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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 21, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, Saptambar HE LsTHBRIDGE HERALO-5 A collection of brief book reviews 'The Devil's Storybook" by Natalie Babbitt (Uoubleday Canada Limited, 101 >ages In 10 original stories, Natalie Babbitt describes some adventures of the devil. Old Nick is a jenevolent old gentle- man and it's not sur- prising his crafty schemes often fail. Some of his es- capades are very humorous, aspecially his encounter with Walpurgis (a talking the attempts to steal a harp from Heaven, and the unfor- tunate case of the mixed-up ashes. In other stories the devil finds humans such con- fusing creatures that he has to admit, "I'll never understand this if I live to be a trillion." This is a delightful, well- written book with excellent black and white illustrations. It should please children and their parents. TERRY MORRIS 'White Goats and Black Bees" by Donald Grant, ;Doubleday Co., Inc., 316 When youth returns to the and. it's not surprising. When ,'ou're in your fifties, have never farmed, and choose a "oreign land, it's astounding. That is what Donald Grant, ,op correspondent for the St. jouis Post Dispatch and his lournalist wife, both working Trom the UN did. Having left behind in New York City a life of luxury and 80 per cent of their income, they chose a remote spot in Southern Ireland to make their home. On a scrap of rocky land with only-a small jit fit for gardening they made their attempt to become self-sufficient, and in a year changed from sophisticated :ity folks to country peasants. To keep the cycle of food production in motion they raised goats, bees, ducks and rabbits. The seriousness of their undertaking and willingness to learn gradually led the Irish to accept them as one of themselves. The book, written with warmth and understanding gives account of their ac- tivities, sometimes joyous, often filled with frustration. But when daffodils pop up in January and the mistle thrush sings through the rain, one begins to understand what is meant by the "quality of life" as the Grants so well have set it out. ELSIE MORRIS "Songs of the Chippewa" by John Bierhorst (Doableday Canada Ltd., 47 Supplemented by the superb sepia art of Joe Servello. these 17 Chippewa songs un- derline the directness and simplicity of Indian songs. The songs say in two or three lines what it takes today's song writers five minutes to say. Though there's only 10 words in the Song of a Boy Growing Up, the picture con- jured up in one's mind is far greater than the 10 words: The receding sound of the nest. I listen to it. GARRY ALLISON Collector's Guide to Dollhouses and Dollhouse Miniatures" by Marian Maeve O'Brien. (Prentice-Hall of I'anada, Ltd., 213 Doll houses are not just for children. This hobby, which las captivated the imagina- tion of adults as well, is now the third largest in the world. The author describes some "amous doll houses and their contents. Many of the interiors are furnished with authentic period pieces including original paintings, -evealing much historic infor- mation of the life of that era. The first part of the book deals with the history of doll louses whose construction -angc from simple paper cut outs to elaborate structures, in some cases designed by irchitects. The furniture section describes both wood and metal miniatures and delves into items of ceramic and There are numerous with eight fui) >ages in color. Also included arc suggestions for starting a Election and forming a cJub. a list of craftsmen and dealers, and publications of interest to the collector. If you're not already a microphiJe. this book will whet your interest and may jtop you from discarding those old Cracker Jack prizes. FJ MORRIS "Slave of the Haida" by Doris Andersen (MacMillan Co. of Canada Ltd., A pleasant youth book concerning the son of a Salish chief. Kim-ta, who is taken by the Haida and becomes their slave. It is easy, enjoyable reading and the young reader will learn some interesting facts about Canada's west coast tribes as well as being entertained. GARRY ALLISON "The Splendor Seekers" by Allen Churchill (George J. McLeod Limited, S11.50, 278 When you're so rich you count your millions in tens or hundreds you have a problem how to spend the stuff. Nineteenth century American multimillionaires used their wealth to buy mansions, art collections, yachts, private railroad cars and mistresses. Allen Churchill describes the extravagant life-styles of the Robber Barons: their great banquets, trips to Europe to buy art treasures and devious attempts to crash High Society. The multimillionaire moguls ruthlessly exploited fellow citizens and treated employees with utter contempt. They paid the lowest possible wages for the longest hours