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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, September 25, 1970 THt LETHBRIDGE HERALD 13; Thin, Poorly Fed Catllc Profitable Brooks Rancher Imports Mexican And Brahman "Okies" By STEVK HAHEHA.M Herald Farm Writer BKOOKS John Gay, in, agur and part of the (XXI acre V-V Ranch, 40 miles east of Crooks, says buying thin, poorly fed cattle can be prof- itable. AGRO-OUTLOOK By STEVE BAREHAM to old wives tales, cheaper leaner meat is possible and at no saciifice to taste and tendeiness I have been following some recent studies conducted by the Canada department of agriculture on the topic, and the opinion of the people conducting the tests indicate we have been led down the garden path. The idea is fast becoming known to cattlemen, and it appears there will be some fairly drastic changes in tile in- dustry as the more fat trend continues. Several important discoveries have been made since the tests began, such as the amount of fat in a carcass is closely correlated with the total amount of lean meat. In otlier words, measure the amount of fat in a carcass and you can also pi-edict the percentage and total yield of lean meat. Much of the testing has arisen from facts discovered about UK ribeye area of a carcass. (Interior muscle of a car- cass, behind the 11 and 12 Tests show the less fat there is in the ribeye area, the more lean meat on Hie carcass. Another traditional fallacy is that fat marbling contributes to the tenderness of the meat. Research indicates that carcasses with a high percentage of lean meat and a minimum amount of marbling were just as tender as carcasses with a high de- gree of marbling. A better indication of tenderness, according to the tests is the color of the meat. Dark colored meat is tenderer than light colored meat. Traditional storage methods may also see some changes. Carcasses have always been stored in a cool room for an average of 10 to 14 days. This has been done to age the meat, raid presumably make it more tender and tastier. Some packing plants also maintain that a certain amount of fat cover is necessary for best aging results. The research shows that the fat cover necessary for opti- mum aging is not nearly as thick as has been assumed, and that storage time can be greatly reduced without sacrificing tenderness. The information gathered from the research could have implications for boUi consumers and producers. Consumers could get more meat for tiieir money, at no apparent sacrifice to taste or tenderness. The packing industry could save money by reduced storage time relevant to aging, resulting in an acceleration of carcass turnover. It costs the producer less money and takes less feed to produce one pound of lean meat than to produce one pound of fat. Meanwhile, more studies are under way, and indications are that there will be a new grading system implemented on the basis of the research. Mr. Gay came to Canada from (lie United States earlier this year, to take up his posi- tion with I he V-V and brought with him about head of Mexican and Brahma cattle with average weights of a scant 200-250 pounds. "We bought the cattle in Mex- ico for eight to 10 cents per said Mr. Gay, "but by the time they arrived at lire ranch we had spent between cents. Although this is very near market price, we feel can make money because of the extreme lightness of the cat- tle when purchased." In addition to the foreign breeds, the V-V mils about head of Hereford, Angus, and Holstein Hereford cross cat- tle bought last spring at an av- erage weight of 465 pounds. "We buy all of our cattle as light as possible, but are run- ning into difficulties finding the I her. light cattle in Canada. Most of the animals on the market are welt fed beefy stock, and as such, not feasible for our opera- tion." Mr. Gay estimates the ranch capacity now to lw about head', but believes with the tre- mendous irrigation potential of the area, this figure could be in- creased easily to head. The ranch runs on a strict buy, feed and sell cycle, with no cow-calf operation anticipated. "We are doing what we know how to do, and what we do suc- said Mr. "If, however, the situation arises which would make cow calf operation the only alternative, then we would have to go to it." Plans for a ranch feedlot have been made, with construction expected to begin this fall. The lot should be ready by Decem- Marketing the cattle Is the big question at the moment, says Mr. Gay, who doesn't know yet if the beef will sold in Canada or across tlie line. "We don't know how the Mex- ican and Brahma animals will sell in Canada." Mr. Gay said the meat from