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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TtlE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Saturday, September J3, 197J Maurice Western Complacency often politicians downfall A new 'grand Reports that a vast American business industrial complex will be built in the centre of Moscow have aroused all kinds speculation. Ev- eryone knows that recent U.S. for- eign, policy is leading to closer rela- tions with the Soviets, particularly in the economic field. But an American show case in shadow of the Kremlin, looking forward to the day when U.S. corporations will have their own lux- urious offices, nn American built hotel to house executives in a faslu'on suited to their status, can only mean that the U.S. intends to participate actively in the industrial anil econ- omic revival of the U.S.S.R. No one has suggested that the U.S. Is withdrawing from Europe either economically or militarily not yet. But it looks as if it were hedging its bets. Competition from the European Economic Community is going to be stiff in the years to come; there are already suggestions that American military withdrawal from Europe will be a fact sooner or later. Is the part- nership of the U.S.-Canada and Eur- ope with close association with Japan that partnership which was be- lieved to be the power bloc to keep the peace to prevent Russian might from overwhelming us all, to be dis- membered eventually? The Christian Science Monitor be- lieves that Mr. Nixon's grand design for a "generation of peace" is built, not on a coalition superior to Russia, but on a working partnership be- tween the U.S. and the Soviets. It re- marks that "the Pentagon is still doing its calculations on the expecta- tion of a war with Russia some day, but the White House is living in a different world and age." It's a new and startling concept. Maybe it has some validity. For Ca- nadians who watch American foreign policy with an anxious eye, knowing that "where thou goest I am likely to follow" will look at "grand design USA" with the same misgivings as the Monitor editorialist who writes, that "the old Anglo American rela- tionship was more natural and com- fortable." The voice of the devil Reports from Kampala have been sparse, not to say conflicting and confusing, particularly since Ihe de- tention of a number of foreign cor- respondents assigned to the area. It seems clear now, however, that Tan- zanian villages were bombed b y Uganda, following a Tanzanian mili- tary incursion into Uganda. This was apparently unsuccessful. So far there have been no reports of Ugandan ground troops attempting to cross the border into Tanzania. li this were to happen the conflict which has until now been localized, could very easily spread involving other East African nations, plunging tho area into chaos. Until now, President Nyerere of Tanzania, has been able to keep the former president of Uganda, Milton Obote and his supporters in check. But if a full scale military invasion of Tanzania by Ugandan troops takes place, he will be unable to do so. In other words there would be a war, which would be likely to involve neighboring East African nations. Neyere lias adopted a low key pol- Weekend Meditation The spirit of man SPIRIT of man is the candle of the said the writer of the Book of Proverbs. It Is not easy to believe this at a time when the cruelty of man constricts the heart with shuddering an- guish, when the stomach sickens with the sprawling horror of rat-infested slums, when the rivers are fouled by raw sew- age, when the gray skies fill with smog and tho rotten stench of pulp, or when the factories and offices spew out at day's end their masses of dehumanized, deper- sonalized men and women whose nerves are raw with Intolerable misery. A sense of hideous desolation pushes into the en- trails of being Eke a cancerous fungus, and oil joy and singing smother and die. Yet such moments hold the deepest initia- Hon Into the mystries of human life and open out the infinite meaning of the uni- verse and the Reality which shaped it with the intent that It be orderly, moral, and beautiful, fit residence for hope and love. Jesus warned his disciples that they would suffer tribulation from the cruelty of men, from their sufferings and hardships, from loneliness and grief on all their manifold forms, but in exactly such situations they are exhorted to be of good cheer and are promised a joy which would be far more than pleasure and deeper than happiness. That is what George Eliot means when she says that true joy and pain are almost indistinguishable and one only knows the difference by realizing the moral and spir- itual content of the experience and by the tout's affirmation that this is good, Indeed the most striking feature of man is his willingness to renounce pleasure and ignore pain in his desire to achieve goals or to unite with people he loves. Tmis in the Beatitudes Jesus tells those who mourn or are persecuted to "rejoice and be ex> ceeding glad" Strange paradox indeed. QTTAWA The ticklish problem for any govern- ment facing the electorate is to strike an attitude of confidence without sounding unbearably complacent. If an impression is created that the leadership is unsure of, itself and its prospects, prob- lems multiply