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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, September 24, 1973 Finders, keepers in the briny deep Not just another appeal The United Way appeal, kicking off today, is not just another appeal for charitable donations. The fact that so many people think it is and treat it as such is the reason this approach has fail- ed in the past to fulfil the hopes of organizers in this and other com- munities. It was to get away from the annoyance of repeated appeals, as well as to stop the wastage of duplicated campaign ex- penses, that a single appeal on behalf of all community service organizations was conceived. Unfortunately, some organizations with the strongest support opted out from the start and subsequent- ly others have withdrawn because the allocation from chests proved insuf- ficient for their needs. Unless stronger support for this unique appeal is forthcoming so that agencies outside the umbrella are persuaded to withdraw their separate appeals and become part of the group approach there will be further fragmentation with an in- creased number of appeals. In the end the organizations with the best cam- paigns and the strongest emotional attraction will garner most of the charitable dollars and others which are providing valuable, although often un- dramatic, service will suffer eclipse. Of course if enough people refuse sup- port of charitable organizations both the united and separate appeals will dis- appear. Then taxes will increase because many of the services being provided are clearly indispensable the Red Cross blood service, to name but one. This would be fairer but not necessarily more desirable. Believers in the Tightness and reasonableness of the United Way approach must insist that this appeal is not just another in an endless number of appeals. The Lethbridge appeal is 14 appeals in one. Thus people who customarily give or every time a canvasser calls should give or when visited by a representative of The United Way. Most people are getting and spending more money than was the case a year ago. The United Way organizers hope that this will be true in regard to giving as well. Strange military bedfellows It is really ironic, but some of the heaviest pressure towards political unity in Europe is coming from quarters that in the past have been the most divisive, the military and the munitions makers. The reason is simple to the point of crudity: weapons systems have become so expensive as to strain the resources of even the military giants, so smaller nations can only acquire the weapons their generals crave by getting together and pooling their resources. Military research and development costs have grown to be so great that Europe, if it is to preserve even the appearance of being able to match Russia in conventional weapons, must either do it jointly or can- didly admit that they are leaving it to the Americans. A ready example is the development of nuclear weapons. In all Europe only Bri- tain and France have any, and Britain got here only because wartime collaboration in the Manhattan project made it impossible to exclude her from certain atomic and nuclear secrets, with the result that she has become a sort of partner to the American effort. Certainly she could not have developed a nuclear capability on her own without go- ing bankrupt. France has managed, entirely on her own, to produce a minute nuclear arsenal, but not withstanding her being a well-to-do country, it took her many years and enormous effort, and still the result is a force only a tiny frac- tion of that possessed by the U.S. or the U.S.S.R. There are less well known but just as striking examples among what are called conventional weapons, and through a combination of circumstances Europe's armies are all reaching the point when an equipment change-over is due. Planes, tanks, anti-tank weapons, ar- tillery and missiles are all becoming ob- solete, and they are faced with a very simple choice: get together on new ones, or buy American. In all cases where decisions have had to be made, they have chosen to get together. One example is an airplace known as the MRCA, for multi-role combat air- craft; this is being jointly developed by Britain, West Germany and Italy. Another is a tank that will take so long to get off the drawing boards and onto the battle field that it has become known as the "future" main battle tank, or FMBT; this is a joint German British project, but with considerable interest from Holland, Belgium and Italy, and the dis- tinct possibility that a Swedish design will be incorporated. The British Aircraft Corporation has developed a rocket-type missile that is getting considerable attention in Eur- ope, but even the British army is just as interested in a Franco-German type, and a number of continental armies are quite taken with an American version. In each of these instances of collaboration, there is at least one pair of shooting enemies from the Second World War. ART BUCHWALD Shiver my timbers WASHINGTON It is wrong to think that President Nixon's political future rests on what