Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
J CHOU EN-lal getting popular MAO TSE-TUNG may be worried Role of Mao losing grip in Red China By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Polish newspaper Zycie Warszawy said Friday the role of Communist party Chairman Mao Tse-tung in China is diminishing while that of Premier Chou En-lai is increasing. At the same time, the Soviet news agency Tass said the general situation in China "is affected by a number of grave internal political but gave no hint as to what they might be. The Warsaw newspaper's expert on foreign affairs, Grzcgorz Jaszunski, wrote: "Mao's portraits and quotations from the little red book are being replaced by contemporary Chinese paintings, mostly landscapes, on winch the only politi- cal accent is a red banner. According to unconfirmed reports, Mao's portrait has also been removed from the Chinese Great Wall." An entirely different view was taken by Folco Trabalza, Italy's ambassador in Peking, who was reach- ed by telephone from Rome. Mao's doing? Trabalza confirms that many posters of Mao had been taken down in Peking, but added: "Mao him- self told Edgar Snow in a recent interview that he in- tended to re-dimension everything." In tire interview with the American author, Mao was quoted as saying he wanted to keep only the title of "great educator." China-watchers in Japan said Uie removal of Mao's pictures might indicate his leadership has been sta- bilized and the "personality cult" is no longer needed. To back bis suggestion that Cliou's star is rising, Jaszunski wrote: "The political rale of Chiang Ching, Mao's wife, now is practically over. The Chinese press also mentions very seldom the name of Marshal Lin Piao, who was officially proclaimed Mao's successor. "Instead, the role of Premier Chou En-lai is on the increase. He is tile most pragmatic Chinese politician. It was he who conducted talks with U.S. President Nixon's representative and conveyed the invitation to Peking for the president." Tass said the Peking leadership "is seeking to ex- tricate itself from the tangle of internal difficulties by fanning another anti-Soviet hysteria." Blame border dispute Quoting "journalistic circles in Tass said cancellation of the Oct. 1 National Day parade is ex- plained to the country's population by reference to the alleged tlircat to Clrnia on the northern frontiers. In Taipei, Gen. Ych Hsiang-chi, chief of the Chi- nese Nationalist intelligence section, said he is sure mainland China is besot by an internal power struggle. Ych gave no clue as to who he thought was in- volved in the alleged power struggle, but a Chinese Nationalist who specializes in mainland China affairs agreed in part with the Polish report. He said Chou is gaining supremo power on the mainland with the help of his military friends, including Gen. Hsu Shih-yu, commander of the Nanking garri- son, is a Chou protege and his strong supporter. He added that Hsu sent imits to Peking to tip the bal- ance in Chon's favor and Hsu's picture appeared in Peking newspapers. A Chinese newspaper in Hong Kong quotes a tra- veller arriving from China today as saying a purge of political opponents of Premier Chou En-lai is under way. The newspaper King Tsio Jill Pao says the target n! target of the purge is Chen Po-ta, named by Mao Tse-tung in 1966 to lead the cultural revolution against his enemies, and Chen's supporters. At the height of the cultiu'al revolution, Chen stood No. 4 on the list at the national day celebrations Oct. 3, behind Mao, Lin Piao, Mao's designated suc- cessor, and Chou. While Uie report of Hie traveller lacked confirma- tion, tlicrc has been speculation for some time that Chen has fallen from grace. His name dropped from the news in 1070, and Japanese sources reported last February that he had fallen out wilh Mao. The anti-Communist newspaper quoted the traveller as making these other points: Those under atlack arc such organizations as the Red Guards and others that tried to unseat Chou during (lie cultural revolution. persons who have become targets are brand- ed "sham Marxists" and "political cheats." Mao himself reluctantly approved Hie new purge. Another nnti-Commmiist newspaper said Peking has ordered a tola! ban on the transport of non-miliUiry goods between provinces throughout China in order to facilitate the movement of military material. Kung Sheung Yat Po quoted Chinese travellers from Canton ns saying thai the order stipulated1 each prov- ince must provide iis own raw materials for produc- t.icni, nnisl Iw sclf.Mifficicnl in using its products and may not transport goods to regions outside (he province. The lethbridge Herald HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY. 60 "Serufng South Alberta and Southeastern VOL. LXIV No. 242 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1971 FOUR SECTION Price 15 Cents 78 PAGES Store owner's Supersonic jetliner target son kidnapped HULL, Que. con- firmed early today that 10- year-old Gilles Leblanc was kid- napped Thursday and a ransom demand made for Reporters were told at a news conference the kidnapping was kept quiet at the request of the parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jean- Paul Leblanc. Inspector Jacques Charron Farmers have a choice said the father, a supermarket manager, received three calls from the kidnapper Thursday. He was told Gilles would be killed if police were notified. Further calls instructed the father to drop in bills in Ottawa. But the kidnapper didn't show up at the stated spot Thursday night. Inspector Charron dismissed as unsubstantiated reports that the kidnapper may be a mental- ly-disturbed person. He told the 2 a.m. news conference police have no idea where the boy is. News of the kidnapping be- came public Friday. Mr. Lebl- anc said his son left