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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - September 25, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta .VOLUME XI. LETIIBB1DGE, ALBERTA, YVKDNKSDAY, SKPTKMBKK li.">. 1UU; NUMBER 1212 BULGARIAN ARMIES SPLIT IN TWO "Over Crest, Going Downhill to Rhine" Generalissimo Foch in Optimistic Vein Various Factions of German House Believe It Was Not Equal to Serious Situation-Resignation May Be Expected- Von Payer and Freiburg May Go, Too. London, Sept. 25.-The speech of Count von Hertling, the German Imperial chancellor, delivered yesterday in the reichstan main committee, made an unfavorable impression upon the reichstan members, the Exchange Telegraph correspondent at Amsterdam reports. The address is considered unequal to the gravity of the situation In that parliamentary body whose parties were to meet this morning to decide upon their Attitude toward the chancellor. The Berlin Lokal Anzciger says It hears authoritatively that if Count von Hertling resigns, Vice-chancellor von Payer and Herr Freiburg, vice-president of the Prussian ministry of state, also will resign. Germany peace depend) of-, declared I |y nniin for- ! siUg 11: i1 Amsterdam. Sept. 2~>. -Maintains her readiness for tM>iU' I'i"iii!ati'il rejections cif fcrs from tin: central power Admiral \'im llinl/e, ilie f, c!c,ii secretary, In nddrr; reidniiiR main committee. Speaking f>n I'-n- recent peace proposal. Admiral Von Ilintze, I yaid that the German government's attitude toward peace had hern manifested to the whole world In repeated f appeals. "We maintain this appnal for peace, our readiness lor peace." he contin-tied, "despite the partly jeering, partly Miecring rejei lions whiclj we have ex jierlenced from our enemies. In this I vc are in full accord with our allies."; .The. foreign secretary said thai, af- j Jor the previous features, it had ap- ! Jieared to tlie Gorman .government! thHl ft should not take any further jitejm in this direction and Inat a mo- | input when the nation's enemies "were j MifferinR from war psychosis and the: intoxication of victory was not a suit-(ihl(. time for new appeals for peace. "The. appeal, however, was made," the secretary added. Chloroform From Hertling. Amsterdam, Sept. 'j.v-Conn! von Kcrtling, tfTN German imperial chancellor, in addressing the reichstag main committee, complained of the JarU of attention his acquiescence in flie i I points laid down hy President "Wilson as peace o--entia!s had met from the American executive. The chancellor asserted on February jl' of this year, he declared in the reichstag, his agreement in prim �ipie with the, possibility of discussing a general peace on the basis of 1lle four points of president Wilson's Message of February 2, hut that President Wilson, neither at that time, Jior sinee, liud taken any notice of Iho chancellor's declaration. fount von llertlini; concluding by declaring lhal he favored the formation of a league of nations, the promotion of universal, successive disarmament in equal proportions, I lie establishment of obligatory courts of arbitration, Iho freedom of the .sons and the protection of small nations. Kxpresslng confidence in Kield Marshal Von lllndenhurg and (len. Lin)-�ndorff, Iho imperial chancellor In addressing tho reichstag niain committee, said they would be equal to the situation and that the allies' "premature cries of victory" will soon die fcwny. lie continued; "Certainly the pure enthusiasm krhie.h. characterized August. l'.UI, Could not lr.st. hut the firm resolve to hold out till the end will, despite all vacillation.1) and vicissitudes continue. Tho people at home will not leave the nrmy In the lurch just when every-thing Ih ill stake. From the, fii'Hl day V'o waged tho war as a war of defense. Only to defend ouxclvns did V'o invade Belgium." GRUESOME DISCOVERY. Quebec, Que., Sept. :M.