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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, September 54, 1970 Tim Traynor Our University The University of Lethbriclge has been hard hit by Uie economic slow down. Because it is a new institution without reserve funds, lacking sub- stantial endowment, because its en- rolment is small and its ambitions liigli it suffers in greater degree from the prevailing economic climate than the other two universities in Alberta. Some of the difficulty could be allevi- ated by a change in the system of figuring out grants on a more realis- tic basis, adjusting these to changing conditions. The cutbacks are a severe blow to the students, to the staff and to all those whose dreams of a rosy future have been shattered by the facts. It is to be hoped that those whose re- sponsibility it is to make the hard decisions take into consideration the special problems of the University of Lethbridge which has already proved its unique quality as an institution of higher learning in this province. Its graduates have received post gradu- ate scholarships of national import- ance simply because of the high stan- d a r d of undergraduate education available to them here. In its 7th annual review the Econo- mic Council of Canada points out that university operating and capital spending costs in Canada have been growing at twice the rate of enrol- ment and degrees granted. It goes on to say that "the achievement of effi- ciencies and economies must stand near the apex of considerations brought to bear on the decisions they make." It would be most surprising if greater efficiency and more economy were not possible in the University of Lethbridge. It has already tight- ened its belt, but even more frugal measures are both necessary and possible. At the same time it would be a mistake to assume that the univer- sity's problem can be solved that way. It cannot. It is different from the other provincial universities and needs different treatment by the gov- ernment. It is younger, and as any family knows it costs more to get started than to keep going. But more important, the Lethbridge university operates on quite a different method, the Semester system, than do the other universities, but the grant sys- tem applying to all is made to suit the others, not Lethbridge. Correcting that injustice is the gov- ernment's responsibility, and until it is corrected the government can be held at least partially to blame for the trouble besetting the University of Lethbridge. Mr. Nixon Shows The Flag President Nixon has decided that the time lias come to show the Amer- ican flag in the Mediterranean, to em- phasize to the Arab world, to Israel and to the NATO countries that the U.S. recognizes fully the importance of its role in western Europe and the Middle-East.' There has been some reason to be- lieve that Mr. Nixon did not recog- nize the gravity of the threat to peace in the Middle East. Hand in hand with U.S. diplomatic warnings to Mos- cow of the missile buildup on the east bank of the Suez canal, went the preliminary plans for a ceasefire and settlement. The Soviets pushed on with the military buildup and evidence shows that it has continued since August 7. By attempting to dis- regard and play down the extent of the strengthening of Egyptian air de- fences since the ceasefire, the U.S. administration has created a dan- gerous climate of distrust in Israel, in itself inimical to a peace settle- ment. Mr. Nixon may not have real- ized the full extent of Israel's fears for its own security, the same fears which led Israel to launch a preven- tive war in 1967. Now the President is taking off on an international fence mending mis- sion of reassurance and reassertion of American power. He is leaving during the heat of an election cam- paign in the U.S. assigning the politi- cal infighting to Vice president Spiro Agnew no doubt with private mis- givings. Mr. Nixon hopes to reassure Great Britain, Spain and the Mediterran- ean countries that the U.S. is not so preoccupied with dissension at home and involvement in the Vietnam con- flict, that it is failing to take a realis- tic view of the importance of its role in Western Europe and the Middle- East. At the same time, in a subtle way, he will gain some political mileage out of his travels and conferences with -world leaders. He is bolstering his image as statesman-President, conducting summit diplomacy with skill and determination in a time of international crisis and doubt. It should stand him in good stead in the November elections. Mending The Nets There is a suspicion in some minds that certain types of fish have been escaping the taxation nets in urban centres. Mayor Ivor Dent of Edmon- ton has proposed that the nets be mended so as to catch them in the future. The mayor has indicated that he is concerned especially about the own- ers of mobile homes. He intends to ask the Alberta Urban Municipalities Association to support a resolut ion calling for owners of such homes to contribute more to municipal costs. Providing services in cities has be- come so burdensome that finding new sources of revenue is imperative. Im- posing heavier taxes on mobile home owners seems to be one immediate likely source. At present such people pay an an- nual fee of up to The land on which mobile homes are located is. taxed in addition but Mayor Dent contends that it has never been as- sessed in a rational way. No doubt this means that he thinks it does not compare fairly with assessments made on other kinds of property. In all discussions of imposing addi- tional or new forms of taxation there is a point that should be kept clear. If people are getting the