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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Wednesday, September 23, 1970 Maurice Western Do Not Forbid Fireworks The suggestion of placing a ban on the sale of fireworks in the city for personal use is a ticklish one for coun- cil to tackle. Does any city council have the authority to forbid sale of a product which may be dangerous when mis- used? And does it have the right to decide what is useful? Cigarette smoking cannot be con- sidered useful. Health warnings are issued constantly, yet existing regula- tions concerning sale of cigarettes to minors are ignored by the public daily. Motor cars are far more dangerous than firecrackers and far more often misused, but there is no suggestion that their sale or possession be made illegal. Cutting off the source of supply is easier than trying to enforce restric- tions, but comes close to infringing upon personal freedom. Most fireworks contain writ- Wanted: Government Answers The Social Credit party, during the next general election may experience its most uncomfortable moments when questions are raised over the suspension and eventual resignation of Jack Day former Alberta Motion Picture Censor Board chairman. Mr. Day one time actor, news- paper man and government .public information officer, was charged in the past year with four counts of having committed sexual improprie- ties 13 years ago. He was acquitted on all counts by the Alberta Supreme Court and low- er courts. The Social Credit government sus- pended Mr. Day last winter when the first charge was laid. Nine months later he found himself an innocent man before the law, but a much poor- er man. The government refused him salary during those months, and con- tinued to do so after his exoneration. Nor was any firm indication given after the acquittals as to whether Mr. Day would be re-instated or dismiss- ed. He subsequently was forced to sell some of his belongings and cash his insurance policies. When still no word was forthcoming from Provinc i a 1 Secretary Ambrose Holowach, into whose department the now two man censor board falls, Mr. Day went on welfare. Last week, through his legal ad- viser, he received a payment of more than from the government and agreed to resign. The whole situation has been en- tirely unsatisfactory as far as gov- ernment explanations to the elector- ate. Why was Mr. Day paid off to re- sign? On what basis was he banned from resuming his duties on the board? Does the government not be- lieve in the competence of its own courts? What the public is almost forced to conclude from the Day case is that the government takes slander at face value, that any public employee, re- gardless of his legal innocence, can expect to be found guilty by the gov- ernment by the mere fact of being accused. If the government has other rea- sons for not re instating Mr. Day, it owes the public some mention of them. If there are no other reasons, Jack Days' travail is a classic case for investigation by the Alberta ombuds- man. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON A new book will soon appear on the market which will cause a sensation in scientific circles. It is titled "The Naked Man" and it was written by Frederick the in, a chimpan- iee attached to the Rockefeller Institute. Frederick ni was involved in some enzyme experiments at the institute which took up only a few hours of his day. Because he was restless, the directors gave him a typewriter to play with. You can imagine their surprise when instead of just mess- ing around1, Frederick wrote a book. Frederick's book, and this is the shock- er, claims that all chimpanzees, monkeys and apes evolved from man. He says that man was the first primate before there were apes of any kind. Frederick is not certain when man first appeared on earth, though ha suspects it was at least 30 million years ago. As time went on and man went through many stages, he started to develop many apelike qualities until today it is easy for apes to identify with man and realize how much they have in common. Many apes and chimpanzees are horri- fied to think they resemble man in any way and a chimpanzee named Treetop with the National Institute of Mental Health, has written a paper denouncing Frederick Hi's thesis. Treetop maintains that although in some respects men are looking more and more like apes, the ape could not have possibly evolved from man. He has attacked Frederick Ill's research on the grounds that except for the few men he has come into contact with at the Rockefeller Institute the only other men he has observed are flower children in tho park that he can see from his caged win- dow. Frederick says in his book that the sim- ilarities between apes and man are greater than one might think. Man today is be- having likes apes used to behave before they were civilized. Man puts great em- phasis on territory and seems to be willing to kill to protect his turf. As a lower form of ape, a man is unable to deal with any situation without screaming and shouting. Frederick cites examples where men have been placed in large apartment buildings for lengths of time and have gone berserk. Treetop says that man's behavior is more similar to rats than to apes, and while man behaves irrationally in almost any situation and may resort to extreme measures when endangered it does not fol- low that just because men beat their chests and growl that they belong in tha ape family. Frederick thinks that the primitive per- sonality traits of man have been adapted by apes. Having studied man under lab- oratory