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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD rilday, Soplembor 24, 1971 i '4 t f PUTTING ON THE FINISHING TOUCHES With two combines keep- spersed wilh rainfall slowed the process. At last report, most crops had in? truckers busy, this farmer will soon join forces with most of the rest faired better than expected considering the lack of moisture throughout cf southern Alberta farmers with all the crop in the bin. Sept. 22 had most of our crop area, been Ihe projected date for harvest completion but cool weather inter- Walter Kerber photo. tETKBHIDGE RESEARCH STATION Careful rapeseed storage necessary to stop heating Farmers whose rapcseed: partment of agriculture sug-, seed, but they must be modi wsmzss Potato protein went into storage in less than! gests using a cone shaped DR. M. S. KALDY Food Sciculist optimum condition are urged to check Ihc Eeed regularly i from noiv iimil freeze-up since confirmed that potatoes score rapeseed v. liich is stored in an about 70, wilh some varieties r T M M as high as 78. For comparison. Some foods are better than of others as sources of protein, essential in the human diet. Meat and eggs, for example, provide better protein and more of it than cereal grains do. Al- though the potato is not usually considered to be a good pro- tein source, recent investiga- tions by the Lethbridge Re- search Station indicate that the potato contains better protein than was previously thought. The protein content of fresh potatoes is only about 2 per cent, but when the water is re- moved it can be as high as 10 per cent. This protein content high-quality protein, have a score of 100, beef and pork 80, and wheat flnur only 50. The main reason for potatoes scor- ing higher than wheat flour is that potatoes contain more ly- sine, one of the essential amino acids. Another aniino acid, methionine, was found to be high in some varieties of pota- toes, thus increasing their scores. It is possible that potato varieties can be developed with an even higher protein quality than those now available. is about equal to that of most cereals. An important feature JralllSCr gl'OUlJ of the protein found in some varieties of potatoes is its ex- SPPL-S iiavinpnt cepticmally high quality. SCeKh payment Proteins are extremely com- plex combinations of various acids. The quality of a food as a source of protein is .pleasured by the amino acids it. contains and the quantity of each type. Twenty different amino acids are required for human health. Twelve of these can be synthesized in the body but it is essential that the re- maining eight be supplied in the diet. Foods may he compared as to quality of their protein by analyzing them for amino acids. They are then given a numeri- cal rating based on the dietetic value and quantity of the var- ious amino acids they are found to contain. In our investigations, using this method of rating, we have Palliser Wheat Growers As- sociation President Walter Nel- son of Avonlea has sent tele- grams to Otto Lang and to the Canadian wheat board suggest- ing that they ask for imme- diate payment of the estimated S60 million owed by the federal government under the Tem- porary Wheat Reserves Act. Mr. Nelson said that "as tlie new legislation cancelling the old Temporary Wheat Re- serves Act had not been pass- ed by Ottawa, there was no reason why the Canadian Wheat Board should not re- ceive immediate payment." The payment would amount to about 15 cents per bushel on wheat. quickly. Sherman Yelland, Cereal anc oil seed crops specialist with the Alberta department of ag- riculture, said rapeseed which was threshed on a very hoi day or went into the bin with a slightly higher moisture leve: tnan that recommended, anc rapeseed containing green weeds, weed seeds or a high percentage of insects is very prone to heating. Appreciable amounts of whole or cracked green grain mixed with rapeseed can also cause storage problems. Mr. Yelland also points out that even through the rapeseed tests below 10 per cent mois- tiue, wild oats and volunteer j cereal grain mixed with the seed may contain over 14 per cent moisture, and that a suf- ficient amount of this admix- ture will raise the moisture level in storage to the point where spoilage will occur. This kind of admixture can cause hot spots in the bin. The dry rapeseed runs freely to the bin waits but green seeds and high moisture trash and cereal grain tend to form a high- moisture column under t h e auger spout. Heating can also occur in rapeseed testing below the rec- ommended 10.5 per cent mois- ture level if the seed tempera- ture is above no degrees F. when it is put into the bin or granary. To prevent the concentration of moisture directly under tlie auger, the Saskatchewan de- fied and carefully regulated to avoid serious deterioration in the rapeseed quality, particu- larly when it is to be used for seed. Fine screening will probably 1 removing a wedge shaped piece have to be installed so that the measuring 