benefit of the services provided by cities they should pay their fair share of the costs. This principle should override any technicalities that might be cited in opposition. Teacher Equalization By Louis Burke PRESENTLY, the financial rewards grant- ed to people in education are radical- ly wrong. In plain words, no principal is actually worth more to the student than the classroom teacher. Of course, the principal is certainly more valuable to the educational administration than any teacher. He is the grand gathering funnel in the machine which makes the paper blizzards blow. Few would challenge this fact. But the majority of teachers to- day reject the idea that principals should get the lion's share at the financial ban- quet. This factor is a hangover from the old days of the factory approach to education. Factory managers organize workers, pro- duce more goods, earn more profits and by such a process receive more pay. Schools are not even a little bit like fac- tories, or if they arc, there is a lot dis- asterously wrong. They don't produce goods, nor do they earn profits. Often the mana- ger-principal docs not do any more work than the classroom teacher-technician. Why should a principal be paid more? Increasingly, the papermakcrs in admin- istration wrEp more and more tape around the principal. lie grows less and less an instrument of direct education. More and more he enters the realm of the mystic, remote, encased and accessible only to the lew who are usually in trouble. One might lodge a plea to free the prin- cipal, but if that can't be done, why should he be paid extra? Under present conditions, he is too many layers removed from the real thing to be worth it. Today, the person in the classroom is a lot more qualified and experienced. If there is equal qualification and experience, there ought to be no discrimination in pay. To cut the principals' allowances would not wreck the system at all... far from if. It would keep good teachers in the class- rooms and permit poor ones to scramble for tho protection of an office. There would always be enough people Killing to push paper around. Because of financial discrimination, good tcDcIicrs are often obliged to seek princi- palships and other such posts. It is the old factory philosophy which runs through edu- cational administration. But paying those people more for less important work only adds injury to what is already insult. The day of the all importance of the school principal is rapidly disappearing. It i.s the classroom teacher who carries the educational load today and most prin- cipals would admit this fact. Mid-East Mounting Headache For Nixon 1 n mid- summer, the Nixon ad- ministration was confidently looking ahead to an abatement of global conflict and tension. U.S. forces had completed their Cambodian strike and with- drawn, the conflict in South Vietnam had subsided, there was evidence that the strategic arms limitations talks were go- ing well.and a Mid-East cease- fire had been arranged as the basis for renewed efforts through the UN Gunner Jarring. High administration officials, in background briefings, were hailing the onset of the "era of negotiations" which the presi- peace-making efforts to as oge done in the Mid-East, dent had pledged to work for. vulnerable as ever to perverse The relative stability of the violence and terror. With tension and anxiety at a new peak, there has been no occasion for presidential self- satisfaction. Ralhcr, Mr. Nixon has been moved to assume the posture of the upholder of the rule of law, denouncing "the Political observers looked to the president to make Hie most of a relatively pacific atmo- sphere during the run-up to the November congressional elec- tions, in which the Republicans hoped to weaken the Democra- tic hold on Congress. Events since have brutally all these expectations. The actions of the Palestinian guerrillas both in holding hostages from the hijacked aircraft, and in their insurrec- tion against King Hussein of Jordan have shown (lie fab- ric of i n t e r governmental for negotiating purposes. The credibility question now looms large. Both Jordan and Lebanon scene of one epi- sode in the skyjackings are patently incapable of upholding any agreement in the face of guerrilla resistance. Egypt too was incapable of preventing the destruction of one ol the air- mid-summer very soon began to disintegrate and, as time passes, the gravity or the downhill slide becomes more and more evident. The U.S. and Israel must contend with the rampaging of the guerrillas on the one hand spreading disease of violence and, on the other, with the per- liners on its territory, and terror and its use as a poli- sistcnt build-up of Egyptian Far more importantly, Col. missile defences along the west bank of the Suez Canal. The longer the two sets of activities continue, the more anxious the Israelis become about their se- curity and the more severe is the erosion of Arab credibility tical tactic." A trip to Europe which might have been geared to an easing of tension has be- come instead an occasion to bolster the U.S. position in the Mediterranean and to attempt to mak.2 good some of the dam- Yes, Golda, there is a Santa Claus the trick is to break him down! Letters To The Editor Biology Department Is Ready To Co-Operate But. The editorial "Is Co-operation in the Herald of Sat- urday, September 19, 1970, un- derlines the extent to which the public relations office of Kaiser Resources Ltd. has alread soothed the public conscience. Ths company's "appearance of Education For Leisure Apropos Mr. Morris' ad- vocacy of education for leisure as opposed to the "mediocre horizon of academic some recent news