-Laborers on Saturday discovered two human akulls and oilier hones noar the old r.hureh at l^auz.on. It !:i believed they fire the skeletons of British aoldlors ntorred there some 2(10 years ago, for onio time ago old time cannon boxes �nd other relies were found there. Defends Action on Belgium In vigorously defending Germany's action toward Helium, tlu. imperial chancellor admitted that In invading Belgium. Germany transgressed tho written law. hut. he said: "As for individuals, so is there also for states, another law. That, is the law of self-defense." lie repeated the German contention that there were grounds for the tear that, the, enemy would invade Belgium and referred to alleged proofs from Belgium archives oi Belgium s dubious neutrality. He also alluded to offers of peace to Belgium before the invasion and again after the capture of Liege, which Belgium rufur.cd to entertain. On the Defense In nil future fighting, iioth on the fkwest and the east, the imperial chancellor said, it would he solely a ipies-tiuii of defense. Me declared that the submarine warfare is slowly, but tnire-dimlnishlng allied tonnage. Above all." lie said, "it is re London, Sept. 25.-Marshal Foch, commander-in-chief of the allied armies on the western front, who dislikes interviews and rarely grants one, received a few newspapermen at his headquarters on Tuesday. Among those received was the correspondent of the Telegraph, who thus records the marshal's brief utterances made in an conciliatory manner with the use of hardlv anv verbs: "The British armv is bet- ter than ever. It fights better than ever. AH of its losses have been made good and it is a more splendid army than it has been before. "The Americans arc splendid and arc wonderfully gallant in the field. Ten thousand fresh Americans arrive in Trance eve-ery day. "The French army is the same good old army that it was in 1911. No more is to be said." In discussing the gener- al situation, the marshal said: "The enemy is shaken up and shaken down, but is still holding out. You must not think that we shall get to the Rhine immediately. We have passed over the crest and are now going down hill. If we gather impetus as we go. like a rolling ball, so much the better." Willi :t few cordial words the marshal then dismissed his interviewers and resumed his work on his maps. ALLIES CAPTURE PRILEP: ARE CLOSETOSJ. QUENTIN Bulgars Fall Back on Vcles in Precipitous Fashion-British and Greeks Advance Along Vardar River-British Capture 1,000 on West Front. OFFICERS UNDER PROTECTION OF NORWAY striding the transportation of rein-i fotcements of men and material from �Uislrian I t|ie i'liited Slatei." London, Sep'. 25.-A number of French and British officers have taken refuge in the American consulate at Moscow, which is under the protection of Norway, according to a dispatch from Copenhagen to the Exchange Telegraph company. The Bolshevlki government has placed a guard around the building and has demanded the surrender of the officers and the consulate office. FULL EXTENT 01 YET TO BE TOLD j Seventh and Eighth Turk Armies Were Destroyed Very Thoroughly E E In Sympathy With Calgary - Today Will Tell-Accept No Freight For Calgary ! LATER Local freight handlers went on strike at noon today. Thirty men are affected. The yard office taff is also out. This adds eight more men to the list Of strikers, Supt. MacKintosh is in Calgary, He will be back tonight and negotiations looking to a settlement will be opened. A strilie of tlie crew of the local ('.PR. freight sheds is imminent, a/ cording to the information gathered by the Herald in railway circles this morning. IT the strike does develop, it will he called some time this afternoon, it is understood. The men here are considering a. strike in sympathy with the striking C.ilgnry freight handlers who arc, demanding recognition of the union and also one of the amendments to the McAdoo award. Tlie company, it is understood, has shown its willingness to grant the amendment but will not recognize the union. At the present time no freight is helng accepted in I.ethhrldgo for shipment to Calgary. A strike here would seriously tie up Lethlirldgo's wholesale business. About oil men would he affected, in Calgary the yard of-tlce staff and the baggage checkers I have gone out in sympathy with tho | freight handlers. DISCIPLINES HEIR Amsterdam. Sept. 2.V-Crown Prince Charles of Rumania has been punished by his father, as commander-in-chief of the army, with close confinement for 7f� days for "transgression of military regulations." according to an official telegram from Jassay hy way of Berlin. The crown prince began his sentence yestor lay. "The validity of tiie actions which led to his arrest will he investigated and such measures as are required by tlie interest of the country and the dynasty will be taken," tlie dispatch adds. Not of Royal Blood. London. Sept. ".,"�.