school to walk home after a caller pur- porting to be the father told the school Gilles was wanted at home. The boy was abducted during the seven-block walk. The ransom demand was made about an hour later. SASKATOON (CP) Prairie farmers have a choice of ac- cepting the federal govern- ment's Prairie Grain Stabiliza- tion Bill or reverting to the Temporary Wheat Reserves Act, Otto Lang, minister in charge of the Canadian wheat board, said Friday. Mr. Lang said in an interview farmers and the Opposition must decide whether the new hill is preferable to the Wheat Reserves Act. "This is one of the best in- come stability plans ever intro- duced and if the Opposition pre- vents it from coming to a vote within a reasonable length of time it is going to become a dead issue, and farmers will lose millions of dollars." The government would not split the bill to include both a payment to farmers and a stabi- lization plan, as had been sug- gested by farm organizations, including the National Farmers Union and the Saskatchewan Federation of Agriculture. Mr. Lang said the action of farm organizations has strengthened the position of the Opposition in opposing and de- laying the stabilization bill. Convention Date for SC party set CALGARY (CP) The So- cial Credit Party will hold its first convention since losing power in Alberta Nov. 18-20. A party spokesman said to- day they don't expect a formal challenge to the leadership of Harry Strom but anticipate the matter will be discussed. Any review would be behind closed doors at the Calgary meeting. Mr. S'trom has indicated he would like to lead the opposi- tion when the Progressive Con- servatives call the legislature into session, probably in Feb- ruary or March. A Social Credit spokes man said: "The whole slate of execu- tive positions likely will be up for grabs. There will be some soul searching at this conven- tion." (Jar overlunis INNISFAIL (CP) Gideon Joseph Gobcil, 69, of Penhold, was killed when Ihe car ho was driving overturned in a ditch at Ihc jundion of Highways 3 and PI, 18 miles south of Red Deer. Tito sign agreement BELGRADE (AP) Leonid Brezhnev flew unexpectedly to Hungary today after signing wilh President Tito a document he said provided "a firm basis for development of friendship and co-operation" between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Although the Soviet Commun- ist party chief's schedule called for him to return to Moscow at the end of his four-day Yugoslav visit, he went to Budapest where he was welcomed by Janos Kadar, head of Hungary's Communist Prominent lawyer dies at 85 WASHINGTON (AP) Hugo L. Black, former U.S. Supreme Court justice whose legal hall- mark was a rigid interpretation n! the Bills of Rights, died today. Death came to the 83-year-old Black at 1 a.m. EDT, eight days after he stepped down from Ihe highest U.S. bench be- cause of ill health. A spokesman at. Bclhesda Naval Hospital attributed death to "inflammation of the arteries and a slrokc." Liquor laws study planned EDMONTON (CP) Forma- tion of a committee to study Alberta liquor legislation was announced Friday by attorney- general Merv Leitch. Mr. Lctich said in a news re- lease that the committee, un- der chairman Ron Chitter, will review all liquor laws, includ- ing purchasing, marketing, li- censing, enforcement, regula- tions, hours, outlets and adver- tising. Mr. Clutter is the Progres- sive Conservative member of the legislature for Calgary Buf- falo. Sabotage is claimed in spy ring roun By KEVIN DOYLE LONDON (CP) The discov- ery of a large Soviet spy ring here, which one London news- paper says was involved in plans to sabotage the Anglo- Franco Concorde supersonic jet- liner, appears to have affronted the British sense of fair play. In a front-page story, The Daily Mail alleged that a Rus- sian plot to sabotage the Con- corde, development of which is in competition with the Soviet SST, had been foiled "in one of the mightiest spy scandals of the century." An officer of the Soviet secret police blew the whistle on the huge espionage network after defecting to Britain earlier this month. The discovery and defection were announced Fri- day. TV The officer, so far unidenti. fled, told authorities here that at least 105 Russian officials in London, most of them asso- ciated with the Soviet embassy, have been active as undercover agents. "Spying is an acknowledged part of international said an exasperated official in the British foreign ministry. "But it's going too far when Britain expels l( Russian Explosion rocks army barracks LONDON (Reuter) An ex- plosion outside an army bar- racks shook the heart of London late Friday night and raised fears that the outlawed Irish Republican Army has begun a campaign of violence here. The blast damaged parked cars and shattered windows in apartment buildings near the Albany Street barracks in the Regent's Park area. No one was injured in the ex- plosion. A spokesman for the IRA provisionals in Dubb'n said: "We had nothing whatever to do with this explosion." 