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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD TrumcJny, Seplomber 21, Peter Desbarats Help! E Fifteen private agencies are now campaigning for funds under the banner of tlie United Appeal. All of the participating organizations con- tribute to Ihe maintenance ol a high standard quality We in this com- munity; all of them depend on private donations for the continuance of their work. It they are deprived of. ade- quate money the entire community suiters, including Hie most affluent among us. We caiuiot afford to let the appeal down, either for our own sakes or for the sake of those who will suffer directly if we do. Tlie money is desperately needed. If it is not forthcoming some of. the participating agencies may be forced to throw in the sponge, close their doors and leave tlie city without ser- vices on which much of its healthy social climate depends. Most of us can afford to contri- bute a little. Some can afford more than others. The size of contributions is a personal matter, but tlie old plati- lude about generosity (or virtue) being its own reward is still valid. The United Appeal is a call for help, an opportunity for all individuals in the city who can afford little or much, as the case may be to accept pri- vate responsibility for enriching of the community in which they live. 'Die Herald joins in asking all Leth- bridge citizens to respond to the ap- peal with good will. With generous as- sistance, the money will be raised. Without it, the work of the 15 agen- cies will he restricted to a point which leaves us all poorer than we are today. The Pope's decision Pope Paul VI has just struck a blow at women's Lib. In a papal de- cree released last week, he barred women from any role in the ministry of the church. When Pope Paul was elected in 1963 it was assumed that he would be a reforming Pope, carrying on the radical changes begun by the popular and modern thinking Pope John. In- stead, Paul has seemed to be con- stantly attempting to turn back the clock to a more religiously rigid time when church decrees were obeyed without question. The most memorable of his encycli- cals.Humanae Vitae, restated in ir- refutable terms the church's posi- tion on birth control, yet it is clear from statistics in many nations that this encyclical is being ignored by a large segment of those of. Roman Catholic persuasion. There have been a few concessions to twentieth century life allowed to both Nuns and Priests in various rel- igious orders. Some of the younger members have demanded, and re- ceived, permission to dispense with the heavy, cumbersome clothing which, if nothing else, distinguished them by their costume from the hoi polloi in society. In most denominations today, women are being allowed out oi the church kitchens and given more im- portant roles in the government, pol- icies, and decisions in the church courts. The present Pope has denied dedicated Catholic women this right for the time at any rate, but even- tually it too will come. Speak for America! George McGovern's national cam- paign director Gary Hart still thinks his man can win in spite of the lat- est opinion poll results giving Presi- dent Nixon 63 per cent of the popular vote as against McGovern's 34 per cent. It's the business of campaign directors to keep a stiff upper lip while smiling, a difficult feat under any circumstances, in director Hart's case, close to impossible. Mr. Hart says that the U.S. may see something wholly new when the votes are count- ed. he says, "could lose the popular vote and actually win the electoral vote and the election." Well, miracles do occur, but this one is difficult to put much faith in. It isn't only the lack of money, the original goofs, the impossible prom- ises and subsequent retraction, the vacillating and the trembling that have characterized McGovern's cam- paign so far. It isn't even the com- plete lack of charisma. Neither candi- date is endowed with that. No, it is the Senator's failure to strike the Nixon administration at its most vital spot, to revive the issue of the Vietnam war, to make it the crusade that he could do, that he showed promise of doing in the prim- aries and at the Democratic conven- tion. The bombing of North Vietnam in- tensifies, the terrible destruction goes on and on. A huge majority, some 75 per cent of the American people ac- cording to the Harris polls, want to bring all U.S. naval and air force personnel home. Three to one the people opt for total withdrawal, and support the stand McGovern has taken. Yet the odds put Nixon a thumping 34 points ahead of him in election chances. It's a paradox. McGovern's angry outbursts have diminshed. Tlie drama the colorful rhetoric has disappeared. Its place has been taken by the logi- cal dissertation, the references to rec- titude, the appeals to calm reason. It's networking. McGoveni feels Intensely about the Vietnam war, but he isn't getting his feelings across to the voters. He has not been able to arouse them from the torpor of weary indifference to a question which once burned hot in the souls and minds of millions of Americans, particularly the young ones who are presumed to be the white hope of the Democrats. Can Edward Kennedy, the idol of the Democrats turn the tide? Per- haps, but not without re-lighting the fires of passionate patriotism in the candidate himself. Columnist Anthony Lewis tells a story of the scene in the British House of Commons after Munich, when Arthur Greenwood rose from the Labor bench to talk of the felt shame and anguish. There were shouts in the house "speak for the working classes." But Leopold Amery said across the floor the line that is remembered; "Speak for Eng- land." WHAT effect does failure at the Grade 9 level have In determining students' continuation and progress in high school? Quite a bit, according to a study I carried out of students from County of Lelhbridge junior