items, most- ly from CBC's eleven p.m. edi- tion of that same day, give powerful support to his argu- ments. Japan: Due to a shortage of manpower, bowing dum- mies will welcome customers in a Tokyo department store. Belgium: Unemployment rate: one hall of one per cent. Germany: One million for- eign workers needed during the next year if export com- mitments are to be met. Canada: Unemployment rate: 6.7 per cent, the high- est of all the developed coun- tries, and likely to increase sharply during the coming winter. The anticipated leisure is largely a fact! Let others toil over our coal in their chemi- Real Honesty May I congratulate your newspaper on a stroke of hon- esty which has never before appeared in any newspaper the country over. Last week, your reporter in an article on the Separate School Board meeting quoted the statistics related to staff-student ratio and in brackets immediately thereaf- ter noted that this was not a teacher-student ratio. This is honesty beyond compare. Each year, the public has been fed the pate de foie gras (goose-liver pie) that the ratio of teacher to student is 'overall' 1 to 20, or some such nonsense as that, fn the coro subjects, in schools, in this city, the classrooms are load- ed this is the real truth. Education is being hobbled and crippled by meaningless statis- tics. It is a real tragedy that men, claiming to be Iruc educators, should stoop to statistics and attempt to force-feed the un- suspecting public on the state of our schools. Once more, may I commend your efforts and I hope that a few activists in the community will give this urgent matter their attention. LOUIS BURKE. Lethbridge, cal industries. Let others slave at refining our oil. Let others sweat at processing our forest products. Let others exploit our ores. Even our fairly numerous unemployed school teachers can relax and enjoy their lei- sure after reading in your col- umns of September 14 that at least at Magrath High School their responsibilities are being met by imported personnel. I recently examined some o[ the grade three texts used in the Belgian state school sys- tem. Ugh! That was horrible stuff! We wouldn't dream of doing that before grade seven. And soon we won't have any grades so we won't have to do it at all! We'll just leave all that rotten academic stuff to those dumb foreigners, and we'll have fun courses such as "the ability to camp and fish, collect stamps or coins, to make music, tinker with a or story telling? That's right! Stories like the Cricket and the Ant! A. F. WATSON. Bow Island. being serious about rehabilita- unfortunately, is little more than that in the eyes of those of us who visited the area. It is exactly the differ- ence between appearance and reality that is in question. The appearance given by the com- pany is of a considerable pro- gram which is aimed at refor- estation of the entire operation. The reality is in direct contra- diction to what Mr. Clemmer, the Company's public relations officer, has been saying to groups all over southern B.C. and Alberta for the past two years; no surface contouring of any sort is being planned for the main part of the operation. The surface will be left in an endless series of volcano like piles of rubble. The rationale given for this is quite unaccept- able, and is a substitute for the plain economic fact that it is cheaper for the company not to do the contouring which every- where else where reforestalion is taken seriously is known to be a necessary precondition for planting. In its choice of an- nuals for revegetation, again Kaiser shows its desire for quick results visible from the highway, results which are nearly meaningless from a long range point of view. I should like to point out as a Puzzling Intersection matter of record that company officials invited me in the fall of 1960 to submit to them a research proposal to record the main aspects of vegetation be- fore it was forever destroyed. I did this almost immediately, of- fering my professional services and research time for a couple of years. This application must have been filed in the waste basket; although I know it was received, my offer was never even acknowledged. The top of the operation is now a dismal waste, and the Company has failed in one of its main re- sponsibilities: to document for future generations the vegeta- tion which is forever destroy- ed. Your question "Is co opera- tion therefore takes on a new meaning, and needs to be directed to Kaiser, in- stead. It is true that it is now too late to record the original vegetation. We at the Univer- sity nevertheless stand ready in a consultative capacity within our profos s i o n a I competence My answer to your question therefore is: co-operation is pos- sible, but not until Kaiser sub- stitutes fact for fiction; and not until it is prepared to spend a significant amount of its earn- ings to take its public respon- sibilities (as distinct from pub- lic relations) seriously. JOB KUIJT Professor of Botany, University of Lethbridge. Nass.er, with the connivance of the Soviets, has aggressively and continuously ignored the standstill provisions of the ceasefire. The U.S. belatedly shed clear light on this by con- firming the missile buildup and by disclosing the precise word- ing of the standstill section of the ceasefire. Quickly coming to terms with the situation, the Israelis ruled out peace negotiations through Mr. .Tarring until the Egyptians undid the missile buildup. Par- allelling this tough line were hints of willingness to consider new approaches, but this has increasingly been overshadow- ed by the credibility issue, as indicated by Foreign Minister Abba Eban's comments prior to the meeting here