conditions, Frederick has discover- ed that the eating habits and sex life of homo sapiens follow a pattern similar to those practised by modern apes. Survival seems to be the basic principle in man's jungle, and while apes do not resort to vio- lence unless provoked, man has not yet evolved to a point in his development where he can tell why he behaves the way Ii2 does. Treetop disagrees. He maintains that man has gone as far as he'll ever go, and hasn't changed from the day he was born. The instinct in men to destroy is so strong that it is slander to class them in any way with apes. Frederick's response to that is to cite King Kong's destruction of t h e Empire State Building as something man might do. Treetop says King Kong was an excep- tion to the rule and it's unfair to use one gorilla's behavior as a sample. In any case, when the book comes out there will be a continuing controversy on it. One side will be the apes who would hate to acknowledge they have inherited any characteristics from man. On Ihe oth- er side will be those monkeys, chimpan- zees and gorillas who will admit that some of their traits are possibly man-evolved, and will now try to deal with the problem in an ape-like way. (Toronto Telegram News Service) A Yodelling Choir Boy By.Doug.Walker got to church early one Sunday and had to sit further forward than usual. The Wadstcins' timing was a bit off, too, and they were seated with us way up five rows from the back! During the announcements, Mr. Jones appealed for some more male volunteers for the choir. Lorna whispered to me that Al could yodel. I don't know any anthems that call for a yctieller but with church nuisic undergoing changes (here just might be need of Al one of these days. We'll have to watch McKillop United Church ads for the time when it is announced that tho service will be enhanced by having a yodelling choir bov. Constitution Has Not Been Unalterable ten warnings cibout their uso, and tlia adult is expected to use wisdom and supervision thereafter. One must sympathize with a par- ent whose child is injured through im- proper use firecrackers. In the in- stance before City Council, the par- ents took proper precautions but ap- parently the neighbor did not. However it is impossible for the community to remove all hazards. Wherever there are people, there will be accidents involving people. The task of the community is to balance the hazard against the im- pairment to adventurous living caus- ed by the removal of the hazard. Brownings, for instance, could be re- duced by making swimming pools il- legal, but would it be worth it? In defence of children in this over- regulated and highly artificial so- ciety we argue that firecrackers con- tribute considerable childhood pleas- ure and with normal supervision that pleasure outweighs the hazard. The statement Icrprelalion and by a variety v of conclusions issued be- of other ingenious methods ever since (he written part of tiie British North America Act 1867 was committed to paper. Even the crisis must latedly by the constitutional conference supports the view that communiques vary in- versely in length with tlia amount of work successfully accomplished. There has evi- dently been some change in accepted priorities and proce- dures but nothing to place in imminent peril what is variously described as our "100-year-old" or "horse and buggy constitution." If we indeed suffered from such a constitution, the lack of substantive achievement in Ottawa would certainly be cause for glcom and despond- ency. But, in fact, no such constitution exists. We have teen changing it by formal amendment, by judieal in- deep freeze the- admit that the changes have been fairly sub- stantial: otherwise Canada would still consist of four prov- inces (two of them much smaller than at vot- ing would be limited to male British subjects, and six of the present premiers would have no more right to participate in the constitutional discussions than the mayor of Yellowknife. The "horse-and-buggy" char- acterization became popular in the 1930s when we appeared to be. plodding along in aimless fashion, partly because of se- verely restrictive court deci- sions. Since that time progress lias'been impressive enough to warrant the comment: some horse, some buggy. As it turn- ed out, there were possibilities even in the hobbled constitu- tion unimagined in depression days. Otherwise we could scarcely have experienced the radical transformation of a re- latively simple society into tho welfare state which now, ac- cording to Bryce Mackasey, is yielding without consti- tutional change to the "ser- vice state." In part, this was made pos- sible by normal amendments (having to do, for example, with unemployment insurance, old age pensions and supple- mentary But it also resulted from olher changes commonly overlooked in public discussions. Thus the amended Supreme Court Act of 1M9 abolished appeals to the judi- cial committee in London, the tribunal composed of men living in a unitary society far different from our Was responsible for the restric- tive decisions. This, from Que- bec's standpoint, was too great a change; in fact it became a grievance which has now led to the demand for a separate con- stitutional court. Our governments undeterred by hors.es and buggies, have also been changing realities beyond recognition by federal- provincial devices of all de- scriptions, the mosi; extreme being the opting-out expedient. What the meetings of Uie past three years appeal' to have shown is that the sup- posed urgency of constitutional reform is largely fanciful. If "In case you