high schools who attended Kate Andrews High School In Coaldale. The study traced the progress of two groups of Grade 9 students through the years 1560 to 1968. They consisted (a) one group who had failed the Grade 9 Department of Education examinations be- tween 1960 and 1964, and were required to repeat the grade before proceeding on to high school, (b) another group who had also failed the Grade 9 Department of Education ex- aminations during the years 1965-68, but were not required to repeat the grade be- fore being permitted to proceed on to high school. In the first group there was a total of 21 students. And, like all such students in Alberta at that time they were required to repeat Grade 9 before being allowed to enter high school. Fifteen of the 21 youngsters dropped out of school rather than take Grade 9 over. Of the 6 students who repeated the grade, five dropped out either during or at the end of Grade 10. Only one student went on to finish Grade 12 and earn a high school diploma. Jn 1965 the County of Lcthbridge School Committee initiated a policy of permitting Grade 9 students who failed the Depart- ment of Education examinations to contin- ue on to high school without having to re- peat the grade. During the next four years, 1965-68, thera was a total of 24 students who failed their Grade 3 examinations. Wilh tie new policy Results of study By Ed Ryan, Kate Andrews High School Nationalism to be big issue in election DMONTON The day be- fore the Committee for an Independent Canada began Its first national policy convention this past weekend, NDP Leader David told a local audi- ence at the University of Al- berta that economic nationalism was not an issue in this elec- tion, and that the committee was as flat as the waffle. Members of the committee were surprised by the Lewis all the party leaders, he had previously seemed to be the most sympa- thetic to their they didn't try to refute it. Among themselves, outside the. formal sessions of the con- vention, they tiled to under- stand why their kind of nation- alism had become such an ob- vious non-starter among lead- ing issues at the outset of tho campaign. Many developments since .1968 had led them to expect the opposite. The Watkuis report on for- eign ownership that year had been followed by the Wahn re- port from a parliamentary committee, The Gray report by a government task force and the introduction of a con- troversial foreign takeovers bill in the last regular session of the 28th Parliament. The com- mittee itself, since it was formed in Toronto in 1970, had been responsible for thousands of articles and editorials, speeches, radio and television reports and inmimberable pub- lic discussions, Provincial gov- ernments had become increas- ingly involved in the "nation- alist" aspects oE such activities as book publishing and maga- zine distribution, land sales to non-residents, development of natural resource industries, and the make-up of boards of direc- tors oE corporations operating under provincial charters. Even municipal governments had been caught up in nationalist debates over appointments to such posts as police chief and director of libraries. With this recent history, it wouldn't have been surprising to find the committee and Its nationalist concerns In the li- melight during ttie 1972 cam- paign. Instead, a dwindling number of its original members were sitting in hotel rooms here last weekend trying to figure out why nationalism was no- where to be seen when the cur- tain went up on the first act oE the election. Some of tliem felt that the answer was obvious: the battle had already been lost. They agreed wilh the first sentence of Walter Gordon's depressing essay in the current issue of Maclean's v magazine: "The spring of 1972 may turn out to be the beginning of the end for Canada." When Gordon and 12 disciples had launched the committee in 1970, one of the aims had been to create a broadly-based pres- sure group to persuade the Trudeau government to enact effective legislation on foreign ownership. The bill on foreign takeovers that finally reached the House signified the total failure of this effort, according to its own objectives. For Gor- don and some of the others, this had meant disillusionment not only about the Trudeau gov- ernment but about the national mil. From this viewpoint, the elec- tion of Oct. 30 is on the way to becoming the last act of a great national tragedy. In the words used by Gordon in the Maclean's article, the last time that ordinary Cana- dians will have a chance to in- fluence the way our country is to go." Other founding members of the committee shared Gordon's pessimism to some degree. Edmonton publisher and Lib- eral candidate Mel Hurtig told the convention that time is run- ning out, that national inde- pendence will be unattainable if present trends continue for two to five years. "Some progress has been said Toronto economist Abraham Rotstein, the com- in effect not one student dropped out be- fore completing at least a full Grade 10 program of studies. Moreover, 17 of the youngsters went on to complete Grade 11, and 14 entered Grade 12 ten oE which successfully com- pleted the requirements for a high school diploma. You'll note that of those students who were required to repeat Grade 9 only 5 per cent went on to eflrn a high school diploma. By comparison, 42 per cent of those not required to do so succeeded in earning a high school diploma. It may appear that 42 per cent Is not a very high percentage. But, bear in mind that a study some years ago involving Alberta students showed that not one student who failed Grade 9 was able to earn a high school diploma. By contrast, you'll agree, that 42 per cent is a signifi- cant percentage even with such a small group of students. The large number of students who drop out of school at the end of Grade 9 when forced to repeat the grade is easily under- stood. More so when you realize that