evidence is produced by the Watergate hearings or whether the Supreme Court decides he has to give up the White House tapes. The president's rise or fall in the next six months will depend on whether the United States has a cold winter or not. With pre- dictions for a heating oil shortage, the biggest political issue will be the weather. Let us suppose that for some reason the elements have been unkind to us and the United States has a very cold winter. The Antrobus family is huddled in the living room, freezing to death. Mr. Antrobus has thrown all the furniture into the fireplace and is about to dump the television set in the flames when President Nixon, speaking from the winter White House in Key Biscayne. comes on the air. "My fellow Americans, "I wish to speak tonight on a subject that is close to many of your hearts. I am sure you are asking why is the United States, the greatest power in the world, without heat? Why are the American people, who have the highest standard of living in the history of mankind, cold? "If you recall, in my second State of the Union message I asked Congress for a mild winter. "I asked them to pass legislation that would make it unlawful for the temperature to go below 40 degrees. I demanded that they give me the authority to move in on any cold front that could cause chaos in this country. "It is typical of Congress that they ignored my request. Instead of passing a law to guarantee a mild winter, they passed a bill that would have cost the American taxpayer one billion dollars in fuel costs. When I vetoed this bill in October, I told you that I would never sign anything that would add to the inflationary spiral in this country. At that time I said, and I still believe a vast majority of Americans feel as I do, that it's better to shiver than pay higher taxes. Your response was overwhelming in my favor. "Now I know you're asking, 'Why are we having a cold The responsibility lies not only with Congress but with a press and TV media that for the past four months have been devoting endless space and time to weather reports that show the United States is a cold nation. Well, I can tell you tonight, my fellow Americans, you have been given a distorted picture of this country. There are great parts of the United States that aren't cold. Florida isn't cold; Texas isn't cold; Southern California isn't cold. But does the press write about these places? Do the network news programs show the sun shining over Arizona and New Mexico? All we ever see or read about is New England and Minnesota. "The truth is, since I took office in 1968 more people have been warm than at any time in our history. But at the same time I am aware that there are some people in this country who are cold, a few of them through no fault of their own. "We are going to help these people if they need help. But we're not going to give a blank check to those able-bodied people who are capable of finding ways of keeping warm without government assistance. "My fellow Americans, I'd like to end on a personal note. I received a letter the other day from a 7-year-old girl and she wrote, 'Mr. President, every night when I say my prayers I ask God to bless you for bringing us a generation of heat.' Mr. Antrobus threw the television set into the fireplace. Slight delay By Doug Walker The delays in getting the paper out during the switchover to the new method of printing have been particularly hard on the people responsible for delivery. They have looked daily as though they were in a state somewhere between being frustrated and frazzled. After lunch on Wednesday of the second week I invaded the circulation department intending to get an extra copy of Tuesday's paper. Several people in the delivery system were gathered in a knot Pat Barry, Bruce Ball and Rick Parascek among others. Before I could open my mouth Pat said, "Don't ask about the paper." I hastened to assure him that I only wanted the previous day's edition. "It's not up said Rick resignedly. NEW YORK Fifteen years ago (Sept. 15. 1958) the United States signed four conventions approved by a Geneva conference on Maritime law. but the curious fact is that there is still probably less world agree- ment on the rights of nations in or under the high seas than ever before. The one confus- ing legal area is definition of national air limitations. The only serious effort to describe the latter is the old Roman principle based on assumption that the earth was By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator tlat surface boundaries potential, use of antiaircraft month, preparing considered as ex- upward to the UN could be tending heavens. There has been no agreed modification of this archaic concept since men and their machines began penetrating outer space. As a consequence, Soviet and American satellites are violating the theoretical air space of each other and almost every country many times a day even if nobody complains. The sole effective assertion of sovereignty above a nation is by actual, not weapons. Had Francis Gary Powers been flying in a low- level satellite instead of a high-level plane the U-2 spy in- cident might have been differently described. Territorial waters have customarily been recognized as within three miles of a country ever since the 18th century when that was con- sidered maximum artillery range for shore defence. This tradition faded after the Se- cond World War and a meeting at Geneva last for conferences here in November and at Santiago, Chile, next year over- whelmingly agreed on ex- tending the limit to 12 miles. But this does little to end prevailing anarchy; many lands claim up to 200 miles off their coasts. In earlier days it was accepted that the seas belong to no one. Now it is widely held that they belong to everyone. But where general ownership begins and ends is as difficult to define as the "Er, Mrs. 