. The most recent, which concerns an issuance of new stamps, is of particular interest to southern Al- bertans. A submission of a stamp design by Blood Indian artist Ger- ald Tailfeathers was selected by the design committee and now anyone, for the expenditure of eight cents, can receive a small but definitive idea of the work of this talented man. Last year the post ofice in like manner honored artist Emily Carr and previous to that Paul Kane, with stamp issues illustrating their work. While this honor was appre- ciated by Canadian admirers of these fine artists it's nice to know that the post office is moving in the direction of recognizing our promin- ent artists during their lifetime. Hearty congratulations go out to Gerald'Tailfeathers! ART BUCHWALD Au revoir, voters WASHINGTON Every four years W to 50 million Americans vow that if their man doesn't win the Presidency, they will move to Canada. This year Is no different, and I have heard many of my dearest friends say, "If McGovern is elected, I'm taking the family to Canada." Or "If Nixon gets in for another four years, I'm leaving the country." The trouble with these threats is that the Canadians take them seriously. Since they are so short on population, the idea of 40 or 50 million new immigrants makes their moulhs water. The Canadians start building new homes and schools to accommodate Ihe dis- enchanted American voters. Shopping cen- ters are constructed, contracts are given out for drive-in theatres and motels. The Canadians repaint all their buildings and touch up their lawns to make the Am- ericans feel at home. Night classes are given on how to treat the new arrivals. Welcome Wagons are beefed up and new factories are built to provide jobs for the millions of Democrats or Republicans who say they cannot live in the United States under a Communist Democralic or Fascist Republican regime, To facilitate the move, Canadian cust- oms officials are told not to open any lug- gage of American emigrants. Canadian Mounties are instructed to go easy on traffic tickets. No expense Is spared in preparing for the influx of people. But what inevitably happens is that af- ter the election the 40 or 50 million people who vowed they would go lo Canada change their rninds and remain in the United States to stick it out under "That Man in tho Home." I saw it happen when John Kennedy beat N'-on. I saw it happci again when Lyndon Johnson beat Barry Goldwatcr, and again Thoughts on violence across the world WASHINGTON In thinking about violence and its many current outbursts, it is import- ant to think hard. For impres- sions based on random events to whieli television imparts a melodramatic character arc al- most certainly false impres- sions. In particular, it is not clear that the level of public violence is on the rise. Or if so why. Nor tttat the public has become desensitized to violence. One warning of how wrong first impressions can be is sig- nalled by a glance at the author- ities responsible for the most egregious acts of recent vio- lence. There is Chancellor Wil- ly Brandt of West Germany who ordered the ambush of tho Arab guerrilla group that tried then- terror tactics at the Olym- pic Games; Prime Minister Golda Meir of Israel who order- ed (he retaliatory raids on the Lebanon; and Gov. Nelson Rockefeller who is now being officially faulted for ordering police repression of the up- rising at the Attica prison in New York a year ago. Three more enlightened and human public officials would be hard to name. Chancellor Brandt only last year won the Nobel Peace Prize for setting in motion detente in Europe. Mrs. Meir made her mark as a champion of a dispossessed people. Gov. Rockefeller is re- nowned as a philanthropist and connoisseur. No doubt all three made bad mistakes in handling the events now in the forefront of the news. But they marte their mis- takes against a background of tolerant behavior. In coming down harshly, Chancellor Brandt, Mrs. Meir and Gov. Rockefeller were reacting to those who took advantage of their fundamental decency. A second caveat emerges from the characteristics of the police forces involved in the mass slayings at Munich and Attica. They were not the truly tough kind of centralized gen- darmerie that keeps the peace so ruthlessly in France. They were slate police oper- ating in a Federal system that is to say, a system made deliberately ineffective the bet- ter to mitigate Ute tyrannical bent of government and its po- lice. If they butchered men, it was more through inexperience then fell purpose. A third reason for caution in judgment arises from a case that is now focusing on the Am- erican bombing of North Viet- nam. I mean the case of Gen. John Lavelle, the Air Force of- ficer retired alter it was dis- covered that 'he had falsified in 1968 when Richard Nixon defeated Hu- bert Humphrey, Canada was waiting with welcoming arms for all the people who said they couldn't live in the United States any more. Nobody came. All the hopes and dreams of the Cana- dians to double their population overnight vanished, but it left a taste of bitterness that lingers on. The greatest cause of anti-American feelings in Canada can be attributed to our presidential election-year promises which people in this country have failed to keep. How long can the Canadians keep build- ing up their country iur people who prom- ise to go there and then refuse to go? At the moment Canada is in a terrible quandary. The ambassador in Washington has reported that 45 million Republicans have vowed to go to Canada if George Mc- Govern becomes President of the United States. He has also reported that surveys indicate 40 million Democrats will come if Nixon stays in the White House. Canada must decide in the next few weeks whether to go through the motions of preparing for them or to ignore these vows as idle threats. Suppose this time all the people who say they're going to Ca- nada