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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta MOKE PROBES OF PLANETS PLANNED New York Times Service NEW YORK Two new proj- ects of planetary exploration one tor Jupiter and Saturn, the other for Venus are being organized by the National Aer- onautics and Space Administra- tion. Proposals for scienlific exper- iments on the unmanned Jupi- ter-Saturn mission are being studied, and the design of the spacecraft should begin by the end of tlie year. The mission to fly by the two planets .would be launched in 1977. Last month NASA awarded nine-month contacts to the Hughes Aircraft Company and TRW Inc., to conduct design studies for missions by un- manned spacecraft to orbit and I probe the atmosphere of Venus. The Venus missions could begin as early as 1977. The two projects, scaled-down versions of earlier, metre exten- sive proposals, represent the only advanced planning for planetary exploration beyond the scheduled Viking landings on Mars in 1970. However, there is some apprehension among scientists that these relatively modest projects could sacrl- fied as the manned space shut- tle development makes increas- ing demands on the NASA bud- get during the decade. Tno Jupiter Saturn mission is the lower-cost substitute for the ambitious planetary "grand- which was killed for bud- getary reasons earlier this year. The grand lour woud have In- cluded unmanned reconnaisance fly-bys of all the outer planets, Thursday, September 21, 1972 THE LCTHBRIDGE HERAtD 2t from Jupiter to Pluto. Harris Schurmeier, manager of the Jupiter Saturn project at the Jet Propulsion Labora- tory in Pasadena, Calif., said in a recent interview that the new missions would cost between and million, compared with a projected million to billion for the grand tour. The new plan is to launch two, spacecraft in 1977. They would be modified ver- sions of the Mariners that have explored Mars and Venus. The- two vehicles, launched by Titan 3-E-Centaur rockets, would swing by Jivpiler in 1979 and, gaining velocity from the pull of Jupiter's gravity, whip out to Saturn by 1931. Since that would provide the first close-up look at Saturn, its spectacular rings and many moons, some 200 scientists have eagerly submitted proposals for experiments they would like to have the spacecraft conduct. For future exploration of Venus, which has, largely been the domain of Soviet spacecraft; NASA plans to use a version of Ihc Pioneer spacecraft, Pion- eer 10, that Is now on Its way to explore Jupiter. Paying the price for doing Ihings like sailing his motorcycle over 19 automobiles, above, super -stunt man Evet Knievel nurses a recent in- jury, left. Knievel has undergone sur- gery T4 times for injuries incurred in motorcycle accidents but he is not easily discouraged. He is planning now to jump the Snake River in Idaho next July 4 on a jet-powered motor- cycle. In U.K., civil servant can make or break P.M. By ARTHUR GAVSIION LONDON (AP) One Au- gust day in 1961 the secretary of the British cabinet called unexpectedly on War Minister Jolui Profumo with a warning based on Secret Service infor- mation. Sir Norman Brooke told Profumo his continued asso- ciation with call girl Christine Keeler, Mayfair playboy Ste- phen Ward and a Soviet naval attache posed grave security risks for the slate. Two years later Profumo quit in a scandal that contrib- uted to Hie fall of a Conserva- tive government. And in the storm that followed the prims minister, Harold MacMillan, claimed Brooke had told him nothing either about the infor- mation or his call on Pro- fumo. The story dramatized two things: BACKING Strong support Is supplied to British Royal Air Force. Cpl. Neil Durant by a dog officially known as Nnmbcr 7221. The Alsatian is the corporal's companion on guard .duty .at .1-parbrueh, West .Germany. .Ordinarily they patrol on foot, hut devel- oped the bicycle trick to show oil lor visitors. power exercised by civil service officials in the management of affairs crucial to British interests. mystery surrounding the functions of a little-known branch of the British state machine known as the cabinet office. Outsiders can only specu- late on the degree of influence and authority exercised by the cabinet secretary and his handpicked aides on the work- ings of government. SUBTLE POWER No one doubts their power is tremendous and they have in their hands the capacity to make or break prime minis- ters an6 governments alike. Yet, reared in a public serv- ice tradition of non-alignment in the political party struggle, the cabinet secretary and his staff rarely me that capacity. Their preference is to use subtly the aulhority reposed in them to insure the preser- vation of state interests as the civil service sees them. They are the men in the middle of the web of govern- ment. Their responsibility on the one hand is to serve the cabi- net, on the other to give the servants of the state at home and abroad their marching or- ders once decisions have been taken. The prime minister has a private office with a staff of j G6 which serves his personal and official needs in such areas as appointments, con- stituency affairs, liaison with the Queen, his links with the press, his contacts with party rank-and-filers. It also man- ages his dealings with his party floor manager in Parlia- ment and his party headquar- ters. All but about eight are civil servants; the others are party functionaries assigned to keep the prime minister in regular touch with his follow- ers. UNDERGROUND LINK The prime minister as head of government also has at his disposal the resources of the cabinet office with its 600 all- rounds, specialists, stenogra- phers, cypher clerks, messen- gers, security men and so on. As if to emphasize its subter- ranean as well as surface links with the prime minister, the offices of the cabinet sec- retariat are linked structur- ally with 10 Downing St. by underground corridors. The job of cabinet and its widespread committee sys- tem: to provide them with ac- curate records of discussion so that a cabinet decision can be clearly understood right through the governmental ma- chine; to prepare the papers that background each issuB awaiting cabinet action. The cabinet secretariat nowadays appears to be as much the servant of the prime minister as of the cabinet. The cabinet secretary, for in- stance, advises the prime minister, briefs him, makes policy with him not only for cabinet meetings but also for the running of the government over-all. Different prime ministers approach the job in different ways. MacMillan boasted he had a staff of only plainly he was thinking in terms of the intimates around him. Labor's Harold Wilson pro- claimed his intention to make 10 Downing St. "a power- house, not a monastery." Edward Heath went so far as to introduce a Laborite peer, Lord Rothschild, to head his central policy review staff. The cabinet office was first set up by David Lloyd George in 1916. Before that, in the eventful days of imperial ex- pansion under Queen Victoria, British cabinets kept no records. Great territories were won and lost, historic battles and wars were fought, momentous policy decisions were taken without anything being recorded. Since 1916 there have been orny lour cabinet secretaries if to emphasize that they, not prime ministers, provite the thread of continuity. The incumbent is 58-year-old Sir Burke Trend, trained in the treasury. From a minor pri- vate school he took a scholar- ship to Oxford, graduated with distinction, moved into the civil service and quickly found himself propelled to- ward the centre. Trend first got to the cabi- net office as deputy secretary in 1956. Seven years later he got the top post. Initiatives deadline extended PINCHER CREEK (HNS) The department of manpower and immigration has extended Local Initiatives Project bene- fits for the museum building project to Sept. 15. This will help the P i n c h e r Creek Historical Society in pay- ing labor used in the museuni construction between Aug. 1 and Sept. 15 by more than for each hour of labor used. SIMPSONS-SEARS days Simpsons-Sears Days continue with this outstanding value. Shop Today. Event ends Saturday. 14.6 cu. ft. 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