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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SCATTERED SHOWERS HIGH FORECAST WEDNESDAY 60 The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXIII 237 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1970 I'KICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 16 PAGEi Raw Sewage Transformed Into Water It Tastes Good By HOWARD BENEDICT F1SHEATJNG CREEK, Fla. (AP) Dr. David D. Woodbridge lifted a glass of water to his lips and drank it dry. Hours earlier, the water had .been raw sewage from this south Florida campground. "It's clean and it's he said. The sewage had been transformed into pure, odor- less water like slightly warm distilled water by gamma radiation at the first commercial nuclear sew- age disposal plant built in the United States, perhaps the world. The plant essentially treats sewage in the usual way until, just before final filtering the ef- fluent is bombarded with rays from radioactive cobalt -60. The process is flexible. Water can be treated to such pureness it can be drunk or it can receive lesser treatment for use in irrigation. Has Wide Effect Irradiation with cobalt does more than rid the sewage of disease-causing muses and bacteria. It also breaks up deadly pesticides and reduces by up to one- third the quantity of phosphates and other nutrients in the water. The plant has been in commercial operation for more than six months treating sewage from trailers, bath houses, toilets and laundry machines at the Fish- eating Creek campground west of Lake Okeechobee. Some gallons are treated daily, with as much as gallons on peak weekend days. The plant is the brainchild of Woodbridge and his colleagues at Florida Institute of Technology in Mel- bourne. Woodbridge heads the physics department and is research director. William E. Garrett, who supervised construction, explained that water from campground sources feeds through pipes into a wet well where paper and other solid objects are trapped and either screened out or broken down so they car enter the system. Use Air Bubbles The sewage flows from there into an air-bubbling aeration facility common to most sewage disposal plants. Then it goes into the radiation chamber where it is sterilized by gamma rays. The water does not directly contact the cobalt-60 but circulates around a core containing the radioactive material. The water then moves into a dilution tank where residue created by oxidation of waste is removed..From there it goes into a primary vacuum filter, a polishing carbon filter and finally empties through a pipe into a nearby swamp. There is no radioactive material in the outflowing water and it is perfectly safe to the surrounding area, Garrett said. Woodbridge said the treated water is not used for drinking at the camp because there is a plentiful nor- mal supply. Allowing for evaporation, Woodbridge said a mu- nicipality could save 80 per cent of its water by re- cycling it any number of times through an irradiator. Alberta May Lower Voting Age Limit EDMONTON (CP) Lowering the age of major- ity from 21 will be one of the subjects discussed by the 1971 session of the Alberta legislature, says Attor- ney-General Edgar Gerhart. He said in an interview Monday he would like to see the adult age limit dropped to 18 years and the juvenile classification move up from 16 for males. Fe- males now are juveniles until they are 18. A proposal now is being drawn up for presenta- tion to the legislature, listing the advantages and dis- advantages of having the juvenile and adult age groups brought together with no period between. Premier Harry Strom told (lie 1970 session his So- cial credit government would introduce a bill affect- ing the age of majority at the coming session. Affects Everything Mr. Gerhart said the change would affect every- thing the drinking age, the age of marriage without parental consent, the right to enter into contracts and the right to hold property. "I believe that young people are much more so- phisticated and enlightened, more mature, knowledge- able and with broader experience and points of view" than in the past. Lowering the age to 18 would mean Alberta would also have to reduce its voting age in provincial and municipal elections by one year. Increasing the juvenile category to 18 for males would eliminate Die period during which teen-agers are treated "as both an adult and a child" he said. "This is inconsistent." Guerrillas Threaten U.S. YOUNG CASUALTY OF WAR An International Red Cross worker carries a wounded young Jordanian girl from Red Cross plane at Beirut. Found wounded and wandering alone in the war torn streets of Amman, she was put aboard the Red Cross plane which took the first evacuees from Amman to Beirut for treatment. Life President To Step Down BELGRADE AP) Presi- dent Tito has announced that he will step down after ruling Yu- goslavia for 25 years and turn the country's government over to a collective leadership. Tito, 78, did not indicate what his position would be, but it was believed in Belgrade, the capi- tal, that he would be a member of the new body. "I am qm'te long in this post and I would like to have more possibilities to work on some other he said in a speech Monday in Zagreb, the country's second largest city. Tito, who broke from Moscow In 1948 and was named presi- dent for life in 1963, said reor- ganization of the country's Com- munist government was.neces- sary to preserve Yugoslavia's unity. He gave no timetable for the changeover. But he said speculation on who might suc- ceed him could provoke a crisis, and that to avoid it, governmen- tal restructuring was necessary. He explained that he initiated the change because "if someone Air can Checks Hand Baggage Of Passengers A spokes- man for Air Canada said today the airline is checking the hand baggage of all passengers be- cause of recent hijackings and bomb scares. He