and bitterly fought unionization. In time, these arrogant predators were cut down to size. They brought wonderful paintings and art treasures to the U.S. and encouraged American architects to produce some original work. However, their contribution to the good of mankind was slight (notwithstanding Andrew Carnegie) and few will regret the passing of the Robber Baron breed. An excellent book. TERRY MORRIS "If Beale Street Could Talk" by James Baldwin, (Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 197 Fonny. a 22-year-old sculp- turer, is falsely accused of raping a white woman. Tish, his 19-year-old girlfriend, finds she is pregnant by Fon- ny. This very human novel tells of the black couple's strong love for each other and the anxieties they face. Tish fights desperately to get Fonny out of jail and to keep his spirits up. Both are worried about the coming baby. Fonny's mother is an overly religious women. Her values have become so twisted she deserts her son when he needs her most. There is much hatred and love in this novel brought out by the author, who has a great insight into the feelings and lives of the black people KEN ROBERTS "For Whom The Cloche Tolls" by Angus Wilson and Philippe Julian (Seeker and Warburg, 110 Nostalgia by the pailful as you read about Maisie the man-hungry grandmother who steals her daughter's lovers. A delightful re-issue from the 1920s brings back the era of the flopper for those who like floppy literature. ANNE SZALAVARY Jean" by Billie Jean King (Fitzhcnry Whiteside Ltd.. 202 The frankness with which Billie Jean tells her own story is indeed uncommon in the writings of many other out- standing athletes. From her struggle to gain world fame to her much- publicized match with Bobby Riggs. she openly describes her personal and professional feelings about every impor- tant match she played. Billie Jean relives the butterflies before the match, the crucial shots during it and her post-game feelings. For vears. BiHie Jean King was the best in the world. She knows it and constantly lets her readers know it in this in- timate but very egotistic story of her ups and downs. Billie Jean is just as frank when she details the dis- crimination women faced in tennis, the fickle Wimbledon fans, her conflict with other tennis stars, the birth of professional tennis, the at- titudes of her parents and her marital problems. She certainly provides a touching understanding of why she became the un- beatable super athlete we know of today. JIM r.RAXT "Cogan's Trade" by George V. Higgins, (Alfred Knopf, 216 pages, distributed by Random Dirty language and sex goes with a plot involving bad guys who rob from other bad guys only to have more bad guys kill' the robbers. The book plays too much like a typical television detective show because one knows right away "who done it" and who is go- ing to get it. The long monologues make for boring reading. The idea of the rough language is to portray the gangster set. RIC SWIHART "Focus on the Western" edited by Jack Nachbar (Prentice Hall of Canada Ltd., 150 Fourteen different writers give their views on one of the most popular forms of movie- making. the western. Westerns are explained as be- ing biblically induced by some. medievally backgrounded by others and puritanical by still others. None, however, view them as factual interpretations of the west, which they're not, of course, and none look at them as an entertainment vehicle that outdraws all others because they are what the people like, and that is what the western really is. It's amazing that so many different people can read so many different angles into a basic good guy vs bad guy western. GARRY ALLISON "Brezhnev: The Masks of Power" by John Dornberg, (Andre Deutsch Ltd., 305 Many in the Western World were surprised when Leonid Brezhnev stepped to the forefront as the supreme head of the Soviet Union, replacing the toppled Nikita Kruschchev. A master of patronage and influence. Brezhnev had been preparing to become the most powerful figure in the World's foremost Communist party. For he knew, in the Kremlin only the strongest gain supremacy. And supremacy he knew could only be gained by carefully arranging for comrades to occupy key positions in the Communist apparatus and diplomatically dominating those who opposed his ideas. American freelance jour- nalist John Dornberg, who specializes in Russian affairs, details a study of Brezhnev's past and the antics of the powerful Soviet machine from its revolution and starvation murder of thousands of Ukraine peasants to its Se- cond World War encounter with Nazi Germany and par- ticipation in the Cold War. Dornberg writes history as it should be written intriguing, suspenseful and ex- tremely fair when attempting to analyze a politician's reasons for making what has become a major political deci- sion in history. THE VOICE OF ONE By Dr. Frank S. Morley JIM GRANT Autumn leaves Pholo Bill Groenen Book reviews Studying the Pentateuch in depth "The Pentateuch in its Cultural Environment" by G. Herbert Livingston (Baker Book House. 