both the breeds is leaner than that of Hereford or Angus varieties. Americans can only feed cat- tle in Canada for a period of eight months, after which time a decision must be made whe- ther to sell the beef in Canada or ship back to the U.S. A duty of 1 '2 cents per pound is im- posed by the Canadian govern- ment if the beef is sold in Can- ada. "I think of even- animal as an individual factory, says Mr. Gay, and like every business the success or failure depends totally on economics.'' Late Fall Operations EXAMINES HERD John Gay, foregro und, explains V-V operation to members of the Alberta Farm Writers Association. The acre ranch runs head of Mexi- can steers and Brahma cattle, brought int o Canada from the United States last spring. LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Magnetism, Plant Growth V. J. PJTTMAN Agronomist Magnetism affects the growth of many plants. Seeds that are magnetically treated often germinate and sprout sooner and produce fast- er growing plants than untreat- ed seeds. Experiments under- way at the Lethbridge Research Station are helping us to ex- plain the nature of this unusual growth response. Seeds, like plants, are com- posed of living tissues and per- form many of the same life functions. Even when seeds are dormant they use water, oxy- i, and sugars and expel waste gases. Subjecting seeds to a magnetic field puts a stress on them that apparently alters the rate of certain chemical changes hi some cells. We have that magnetically treat- ed seeds use less oxygen and less heat energy than mtreated seeds. Since the heat energy that a growing seed or )lant releases does not contri- >ute to growth functions, it ap- pears that magnetically treated eeds must function more effi- ciently than untreated ones. Magnetically treated seeds absorb more water during the arly stages of growth than George Ross Develops The Breed untreated seeds and starch hi their cells is changed to simple sugars .more rapdily. Since plants use these simple sugars as a source of energy, growt! rate increases when they are present in quantity. We have found mat George Ross River Ranch, Alberta, owns a Breed cattle, of the Lost Manyberries. herd of The characteristics magnetically treated seeds store more oil in their tissues than do untreated ones. This fact provides more evidence ol an effect by magnetism on cer- tain chemical changes in the plant cells during growth. There is also evidence that magnetically treated winter wheat seeds expel waste gases at a different rate than similar but untreated seeds. These waste gases alter the growth habit of adjacent seeds and seedlings. These and similar research discoveries help us to under- stand plant growth more fully. This new knowledge should en- able us to provide the plant with better conditions under which it can make the most desirable kind of growth neces- sary for man's needs. IE1R and the Indian Rodeo Cowboy Assoc. Proudly Present the INTERNATIONAL ALL-INDIAN INDOOR RODEO FINALS OCTOBER 2-3-4 Brown Swiss Imported being complete non conform- ity in color and appearance, and he's not worried about it one bit. Mr. Hoss, long lime resident and rancher of southern Al- berta, is one of many modern has real- high per- day cattlemen who ized fast gains and OVER IN PRIZE MONEY TROPHIES IN AIL EVENTS: FRI. 8 p.m., SAT. 8 p.m., SUN. 2 p.m. Lethbridge Exhibition Pavilion FRIDAY IS FAMILY NITE Mom, Dad, and 2 students for only 3.00 ADDED EVENTS: Joe Saddleback and his world famous dance Iraupe featuring his 2 sons performing the hoop dance Miss Laverna McMaster Miss Indian Princess of Canada Indian Children Dance Group Rodeo Bacfncll ONtY THE 10 TOP FINAUSTS IN EACH EVfNT WILl BE COMPETING Advance tickets an sale at Herb's Western Wear, Marcel's Club Cigar Store, Marcel's Smoke Shop and Doug's Music and Sports. Adults Students (13-18 with cards) SI.00 Children (12 and under with parents) FRII Allan OIT, Fort Macleod, re- cently imported 100 head of purebred Brown Swiss one and two-year old heifers, indicating art investment of about and the beginning of a com- plicated upbreeding program, Mr. Orr obtained his ani- mals from the eastern United States, and individually picked all the animals from dairy herds on the basis of beef qual- ities and growth rate per age. He has bred the lieifers by means of artfioial insemina- tion, 75 per cent to a purebred Brown Swiss bull and 25 per cent to a purebred Simmental bull. Tire Brown Swiss calves gain two main weight advantages over most popular British breeds according lo Mr. OIT, one being through ample and excellent milk qualities attri- butable to the dairy strain of the Brown