Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 23, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY NEAR 55. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXIV JVo. 240 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 28 PAGES Puzzling China events ivorft halt Nixon John Roderick is Associated Press bureau chief in Tokyo on temporary assignment in Washington. He is a veteran observer of China and was one of the few correspondents allowed into China during the visit by the United States table tennis team that started "ping pong diplomacy." By JOHN RODERICK WASHINGTON (AP) American officials are perplexed about the mysterious events in China, but they believe that not even tlie death of Mao Tse-tung would bring cancellation of President Nixon's trip to Peking. Chinese Premier Chou invitee? Nixon bo visit before next May and it is believed here that the in- vitation was the result of a carefully thought out and undoubtedly thoroughly debated decision by the Com- munist party central committee. It appears unlikely the new and important line of seeking a rapproache- ment with the United States would be altered by the passing or indisposition of any individual leader, no matter how highly placed. If, on the other hand, the unusual developments of the last few days are due to a power struggle, the question of Nixon's visit could well be an element, sources say. The Chinese have announced that the traditional parade of people tlirough Tien An Men Square for the annual Oct. 1 national day celebrations has been called off. This, 'coupled with reports that all military leaves have been cancelled and soldiers called back from home leave, has intrigued and puzzled U.S. ex- perts on China. The fact that all civilian and military air flights also are said to have been cancelled during a three- day period last week adus another mysterious note to the situation. be so o Chinese explanations that it was decided to down- grade the anniversary celebrations and make them less formal than heretofore might hold water under normal circumstances. For several years after forma- tion of the People's Republic in 1949, May Day cele- brations were marked by similar parades which later were discontinued. What lends mystery to the anniversary day deci- sion is ils abruptness. Visible preparations were vigor- ously under way up to the middle of last week, then were halted without explanation. hitelligence sources here have found no evidence of nuy Chinese troop movements, a fact which suggests that the crisis if there is one is internal. Tliere arc a number of possible explanations for Hie Ciiinese moves. One is that Mao lias called e full- dress ireeling of (lie party central committee to dis- cuss some important question of policy. This would explain Ihe fret that civilian and military passenger planes were pulled out of service last week. Just before the 1966 69 Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Mao dispatched planes to bring widely scattered central committee members to Peking for a meeting which started President Liu Saho-chi on the road to disgrace. If the central committee already has met and car- ried out a drastic shakeup in the party lineup, this would explain bolh the decision to substitute informal celebrations Oct. 1 for the usual parade and the move to put the army in some state of alert for possible trouble. The parades have been staged for 21 years with Mao and the party hierarchy ranged on either side of him in flic reviewing stand. The presence or absence of party leaders, and their order of precedence, have given a generally accurate indication of their stand- ing. Since the introduction of Cliina's moderate for- eign policy under the direction of Chou at least one of the top men in the party, Mao's onetime private secre- tary Chen Po-la, has disappeared from sight and is reliably reported undergoing criticism. He was active in the extreme left wing of the party, along wilh Mao's wife. Cluang Ching, during the cultural revolution, and is believed antagonistic to the new "smiles diplo- macy.1' Another drop-out from the hierarchy is Mao's old security chief, Ilsicli Fu-chih. He was named chairman of Ihe old Peking revolutionary committee created dur- ing the cultural purge. Despite the fact that he also is a member of the party politburo, he dropped complete- ly from public view, thereafter leading to speculation he had fallen into disfavor. A brief announcement early in Ihe year revealed he had been elected chair- man of the new Peking parly committee. But nothing has been heard from him since. Normally he would preside over national day cere- monies and give Ihe order for the start of the parade. Thouph it cannot he entirely discounted, there is liflle inclination here to believe that Mao is dead or gravely ill. The Chinese arc nearly as good as the Nixon administration :it keeping secrets but a major development of this sort would be difficult to sup. press. Too many people, bolh inside and outside China, would be vitally affected for it lo remain hidden for long. Forest fires necessary JACKSON, Wvo. (AP) A (iranri Teton National Park research biologist says there is a possibility man has Rime (IK) in controlling forest fires. Lloyd Loopr, is .studying vegetation in fho fm'.sl fires are necessary to maintain the ecological balance of a foresl. Loope said aspen stands in Ilic park are in danger of extinction liccausc of the decrease in forest fires. Aspen reproduce by spronls i.'ilher than seeds and es- tablish good stands after fires, he said. The fact there have been no fires in the nspen re- gions for nhmif years has caused them lo de- teriorate, he said. BOOKS CLOSE ON MY LAI The My Lai murder trials are over. The U.S. army charg- ed 13 men, brought five to trial, and one, Lieut. William Galley, was found guilty. Other trials freed Capt. Ernest Medina, Lieut. Eugene