296 pages, distributed by G. R. Welch Co. Pentateuch is Greek for "five scrolls" and refers to the first live books of the Bible. In relatively recent times archaeology has brought a wealth of illumina- tion on the material in these five books. G. Ernest Wright, a well known Old Testament scholar and archaeologist, in provided the public with a brief account of the bearing of archaeological discoveries on the whole Bible in a book call- ed Biblical Archaeology Westminster Press) Such is the pace of research that the lapse of time justifies a book bringing the interested reader up to date. The title of G. Herbert Livingston's book suggests this is what the reader can ex- pect, but it is only partly true. In his preface the author ex- plains that in his teaching at Asbury Theological Seminary ho deals with iwo aspects of PcntatcurhaS study ihe world the Pentateuch and the method o! analyzing the con- tent of the writings. His book, he says, deals with the first aspect hut in fact it deals with both i there are 28 pages tJevotcd to form criticism, for While literary analvsis is of importance to the sen mis student of the Bi- We it is not nearly so vita! as gaining the insights that come from viewing the Bible in its rullnral setting Considering that Livingston adds almost nothing new to what ran be found in briefer form Wright's earlier book, the average layman will not compelled to add the Livingston book to his library. Students of the Bible who have been exposed almost ex- c1usive1y to either a traditional or a more liberal view of biblical questions might find Livingston's irenic review of both approaches on these issues interesting. I think Livingston favors a generally traditional position but is unexpectedly vague and inconclusive about some things it is not clear whether he thinks prophecy is prediction or proclamation, for instance. Many things are dealt with fully and with clari- ty but some things could stand sharpening the Hebrew un- derstanding of sacrifice as sacramental in contrast to the pagan attempt to use it magically, for instance. The editor of the publishing firm should have asked the author to shorten some parts and to have expanded on others The statement that "the book.'-- of the Old Testa- ment arv >sic) because the covenant God is everywhere present in them and the covenant themes are faithfully expounded in them" needs some elaboration, es- pecially in regard to the inclu- sion of Esther and Ecclesiastes. Neither the editor nor the author should be held accountable for the goof page 27 where two successive paragraphs begin with the >.ime line Gremlins in ?he print shop can be credited with that. DOUG WALKER Firearm information "Firearms Encyclopedia" by George C. Nonte, Jr., 'distributed by Fltihenry and Whiteside Ltd., The author of this book is a well qualified firearms expert having served in the American army with the rank ol major. During this time he had the opportunity to test and fire hundreds of weapons. The entire encyclopedia is written in alphabetical order and actually does cover everything in the shooting field from A to Z. The last chapters of the book gives names and addresses of American and foreign arms associations, also a directory of goods and services. The ballistics charts and il- lustrations are both detailed and complete. The book gives a brief description of the Gun Control Act oil an American Federal I-aw to regulate gun control in the United States. From actual experience I have found that the interpretation of this act vanes from stale to state and has largely failed to ac- complish intended pur- pose The encyclopedia on the whole is very good and will make pood reading for any snooting fan or sportsman. It is one of the publications put out by the book department of jSw Outdoor Life Magazine. S SOT W J BRUMMITT Cily Police No one can take your place It is said that there is always someone to take your place. If all generalizations are lies, none is more of a lie than this one. Nobody can take your place because no one is like you. No one has your fingerprints, your mind or your heart. You are unique. Once a man realizes this he has it in him to become a giant. The average individual, unfortunately, never uses more than 15 per cent of his poten- tial. Was there somebody to take the place of Gautama Buddha, Mohammed, Socrates, Einstein, or thousands more of the great ones? De Gaulle said on hearing of Stalin's death, "The age of the giants is over." On the contrary it is just beginning. From the curse of conformity man will rise to realize his true uniqueness. The sadness of