Swiss, and the other being the heavier calf weight at birth. Mr. Orr is raising tlie cattle for a private herd, as well as for sale to domestic and pure bred breeders throughout Can- ada and the United Stales. He plans to keep one half of the lop heifer calves he re- ceives from the herd next spring, and three or four of tlie formanee make money, not pretty cattle. He began tlie development of The Breed about eight years and is very pleased with results obtained to date. The breeding project was started with tlie purpose of de- veloping a better performing and heavier range animal, using the theory high milk- yielding cows would aid in giving faster gains. Four of Ontario's top Brown wiss bulls and four Holstein bulls were brought hi. Technical data for the breet was obtained with tlie help o Dr. Hobart Peters, Ottawa recognized as one of Canada's eading animal geneticists, am former scientist at the Led] iridge Research Station. The eight dairy bulls were al- owed to breed 200 Hereford- Shorthorn cross cows for two consecutive years, with tlie Brown Swiss showing up as the best sires. Almost two. thirds of tlie progeny were Brown Swiss crosses. After this period, American Red Angus bulls were intro- duced to the herd, to eliminate the Hereford horns. Following a performance test of heifers, two thirds of the best animals were retained and the rest- culled. The bulls were performance tested on growing rations for 168 days and the best of these were re- tained for herd sires. Tiie herd was closed at this time, and inbreeding carried out. with a control herd of Hereford cows retained. "Horns and colors were the BLAfK SHAW District Agriculturist, Vulcan Fall is a busy time but be- cause we've a few new crops perhaps a few last minute pointers. By this date some buckwheat will have been swalhed and likely threshed. Growers will find that to prevent cracking it was necessary to reduce the cylinder speed about 1-3 from wheat and set the concaves at W in the front and in the rear. For safflower growers, they will have to wait till the plant has lost all its green color anc until the seeds are white. If safflower is swathed too early the shrink will be excessive. Com hinging safflower should begin when the moisture con- tent of the seed is 8 per ceni or less. Cutting cylinder speec to 500 to 800 rpm with concave clearance of about and the fanning mill set like you would for barley. Tlie shaker speeds should be set slightly faster than for cereal grains. Cusohn rates are always of interest. The latest province wide survey shows that for a self-propelled combine with chopper, tlie rates van' from a low of S3 per acre to SS.50 per acre. Tlie average was per acre. This, as do all other figures in this section, include an operator and tractor power if required. For custom swathing, the raets were from per acre to last tilings we worried about, said Mr. Ross, and at weaning time the calves were ahead of tlie Herefords by 100 pounds. As yearlings they weighed in ahead by an average 150 pounds." Mr. Ross says he has fought scepticism on all sides since he started on The Breed, but the gain have quiet c d Strom Opens Trade Office In Tokyo S2.50 per acre, with an aver- age of We're not sure if it was be- cause of the Federal life pro- gram as some suggest, but there arc a lot of weed prob- lems this fall. The problems are of two types the ordinary assortment of weeds which are normally adequately checked with fall cultivation, and those perennial weeds, e.g. Canada thistle which can't be controlled by cultivation. Many farmers won't be using fall cultivation on the fields where they grew special crops siich as rape. They know the stubble isn't sufficient to hold during a summerfallow year. The solution is to fall s'pray with for control and save the little bit of trash. The problem of perennials such as Canada thistle can be alleviated by spraying at 16 ounces per acre, on your stubble. The final blow to this- tles and, like perennials, is to give them cultivation just be- fore freeze up. This fall we've been taking some yield samples to deter- mine if carbyne as a wild oat chemical was economically ad- vantageous. We've found that avadex and treflon can also be used for weed control. Treflon is effective on green foxtail, chickweed, kochia, lambs quarter, pigweed and Russian thistle. The cost is high, about per pound with one pound per acre needed on heavy soils, down to fe I pound per acre on light soils. TOKYO Harry E. (AP) Premier Strom of Alberta opened a provincial trade office here Thursday and predicted a steady growth in Alberta's ex- ports to Japan. Strom estimated that Alberta accounts for