-Reports have been received here of the arrest of Crown Prince Charles of Roumanla. it is believed here that the crown prince is being disciplined because, according to a report reaching London, lie went to Odessa about Sept. l.'i and without the sanction of the king, married Miss Zyzle Lanibrino, a Roumanian, who has no claims of royal blood. BROUGHT DOWN 11 BALLOONS AND 3 PLANES With the American Army on the Lorraine Front, Sept. 24.- (By the Associated Press).-The latest aviation records show that none of the American aviators have as yet equalled the record of the late Lieut. Luxbury with his 17 aerial victories. The latest man to be rated as an "ace." although as yet unofficially, is Lieut. Frank Luke, Jr., of Phoenix, Ariz. Although he is as yet credited with three victories, he will �oon have at least six more added to his score. During the operations around St. Mihiel alone he has brought down 11 German balloons and three airplanes. Miners and Owners Stand Pat London. Kept. "Ti.-Detailed reports of operations in Palestine are considerably behind events there. The latest reports from the accredited Uritish correspondent sent from Naliultts on Monday emphasizes the astonishing thoroughness oT the destruction of the 7th and Stli Turkish armies. *, Remnants of these forces which succeeded in crossing the Jordan river are isolated and are beine gathered in. "There has been no more complete victory in history.' the correspondent says. "(Jrotips of men have been found sitting under white flags awaiting the acceptance of their surrender." More than 2tin guns were captured, vast iiuanlltics of ammunition nre .lying everywhere, some munition ' depots, covering acres of ground. It. is reported that If tlie Turks try to raise new armies to replace those destroyed they must call on 'Germany to supply everything and every instrument of war, as tlie Turks manufacture only small arms munitions. Tlie correspondent describes a remarkable- spectacle around Hnlata. This area was strewn with wreckage of the retreat. Here alone Die British captured 87 cannon, thousands of horse-drawn vehicles, hundreds of motor lorries and field kitchens, water carts and a .mass of other impedimenta. Much of the destruction was caused by airplanes, which swooped down upon the retreating columns and dropped bombs from a low altitude until tho whole column became vast broken niaanes of men. Many of those who escaped wounds or death fled to die hills, abandoning everything, only to be captured by the cavalry, while others sought refuge in the British linos. SWEDISH GUNBOAT STRUCK MINE; SANK Copenhagen, Sept. 25. - The Swedish gunboat Geinhild has been sunk by striking a Grrman mine in the Skaggsrack with the loss of the chief officer and 18 men. reports the correspondent of the Politlken at the Skaaw, the northernmost port of Denmark, Persistent rumors, he adds, are current at the Skaaw that another Swedish gunboat struck a mine a few days ago and that a greater part of the crew were killed. HOW PARIS WILL BEAT HIGH COST, OF LIVING Parln, Sept. 24.-Victor Borot, minister of provisions, will introduce a btil authorising an advance by tlie government up to liiiO,000,000 francs for tho purpose of organizing co-op-nratlve restaurants and developing the existing communal and municipal Bating places. It will also provide for Mio creation flf a central kitchen, whoro rations Will be prepared for all troops in 1'arls, Those 8to inouHuroB which M. Horut liopes will eradicate tho increased post of living and the present wastage fit (ood. Calgary, Sept. 25.