Watergate was that the par- ticipants turned out to be such little men. The public heart longed for a leader, for someone who would show the way, and instead they got petty crooks and rascals. All these men had extraordinary potential and opportunity, but they turned their backs on their high destiny. Called to be heroes, they turned into Judases. Of course they had been conditioned for this because of the levelling force at work in com- munism and fascism. Mussolini and Khrushchev both would deplore the accursed cult of individualism. Taste would be deter- mined by book clubs, public lecture clubs, boards of trade, and mass production. The jaded populace turned to the esthetic vacuity of football and other spectator festivals with the multiplication of public holidays. Many turned to drugs and pornography. The primary purpose of a good society, the crea- tion of persons, was abandoned as individuals lost self-respect in robot-like living on the production and consumption lines. Self- contempt became a most serious social dis- ease leading to a life on the animal level, a mixture of sexuality, sadism, and sensation, without wisdom or dignity. This wistful longing for individualism appears strangely in the new president of Rotary International, William Robbins of Florida, whose first plea has been for a recognition of the individual. Rotary along with other service clubs has been criticized as a force for conformism and anti- individualism. John Stuart Mill contended that any society which suppressed the eccentric, unusual individual was doomed. But are not churches guilty of committing this sin? Sometimes when they oppose the new. sometimes when they become "tren- dient" and try to get on the bandwagon and beat the drums for the newest trends in society. Note the preachers cheering lustily for women's lib, anti-pollution, population control, and the charismatic movement. Some are even found in the no-God movement. Cheering with the loudest crowd may be the safest course, but it does not lead to greatness or contribute to the future of mankind. Not that the pulpits should have nothing to say about these matters, but it becomes highly suspicious when the headlines provide the sermon topics with regularity and it also becomes decidedly shallow and vulgar. Arthur Schlesinger wrote a powerful study on the decline of heroes. He points out the great difference it would have made had Winston Churchill been killed when crossing Fifth Avenue in December, 1931, and was hit by a car, or Franklin Roosevelt been killed by Zangara's bullets when he was riding in an open car in Miami. Florida, in 1933. Or sup- pose that Adolf Hitler had been killed in the street fighting during the Munich Putsch of 1923' One hates to call Hitler a great man, but he did greatly influence the course of history tragically. But recognize this, that if in- dividualism is suppressed, greatness is suppressed. If you are going to give a tran- quilizer to everyone who thinks differently, who resists the homogeneity impowed by the smothering majority, you will destroy im- agination, adventure, and all brave enterprise. James Bruce entitled a chapter of his book on The American Commonwealth. "Why Great Men Are Not Chosen President." This is the reason for your Trumans. Johnsons, Nixons. and Fords. The curse of conformity, of the cult of consensus, is mediocrity. The saddest feature, however, is a dreadful depression of spirit, a feeling that you don't amount to anything. "I'm just a peanut on the floor of Yankee said a man. will step on me and crush me.'" Let this sense of personal worthlessness per- vade a society and it becomes sick at heart with terminal, incurable cancer. The irony is that it is not true. You are unique which means that there is nobody like you and you are indispensable. No one can take your place. The encyclopedia Britannica By Norman Cousins, editor of Saturday In the clamor of Watergate, a change in the presidency, food shortages, wars in the Mid- dle East, inflation and population pressure, an important cultural event has not received the attention it deserves. I refer to the publication of an entirely new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. A good encyclopedia is a wedding of literature and education. It brings together outstanding authors and scholars. Their job is to meet an enormously exciting challenge making accessible the record of everything known and also identifying that which is still unknown. In the history of Western civilization, the making of encyclopedias has been an occa- sion of historic importance. The famous French encyclopedists of the 18th century- made a general record of their editorial discussions. This record re- presents one of the most stimu- lating intellectual explorations in the history of the Western world. For the way human