Kotouc and Sgts. David Mitchell and Charles Hullo of charges in conneKon with the massacre. The photo of the viclims, at top, was taken by former Sgt. Ronald Haeberle and is copyrighted by Life Magazine. Medina has no bitterness FORT MCPHERSON, Ga. (AP) Capt. El-nest L. Me- dina, found not guilty of My Lai massacre charges, says he has no bitterness toward the army but still plans to leave it. The 35-year-old career officer who commanded a U.S. com- pany which swept through My Lai March 16, 1968, was acquit- ted Wednesday of murder, in- voluntary manslaughter and as- sault after a court-martial jury of five Vietnam veterans delib- erated an hour. Meat supply lost in Vauxhall fire VAUXHALL (HNS) Dam- age estimated at and no injuries resulted when the Vauxhall locker plant and meat market was destroyed by a fire of undetermined cause early thij morning. The quonset hut building was engulfed by flame at midnight Wednesday when the fire alarm was sounded by Steve Zanei- wich, owner of the Corona Hotel. Volunteer fire departments from Vauxhall, Hays and Taber responded to 'the call with firefighters remaining on the scene for more than five hours. The firm's owner, Heinz Fikus, was not available for comment. LOSE MEAT SUPPLY "I guess one-third or one-half the people in the town have lost tlieir winter supply of said volunteer firefighter. Fred S a u t e r 's hardware store, the oldest building in Vauxhall, was not damaged, al- though it is less than a fool from the destroyed plant. Vauxhall has a population of 1.200 persons. Lortie is found guilty of kidnapping Laporte His acquittal left Lieut. Wil- liam Calley, one of Medina's platoon leader, the only Ameri- can soldier convicted of atroci- ties at My Lai. "I am extremely he said later. "I have always had complete faith in the military and the military justice system. I always felt I'd be found inno- cent." PLAN'S TO RESIGN Medina, who joined the Na- tional Guard when he was 15 and has been an officer for seven years, said he still plans lo resign from Ihe army. During Ihe trial, Medina testi- fied in his own behalf and main- tained thai he was not aware of atrocities at the time of the massacre. "Reflecting back now, I know I lost control because there were non-combatants killed by my he lestified. "If I had been aware of it that day, I would have stopped it." The jury said it was con- vinced Medina was not aware of Chilian deaths. Medina was accused of tlie premeditated murder of a woman as she lay on a rice paddy outside My Lai. He testi- fied lhat he shol her when she moved because he thought she had a grenade. MONTREAL (CP) Bernard Lorlie, looking tired but calm, at one point smiled Wednesday night when he was told that he had been found guilty of kidnap- ping Pierre Laporte, Quebec labor minister strangled last October. "he unanimous guilty verdict was made .it midnight after 3Vi hours of deliberations by the 12-man jury hearing his case. The 19-year-old trade school dropout is lo be sentenced Nov. Seen and heard About town IJECKNT immigrant from warm British Columbia, new city resident Hill Crooncn has finally discover- ed why there arc defrost but- tons in cars Mary Ann Daiiiolson nral Francis Prcy- cr furthering Ilie Women's Lib Movement by proving they could repair a car as well us any man. 22. He faces a possible sentence of life imprisonment. Mr. Justice Jean-Paul Berge- ron told the accused after the verdict was rendered that his actions during (lie trial were "execrable." Lortie also was charged wilh. contempt of court for tlirowing a small paper ball at Hie judge al Ihe start of last Friday's morning sitting of the trial held in Court of Queen's Bench. No date has been set for pro- ceedings with the contempt charge. DISRUPTS TRIAL The ball-throwing incident was one of a number of disrup- tive outbursts by Jxjrtic during Ih i trial, which began last Mon- day. The accused, who seemed in- different and appeared lo be sleeping throiighoul most of his trial, was exjielled twice for continued interruptions. His last expulsion came Tues- day after he was denied a re- quest tor n week to further pre- pare his defence. While wilh anger nnd crying, Lorlie was ordered out after calling the judge n "swinu" and screaming, will win." Princess cancels part of visit TORONTO (CP) A flight delay caused by fog in London has forced officials to cancel part of Princess Margaret's visit to Toronto today. Plans originally called for the princess lo spend 90 minutes in the Toronto area, but an hour and 20-ininiite delay on her Air Canada flight has meant cancel- lation of an afternoon visit lo Woodbine racetrack. New deal urged in govt. ruli Economic Council critical OTTAWA (CP) The way governments at all levels make decisions can and should be re- formed, says the Economic Council of Canada in ils annual review released today. The council also says new kinds of social statistics should be gathered to show whether the country's goals are being achieved in such fields as health and education, and whether these achievements are evenly shared among regions and among ethnic, age, and other social groups. It said new decision-making processes should be applied to education, including whether students should pay more for their own education, whether courses should be shortened, and whether students should al- ternate more between study and work. It endorsed a 1969 recommen- dation by a federal study group that means be found to ensure the public gets unvarnished facts about government activi- ties, and said the public's rights t o government information should be clarified. The 23-member council, drawn from business, labor, uni- versity, farm and other seg- ments, departs this year from its usual practice in setting goals measured in dollars and cenls. Instead, it takes an over-all view of how governments can be more effective. "Our main the council says in a 