with such rapid- ity that the situation soon be- comes hopeless. Dissension de- velops in the party, workers be- come dispirited, growing politi- cal uncertainty may have serious consequences for the business community, one mis- take leads to another, and the watching voters draw their own conclusions. All this is so generally ac- cepted that prune ministers are seldom lacking in the vital in- gredient of public confidence. Even R. B. Bennett, doomed before he started in 1935, Sairly radiated assurance at one hos- tile meeting after another. But confidence can shade very easily into a dangerous complacency, highly irritating icy towards the Asians In Tanzania. So far he has succeeded in prevent- ing the resentment of his people from breaking out into open hostility. But the hostility is there and Amin's deci- sion to give Ugandan Asians their walking papers has made him popu- lar among Tanzanians. The big question now is, whether General Arnin will push his luck and force entry into Tanzania. If this were to happen, Nyerere might find his leadership threatened by Amin supporters in his own country, or pressured into changing his policy and force evacuation the Asians as Amin has done. The great hope is that escalation of this conflict can be prevented. If it is not, Britain will be deluged with yet another influx of Asians to compound an already difficult situa- tion. Further than that, the safety of: the great number of Ugandan Asians waiting for transportation to Britain and Canada grows more precarious every day. The voice that General Amin heard that started the whole thing, was not the voice of God. It was that of the devil himself. Helen Keller was blinded with ilhiesa when 19 months old, but she had this in- sight Into the life of the soul as she main- tained that only by fighting the limitations, temptations, and failures of the world could man reach his highest possibilities. This is what Swedenborg, the Swedish sci- entist and philosopher, described as re- nouncing the world and worshipping God. Herein also Is genuine worship, the sense of exaltation and communion, which satis- fies the hunger and cold in the questing, longing spirit of man. Possibly also in such communion and worship lies the key to Schweitzer's philosophy of "Reverence for a sense of solidarity not only with the human race but with all creation, for such an ethic "comprehends within itself everything that 'can be described as love, devotion and sympathy, whether in suffer- ing, Joy, or effort." There is a heroism in the heart of man which is God-like, which has surmounted the most incredible hardship and engaged in divine adventures of the mind and body which have lifted him into moments of entcrnity. Sometimes there is a strange tenderness which men attribute to God. "The spirit of man is the oandle of the and this is the solving word for this human existence, the word that Is not in heaven or at a great distance, but is very close, in your heart and mind, that you may hear and know it. PRAYER: Soul of the universe, Light of the mind of man, who dullest beyond the setting suns yet art the Life of all that lives, be Thou our Life, our joy, and the goal of all our desire. Make us sure of Thee. F.S.M. to volers. Louis St. Laurent sounded complacent in 1957 and the country revolted. John Die- fenbaker created the same im- pression in 1962 his worst cam- paign and for the Con- servatives, it was the beginning of the end. Governments face certain temptations to which Opposition parties usually are less ex- posed. Since majorities rule in Parliament and ministers gen- erally have their way, they are naturally inclined to under- estimate opponents. Such atti- tudes seem to carry over into election campaigns. Further- more, politicians and political observers tend to be mesme- rized by a status quo my- thology which has been shown repeatedly to be a most uncer- tain guide and which is prob- ably losing in an age of change the core of truth it once pos- sessed. The theory is that a former Ml1 (and, of course, there are more former government MPsl goes into a campaign with a "cushion" of voles; lus major- ity or plurality at the lost elec- tion. If he was votes ahead at the last election, that is his cushion; ho is probably safe. But if he led by a mere ZOO, he is obviously in peril; the runner-up has only to gain 100 and the plurality is gone. This is nonsense. All that can be deduced from the returns of the last election Is that so-and- so had a cushion on the morn- ing of June 26, 1968. If, in one sense, the federal con- stituencies are unchanged since that time, hi others they have been transformed. Many voters have died; thousands of new voters have appeared; mobility being characteristic of the times, some have moved to other centres while others per- haps have been drawn in by new developments. If the elec- torate has changed, so in many cases have the candidacies. Equally important is the fact that opinions may have changed in response to new sit- uations and new issues. The reliability of polls is uncertain; elections are not decided by surveys, only by votes. Thus complacency is the enemy of all politicians but es- pecially of those in govern- ment. Mr. Trudeau faces a special problem. For months he was accused by opponents of avoid- ing an election. He has