said the spot checks have been conducted for about a week at airport check-in points and departure lounges. The checks of domestic flights, he said, have been used primarily on DC-8 planes which are capable of long, journeys and are possible prey for hi- jackers. In Jordan BEIRUT, Lebanon (CP) -r- Jordanian and Palestine guerrilla forces battled i n Amman and in northern Jordan today in the sixth day of a conflict that Cairo radio declared has cost lives. The Palestine guerrilla leaders warned the United States that ail American interests in the Middle East would be destroyed if its troops intervened in Jor- else did, it would look as if they wanted to remove me." PRESIDIUM PLANNED Tito said he would be re- placed by a presidium that would be "a form of collective president of Yugoslavia." The body would consist of represent- atives from the country's six re- publics and its main social and political organizations, including the Communist party. Tito was a partisan leader against the Nazis in the Second World War and maintained close ties with the Soviet Union immediately following the war. But in 1S48, his country became the first Soviet satellite to break away. The United States was pleased by the break and provided Tito's government with more than billion in assistance of various kinds. In later years Yugoslavia's relations with Moscow and Washington alter- nately warmed and cooled. PRESIDENT TITO U.S. ACCUSED A statement by the central committee of the Palestine Lib- eration Organization broadcast on the Damascus-based guer- rilla radio accused the U.S. of masterminding the "Amman bloodbath." The statement also accused the Americans of having closed their eyes to the massacres "committed by their lackeys in Amman." Egypt also warned against any American intervention in Jordan as a "hostile action against the whole Arab people." Information Minister Mo- hammed Hassanein Heikal told a news conference in Cairo that U.S. action in the midst of the Jordanian strife would have re- percussions far beyond the Mid- dle East. U.S. TROOPS ALERTED The U.S. 6th Fleet continued to be reinforces in the Mediter- ranean and warships were on patrol less than 100 miles off the coast of Israel while troops were placed on the alert in Europe and the United States. But Washington was looking for a diplomatic solution of the crisis. Britain and France were re- ported opposed to any interven- tion and Washington declined to say whether Jordan had asked for the United States to inter- vene. The Soviet Union formally ad- vised Britain it opposes foreign intervention in the Jordanian conflict, informed diplomats re- ported in London. A "shoot to kill" curfew was reimposed on Amman, with half the Jordanian capital reported in ruins and government troops and guerrillas fighting from street to street. SUMMIT POSTPONED The Arab League's summit conference on Jordan was in- definitely postponed Tuesday night. The Soviet Union mean- time has informed the Uni- ted States it is in touch with the Syrian government about an alleged invasion of nortlt- ern Jordan hy troops from Syria the state department said today. At Lebanon, meanwhile, the Popular Front for the Libera- tion of Palestine said today it considers its Western hijack hostages as prisoners-of-war because the United States, Bri- tain, West Grmany and Swit- zerland took a joint stand with Israel over the problem. Seiison: Canada COPENHAGEN (CP) Can- ada will re-establish a pegged exchange rate for the dollar when its economy is moving for- ward again and other countries slow their inflation, Finance Minister Edgar Benson said today. He told the annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund the new pegged rate will be somewhat lower than its cur- rent high-riding level of nearly 99 cents in terms of U.S. money. It was pegged at 92.5 cents until June 1, when it was set free to find its own level in interna- Hunt Begins For Atlantic Balloonists NEW YORK CAP) The Ca- nadian Forces and the U.S. Coast Guard joined today in a search for three Dauoonists be- lieved down in rough Atlantic seas some 500 miles southeast of St John's, Mid., The three, two men and a woman, were last heard from at p.m. Monday when they ra- dioed: "Six hundred feet and descending. Signing off. Will try contact after landing." The huge orange balloon, christened The Free Life lifted off front a Long Island cow pas- ture Sunday afternoon. Aboard were Rod Anderson, 32, a New York commodities broker; Pamela Brown, 28, a tele- vision actress and Malcolm Brighton, 32 of Farnham, Eng- land, an aeronautical engineer. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN JUTANY VISITORS helping se- nior citizen Robert George Hughes celebrate his 90th birthday at the home of his daughetr Mrs. Pearl Me- Hague at Adams Ice Cen- tre opening day, Cindy Smith assuring everyone she could skate a lot better "if the ice wasn't so slippery" tional exchange markets. Benson also told the meeting attended by bankers, fi- nance ministers, foreign aid of- ficials and advisers that Canada would like the IMF to set new rules allowing curren- cies to trade day-to-day dealings within a wider margin than the one-per-cent limit above and below official pegs. He said Canada's experience with the current floating of the dollar will be useful to the IMF as it considers ways to allow more flexibility into the system. The IMF cannot legally approve the float, and executive officers have recommended against floating as a general policy. Benson related the back- ground of Canada's decision to unpeg the dollar temporarily. Foreign capital made it impossi- ble last spring for the govern- ment and the Bank of Canada to continue buying U.S. dollars with Canadian dollars without having to borrow huge sums from the public at high interest rates. This, or creating a lot of new money, would have height- ened inflationary pressures. The export