Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Monday, ItplMntxr 25, 1972 THE LETHtRIDOt HCTMB 17 Oil-import quota system unworkable By EDWARD C. COWAN New York Times Service WASHINGTON The latest round of tinkering with the mandatory oil-import quotas, to. avert shortage of home-heat-' ing oil on the east coast this winter, has brought Into sharp multiplying doubts about the workability and desirability of the quote system. As the country's need for for- eign oil grows, and that trend is expected to persist unabated 'or a decade or more, the quo- tag muet be altered to assure enough oil to turn the wheels of industry, heat homes and schools and fuel the country's growing stock of automobiles that guzzle more gasoline than ever because of pollution-con- trol devices. MORE COMPLICATED The quota system, intended basically to cover crude oil, is becoming more complicated Exceptions have been made for residual fuel, asphalt, home- heating fuel, petrochemical feedstocks, and crude and fin- ished products from Mexico and Canada. Last week's amendments to HOCKEY MOODS First the good no ws, Then the bad is a sharp contrast in tlie reaction of Eric Davis, Shielc Smith and Barbara Atlas to goals scored by Team Canada and the Russian national team. The trio watched Ihe Moscow game, won by the Rus- lians 3n a dowtown Toronto Philippines flooded by unatural disasters he presidential quoU proc- amation included authority for Importers to borrow against 973 quotas before the end of North soldier not dropped lo his death WASHINGTON (AP) The United States Army said here a North Vietnamese soldier was already dead when pictured in a controversial published photo- graph showing him being drop- ped from a U.S. helicopter. The army said the allegation that the soldier was thrown to his death while being inter rogated came from a fake ac count of the incident written by a U.S. soldier to his girl-friend. The Chicago Sun-Times In November, 1969, published two pictures purporting to show a North Vietnamese soldier being dropped to his death from a U.S. Army helicopter. The pictures were given to the newspaper by Alan .Tones an Oak Forest, 111., teacher. he year. But carry-overs of unused authority remain pro- hibited. Some government officials who work with the program confess privately that they are troubled by the increasing com- plexity and the trend toward more frequent amendments. The quotas were imposed by President Eisenhower in 1959 to keep out foreign oil, which was is-cheaper than Its north American counterpart. The rea- son given was to encourage domestic production and ex- ploration so that the United Stales would not become heav- ily dependent on imports. DIFFERENT THEN The world was different then, at least from an energy stand- point. Energy was still cheap and bountiful in the United States, electric power rates were continuing a long-term decline. A scarcity of natural gas was unimaginable. All that has changed. Liqui- fied natural gas is being im- ported. Gasoline is in short sup- ply. Stocks of home-heating oi have been depleted. Energy analysis in and out o: By TTI.LMAN BURDIN New York Times MANILA This tropical re- public was a troubled land even before one of the worst natural dlautera in history, the Central Lunffl floods, devastated the richest part of the Philippines thic summer. The effect of the Hoods has BOW compounded these troubles. Social injustice, stemming from miagovermnent and an extrava- gant kind of power politics played by tlw oligarchs who dominate mining, sugar, bank- ing, property ownership, manu- facturing and trade, is behind much of the country's ills. Conditions in general are dis- mal and the outlook for Ihe car wash people Reduce the price of your car wash- when you fill your tank with gasoline at a Pacific 66 Car Wash! SUPERSOniC Car Wash 1819-3 AvenueS. It's easy and conventenl to drive a clean car! We hooof all credit cards approved by deafer before purchase inckjding CHARGEX. We Care about you and your car I That's a promise A I next few years is not bright, A i desire for drastic innovation, a eeling that things cannot go much longer the way they are, is in the air, and Ihe possi- lility of radical, possibly vio- ent, change is there. The power game, carried on within the framework of a >emocratic syste is so in- ense that politi: s who win office are too protecting their flanks to give adequate ittention lo government. The game requires a lot of money, much of which has lo come corruptly from govern- ment sources. The rest must come from the private enter- wrise in which much of the pro- it accrues through arrange- ments with government agencies. Oligarchs and politicians con- trol most of (he wealth. It is estimated that 400 families dom- inate the economy, and the MUtics of a nation of 38 mil- ion people. A small, moderate- y well-to-do middle class has emerged, but the masses live miserably. Among the lower ranks of the j overstaffed, inefficient bureau- cracy, many employees .are simply welfare wards of politi- cians. Graft is rife and a vir- ual necessity to supplement in- adequate salaries. Corruption in the security agencies contributes to the videspread violence and crime among a people that owns and uses even more guns that Am- ericans. Power rivalries and the gen- eral insecurity give rise to lands of bodyguards1 for local bosses, often several hundred strong. There are shoot-outs be- ween rival gangs and venge- ance killings are frequent. In the latest major gun fight in the Manila area, Mayor Ne- meao Yabut of Suburban Maka- ti and a handful of his police- men killed five members of a gang that was a threat to him. With tlie courts clogged and witnesses to crimes intimidated, observers wonder whether the Makati killings marked the be- ginning