at least one-sbctl of Canada's million annua exports to Japan. He said: "Our trade is bounc to grow. We already have the contracts signed and we are now negotiating new contracts.1 Alberta is the second province LO open a trade office in Tokyo. Ontario opened its office Tokyo in July. 1969. Strom saw future possibilities in (he export of honey, buck- wheat and Alberta beef to Japan. He said Alberta beef isn't as good as Kobe beef but. "I think is better than Australian Calendar Of Farm Events SEPTEMBER 21 Oct. 1 Vancouver Canadian Hatchery Federation Annual Meeting 30 Del Bonita Unifarnt Task Force Study Meeting. OCTOBER 2 Medicine Hat Warble Fly Control Meeting 5 Medicine Hat Unifarm Task Force Study Session 5 B Winnipeg Agricultural Economics Research Council 5 8 Lethbridge AVashington State Cattlemen's Tour of Southern Alberta 6 Foremost Unifarm Task Force Study Meeting 7 Bow Island Unifarm Task Force Study Meeting 7 Brooks Annual Sale 10, 17 Walsh Fall Feeder Cattle Sales 30 31 Brooks Farm and Community Leadership Work- shop NOVEMBER 4 S Winnipeg United Grain Growers Convention 5 -6 Edmonton Feed Industry Conference 13 21 Toronto Royal Agricultural Winter Fair 18 Edmonton Alberta Turkey Association Annual Meet- ing 18 20 Edmonton Alberta Poultry Industry Conference 19 20 Brooks Alberta Potato Commission and Alberta Potato Growers Assoc. Annual Meeting and Po- tato Harvest Ball 23 27 Banff Annual Stockman's Short Course 25 27 Ottawa Agricultural Congress on Task Force Recommendations some. He is completely tied with the program tb but estimates if other 10 or satis- n thus far. take nn- 12 years to com- plete tlie project satisfactorily. t beef. Tiie Alberta office will have a staff of three or four persons to encourage the immigration of qualified Japanese lo Alberta ind tiie formation of joint ven- .ures between Japanese and Al- bertan interests in Canada. In Japan for a week's visit which began Sept. 19. Strom also enjoyed a reunion Thurs- day with his brehier, Rev. Vic- tor Strom, a missionary sUt- tioned in Tckvo. top bull calves for- breeding purposes. his If someone offers you world on a silver platter take tlie platter. the Pollutes Streams CLAHESHOLM (HNS) The MD of Willow Creek heard Tom Blunden, councillor from Fort Macleod, say lie was concern- ed about the large number of feedlots being built along the creeks of southern Alberta. Au Acre An acre of land contains 160 square rods or square j yards or square feel. Tht word "acre" is from a French variation of the Latin "ager" meaning "field." from which comes the word "agri- culture" culture of a field. English farmers in medieval times used the word "acre" to "The filth is all washing into {describe (he amount of land that the creek water and polluting the streams" be said. could be tilled by oxen in a sin- gle day. SPECIAL ESTATE FURNITURE AUCTION SALE TO BE HELD AT HURLBURT AUCTION SERVICE LTD. 1920 2nd Avenue South, MONDAY, SEPT. 28 7 p.m. Sharp TERMS CASH NO REStRVE Beautiful old dining room suite with round table. 6 padded chairs, glass china cabinet, buffet and serving table. Lovely old dark wood bedroom suite with complete 54" bed, Hi-Boy chest of drawers, vanity dresser, stool, chair and night table. Nice light wood bedroom suite with complete 54" bed, chest of drawers, vanity dresser, stool and night table. Red Maple bedroom suite with 2 complete 39" beds, chest of drawers, chair and night table. Beautiful old desk and chair; Blond dinette table and 4 chairs; hall table and mirror; Old wood coat rack; Nice beige chesterfield; End table; Duncan Fyfe nest of tables; Small settee; Occasional arm chair; Hall table; Odd tables: 2-arm chairs; Small metal glass top table; 2-floor lamps; Large and small beige cotton shag nigs; Table lamps; Clirome step stool; Lawn Lounge; Stemware: Silverware; Odd Fancy dishes: Linen; Lawn lounge; 2-wood lawn chairs; Odd rugs: Sunbeam electric lawn mower: Garden tools; Step ladder; Pictures; Ornaments: Luggage: Electric appliances; Kenmore automatic washer and matching dryer: Beach SO" automatic gas range with glass oven door: Viking console 21" TV; Cedar chest: Setting for 12 Com- munity Plate silverware, Adams pattern; Dishes; Cutlery: Pots and pans. AUCTIONEERS' NOTE: All this furniture has been very well cared for. We strongly urge anyone looking for any fur- niture, particularly fine old furniture to be sure to attend this sale as there are very few small items. Be sure to come early. Items will be on view: Sunday 2-4 p.m. All Day Monday SAIE CONDUCTED BY HURLBURT AUCTION SERVICE LTD. Phone 328-4705 1920 2nd Ave. S. Lethbridgt TED NEWBY AUCTIONEERS KEITH tic. No. 4! AUCTIONEERS ;