--Whether the "bumps" In the Crows .Vest initio which caused the miners there to go on strike for tlie principle of a single shit! for eight hours, are caused by gas or moro Kettlenioiit of din'erenl strata overlying the mines is one of the points over which the coal conference now in progress here has been bung up. Tho meeting this morning between K. K. HarriHon, government fair wngo officer and assistant commissioner for the district, and Commissioner Armstrong with lion. William Sloan, minister of mines for Mri-tish Columbia, was attended by President Thomas Biggs of tho United Mine Workers, Secretary Brown of the same organization, and two representatives of tho men at Fornle. Tho government representatives are trying to reach 'an amicable settlement, though both tho miners und the mine managor are obdurate. The minors stand pat on the demand for a singlo shift on the ground of safety and want the subject handled through tho department or -jiinos, which is the reason why Hon. Mr. Sloan has been cullod in. A grout iiiuhs of documentary ovidenco has been submitted hy both stiles (o sustain their arguments, for and against, Iho theory that the "bumps" which frlghtonod tho miners aro citugutl by e*a mm! mi igr. mm* strata settlement. Mr. Harrison said that no compromise bad been reached tills morning and that another meeting will be held this afternoon, lie denied that tho conferonco bad discussed a report that the miners are demanding that the government, acting under the law governing Hie safety of mines, call out;' nil tho men in this particular mine, with tho alternative of a gon-eral strike in the Fornle district. The government officials cling to tho view that a satisfactory settlement can he reached without a strlko and are bonding every effort to get both sides together. SI UP DUTCH Announcement That Holland Will Open Economic Negotiations Seized by Huns GERMANS PROTEST TO SOVIETS Amsterdam, Sept. :M.-The German consul-general nt Moscow, according to a Berlin dispatch, has protested to the Soviet government against the arrest of a largo number of German subjects and persons against, whom there aro no adequate grounds for suspicion. The consul-general, it is added, emphasized tho cuko of two Poles who were under tho protection of tho consulate, but wor� eiouutod without ft'syw identtfic�**3Ji� ...... Amsterdam, Sept. 21.-It is semiofficially announced that the Dutch government lias decided to resume economic negotiations with tho entente governments. German newspapers have seized upon this announcement as an occasion to warn the Dutch that they are In danger of losing the rest of their merchant tonuage to the entente. Tho Cologne Gazette says: "Tho Netherlands government will not yiold unless it obtains guarantees that its ships, if sent out, will not bo seized In America, as wero those taken thero last March." It is openly asserted by tho Volks Zeitung of Cologne that seizure is the object of tho entente governments and tho newspapers speak of those governments' efforts to cause trouble between Germany and Holland over Hutch exports of foodstuffs. Tho American note to Holland relative to tho taking of Dutch--ships h$ the United States. is called by tho Rhcnlsche Wcatphallan GaieUe. "a Ataeteralucn of Jjuyicun j/prfidy.'- RELAND PASSES Death Occurred This Morning at St. Paul After Long Illness St. Paul. Minn.. Sept. I'."..-Archbishop John Ireland of the St. Paul diocese of the Roman Catholic church died al :;�..">."> o'clock this morning after a lotur illness of heart disease and stomach trouble. He was SO years old. Archbishop Ireland recently celebrated his snth birthday. Shortly afterward he suffered a second relapse and his condition became -grave. Tlie archbishop was In frail health for a year. Last winter he went. Florida. When he returned early in ! the spring he suffered a breakdown and for several days was at tlie point of death. After his physicians had practically abandoned hope for his recovery he improved rapidly and almost, immediately after lie was able to leave his bed. John Ireland. Archbishop of St. Paul, was horn in Ireland in 1S;IS. the son of a carpenter. He was curried with his parents in the tide of Irish immigration to America, while he was it child. A jolting trip west on a prairie schooner were among his; boyhood memories, bringing hlni finally to St. Paul. Minn., in lfc52, when Indians in gay blankets stalked the streets of that frontier town. One evening the Missionary Cretin, lirst bishop of St. Paul, while watching from his win-clow some boys of his parish at play, called to John Ireland and Thomas O'Gorman, who later became bishop of Sionx Falls, to come, into the church, lie asked them If they wished to become priests. Both agreed that priesthood was llieir ambition.