thus an additional reason to adopt a posture of confidence which may impress voters as over- confidence and thus com- placency. Too much perhaps may be made of his initial speeches; the tone may change as the campaign develops. At this point, however, one has the impression that the prime min- ister is placing dangerous em- phasis on achievements and problems solved; these themes being complemented by philo- sophical musings about dia- logue with voters and the shar- ing of dreams. Credit should go where credit Is due, It seems likely, how- the apparent mood It tvas getting to her By Doug Walker gUMMER Is the time when kids come One night when Keith and Paul were bark- close to driving their mothers to dis- u n, A- traction. Before school finally started again !ng at each other ln dlspute of Mrt it was evident that our boys were getting "lcd out, "Hey, you guys, can't to Elspcth. you do your shouting in a Just taking it easy ly Walter Kerter) Letters to the editor Situation of Canadian farmers becoming severe Net farm income In one prov- ince has dropped from mil- lion in 1966 to million in 1971 a decline of 41 per cent. The situation on Canadian farms generally is desperate. Drastic changes in direction are required. It is in order to air the issues involved. The three major par- ties have announced their farm policies and public debate is needed. I would like to discuss per- tinent aspects of the NDP Net Farm Income Growth Plan from the viewpoint of the urban citizen. How much win the plan cost? Are food prices not high enough already? True, but the farmer's share of the food dol- lar continues to drop from 57 cents in 1949 to 3B cents today. Agriculture has no con- crete means of adjusting its in- come to reflect the rising cost of production and the cost of living. Current marketing prac- tices encourage vast fluctua- tions In farm income such as "when there's hogs there's no price, and when there's price there's no hogs." No corpora- tion or Individual on salary would put up with an income of such uncertain nature. But, "How much will the plan It all depends on the guts and determination of the next government. Even the pre- sent government has reluctant- ly admitted that the fanner is not the culprit in recent dra- matic food cost increases. A thorough investigation of the food processing, wholesaling, packaging and retailing indus- try Is called for. No doubt the Net Income Growth Plan will cost money. Thare is a consid- erable outflow of capital at present going to some vigorous corporations, supposedly to, off- set unemployment, from the federal treasury. If the counlry can afford to give McCain Foods, Ltd. a regional dispar- ities grant through DREE of then it is fair to say that it Is not a question of cost, but one of priorities. McCain's recently opened branch plants processing unifs i n foreign countries. Taking the food and beverage industry as a whole, it received between 1969 and 1970 a total of million, designed, DREE said, to create jobs. But total employment in a quarter section closer to rail- head. Corporation farms are com- ing, and in some cases, here already. Businessmen may lose business from corporate farms because they tend to buy direct from wholesalers. For every six farms that cease operations, it Is estimated that one business establishment goes down with them. I believe the idea of favoring the privileged few, in the be- lief that the benefits will trickle down to the many, needs to be Gtood on its head. The cards are stacked against tha con- sumer, the wage earner, the small businessman and the fanner. It's time for New Deal for People. B. HELMUT HOFFMAN Lethbridge of the voters are more immediately Interested in problems which have not been solved. As for dreams and sions, they are admirable for" young governments as John Diefenbaker proved In 1958 and Pierre Trudeau in 1968; It is less clear that they are the best campaign material for govern- ments going to the country after serving a full term. The Trudeau campaign may change, the prime minisler being an astute leader with a marked talent for responding to popular moods. A portent of change may be the quite differ- ent campaign being waged by his first lieutenant, John Turner. From the outset, Mr. Turner has recognized Issues, treating problems in very serious fashion, analyzing them, conceding shortcomings but making a persuasive case for the overall policies of gov- eminent. A good example in the speech of the minister of finance on Thursday at Thunder Bay. Mr. Turner dealt among other things with the charge, brought by David Lewis, that the gov- ernment's efforts in job crea- tion have resulted in "utter failure." He did not gloss over unemployment but conceded frankly that In this respect Canada faces "one of the toughest economic challenges In the world." Tlie fact is that, over a six- year period, no less than 000 Canadians entered the labor force seeking work. This was more in absolute numbers than the tolal entering the combined labor force of 15 major Eu- ropean industrial nations in- cluding Britain, France, Ger- many, Italy and Sweden. There was, of course, no way of es- caping this problem which would have faced any govern- ment of any political color In those years. Obviously, there was not total success. But new jobs were created. If