between Prime Minister Golda Meir and President Nixon. Privately, Israeli officials re- peatedly come back to the cen- tral point that Col. Nasser has undermined any basis for Is- raeli confidence that Egypt would adhere to any agreement or permanent settlement guar- anteeing Israeli security. The situation is difficult in the extreme, for the Nixon ad- ministration is aware that the Soviets have moved to exploit the situation probably with a view to testing Mr. Nixon's firmness but the circum- stances are such as to com- pound American difficulties. The activities of the guerrillas have been manifestly designed to sabotage the U.S. peace ini- tiative; to avoid giving them a v i c t o r y, t h s administration must somehow manage to push ahead with the peace program. This is a serious constraint in considering any strong challenge to the Soviets and Egyptians, particularly in view cf the basic context. The So- viet test does not, as in the case of the Cuban missile crisis, pose an immediate threat to the U.S.; directly at stake is th.e Israeli hold on the east bank of the Canal. A fur- ther complication is that the Soviets gave no formal under- takings to o v e r see Egyptian adherence to the ceasefire. The Russians arc presum- ably hopeful that these consid- erations will ultimately induce the administration to accept the movement o! the missiles, which include Soviet manned Sam-3s as well as Sam-2s. While recognizing the dis- honesty of the Egyptian and So- viet moves, observers here have done little to deflate the So- viet expectations, focussing at- tention rather on the question of giving aid to the Israelis suf- ficient fo offset the new im- placements of Egyptian mis- siles. With the groundwork laid for administration action to supply more aircraft and anti-missile equipment, onlook- ers such as Senator Fulbright have advocated a cautious ap- praisal of how much, and even whether, Israel's position has been relatively weakened. (The Israelis claim the power bal- ance has shifted sharply.) It is, h o w e v c r, doubtful whether increased aid mili- tary end otherwise can pro- vide a satisfactory answer to the challenge raised by the cynical Soviet exploitation of the U.S. peace move. And the ovc---riding danger is that new doubts about the Soviet attitude will undermine other moves to- ward Soviet American agree- ment notably the SALT talks. (Herald Washington Bureau) It was interesting to see the TV presentation of the traffic department regarding the con- fusion existing at the comer of Mayor Magrath Drive and 16th Avenue. Recently I was caught in the confusion. The proprie- tor of the service station at that corn.er informed me that if I had come tlirough the inter- section an hour earlier I would have been served a traffic tick- et. Four other drivers were not as fortunate as I. The question is this, if resi- dents of the city have to have a TV presentation to educate them to the proper use of this intersection, what must visitors feel like? This is just another example of confusion being cre- ated in our city by so-called planning. Have you ever tried to find an address in the Lake- view area? I was further amused by a remark made by one of the city fathers when he criticized Ihe taxing of sewage plants which were being installed by the city for pollution control. The same reasoning applies to increased [axes on the home owner improves his property while the owner who allows his property to deteriorate is not penalized. Oh, well, nobody has even mentioned the poor service sta- tion owner who stands to lose much of his business at that intersection. CONFUSED. Lethbridge. Hold h! This letter is directed to all the over anxious merchants and in the city of Lethb ridge and surrounding areas. Last weekend as I entered one of the local department stores I felt a surge of disgust overcome me. Halloween candy was on display along one of the main aisles, followed by a table covered with Christinas wop- ping paper, bows, stickers and miscellaneous things. The date was Sept. 11. Our early snowfall must have gone to someone's head. Why must the displays be put out so early? I feel the Christmas spir- it i.s lost when advertising is done so early. Can anyone offer a reasonable explanation? GAYLli ROWLAND Raymond. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920-District No. 18, United Mine Workers is asking an in- crease of ?1.50 per day. If con- ceded the pries of coal will be boosted again, by 30 to 50 cents a ton. for the super- structure of the Lethbridge in- terior storage elevator have been called lor by the depart- ment of trade and commerce. Provision has been made in the plans for seed cleaning ma- chinery. Charles dc Gaulle has decided to invade Dakar with his Iree French forces in view of evidence that the Ger- mans and Italians have as- suin.ed control of aerial bases there. 1930 Lethbridge Maple Leafs, western intermediate hockey finalists, have been named to represent Canada in a European tour this winter. i960 United Nations Secre- tary-General Dag Hammarsk- jold, in an unexpected appear- ance in the Assembly, told the world organization that not his future but the future of the Uni- ted Nations is at stake in the crisis aroused by Soviet at- tacks on him. Tlie Lethbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishflrs Published 1905 1954, by Hon. VV. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mad Registration No 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau at Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY f. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Adveriising Manager Editorial Page Edilor 'THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;