18 inch along t h e small seeds do not pass spreader (pointed end up) sus- pended Ifi inches belovr the auger spout. The cone can be made by cutting a 3G inch di off-condition can heat v cry! aniter circular piece of tin and circumference of the circle. The circle can then be drawn to- gether to form the cone. Mr. Yelland says that good wooden granaries are prefer- able to steel granaries for storing rapeseed because they allowing the heat in the bin to dissipate. Rapeseed seems to go through a sweat- ing process for several days after it has been combined, and if this heat and moisture is not allowed to escape, there is a risk of heating and moisture pockets. Ideally, rapeseed, which for some reason was combined with a moisture content slightly above 10.5 per cent, should be stored in small (about bu- shel) wooden granaries. It should be checked about every two days and transferred into another bin if heating does occur. Regardless of the type o storage used, the auger open ing should be left open for sev eral days after the granaries have been filled to allow the initial heat and moisture to es cape. When filling a granary or bin, it is important to use a slow auger speed and to keep the auger full so that tlie seed does not get cracked, Mr. Yelllanc said. Cracked seed is more susceptible to fungus diseases and there is also a possibility of oil loss. Commercial hot air dryers may be used for drying rape- through the drying bin. Mr. Yelland said the drying capacity in bushels per hour will be substantially lower for rapeseed than for wheat be- cause the resistance to the air flow is greater. The air tem- perature must be lower than for wheat to avoid damaging the seed. To protect the germination of rapeseed intended for planting, the air temperalui-e must not exceed 110. A higher tempera- ture, depending upon the type of dryer, can be used for com- mercial rapeseed. As a general rule, the air temperature should not exceed 130 degrees. It is essential that the rapeseed be cooled to below 60 degrees immediately after it lias been dried. A V E R A G i N U M H O G 5 W E 42.000 35.000 33.000 _ ALBERTA HOG PRODUCERS MARKETING BOARD COMPARISON OF ACTUAL TO ESTIMATED PRODUCTION 4-H Club Reports COUTTS-WARNER The Coutls International 4-H Light Horse Club closed its year Aug. 26 with its annual Achievement Day. Five events were scheduled and impromptu gymkhana events lopped off a very successful day. S'narla Winters won the grand championship with high- est number of points. Lesley Franks came second for the re- serve grand championship Winners of the five classes were: showmanship at halter- Lesley Franks, Darlene Jaf- western equitation Lesley Franks, Leslie Croteau; western Fur- long, Sharla Winters; Holly Barringer, Laurie Fur- long; and trail Sharla Win- ters; Lavonc Winters. Winners of these events as well as Judging and Best Kept Record Book will receive their trophies later in the year. This will lw the club's third i'ear in operation and many new events are planned for the "uture. Members may go on trail rides, to camps, horse shows, and gymklianas. At the end of Uie club year, they and their projects will compete with other members for club trophies. Horses arc now becoming a wpular pastime and it is loped that more local boys and ;irls will join and leam more on liow lo care for their ani- mals. LESLEY FRANKS meeting The founding convention of Ihe Canadian Welsh Black Cat- tle Society will be held Nov. 12, in Room C of tlie Agricultural Building, at the Exhibition Grounds in Calgary. The constitution that was ten- tatively approved at the June meeting will be presented to the founding membership. Also to be discussed is the system that will be followed to identify and honor the superior brood cows of the breed. Because of the tremendous contribution that the Welsh Black cow can make to the brood cow herds of North Am- erica, the Canadian Welsh Black Cattle Society feels that it is important to recognize thG outstanding females of the breed. Seven directors for the So- ciety and a permanent execu- tive are to be selected at the convention. Founding member- snips will be available for the last time at the convention. Several sales featuring Welsh Black Cattle (including bred cows, half breds, and a few purebred Welsh Blacks) are scheduled for southern Alber- ta during the same week as the convention will be able to see the cattle at some of these sales. In addition, a display o[ approximately 20 head of pure- bred and cross bred Welsh Blacks will be on hand at the convention. Enquiries may be directed to the president, D. C. Lund, at Box 1354, Taber. Winners Beverly Wilson of Bow Island has won the provincial farm safety essay contest, sponsor- ed by the Alberta Safety Coun- cil, for Grade 7. The divisional winners, com- peting in categories for Grades 5 and 6 and for Grade 7 and 8 respectively for southern Al- berta are: County of Vulcan Maria Middleton, Sherry Mur- ray; County of ton Regehr (Grades 5 and County of Forty Mile Shelley Hougen, Beverly Wilson; County of Lethbridge Barbie Bulva, Monica Ziegler; Cards- ton M.D. Dienna Quinton (Grades 7 and Taber Linda Westerhoud, Jamie Gar- ret; Willow Creek M.D.