many of these youngsters have experienced fail- ure before in previous grades. For exam- ple, of 20 students in the 1965-68 group for whom records were available, 14 had fail- ed at least once, before failing again in Grade 9. Forcing students to repeat a Grade es- pecially at the Grade 9 level when they are highly sensitive to differences in age is one way of ensuring that they will drop out. When not forced to repeat Grade 9 most low achieving students will choose to go on to high school and experience varying degrees of success. Many can and do earn a high school diploma. Song of the West mittee's leading theorist, "but are energy agreements wilh the United States going to lock us Into their system faster than we are opting out in other But there was another way to look at the convention which led to a different appreciation of this election campaign. Despite the pessismlsm of Its founders, the committee at this convention got down to brass tacks for the first time. This was because preparation for the convention had involved the publishing of 23 background pa- pers not only dealing with for- eign ownership of industry out attempting to define the Cana- dian interest in many other areas labor unions, northern development, cable television, land ownership and book pub- lishing, to name a few. There was even a paper en- titled "notes for a paper on contemporary music: its Impor- tance in the development of an independent Canada." The committee's own re- search, as well as many recent events in all parts of Canada at all levels of public activity, in- dicate that the issue of Cana- dian nationalism is no longer confined to an "establishment" discussion about corporate own- ership but is involved In almost every aspect of national devel- opment. Far from being a non-Issue, nationalism is the dominant is- sue in the campaign. It seems to be nowhere because it is ev- erywhere. Prime Minister term for it is "national Integ- rity" and his whole campaign appeals to nationalist sentiment in Canadians. The closer defini- tion oE Canadian sovereignly in the Arctic, a more independent foreign policy, the new relation- s h i p with Washington, Trudeau's claim oE better eco- nomic, performance in Caziada than in the United States dur- ing his the elements of his campaign eon- tribute to his ultimate claim that never before has the Cana- dian identity and destiny been more secure. The background papers pre- pared by the committee chal- lenge this claim, in effect, in 23 specific areas. The message from Edmonton this weekend was not that na- tionalism is dead in Canada but that it appears to have es- caped, for the moment, from (he confines of the neat eco- nomic definition that originally inspired the Committee for an Independent Canada. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Anthony Westell Relations between French and English still uneasy OTTAWA When 1 called Conservative headquarters to ask where to find a state- ment on party policy on Que- bec, the constitution and na- tional unity, the spokesman thought about it and then re- gretted that he could not be much help. Sure he had a loose- leaf book on Conservative pol- icies and positions, but it was being revised, and it wasn't for public release anyway because, the leader, Robert Stanfield, had made it clear that he was going to reveal the party's stand on all the issues as the election campaign developed. The spokesman added help- fully that perhaps the party's research department had more information, but the best they had to offer was the text of a CBC-TV interview with Stan- field In March, 1971. Here are the relevant quotes: Question: "You do not have a Quebec policy at this time, do Stanfield: "I think we have just as satisfactory a Quebec policy as the government of Canada has." Q: "The Quebec policy you had in the last general elec- Stanfield: "Well, basically yes. Now don't get on this two- nation business Q: "But let me ask you, Mr. Stanfield will you have a new Quebec policy in time for the next Stanfield: "Yes. It'll not be a new Quebec policy. It'll be a development of the policy that we've had before, and it'll be a policy based upon a recogni-' tion of the realities in this country, a recognition that Quebec and some other prov- inces are requesting some con- stitutional changes, some addi- tional authority." Q: "Is reality a special status for Stanfield: "No I don't think reality is a special status, but the reality has to be consider- ed in these constitutional dis- cussions, and it may very well be that in these constitutional discussions, some additional au- thority could be offered to the provinces in connection with welfare, for example. But I be- lieve, my own position is that this is to be done, the offer should be made to all the prov- inces, although they may not all be equally interested in ex- ercising it. But let me say tliis, I think there may very well also be a case of increasing the powers of the federal gov- ernment in certain areas where the need for some additional federal authority has arisen as a result of technological prob- lems of development." An aide of i Stanfield's later directed me to a speech in Mon- treal in November, 1971, in which the Tory leader said in French that a federal govern- ment under his direction would base its relations with Quebec on consultation and understand- ing. Stanfield has also voted in the Commons for the Officials Languages Act and Is firmly committed in principle to the government's policy oE bilin- guah'sm. But he often suggests that he could administer it in some way which would be equally satisfactory to French Canadians but less painful to English Canadians. There was of course no need to call the Liberal party to ask about their policy toward Que- bec and unity. It can be sum- med up in three words: Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Trudeau sprang into the lead- ership of the Liberal party in 1968 and won