- Bishop Cretin sent them, in charge of a guardian, to France, where they were educated by tho Alnrlst Fathers. When he heard of the outbreak of the civil war in America, the student turned homeward, fired with as much patriotism us io'.'gion. After being ordained at SC. Paul, ho eagerly accepted an appointment, as chaplain in the 5th regiment of tlie Minnesota volunteers, lie was ardont for the unionist cause and shared every hardship of tlie soldiers' life in their teriiblo winter raids. He was stricken with fever after less than a year's service and returned to a St. Paul pastorate. He soon attracted national attention through his work for temperance. Those were tho day when St. Paul was" filled with border turbulence und the riot of drink. lie made hut-to-hut visits of St. Paul's shanty town, throwing whiskey bottles out of the squalid doorways. Tho work ho thus began ho extended throughout the northwest and travelled the whole country preaching temperance. He u long time ago conceived the Idea of consolidating the Catholic parochial schools and the public schools. The plan was tried at Falrbault and Stillwater, but, friction, which the archbishop could not relievo, arose and tho scheme was dropped. One of his early works was tho founding of a colony of 900 Cuthoh:. farmers in western Minnosota. He becutne bishop in 187f. and archbishop in 1886. Celebrating his golden jubilee a few years ago, tho priests of ills diocese presented him with a pui'so of 1100,000, LONDON, Sept. 25.-More than 40,000 prisoners have been taken by tlie British in their successful offensive in Palestine, it is officially announced this afternoon. LONDON, Sept. 25.- East of the Vardar river, in Macedonia, the Germans and Bulgarians are falling back on Veles, 25 miles southeast of Uskub, according to a Serbian official statement received here. Along the Prilep-Gradsko road the Serbians have captured 13 guns and a great number of am* munition wagons and other material. LONDON, Sept. 25.-All along the 100-mile front In Macedonia from the region north of Monastir to Lake Doiran the entire entent armies have pressed further forward against the demoralized German and Bulgarian troops, whose reinforcements have not been able to stiffen the line for a face-about. North of Monastir, the important strategic posi tion of Prilcp has been occupied, thu� giving control of the numerous roads radiating from it to the French cavalry in the centre. The Serbians have pushed their wedge further between the enemy's western and eastern armies while on the extreme eastern flank the British and Greeko have advanced along both sides of the Vardar to depths averaging about ten miles over a front of 20 miles. Nowhere are the entente commanders permitting the Bulgarians and Germans to lose contact with the advancing troops, who are harassing tham vigorously. So badly has the 100-mlle line been penetrated or battered that direct calamity seeminQly faces the enemy, unless the retreat is greatly hastened, unless the enemy is fleet enough of foot to outdistance the allies on the wings of the drive and reconstitute his front to the north, with its centre resting possibly on Uskub or thereabouts. Even If such n movement is possible, doubtless it will be necessary for the enemy to straighten his line westward through Albania to the Ardrlatic sea. -----Q Prince Olsen. Ottawa, Sept. -.">.