really do? Yet suppose the Canadians spend all the money and nobody shows up? It seems to me it's incumbent on every American voter not to say he's going to Canada unless he really means it. If he is sincere about it, he should notify (he Can- adian immigration authorities. I knew it's hard to ask people at tho height o( an election campaign not to make threats they have no intention of keeping about moving out of tho country. All I'm suggesting is that if you want to tell some- one you're leaving after the election, tell them you're going to France, where they don't care if you come or not. (Toronto Sun) Go west, old man! reports of bombing striKes to bring them within the ambit of his orders. The real issue in the Lavelle case is not whether he violated orders with the complacent ac- cord of his superior officers. The real issue is whether there were or indeed are any meaningful orders on the bomb- ing. My strong impression is that the orders, or rules of en- gagement, which have emerg- ed from the Nixon White House are so complicated, so full of conflicting injunctions accumu- lated over the years, that no one can know their precise meaning. Moreover, I also have the feeling tliat the imprecision is deliberate. Even self-styled tough guys, even Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, don't real- ly want to know about the ef- fects of the violent action they institute. A final note of caution em- erges from the widely circulat- ed declaration against violence made by the Soviet author Al- exander Solzhenitsyn in the un- delivered Noble Prize lecture. Mr. Solzhenitsyn is a supreme artist and his words wring the heart. But his statement does not come out of an Arctic night of horror and brutality. Even in the Soviet Union the past two years have witnessed an un- mistakable improvement, an easing up on arbitrary arrests and indiscriminate violence. My own impression is that in this country and Europe, at least, public sensitivity to vio- lence is on the rise an in- evitable accompaniment of the general spread of middle-class standards to an increasingly af- fluent population. Acts that used to pass unnoticed now at- tract attention and evoke hor- ror. There is loss and less stom- ach in official quarters for ap- plying sanctions, and when they are applied the job lends to be messy. The mossiness in turn attracts even more attention. But all that is surmised which is precisely the point. The levels of and reason for public violence cannot be ac- curately ascertained, and that fact should breed in all of us a certain caution. (Field Enterprises] Maurice Western No pots of gold for taxpayers at rainbow's end "YTTAWA It has probably truth that started Mr. Lewis on The trouble with the argu. means have been templed to taxes Imposed on corporatioi It has probably occurred to many people that if politicians were more frequently correct in their diag- noses, this country would be in far better shape. A political diagnosis, in most cases, begins with a gleam of truth. This may, unfortunately, develop into a radiance which is dazzling while it lasts but, b'ke most illusions, not very helpful to an expectant public. The case of William Aberhart is an obvious illustration. No w e 11-intentioned man ever raised Mgher public hopes. The gleam with which he it must be gen- erally conceded that in his time we were suffering from a shortage of purchasing power. From this, assisted by popularizers of Douglasile theo- ries, he moved on to the grand illusion; the economy, through a quirk in the monetary sys- tem, failed consistently to getu erate purchasing power ade- quate in total to enable the pub- lic to buy back the goods it pro- duced. As the error, according to Mr. Aberhart, could be cor- rect without any social citizens wero persuaded that he had found the pol of gold at the foot of the rainbow (a remarkable achievement in the dirty 30s be- cause even rainlxiws were in scarce And why not? It followed from the diagnosis that we could all share in an economy providing full employ- ment without inflation. With that central problem happily solved, we would all, of course, have been better off and ac- cordingly much better able to tackle such other problems as have turned up since Mr. Aber- hart's day. The relevance of this some- what distant example is that politicians continue discovering these pots of gold at each suc- ceeding election. David Lewis is apparently the latest. Whilo his vision lacks the grandeur of Aherhart' pot looks smaller and would probably he dissipated in short order if the Mil1 is seriously in the market for odds and ends like (he Ca- nadian Pacific least he assures us that he has found a pot; a substantial one to judge by his speeches. It is not difficult, it seems to me, to discern the gleam of truth that started Mr. Lewis on his way. There has been an in- discriminate use of subsidies, some probably unnecessary, to coax corporations Into the es- tablishment of new plants to generate employment. The fed- eral Government has not been alone in these errors of judg- ment but it operates with greater resources lhan other governments and in any case we are in a federal election. But Mr. Lewis has general- ized the attack. The corpo- rations, according to his theory, are not paying their from a few honorable ex- ceptions like Electrohome. Thus we have only to follow the rainbow and we come to the pot of gold; a nice, large, un- tapped pool of tax revenue on which we can draw for the isfaction of pur unfilled needs. All this tapping will be without pain to hard-pressed middle in- come taxpayers whom the NDP has also, if rather belatedly, discovered. Letter to the editor The trouble with the argu. ment as a whole is that it is much too good to he true. It can be assailed from a variety of points of view. For example, and regardless of errors which may have been made, there is certainly a case for incentives and we might lose