the general elec- tion largely because he prom- ised answers to the problems of national disunity, the growing sense of separation between English and French Canada. In substance, he proposed (I) constitutional reform, and (2> official hilingualism which would enable French Cana- dians to feel reasonably at home outside Quebec. In style, he seemed to be a truly na- tional leader, appealing equal- ly to English and French and reflecting the best of both cul- tures. Perhaps both leaders have sensed that Canadians are fed up with hearing about the prob- lems of Quebec, separatism, bi- hngiialism and Ihe constitution, end have decided that it is po- litically wise in this campaign to pretend that the problems don't exist. But this Is frustrat- ing for voters who continue to believe as I do rela- tions between French and Eng- lish Canada not only remain a problem, but are in fact the most dangerous problem con- fronting the country. We are lett to choose between and Stanfield on this question, as on so many others, on a basis of style and per- sonality. Which man is mostly likely to be able to form a gov- ernment able to represent both English and French Canadians, to hold their interest and loyal- ly, and be able to arbitrate their differences? Until recently, the answer al- most had to be Trudeau. French Canadians could not be expected to identify with Stan- field as a natural leader and defender of their interests in Confederation. They might re- spect him, but he could hardly compete with Premier Robert Bourassa or Rene Levesque for their affection. Trudeau does compete and he makes Ottawa and the federal government as interesting to Quebeckers as their provincial government. Now the situation may have changed. The Conservatives have a genuine French Cana- dian spokesman in Claude Wag- per, a man who can compete with Tntdeau and Levesque for attention in Quebec and who be- comes far more important than Stanfield in French Canada. There is the possibility that a Stanfield government in Otta- wa with Wagner in a prom- inent role could be relevant to Quebeckers, could appear to be a genuine spokesman for their interests. But the intriguing question is whether the Conservatives have acquired not only a pow- crEul Quebec leader, but also a Quebec policy. There are some signs that they have, Wagner is extremely critical of Trudeau's altitude to Quebec's aspira- tions, and is beginning to pro- pose alternatives. He wants to be more flexible in meeting Quebec's constitutional de- mands. He is apparently willing fo see Ottawa surrender soma jurisdictions to Quebec and to other provinces. He advocates redistribution of revenues from the federal government to the provinces. This sounds like a return to the co-operative federalism oE Lester Pearson's early years as prims minister when trend was clearly towards a looser Federation in which Que- bec would probably choose to exercise a great deal more autonomy than other provinces andi thus would have some form of special status. English Canadians seemed to reject that course when they elected Trudeau and his for- mula strong central govern- ment but equal rights. Eor Eng- lish and French languages across the country. But this election may fell a diEferent tale. Wagner is worth watch- ing. The New Democratic Party otfers another option to voters concerned about national unity, but it is likely to be attrac- tive only to those and I'm inclined to be one who think that the problem is so serious that a bold gamble with the fu- ture is justified. The NDP does not claim to know how to ac- commodate Quebec, or indeed Ihe other restless regions oE the country. It suggests that the only way to find a solution is to convene a new Confederation conference representing not just the federal and provincial governments, but the legislators of all parties and representa- tives of the native peoples. The conference would seek to write the rules for a new Canada, somewhat as the Fathers of Confederation wrote the British North America Act a century ago. Such a conference would be a gamble, because it could fail perhaps more easily than It could succeed. Instead of dis- covering a new unity, it might merely destroy what remains of old. The signs are not par- ticularly encouraging when one considers that English and French sections of the NDP have been fighting bitterly ever the exact ferms oE their own policy statement and have managed only to paper over their differences to present a facade of unity through the election. If they cannot agree among themselves, how can they ex- pect that many other parties and factions could join the de- bate and find unity? But the time may be near when a de- cisive gamble will seem prefer- able to drift and decay. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 At the Majestic Thea- tre tonight and Friday, one show only at "Pantages" Vaudeville. 1932 _ Lack of Eailh is the cause of the present economic conditions, Rev. W. E. Rowe said at SI. Augustine's church on Tuesday. Whenever faith breaks down life breaks down and people become panicky. 191 z Following a meeting of the Taber municipal hospi- tal board this week with Volun- teer Salesman Mayor Miller, board chairman, it was an- nounced that the board is now ready to receive applications to purchase up to of the hospital bonds. 1952 Ballet Is coming lo Lcthbridge wilh a school of the art officially opening in the Civic Sports Centre as soon as the health department polio ban affecting children has been lifted. The LetKbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1903 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 0012 Mtmber cl The Canadian Press and fte Canadian Dalty Association and lha Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Pobltsner THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associsle Editor ROY F. MILES OOUOI.Ai K. WALKER Advertising Managtr Bdirorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;