fellows don't get up this way again it's been nice knowing you." Letters To The Editor Advocacy Of A System of Debt-Free Money f am in complete agreement with the title given Mr. John MacKenzie's letter in The Her- ald of Sept. 15th, for competi- tion DOES solve many prob- lems. The sad fact of life is that competition is NOT left free to do its work, but as Mr. MacKenzie states, it is voided at every turn by those who would seek special privilege through the many ways open to us. I believe our main problem is something very basic, and it will be the main problem un- der ANY SYSTEM unless it is corrected. It is in the area of the national money supply. Ap- proximately 98 per cent of our business is done by "cheque book and even cheque book money does not "just hap- It MUST come into exis- tence at some point. The pow- er to create the nation's mon- ey supply is the sole right of the Federal Government, but it has given this power away. All money comes into exis- tence by being loaned into cir- culation. It is "born" as a debt, and it "dies" upon repayment of debt. S'pace does not permit me to go into detail on this, but this is a well documented fact. Because of this method, the "fractional reserve sys- the people of Canada must be either perpetually in debt, or without a money sup- ply. This takes away our free- dom, and effectively curbs free competition by the building of monopolies, making a pathway for special privilege, placing people in positions where they ask for govermncnt interven- tion, subsidies and supports, and resulting in regulation and regimentation to the point of imposing a system of confisca- tory taxation on all. The correction of this prob- lem, and the implementing of a system of debt-free money supply is so simple that most people will not believe it. It does not require the socializa- tion of ANY business or indus- try. It does not require that government "take over" the banks, for they have a very important function to perform. It does not require that govern- ment make huge expenditures, or engage in costly and unne- Unfortunate Illustration In the September 12 Herald the "Focus on the University" column arrested my attention. JVIr. Fishbourne's comme n t s prompt me to join with him in defence of the university. My personal experience at the Uni- versity of Lethbridge has been one of fairness on the part of most professors as well as stu- dents in the matter of personal convictions. Certainly one ex- pects to encounter many views at an institution where intellec- tual pursuits are entered. However, his choice of illus- tration will only serve to add fuel to the fire. Msybe it is this very thing which attracts criti- cism. Christianity does not deny the laws of the universe. How a rainbow is formed has never been questioned. The Bible does state that before the flood there was no rain, hence no clouds. While man may have ob- served rainbow phenomenon in waterfalls, etc., he had never ob- served them in the skies. It was in connection with rain and flooding that the rainbow ap- peared in the sky and this was God's sign to Noah regarding further floods. And really, is it so far-fetched to believe that God is able to suspend or repeal the laws by which He created? It all de- pends on the kind of God one believes in, or doesn't believe in! And, by the way, I don't think it has been proved that it is non intellsctual to inves- tigate Or to believe in God dur- ing the search for knowledge and truth. Universities are great, places and will remain so as long as unbiased attitudes prevail. N. W. HEEBNER LeUibridge. cessary public works, or spend vast sums for foreign aid. A proper system where the money supply of the nation is placed in circulation as a DEBT FREE PUBLIC UTIL- ITY is simple to implement, will reduce taxes, will make it unnecessary for government to engage in "levelling off" people through socialistic measures, and will reverse the trend of inflation. It will open up the way for those obnoxious trou- bles recited by Mr. MacKenzio (and many others) to be el- iminated, and for free com- governments (whatever their public professions) sincerely felt that they were being crip- pled in any particular respect by constitutional provisions, they would be concentrating on specific difficulties instead of engaging in a leisurely review of everything from A to Z. Without doubt there has from time to time been ur- gency of a sort in various capi- tals. It seems, however, to have been a political urgency not un- related to approaching elec- tions and requiring less con- stitutional change than con- stitutional posture. For the constitution (or what is widely taken as the constitution) has provoked, over the years, a re- markably attractive whipping boy. Without it, public atten- tion might have been less easily diverted from the in- adequacies of government. It is quite true that the men of 1867 did not foresee all the concerns of 1970 and the list- ing of responsibilities in artic- les 91 and 92 is far from com- prehensive. But this defect is not necessarily grave and re- medial action would not ne- cessarily banish our problems. An obvious c a s.e is environ- mental management, pollution being one of the dominating themes of our era. As Mr. Rob- arts has pointed out, it would be very difficult to delineate responsibilities in this vast field and there is a strong case for developing mechanisms en- suring high flexibility. This is not all. Ontario, fronting on the Great Lakes, has been the most active prov- ince in the anti-pollution field. The greatest difficulties at present, as shown by t h