250-page re- port, "is that improvements can be made in ways of approaching public decisions, in the tools for analysing and evaluating public policies and programs, and in knowledge and information not only about the processes and structures of decision systems but also about the issues of pol- icy." SPENDING JUMPS The council pegs its renew on the rapid increases in expendi- tures by all eral, provincial and municipal. Belween 1957 and 1968, they jumped lo billion from billion, with expenditures on healtn going up at a compound annual rate of 17.2 per cent, and education expenditures rising 14.3 per cent each year. And the larger role of govern- ments can be measured by other than budgetary means, the council says. Their activities in financial, commercial, regu- and other fields may be increasing more rapidly than the growth rate of expenditures. MANPOWER FIELD In tlie manpower field, the council proposes introduction of new methods of financing on- the-Job training, including a levy from industries using trained men and a grant to those who train them, or tax credits lo companies providing training. The council also questions the current training program's em- phasis on basic training in lan- guage, communication, mathe- matics and science. Originally, the idea was to up. grade workers nearly 40 per cent of males in 1966 had no more than elementary school- ing in preparation for fur- ther training in technological skills. However, general unem- ployment rather Uian displace- ment by technological advance has been tlie main problem in recent years. SCHUMANN, LEFT, GREETED BY SHARP France, Canada friends again OTTAWA (CP) French Foreign Minister Maurice Schu- mann and External Affairs Min- ister Sharp expressed mutual satisfaction today that Franco- Canadian relations are now in a state of "harmony." An external affairs spokes- man said bolh agreed that sig- n i f i c a n t progress had been made in developing relations in tlie last few years. Mr. Schumann, highest-rank- ing French official to come lo Canada since the late president Charles de Gaulle shouted "Vive le Quebec Libre" in Montreal four years ago, ar- rived here Wednesday night for a day of talks with Canadian leaders. "In what was described as a "friendly" half-hour talk, Sharp and Mr. Schumann also exchanged views on China and on the world trade situation in the context of the American economic measures. Canada and France hold "quite similar" views in favor of sealing mainland China in the United Nations, the spokes- man said. Following Ms talk with Mr. Sharp, the French minister con- ferred for a half-hour with Trade Minister Jean-Luc Pepin, then headed into a two-hour penary session with Mr. Sharp, attended also by a group of French and Canadian officials. Aside from mutual expres- sions of interest in increasing Franco-Canadian trade, the dis- Edmonton MLA new Speaker EDMONTON (CP) Tlie Progressive Conservative cau- cus yesterday approved the ap- poiniir.ent of Gerry Amerongen of Edmonton Mcadowlark as Speaker of the legislative as- sembly. It also approved the appoint- ments of Bill Diachuk of Ed- monton, Beverly as deputy speaker and Jack Cooksou of Lacimbe as party whip. cussion between Mr. Schumann and Mr. Pepin touched on the concrete question of expanded industrial co-operation. The two ministers talked about the possibility of Canadair of Montreal obtaining a subcon- tract from the Dassault aircraft corporation of France for work on the j'lercure aircraft. Mr. Schumann was also to meet Prime Minister Trudeau and other cabinet ministers. Burdett man killed Cecil Frederick London, 63, of Burdett was killed Wednes- day when the car he was driv- ing was in collision with a park- ed mobile drilling rig on High- way 3 near Burdett, 60 miles east of Lethbridge. The mobile drilling unit was owned by Wardean Drilling Co. of Calgary. Coroner Dr. E. G. F. Skinner of Medicine Hat has not made a. decision on an inquest. Woio where ii'crc ire U.S. gets ears pinned back UNITED NATIONS (CP) The Umled Slates emerged slightly bloodied Wednesday after the first of several clashes expected in the Uniled Nations over whether China should be seated and Taiwan expelled. Some observers said the U.S. suffered at least a psychological setback in pushing ils "dual reprcsciilalion" China initiative a pair of advance of the China debate in the General Assembly starting about Oct. in. Wednesday's clash came in Uio steering commit- tee of the assembly on die agenda the 130 delegates will debate during Ihe next three months. The committee agreed by the rirrow margin of 11 lo 9 to in- clude an American item on the agend.'i calling for a scat for bolh China and Taiwan. There wore four abstentions including Brilain and France. But by a much greater major- to 2 wilh four absten- also agreed lo include (he Albanian item calling for expulsion of Taiwan and scaling of China in all UN bodies. Tai- wan and Costa Rica opposed It and Ihe U.S., Belgium, Japan and (he Philippines abstained. Then it for, 12 against and Ihree an American bid lo debate both items under the hearing "the question of wilh the rival formulations listed as sub- items. Britain and France were among those who voted against it. SF.EN AS SETBACK Some observers saw the vole as n setback lor Ihe Americans. Others called il an outright dis- aster. They said it could help some undecided countries to jump on the bandwagon of lliose opposed to any two-Cluna policy. 11 is expected that the assem- bly will agree to invite China lo join the UN, but few arc certain whether the IJ.S'. will be able lo keep Taiwan in. In Taipei, Ihe Taiwan govern- ment denounced Ihe U.S. resolu- tion as a flagrant violation of the UN charter. United States Ambassador George Bush said he was disap- pointed by Wednesday's vole, noting that such traditional U.S. allies ns Britain and Franco ab- stained or volcd against the U.S.