more by withdrawing them than wo could hope to gain. But surely there Is a more basic point. Legally a corpo- ration is a person and we are offered a comparison between the big bruiser, say Bell Can- ada or General Motors, and the ordinary taxpayer. The talk of a "rip-off" implies that the big bruisers get off lightly at our expense. As it happens, however, the corporate big bruiser is largely fictitious. In public corporations ownership very often is liighly diversified. If there are big shareholders, there are also tens or hundreds of smalt ones. In recent years a great many people of modest means have been templed to buy stocks as a hedge against inflation. If Mr. Lewis Is going to soak the corporations, it would thus appear that the middle-income taxpayer is going to get it once again. In fact there is a wider objec- tion and it can be found In tho Carter report. Mr. Lewis may find this distressing because tlie NDP were particularly stout Carterites, much pre- ferring the original report on tax reform to the watered and re-watered proposals finally ac- cepted by Mr. Benson. It may be noted first that this complaint voiced by Mr. Lewis about the Increasing percentage of federal revenue coming from personal, as opposed, to corpo- ration tax is a bit odd in this context, What has been happen- ing is what the Carter commis- sion in- come tax in (he revenue mix. But the second and more im- portant Carter finding was that Cultural differences important With reference to a letter to yie editor entitled "Myths Should Be Dropped" submitted by Mr. Beaty in Sept. 18 issue of Lcthbridge Herald. I appreciate very much tho humanity of your letter, and your point re: racial myths is indeed well-taken. However, the mere mention of the racial be- havioral myth in question opens up a new category for discus- sion that of bigotry. It is both natural and observ- ant to acknowledge a behavior- al difference between races (for the record, I prefer to call these 'cultural For in- stance, cultural parallels such as a 'wake' at an Irish funeral, or an extreme patriarchal ship within a Cliinese family could just as easily be acknow- ledged when differenliating peoples. However, when or.c goes beyond this acknowledge- ment of cultural differences by attaching a "vicious" (I quote from Mr. Beaty's letter) adjec- tive to this acknowledgement, I suggest that (his person has stepped right into the path of bigotry. It is probably one of our so- ciety's major shortcomings in that we are always overly an- xious to express our disgust at the mere suggestion of any dif- ference in culture within our society. This disgust however stems from the introspection of the said human being and is irrationally spewed on to oth- ers. Thus, by process of 'word of mouth' we are socialized to attach negative connotations to any concept of racial or cultur- al differentiations. In a continent with a scope as wide and diversified as the people that inhabit North Am- erica, it seems only logical that we cannot control culture via assimilation. So we must ask ourselves "Do we want lo con- trol culture at When it finally dawns on us that con- trol in itself is a limitation of human resources, it will follow that lack of control, or diversi- fication in culture and race within a society could be an as- set. Therefore, if we simply view the acknowledgement of these differences in a positive sense we escape from the evils of bigotry, prejudice, and conse- quently, segregation. As I mentioned earlier, I sin- cerely enjoyed the humanistic aspect of Mr. Beaty's letter, and by no means am I insinu- ating that the letter be labelled 'bigotry'. I am simply suggest- ing that this letter be read as 'food for thought' before any further action and race be taken when circum- stances seem lo call for it. JOHN A. MARTINI taxes imposed on corporations tend lo be passed on through cost-cutting or price-hiking to the general public. Not all cor- porations are in the same posi- tion; some can shift more fully and quickly than others. But the opportunities may be greater now lhan In Carter's time since inflation is more general. For obvious reasons rising prices have a particularly cruel impact on persons of low in- comes. But the more diver- sified they are (and diver- sification would be ensured by a general squeeze on corpo- the greater the abso- lute price imposed on people in the middle range, who tend to pay out more for a greater va- riety of products. This is very disheartening. It might appear at first glance that Mr. Lewis has discovered, in what he calls the a means of saving the ordinary taxpayer at the expense of (he Wg bruisers. Behind the NDP illusion, however, is the flesh and blood figure of that sterb'ng citizen, the middle income ear- ner. As usual he is the and as usual, ther as saver, if he has man- aged to invest in a few shares, or as consumer, or In both roles. As compared to the late Mr. Aberhart, Mr. Lewis may have aroused only minimal hopes be- cause the middle income group have not generally tended lo re- gard the NDP as the answer to tax payers. Even so it is a depressing business. Anyone would welcome a tax cut if there was some assurance that we would not have to pay for it (as normally happeps) in higher pi-ices. It would be pleas- anl, for once, to have a genuine discovery at the foot of some political rainbow. The Letlibndge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD f.O. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1805 -1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Rcgisfrsllcn No. 0013 Member of Trie Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Audif Bureau of Circulation! CLEO VI, MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, AOAMS. General Manager DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Ediior ROY F MILES DOUOLAi K. WALKER Advertising Manager editorial Pane Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;