e re- cent Great Lakes environmen- tal conference, do not result from contested jurisdiction in Canada. They can be solved only through co-operation with Washington and the eight states bordering the lakes. Con- stitutional change in Canada would not touch the in- ternational aspect of the prob- lem. Various constitutional amendments certainly would be desirable and should be sought, but it ought now to-be clear that the western pre- miers, often characterized as n e a n d e r thals by indignant critics have from the outset been far more realistic than their detractors in central Canada. They put the empha- sis, not on a dream constitu- tion, but on the improvement and palliation of the existing act. There is a high probabil- ity that time and energy ex- pended in this fashion might by now have produced some useful results. The revised strategy of tha constitutional conference ac- cords higher priority to the search for an acceptable amending formula.. There was of course a near-success in this quest at some danger to fed- eral powers in 1964. At pres- ent prospects are uncertain; Mr. Bourassa has plainly stated that he is not prepared to go back to Fulton Favreau but where he is prepared to go remains a mystery. If the premiers are now to concentrate on amending the formula they ought not to go on the assumption that more the causes for sirife, strikes, resentment, rebellion, civil unrest, poverty and war, and MAKE US TRULY FREE. A. E. HANCOCK. Raymond. Look At Russia impress the public and that any formula will be accept- able providing governments agree. The amending process was not originally difficult al- though it has been made much more so by the acquies- cence of federal governments in conventions unknown to the founding fathers. But conven- tions are not so binding as gov- ernments like to suggest; Mr. LaPointe, in emergency, in- voked disallowance although it was then quite widely assumed that the power had died from long years of disuse. Resort to London for amend- ment of the act may be undignified but it involves no Tlie Punishing Society Serious travesties of justice are occurring in our society yet few people seem concerned. Surely it is a matter for alarm when men are accused ot crimes, acquitted by the courts, yet nevertheless are so LOOKING BACKWARD escape over the walls around that country. It appears that "freedom fighter" (whoever ho stigmatized! or victimized, that or she may is completely they lose their jobs and are divorced from reality. treated by institutions, both religious and political, as if they were, guilty! Two cases come to mind of the Rev. Russell Hors- burgh, ultimately acquitted of THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Canadians arc great telephone users. There arc lO.ii telephones for every !00 of population. Canada is second, with the United Stales leading with 13.6 per 100 people. deficit of on the exhibition has forced the fair board to ask the city for needed funds. The fair has paid its way for seven years, but this year declining gale re- ceipts were given as the cause of the deficit. horrified and angry Britain vowed to continue lha evacuation of children over- seas despite German torpedo- ing of a mercy ship, with the loss o( 87 youngsters and 206 grown-ups, bound for Canada. is a shortage of 118 teachers in Alberta. The greatest shortage is in the Bon- nyville district northeast of Ed- monton where 17 one-room schools are without teachers. Premier Khrush- chev laid before the United Na- tions a treaty intended to set up machinery for a three-stage world disarmament plan. lice state" such as Russia is. RAY KEITGES Lethbridge. I neither support nor con- demn the South African gov- ernment, b u I so long as it offers no resistance to persons wishing to leave that country, I say that it is not "a pervert- charges brought against him ed, immoral and terrifying po- yet subjected to discrimination by the United Church of Can- ada, and that of the Alberta censor, Mr. Jack Day, acquit- ted of charges brought against him yet relieved of his position and denied his salary hy the government of Alberta. Surely it is a mockery o( justice when courts acquit but other institutions continue to treat the accused as if they were guilty. Such injustice It would be nice if "freedom, fighter" (see Sept. 8th Herald) would reverse his position and become a "fighter FOR free- He condemns South Africa which has no restrictions on emigration from that country. He makes no mention of Rus- _ ______ .._ sia where thousands of persons difficulty, the procedure being have been killed for trying to purely automatic. The goal should be patriation but not at the price of tying ourselves in constilutional knots. It is important to ensure that things are not made worse than at present and this will necessitate a more searcliing examination of such matters as vetoes, double vetoes and the implications of the principle of delegation for the effective ac- countability of governments, through Parliament and the legislatures, to the people. (Herald Ollawa Bureau) The Lethbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher. Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN thoroughly u n d e r mines con- fidence in social process and encourages anti-social feeling. RAY GOODALL Lethbridge. Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of Tne Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit ofcirciffioni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Ediior Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Ediior THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;