5 SPIES HEADLINING SOVIET SPY CRACKDOWN BY BRITAIN These ore some of the head- lines from Saturday morning's London newspapers in connection with Britain's explus- ion of 90 Russian officials branded as spies by a high ranking Soviet defector. Bill to provide judges pay increase is given approval By JOHN HAY OTTAWA (CP) Would hefty salary increases for judges pro- vide greater insurance of judi- cial independence, or make them even more "comfortably insulated" from the problems of the poor who appear in their courts7 MPs offered both ideas in the Commons Friday before passing a government bill that would provide raises up to for about 450 federally-appointed judges from the Supreme Court of Canada down to the county court level. The clu'ef justice of the Su- TJ 1 I to devalue dollar WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- sure on the United States to de- value the dollar mounted today as the finance ministers and central bankers of 118 nations gathered in Washington for next week's annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The fund's managing director, Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, sched- uled a news conference at which he is expected to assert his view that the U.S. should devalue di- is. by raising the official gold from its an-ounce level. President Nixon's actions of About town Aug. IS were designed to pro- duce much the same result with less embarrassment to his ad- ministration. By suspending Ihe U.S. pledge to pay out gold to any govern- ment presenting dollars for ex- change, he hoped to force other countries to revalue their cur- rencies upward. That would have an effect comparable to the Schweitzer plan. It would make U.S. goods more competitive in price in world markets, and would help eliminate the huge U.S. deficit in balance of payments. preme Court will get a year starting Jan. 1 as a result of a increase. The other eight judges on the court will get a raise to a year. Federal Court of Canada jus- tices and provincial superior court chief justices will get raises to Provin- cial superior court justices will get the same increase, bring them to County and district court judges will be raised to yearly. Pay to chief judges will rise to Eldon Woolliams gary Conservative jus- tice critic, approved of the bill. A good salary was one way of ensuring the independence of the bench, tile Calgary lawyer said. jVoio ilon't forget! Don't mention. H-bomhs in. snips, Ihp yen, China visits n It 1 L 0 S 0 P H E H Stan .lours saving farming to- day is like a' game n' coif there are too many rough spots Larry llankinson reasoning long hair springs from fertile minds Har- old Iliinlor riding a shopping carl, having a minor acci- dent and retrieving a broken bag of apples from bcncnth n parked car. Pope marks 74th birthday VATICAN CITY (Renter) Pope Paul celebrates his 74th birthday Sunday amid continu- ing speculation that he may be embarking on Uie last year of his reign. Bishops and cardinals are ad- vised to retire at 75 and Vatican observers point out that iliis leaves (he papacy the only sen- ior church office without an age limit. Louglieed goes into seclusion EDMONTON (CP) Pre- mier Peter Lougheed left his Edmonton apartment Friday afternoon for a -jw days re- treat at an undisclosed loca- tion. The premier said he will be back by Wednesday of next week. Mr. Lougheed, who has been working 12-hour days since ho took office on Sept. 10, took a bulky briefcase of government papers wilh him. He said he needed a few days to read the massive amount of intergovernmental mate rial other things that need to be read "if I am to do the job properly." Deputy Premier Dr. Hugh Homer is to lead the regular cabinet meeting on Tuesday. countries start using their diplo- matic people for this sort of thing." Britain has formally ordered 90 of those named by the defec- tor to leave the country within two weeks. Fifteen others, now abroad, will not be allowed re- entry. EXPECT REPRISALS Officials, describing the ex- pulsion as the most drastic move by Britain since the Sec- ond World War, said Friday they expect Russia to lake le- prisal measures but most seemed uncertain what form these will take. British intelligence officials contended they had been aware of the spy network for some time but did not take action be- cause of a lack of evidence and hope that an international inci- dent could be avoided. The defector is reported to have brought with him many valuable documents, recalling 1945 incident when Soviet cipher clerk Igor Gouzenko de- fected in Ottawa, bringing a suitcase of important papers which exposed an international espionage operation. British officials said they were forced to take drastic ac- tion to break the spy network after Soviet officials ignored two official protests recently from Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home. British intelligence sources say they have known for some time the large Soviet embassy staff of 550 were to some- thing more than normal activ- ity." Press praises action LONDON (Reuter) British newspapers today unanimously praised the government for ex- pelling 90 Russian diplomats and banning 15 others returning from abroad. The news was splashed across the front pages of popular and serious papers alike in banner headlines. The independent Times said Russia's espionage activities in Britain have been a growing scandal, and added "the foreign office is entirely justified iu slapping on the brakes." But The Times editorial pon- dered why Russian espionage should be more active here than in any other country. "One of Moscow's probable calculations is that Britain is still the country closest to the United States and that is a good way to learn about the bigger partner is to tape the it said. "Concorde was the main headline in the con- servative Daily Mail. The front- page story alleged that a Rus- sian plot to sabotage the Con- corde supersonic airliner pro- ject had been foiled "in one of the mightiest spy scandals of the century." In an ed'itorial The Sun said: "The first reaction is incredul- ity. Have we secrets enough left to occupy such an army of Spy move surprises Russians MOSCOW (Reuter) A So- viet foreign ministry spokesman said here today he was "sur- prised and indignant" after learning of Britain's mass ex- pulsion of Soviet officials. The spokesman was asked if Ihe foreign ministry had any- thing to say on Ihc subject of the expulsions. "All I can say is that I have read the Reuters reports. Per- sonally, I am surprised and in- he said. Diplomatic .sources said it Is fair (o assume his reply re- flected official briefing.