-The following are the western men and officers in todayjf casualty list: Infantry Killed in Action-Corp. G. Harrow, Calgary; A. Hardy, Prirco Kupcrt, B. ('.: 1). G. Golley, West Wingham, Alta.; i). Ouguid, Vancouver; W. J. to j Mills. Kdnionton; It. White, Rupert, 15.C. Artillery Died of Wounds-Sergt. K Victoria. Mounted Rifles Died - M. Graham, Vancouver. Railway Troops Killed in Action-Corp. A. P. Moor-Iiousc. Medicine Hat; G. E. Birch, Lynn Valley, B.C.; V. Morphy. Wes-terdale, Alta. Accidentally Killed-Corp. C. T3. Kdwards, Vancouver. Hied of Wounds-D. K. Simpson, Victoria. Died-J. White, Victoria. Died. Prisoner in Germany-Lieut. E. M. Chant, Oklahoma City, Okla. Prisone* of War-15. It. Miniro, Edmonton. Wounded-K. It. Geddes. Magrath, Alta. L London, Sept. :!,".-The following Canadians have been awarded the Military .Medal: 'Privates, except where otherwise specified.! (mT.Oo! Lnnce-Corp. 11. V. Botierell, '�0.106 M. h. l.utz. 73t>>,02o Lance-Sergt. ,1. Bailey, T7,*>i>�i Corp. N. U Caldwell, scifi.m A. G. Klder. ir>,.'!7:; l.ancc-Sevgt. It. S. Graham, l.fWO.TM W. 11. Lohh, 1,000.-02 Corp. I). Moore, L'SS.o;!.'! Actiug-Corp. N. W. Pace, 1,1100.!>!M> V. Rogers, 7,"i4,0-lli R. C. Webster, T'.iO.'.Hw Corp. K. A. Blssoll, liS,72',i c. M. Duutop, L'.'M.iiOU Lance-Corp. P. C. Kennedy, 1211,271 Corp. C. Kllminster, L'S,772 A. McMillan, 40G,-::�X F. T. Ore, A20,'222 Sergt'. J. A. Ross. (Al) Manitoba regiments.) Telegraphic, information this morning was received by tho family to the effect that Bto. Cyril John Grist of tho infantry hud boon wounded on Sept. 14Hi and is now in the hospital. Ho is suffering from a gunshot wound In tho left shoulder. Tho family resides at 1004 4th Ave. N. Fte. Grist enlisted with one of Iho later Alberta units, ... i CLOSING ON ST. QUENTIN. With the British Army in France, Sept. 24.-Another Anglo-French assault was delivered against the German defenses be-_ fore St. Quentin today. Report! received up .to two o'clock, this afternoon indicated that the allied attack was meeting success. On the right, the French appear-ed to have possession of L'Epine de Dailon, southwest of St. Quentin, a strong position known as Round' Hill to the west of the threatened city and the hamlet of Francilly-Selency, while to the north the British have seized the high ground west of Fayol and cleared the woods east of Fres-noy of the enemy and had stormed their way through Pontruet. Fighting was progressing this afternoon along ths ridge betwesn Pontruet and Grleourt, GERMANS REPULSED. Paris, Sept. 25.-German troops last night made an effort to regain some of the valuable ground recently won from th�m by the French north of the Chemln-des-Dames. They attacked In the region of the Moisy farm, In thle area, but according to today'e war office statement the effort was an entire failure. The text of the statement reads: "In the course of the night the artillery was active in the region of St. Quentin and between the Ailette and the Aisne. "German attacks in the region of the Moisy farm were completely checked. ) "On the Vesle front lively artillery .fire was maintained. "French troops repulsed Gen-man raiding parties In the Champagne and in Lorraine and in the latter region carried out a raid Into the German lines." BRITISH IN RAIDS. London, Sept. 25,-In Flanders last night a successful raid was carried out by the British In the neighborhood of Wulverghem. In this and in other encounters prisoners were taken, Field Mac* ehal Haig's official report today announces. German troops last night counter-attacked the British line* above Grleourt, northwest of St* Quentin, where advances have rt� centiy been scored by Field MaN shal Haig's troops. The British commander, in his official report today, announces that these attacks were repulsed. Heavy losses were inflicted on the Germans who delivered the -several attacks. British posts in the region to the east of Arraa, near Sauchy-'Cauchy, were alM attacked and here also the enemy was driven off. The process of closing In en St. Quentin was continued by the British, who made progress In the Grleourt neighborhood and also in the Selency region west of St. Quentin. One thousand prisoner) were captured In yesterday's operation particularly around SU Quentin, THE WEATHER High ......................... Low ........................ Forecast: Cloud/ and cool local showers, with 650492 ;