-Joan Broadhead, Pat Isaac; Pincher Creek M.D. Connie Murphy, Brenda Hume; and Crowsnest Pass Anne Hakze (Grades 5 and Miss Bulva attends S't. Cath- erine's in Picture Butte and Miss Ziegler attends Picture Butte High School. The topic for this year's essay was "Pesticides are. Poi- son." Farm and ranch notes million owing or not? By RIC SWIHART Tlie Prairie wheat fanner indeed does have a true friend in federal government opposi- tion. It is this group of hard working underdogs that has taken the bull by the horns to protect the rights and pay checks the farmer by pressing the gov- ernment to pay million owed to the wheat growers in Canada. This action has ranged from a House of Common motion to impeach Finance Minister Edgar Benson, Justice Minister John Turner and Manpower Minister Otto Lang, the minister responsible for the Canadian wheat hoard, to attempting to set up a Commons inquiry. The whole issue, according to Gerald W. Baldwin, Progressive Conservative House leader, is that the three ministers have refused to pay to the wheat board more than million as required by the Tem- porary Wheat Reserves Act. This amount would be distributed to Prairie farmers once in the hands of the wheat board. The government says the reserves act is being repealed by new legislation, not yet approved by the Commons, which will provide for distribution of million to Prairie farmers. Accusations against the government have been mainly on tlie line that the government in power is holding back payment only until it can pass it's own bill. Opposition members have indicated the govern- ment could use such tactics to have other bills initiat- ed by it passed into law, sucfl as family allowances. Here is where a lesson from the Soviet Union would indeed be very effective. When the Russian trade delegation was in Leth- bridge to tour the Swift Canadian Co. Lid. meat packing plant and Ihe Lethbridge Research Station, there was opportunity to discuss some issues with one of the spokesmen. Eugeniy S. Bobrov, counsellor of the Soviet em- bassy in Ottawa in charge of science and technology, was doing his thing in Russia during his leave from his position in Canada when the leader of tlie pro- posed trade delegation "asked" him to be available for a tour of Canada in search of technical advance- ments in the agricultural industry. He answered a question about the five-year plan approach to social and economic development in Russia wilh "there is good progress in Russia but everybody realizes the plans dealing with agriculture are the most important because it is the base for all other industry." From a country of people and a Gross National Product of billion of which 16.5 per cent is a result of agriculture, a statement that agri- culture is tlie base for all other industry is indeed important. The political leaders of Canada should follow this thinking before tlie fanners in this country follow suit with Iowa hog producers, who slaughtered hogs by the thousands rather than sell them at a loss. Primary extractive operations in agriculture in Canada account for a good portion of the GNP of billion for a population of 22 million people. If gov- ernment is going to continually hit the farm com- munity in the neck with such action as this, it would serve it right if there was an uprising. It is such a system as Canada's, politically, which allows an opposition to stick up for rights of all, that makes this such a good country to live in. We've got a CHEETAH to show you! DEC3I MAR-4 APR.3 MAY-8 JUN-S JUL 1 JUL-ll OCT.; NOV 6 DET I I I I I HOG MARKET An eslirnoicd hogs per week will he sclllod by tho Alberlo Hog Producers Marketing Board during a 13-wcck period ending Nov. 6, Iho Board prodicicd loday. The Board noles ihis is an overage num- ber for lha 13-wcok period and Iho volume will bo hioh- esl Ihc first part of llie period. During Ihe firsl two weeks, hogs were sailed, up from Iho eslimalcd average. The board poinls out that (hero will bo weeks when fads such as woollier, holidays and farming con- dilion will causa irregular ihipmonlt. NEW DURUM A new durum wheat named Wascana has been developed at the Cnnndn department o[ agriculture's Region Research Station. Wascana may replace Stewart (Vt and Pclissier. Three advantages of Wascnnii over Stewart arc: considerably shorter straw, two days ear- lier maturity and higher Yields. Il's ihc newest fart runner in ihc Arclic Gil lir.e. And we've gol il! With engine oplioni of 399 and 440 cci. Wilh a special chassis developed find kilcd in competition. Checlah is youcarg woilh a special visit juil (o ice CQUI1C AI1 especially if you're seiioui about snowmobiling. LETHBRIDGE Lcllibridge Honda Centre 1117-2nd Avc. S. CARDSTON K D Implements Lid. RAYMOND Ridgcway Said and Sen-let COWLEY Cowloy Automotive Sports Ccnlrc PINCHER CREEK Hi-Lund Farm Equipment Box 1300 ;