'disgraceful cost of living index' is the Prices Review Board expense account.' Nixon still cemented in deep trouble By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator Watergate has been made to seem a fading issue by the postponement and abridge- ment of scheduled Senate committee hearings. But in fact all that has happened is that the forcing role has pass- ed from the Senate committee to special prosecutor Archibald Cox. The special prosecutor, thanks in part to work done by the committee, is pressing powerfully forward. He is on the trail of some sensational indictments, and he is keeping the issue of presidential im- peachment very much alive. The indictment possibilities spring from three of cases. First there is the an- titrust settlement made with the International Telephone and Telegraph Company The Senate investigators unearthed a memorandum from former White House special counsel Charles Colson mentioning six documents which implied a deal between the president and the company involving, among other things, ITT help to the city of San Diego as a possible spot for the Republican convention of 1972. The Cox office has obtained all six documents from the Whrte House. They apparently provide material for perjury indictments against former Atty. Gen. John Mitchell, former Atty. Gen. Richard Kleindienst. former Asst. Atty Gen. Richard McClaren, who is now a federal judge, and several top officers of the company. The big question is whether to go for the simple perjury indictments, or to Letters Premier wasted time 1 am writing to comment on Premier Lougheed's visit to the Lethbridge Collegiate In- stitute on Tuesday, September 18. I think it was a waste of our time having him come to the LCI. However, it provided him with a "captive" audience. Due to the fact that there was no prior knowledge to the majority of students of his coming, no sensible or controversial questions had been prepared. Instead, a few "organized" questions were asked dealing with petty issues, all this being done beforehand to save the em- barrassment of no one asking any questions at all. Premier Lougheed also seemed to play up the audience by calling the LCI "the best high school in Alber- ta." That's quite a good way to get a round of applause in an otherwise empty talk. All in all, nothing was really "said" or accomplished in this slightly political gesture. K. BUCHANAN D. McGEE Lethbridge A despicable act Our dog was shot near his home recently in the vicinity of 10th Avenue and 21st Street South. Lured by the scent of a female dog in this area, he made his escape from the con- fines of our highly fenced yard. Two Lethbridge Herald carrier boys heard the shot and saw the dog stagger from a house leaving a trail of blood until he collapsed near his home. We were notified by the boys who know us and our dog "Chico." Chico was in a pool of blood and we placed him in a newspaper bag lent to us by the boys and took him im- mediately to the veterinarian. The following day we were advised by the veterinarian that the dog had been shot at close range. Happily "Chico" survived but the pellet will remain deeply imbedded in his chest. My reactions to this despicable cowardly act by person not known are mixed, but whoever you are next time my dog strays around your area, please contact the pound. I would willingly pay the fine than see my dog suf- fer again. EDITH HASZARD Lethbridge. review the whole case including the merits of the an- titrust settlement. A second big case involves the work of the plumbers, the special White House unit set up for security investigations. One of their activities was the burglary of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist. Three former White House aides John Ehrlichman, Egil Krogh and David Young have already been indicted by a Los Angeles grand jury for their part in that operation. Cox has in the works a much wider case, which also would include indictment of former special counsel Charles Colson. A third set of cases grows out 6f the campaign contributions made illegally by large companies to the Committee to Re-Elect the President. A number of major company officers are going to be brought to court for these activities. In at least one case the case of George Steinbrenner of the American Shipbuilding Co. of Cleveland the charge may include an attempt to obstruct justice. On