this constitutes utter failure in the eyes of the NDP leader, the judgments of Mr. Lewis must be subject to heavy discount by fair-minded voters. Any party may claim in retrospect that it would have done belter. Is this likely? Surely that Is the practical question calling for considera- tion at this time. There are other Liberal whose approach to the election resembles Mr. Turner's. In Vancouver South, Gordon Gib- son, formerly on the prime minister's staff, is fighting to hold the constituency long rep- resented by Arthur Laing. The least that can be said of his closely reasoned speeches is that they show a decent and very high respect for the in- telligence of electors in Van- couver South. Thus in a recent address, ot which the text is available, Mr. Gibson dealt in Turner style with the unemployment Insur- ance issue. This cannot be Ig- nored for, as Mr. Gibson notes in most candid fashion, It now appears that "we will he pay- ing out around billion to people who are by definition employable and wanting work, for doing nothing at all." There is far more to this than simple abuse and outright fraud. Mr. Gibson develops n detailed argument, of which the gist is that the public portion of the fund would be better used to create and guarantee work. While this may put him at odds with some members of the gov- ernment, it can scarcely be de- nied that Mr. Gibson Is ad- dressing himself seriously lo serious issues. In 1972 this may well be the best approach to a mature and critical electorate, increasingly cool to the old- style campaign speeches and easy sloganeering that long were staples of Canadian poli- tics. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) f 7 "I this Industry dropped between Local musician tvins award In the report of the excellent recital given by Jeffrey Cai- man last BMday evening and which appeared in your Satur- day edition, the writer was in error in attributing the tour given to the pianist by his win- ning a competition in Spokane. As a matter of fact, the Young Artists Tour has been a project of the Canadian Feder- ation of Music Teachers' As- sociations for 29 years, Jeffrey had to win first a competition of very high standard in Air bcrta and then to overcome the winners of the other prairie provinces. The four on which this talented musician is em- barked is arranged and paid for by the Canadian Federation of Music Teachers' Association and local arrangements were in the hands of the Lcthbridgo branch of the Alberta Register- ed Music Teachers Association. His playing on Friday of a well-chosen and balanced pro- gram showed him to have the qualities of a real musician, with great technical ability as well as sensitivity. Lethbridge should be proud of such a young man who is the first local student to win this high Canadian musical award. ARTHUR K. PUTLAND Councillor-at-large, Alberta Registered Music Teachers Association Odd 'justice Tlie Women's lib would ba proud of the Alberta Govern- ment's recent decision to award Lottie Harker of Magrath one thousand dollars for the loss of wages, but only eight hundred for the loss of her husband. Gone are the days when a wo- man relied on her husband for support, as this decision clearly points out that while a job is not expendable, a man certain- ly is. AMY SPENCER Cardston 1969 and 1970 by one half of one percent. More grants, fewer jobs. The majority of Canada's in- dustries can produce sufficient goods, services and jobs while still paying their fair share of taxes. That the farmer can get along without some firm com- mitment from the government as to net return is not so clear. How can the working man expect decent wages from a farmer or from farm-related industry if the farmer is bare- ly making wages himself? How can the businessman survive if we havo wholesale abandon- ment of rail lines and farms? How are cities to cope with tho added influx of displaced farm people? Another round of more grants, fewer jobs? How is a fanner who lives 50 miles down from the end of the rail line to compete for quota delivery, cost of trucking and so on with a farmer who is only one mile away? Industry, such as Hor- ton Steel, can move to Van- couver to take advanlagc of freight rales but a farm is where it's at. You cannot move Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 Quite the most pre- tentious company ypt launched to explore for oil in Southern Alberta is reported from Ed- monton. Incorporation of tho Canadian Oil and Refining company with a capitalization of and head offices at Lethbridge is announced. 1932 Vermilion and Olds Agriculture Schools will be op- erated this year, at last, it is stated by Hon. George Hoad- ley, Minister of Agriculture, and will open for (he fall term October 31. Large enrolments are anticipated. 1M2 Pravda said the sky over Stalingrad was a cloud- flecked battlefield with the Nazis making more than a bombing flights in a single day. 1952 Rocky Marclano, the guy Jersey Joe Walcolt and many others said "can't today held the world's heavy- weight championship. The LetKbndge Herald HH 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Asioclation and Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLA'j K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorral Page Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;