surge, paricularly to non-American markets, is continuing while Canadian im- ports have not grown as rapidly because of the anti-inflationary economic slowdown in Canada. Meanwhile inflation has grown stronger in Europe, pumping more foreign money into Can- ada. The Canadian government now is easing its restraints, let- ting some growth occur in the money supply and allowing some increase in government spending. As a result, Canada has less dependence on foreign inflows of capital and interest rates have eased. McNAMARA TARGET COPENHAGEN (AP) Dele- gates to the International Mone- tary Fund conference talked about paper gold today while thousands of young people pro- tested the presence of former defence secretary Robert S. McNamara of the United States, now president of the World Bank. About demonstrators marched to the meeting hall Monday shouting "Hang Mc- Some 600 palieemen protected the building. Mc- Namara was not inside at the time. STEPHEN ROMAN Roman Sues Govt. TORONTO (CP) Stephen B. Roman, clu'ef executive offi- cer of Denison Mines Ltd. of To- ronto, said today he has in- structed his legal staff to file suit against the federal govern- ment in connection wi'''i the firm's operations at Elliot Lake Ont. Mr. Roman declined to elabo- rate, saying "all the details will be revealed in the pleadings and proceedings and when the writ is issued." He told a news conference that the suit will be filed with the Ontario Supreme Court in a few days. Mr. Roman began the confer- ence with the announcement of the smt, and then covered sev- eral aspects of his recent prob- lems with Ottawa. Earlier this year, Mr. Roman proposed to sell majority con- trol of Denison to Hudson's Bay OH and Gas Co. Ltd. of Calgary, a U.S.-controlled firm. SALE BLOCKED Ottawa blocked the sale in order to keep Denison, major Canadian uranium producer under Canadian control. Mr. Roman said today the proposed sale is not dead, and the legal action concerns the sale plan "in a way." Mr. Roman announced last month that he had extended by six months to June 30, 1971, the deadline for closing the Elliot Lake operation. Trudeau Visit Dates Fixed OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- ister Trudeau will visit the So- viet Union from Monday, Oct. 19, to Thursday, Oct. 29. An announcement today said the prime minister will meet Premier Alexei Kosygin and other Russian leaders during the visit. Beckel Paints Gloomy Picture Money Squeeze Hits Lethbridge Campus 'Top auto executives predict 10 million cars will be told in Canada's economic recession has hit the University of Leth- bridge with an iron fist, and the consequences could be dis- astrous. In a special report to the U of L Senate Saturday, Acting President Dr. Bill Becfcel said that due to an enrolment lower than estimated and several oth- er factors, the university will operate this year at a deficit in its million bud- get. He is reported to have told the senate's closed mee ting that 89 per cent of the univer- sity's operating budget is al- ready committed for contract- ed goods and services (faculty, staff, bulk This leaves only 11 per about in other bud- get items from which any funds could yet be pared, and Dr. Beckel says even minor sav- ings in them are completely im- possible. ENROLMENTS DROP Lower than estimated en- rolments have been the rule in Alberta this year. The Univer- sity of Alberta. Edmonton, saw 3 student drop costing it. about million in lost grants; the University of Calgary had an 800 student drop, costing it about million. The U of L had projected a student enrolment, but has recorded only stu- dents. Universities must prep are budgets almost a year before they are to be spent, so they DR. BILL BECKEL forecasts deficit know they will have funds to employ new faculty members, institute new programs and oth- er necessities. They base these budget pro- jections on the number of stu- dents they expect to have, and then commit themselves through binding contracts with new professors and businesses they buy supplies from. But if the enrolment is lower than expected, as has happen- ed tin's year, they are given funds only to the extent of en- rolment, on a per student ba- sis, even though they have al- ready been forced to spend in advance the money they lose. The U or L suffers an addi- tional blow not faced by the other campuses: its enrolment always increases by about 100 students in its spring semester, but the financing system is set up for a non semester system and grants are based on en- rolment as of Dec. 1. No allow- ance is given for the spring in- crease. CHANGE NEEDED Dr. Beckel says a change in budgeting systems is needed if universities are to become more efficient but matters will almost certainly become worse for the U of L before changes can be made, he adds. A potential solution might be an increase in student tuition fees, but the department of ed- ucation has ordered a fee freeze for this year and next year due to the Canadian economic pic- ture. Dr. Beckel emphasized he was not blaming the govern- ment for the difficulties hi any way, only stating what they were, and what they will result in: cutbacks in programs, cut- backs in support staff, cutbacks in new faculty with drastic in- creases resulting in the number of students in each class, a de- creased ability of the univer- sity to provide a quality edu- cation for its students. And a major related govern- ment concern stems from a forecasted demand by univer- sities for at least million in capital expenditures on new facilities in the period from 1972 to 1977, following a million sum for 1967 to 1972. The senate has passed a res- olution to be p'resented to thv provincial government asking for special assistance for the U of L, which suffers more from cutbacks than the U of A and U of C because of its small size and its youthful lads of accumulated facilities. ilfm'' UNITED APPEAL Countdown To Go ;