top of all those actions, Cox is pushing the extradition of Robert Vesco, the former head of Investors Overseas Services, who has fled to Costa Rica with occasional side trips to the Bahamas. The Vesco case seems to tie truly large sums of money, perhaps raised through the Teamsters and the Mafia, with the members of the president's own family. Mr. Nixon's own involve- ment is, of course, at the centre of the Cox inquiry. The president's role is now bound up with the complex litigation over the tapes of his conver- sations and phone calls. In seeking access to the tapes, Cox has twice dented the president's claim that the way is barred by the principle of confidentiality. Federal Judge John Sirica has ruled that the tapes were at least subject to judicial inspection for their possible relevance to Watergate. The court of appeals in Washington has suggested that Mr. Cox and the president's counsel ex- amine the tapes for possible relevance to the Watergate investigation and report back to the court. That suggestion clearly offers a way to get at the tapes without touching the doctrine of confidentiality. The implication is that, if the president refuses their suggestion, the judges will probably rule against his claim. While no one knows for sure, the betting here is that the Supreme Court will follow the same line of argument and by a substantial margin. But all signs are that the White House is not going to cough up the tapes, no matter what the courts say. In that case, the door to impeach- ment opens wide. Prof. Cox would almost certainly ask the Congress to begin im- peachment proceedings. Most soundings indicate that defiance of the courts by the president would sweep away congressional reluctance to impeach. One guess by an in- formed White House official is that the odds are about 50-50 the issue will go to im- peachment. What all this means is that Watergate is a long way from being behind us. The major issues are yet to be resolved, and Mr. Nixon remains in deep trouble. BERRY'S WORLD question of territorial air which is inferentially accepted as maximum altitude of winged lanes. For international seas and airs there has been no formalized accord such as that which neutralized Antarctica (at least as far as Washington and Moscow are concerned.) Various lands argue special viewpoints on maritime matters. Some with heavy offshore fish-runs, like Peru, claim 200 mile limits to ex- clude the trawler and whaling fleets of distant lands like Japan or Norway. Special problems are posed by narrow straits leading from one sea to another and through which naval powers insist they must have tree access. Now. in addition to fishing and strategic questions, new problems are assuming im- portance. Experiments in farming water (hydroponics) are being pursued in the hope of increasing world food supplies. Pollution has become a major problem and every seaside country wants to guarantee its cleanliness. Finally, the ocean floor has been recognized as a vast treasury of mineral wealth. The U.S., Japan and West Germany have developed technical means for exploring and exploiting valuable sub- marine deposits, many of them in short supply on land. At least forty companies from different lands have already invested hundreds of millions of dollars in this new kind of prospecting. The Howard Hughes organization has reportedly built two specialized vessels at a cost of for what is called nodule mining. Nodules, varying in size from pebbles to immense boulders, were created on sea-beds through the eons by chemical processes that have been hitherto undisturbed. Enormous amounts of iron, copper, manganese, cobalt and nickel are contained in these formations. Probably this resource is large enough to alter existing supplies and prices of key metals over some of which a few nations possess dominant controls. Any extensive mining of such deposits by dredging and compressed air pumping sometimes at three mile depths has yet to prove effective but it is merely a matter of time. The question is whether there will, by that time, be agreement on the legal ownership rights of offshore deposits and how far offshore and whether it will be accepted that beyond such defined limits, regardless of depth, it will be a matter of finders, keepers. The slow pace of advance in adjusting international law to the burgeoning technological world makes it improbable that a new code will be agreed upon before the dredges have busily set to work. One has only to recall the total absence of accord on territorial air limits and where global space begins to view with pessimism and ad- judication of maritime rights. C 1973 by NEA. I "Too bad you weren't involved in the Watergate. You might be out and making it big on the lecture The Herald i 504 7ln Sl' S- Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. WA BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dailv Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEOW MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor DOUGLAS K WALKFR Editorial Page Editor ROY MILES Advertising Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;