beings perceive the world around them is a test both of their education and their ability to change for the better. Human beings can make history just in the act of scrutinizing it. They make connections between past, present and future. They help set a stage for progress by bringing into focus the full range of human experience. Yet in the entire field of literature and scholarship, nothing is more difficult than the making of an encyclopedia. Knowledge has to be classified a task that can be as baffling as it is demanding. Some of the best minds in history have been pitted against this problem; more than a few of them have been thwarted. It is easy enough when you deal with large categories of knowledge, such as the histories at individual nations, or scien- tific areas, such as physics or biology or chemistry. It is when the encyclopedists get into the particulars of knowledge that the problem begins. It is clear, for example, that chemistry should have a separate listing. But what about electrochemical reactions? Questions of relative importance and propor- tion are not readily resolved. What makes the new Britannica so valuable is that it is not merely a revision of the previous editions but a totally new approach to encyclopedia making. It has three parts to it. One part resembles the conventional en- cyclopedia comprehensive scholarly ar- ticles on the entire range of" human knowledge. The second part is a ready reference set for people in need of quick access to facts or dates and so forth. The third part is more philosophical than the other two. It contains essays dealing with subjects ordinarily not found in encyclopedias such as speculations on the future of the human race, or on life outside the earth, or on the place of art in human society, or on the implications of technology, or the relationship between science and religion. The third part also seeks to organize history and the accumulation of knowledge in outline form. The three parts of the Encyclopaedia Britannica are distinct in function but com- pletely interrelated as a totality. I have no hesitation in saying that the new work is one of the outstanding intellectual achievements of the 20th century. The man behind it was the late William Benton. publicist and educator. Among the men who worked with him in bringing the new encyclopedia to life are Robert M. Hutchins. Mortimer Adler. Warren Preece. Clifton Fadiman. Richard McKeon. Harold Lasswell and Robert Red- field. It is inevitable that detractors will spring up to quarrel with the new system, or to find flaws or omissions, or to take exception to judgments. Never mind. In the history of the intellectual development of English-speaking civilization, the new Encyclopaedia Britian- nica will have a distinguished and enduring place. Second hand smoke By David Ely, Herald staff writer I have a smoking problem I doubt that Ml ever be able to lick. 1 heartily believe the information dis- seminated by various agencies and in- dividuals which points to the nasty spectrum of diseases associated with the use of tobac- co. I'm glad they've removed cigarette ads from TV and I'm all for the anti-smoking campaign directed at young people. But my smoking problem is complicated by the fact I don't smoke at least not directly. Too often I have to breathe air polluted by smokers around me. Shouldn't it be my choice if I smoke or not? After all, I "m not going to criticize my friends for smoking it's their health they're ruining. But their habit infringes upon my freedom I sat in a day long seminar on pollution in the Rockies. It seemed hypocritical to me that the conservationists, the outdoorsmen, the wilderness supporters, were sitting there criticizing mining companies for polluting the pure air of the Rockies, what the air inside that school auditorium was far more dangerously polluted by tobacco smoke Some airlines have non-smoking areas in their planes It's a step in the right direction. Now how about restaurants'' And schools? A non-smoking student at Lethbridge Communi- ty College campaigned against smoking in the classrooms, and he was made out to be some kind of a nut. But it's easy to get fanatical about clean air. especially in captive situations. like a classroom or an office. "But the majority smokes." I've been told. Perhaps, bat if the majority eats beef, does the minority have Jo eat beef? And if the ma- jority chooses to take up pinocWe as a hobby. Jhc minority have trot npht out and stock up on cards? The smoking question is not politick at dea3s with basic human rights. StiJJ. it isn't eayih solved don't feel I should be militant about it My tnends are my whether they smoke or not. And they have the freedom to smoke if they choose Perhaps- more consideration on both sides is needed Several of MS sat at lunch the otlier day One. conscious