of a police system of methodically wiping out gang- sters. nation's economy Is based on sugar, copra, rice, bananas, lumber, copper, gold, iron, coal, and slowly develop- ing liglrt and heavy Industry. It has been growing 4 per cent last year despite recur- rent budget defidls, heavy for- eign indebtedness and an infla- tion rate that hit 24.7 per cent last year. While there is grow- th, most of its benefits have gone to the well-to-do. Despite tremendous Improve- ment i; the production of rice, the staple of the agricultural sector, this sector is depressed, and the farmers poor. Plant dis- eases, lack of credit and mark- eting disadvantages handicap the growers. There Is a good land reform tew, but congress has failed tn appropriate funds lo implement it, And landlord resistance through ths courts and other agencies has resisted enforcement. Even before the recent floods the Philippines had to import tons of rice. In view of the devastation of rice-growing areas in Central Luzon, tons are now required. Some of this will be provided on easy terms as flood relief, but some of it will soon have to be paid for from scarce foreign ex- change.' The denuding at mountain- sides and depletion of forests through illegal timber cutting, abetted by corrupt officials', has sharply reduced the country's timber resources and aggrava- ted flood damage. In a land of Islands where fruits: and edible plants grow in profusion, there is no starvation. But malnutrition ia increasing and it estimated that 45 per cent of the popula- tion is undernourished. Per capila income is about ?158. The start of a birth-control program has hardly made a dent in the high population- growth rate of at least 3.1 per cent. The addition ft more Jian a million infants every year is a serious impediment improved living standards, and in hardly more than a dec- ade The Philippines will have more people than Britain or France. Hundreds of thousands are Linemployed and millions un- deremployed. Of one million young people with diplomas in higher education only 600.000 are gainfully employed. The daily crush of people in front of Ihe United States consulate in Manila pressing to emigrate to the U.S. is an index of the hard times and the depressing outlook. Tlw U.S. admit'rd Filipinos last year and has applicants on the wailing list. Another indicator is an ex- traordinary political protest movement, Statehood U.S.A., which claims seven million members willing to have the Philippines give up indepen- dence and seek a be'ter life as a state of the U.S., which form- erly exercised colonial power here. The floods, of course, are add- ing to the general disarray. Summer crops of rice, sugar cane, fruits and vegetables have been destroyed and much of the rich land in Central Luz- on is covered with layers of silt that will prevent early re- cultivation. Much livestock and poultry has been drowned, and roads, dams, bridges, railways, factories, warehouses and fish ponds were heavily damag. Frank N. Berkol, United Na- tions disaster relief co-ordina- tor, recently estimated damage at The government says that just to restore roads, bridges, schools, hospitals irrigation sys- tems, public buildings, rail lines, telecommimicatiuns and such will cost million. When all private and public losses are added up they will probably exceed Berkol's figure. javeramcct forecast that the United States will have to Im- port much oil to satisfy demand. "How asked Sen. rhouias J. Mclntyre, "can the ederal government continue a policy with respect to oil ports designed to keep out for- eign oil when It is clear that for the next 10 years at least we will be increasing foreign imports by at least one million barrels a day per The New Hampshire Demo- crat directed the question to George A. Lincoln, who since 1969 has directed THE office of emergency Lincoln's reply, during a sen- nate banking subcommittee hearing on fuel-oil supplies, had an Allce-in-wonderland quality to it. "The program I operate and manage is leUing in foreign oil, and my problem relates to how much and in what way, rather than a program to keep out foreign oil." Lincoln went on to speak of minimizing "the hazards to our security" and the need to en- courage domestic development of cil and other energy nttxf 35. To come, this arguoMnt sounds like thinly disguised tectionism. Some analysts contend although the quotas were origin- oily meant to help their chief beneficiaries new are refiners, who are said to pocket the difference betwwn world and North Americw prices. Salvation Army velcrau dies VANCOUVER (CP) Tm- era! services will be held for Colonel William Oakt, veteran of 68 years service with the Salvation Army, who died at the age of 90. A native of Fogo, Nfld., ha was commissioned an offiw of the Salvation Army in Tor- onto in 1904, He served all but 18 months of his cai'eer in the Salvation Army in Westora Canada. Acrylic sweaters a Fall fashion find at this tiny price! '72 is the year of the Swealeri wilh panti, over ihirlj, with one Hem that can make 10 many changoi in your Fall wardrobe. And look at the tiny fa ton pries only 8.99. show only four of many beautiful ilylcs you'll find All 'in igper-jofr Acrylt Hurry in and pick youri now they're o faihion find ol this low price. 34 to 47 collectively. Ribbtd pullover Mock turtle neck. Slaihed ileeve hoi bow 1rim. White, black, royal, red. Sfzci 34 lo 40. Long sUtvc pullover hai dainry PointelU deiign on and ileevej. Slack, white, brown, gold. 34 to 40. Laytred look pullovtr Rib turtle neck, back lip. Con trait color ifripe and button trim. 34 to 40. Saddle ihovlder pullover in rib knil. TurtJa bock xfp. Block, while, beige, wine. 34 to 40. Sportswear, Main Floor BUY LINE 328-8811. Shop Eoton'i from 9 'till Use your Eaton Come True Card.