Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 21, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Tueiday, September 21, 1971 lirnee llulcliimm. Brezhnev makes a call r.elp'ndi: e 11: o in ed mi unusual guest lodav, none ollu-r than Mr. Leo- nid Brezhnev, first secretary of I lie Communist parly in Ihe U.S.S.R. Such ;i visit would have been unthinkable a few months Expectations are that Air. nev will take this opportunity outline to Pri'Kidcnl Tito of Yugosla- via a shiny new Soviet policy in ex- ternal relations. Russia is being forced to acknowl- edge thai she is no longer the su- preme ruler of the Warsaw pact .states, and further lhat she has no right to interfere forcibly if she con- siders that any of them are adopting a course in international relations which runs counter to Soviet wishes. Last week, a Soviet radio commen- tator, undoubtedly the Krem- lin's blessing, told Ihe people that "Km let Yugoslav relations are bas- ed on the principles of complete equality, respect for sovereignty anil non interference in internal affairs.'7 That is a startling statement com- ing from a government which three years ago. marched its troops inlo Czechoslovakia, because il was alarm- eel by Czech overtures to the West. Things have changed wilh lightning speed in the past few months. Mu- tual co operation rather than rigid control vull he the Brezhnev pitch, according to most observers. The son is fairly simple. Wilh the of China inlo tne world poli'i: ..-.t ;.rc- na. East European Communist na- tions now have a powerful friend to whom they can turn when the bear hug threatens the breath of life. Mr Brezhnev is fence mending in territory that used to be his unchal- lenged preserve, hut is no longer. He is making sure that Yugoslavia, the maverick, will edge toward the Kremlin camp and not to the Peking one which has commenced lo pitch Us tents on European territory. The result could he a genuine warming of the atmosphere in most of the Eastern European nations, with the exception of Romania and Albania. Albania, a small arid coun- try has been China's friend in Europe for many years and counts very little in the power play. Romania is a ques- tion mark President Ceausescu has shown a definite trend towards a close relationship with China and his motives are highly suspect in Mos- cow. If he were to change his tune, the Soviet leader might be encour- aged lo place Bucharest on his call- ing list next time. If he comes unaccompanied by tanks and guns, the Romanians would probably make him welcome But. the men on the spot, report that nobody is counting on il. The hay press jack Rv fraser Hodgson LilckhlllM's story about Ihe "skimmer" made me think of H gadget we had in Ihe twenties. It was a haypress jack, and f'n: sure no farmer would want (o 117 lo get along without one in those clays. 1 suppose people could have muddled along about their work short of the ser- vices of either a slammer or a jack, but it was much better having them. Jlodern farmers have jacks by the dozen to choose from, and can easily find one fcr Ihe majorih of farm jobs, without de- pending on the old haypress jack. I real- ize a nicely polished slammer makes quite a conversation piece around the kitchen, but a revamped, repainted haypress jack hanging over a rafter in the loolshed will also ilart when'' stories. The generation back in the twen- ties didn't call them haypresses. they used Ihe modern term baler, and left the long- er word to Ihe oldtimers. My first intro- duction If a baler was in 1328, when I wandered inlo the hay country north of Calgary Ir was a horse-powered rig, hand fed. and hand everything, including tying, piling, and loading. A man pitched off the stack or frorn a pile brought in by a horse-powered sweep, to Ihe feeder plat- form, and the fecdman poked the right amount into the ram-chamber with a cut down pitchfork. He also dropped in a block lo separate Ihe bales, when signalled by the lie-man. This tie-man poked precut wires through grooves in the block, watch- ed a mark on the baler frame to let the feeder know when to block, and poked the wires back through the next block and lied them. Then he grabbed a bale-hook and hauled Ihe finished hales lo one side, and piled them ready for the hauler. The la-st member ot the crew had the easiest job, but very monotonous, that of keeping the team on the horsepower going round and round at a fair clip. Nobody else iiad any spare time for resting, and he didn't get much either, because any small job lhat needed doing lie got the order. He was usually a young lad not strong enough 10 handle bales or a pitch- fork, and always did most of the com- plaining about overwork. Then came moving lime, and the baler jack was dragged up lo straddle the long frame close lo Ihe heavy horse-power cast- ing. The lifting chain was hooked in place, the lever on the jack pumped up and (iown. raising the frame and casling through a series of notches, until the trans- port wheels could he put back on. The loam was hitched to the replaced tongue, and (he procedure reversed at Ihe new selling, fn a few minutes the clatler of the "horsepower" was going again at a steady rhylhm, the feeder-man was poking feeds of hay in from, of the ram, the sweep or slack-man was cussing Hie heat and flying ants, and Ihe tic-man was holler- ing "block." or mii> he, "hold it, the hole's plugged wilh Iny." And Ihe long day wore slowly on. The jiiek lay off lo one side between ba! ing sessions, and it was a machine. The inverted u .shaped channel iron frame had hardwood extensions lo the angle-iron feet that sat on tire ground, and the spe- cially shaped lifting chain links also hook- ed in the raising notches. The whole thing stood about four and a half feet high, and the three-foot jack handles sticking out sideways along with its ratchet lifting me- chanism, made it look far more compli- cated than it really was. It was a mechani- cal marvel in a way, but not one that was absolutely indispensible. A heavy pole would have taken its place if necessary, but then one man couldn't do Ihe job alone. Balers, or hay-presses if you like, were made in far more efficient models in those days than the one I'm writing about, but they cost more money loo. Some were trac- tor-powered, and had a mechanical pitch- fork to push each feed into the bale cham- ber. These machines put out a lot more bales per hour, and needed more crew on the slack or sweep, a helper for the lie- man poking wires, and a man to pile bales. Some horse-power machines had an exlra cam lo return the ram, but this one had a long coil spring inside the frame for this job. There wasn't much difference as far as consumed horsepower was concerned, but sometimes the spring helped cause a bit of commotion. When the weather was hot late in the morning or afternoon shift, and the young i-amsler happened to doze a little, Ihe horses often slowed to a crawl just as the press-care was at its greatest pressure. If they stopped, the pull of the slrelched spring added to the bale tension, sometimes hauled them back a few steps. I'm sure the horses could hold if they want- ed to, but I think they hoped something would break and give them a rest. Anoth- er frequent cause of production slowdown, was when the sweep outfit disturbed the ground-nest of a swarm of hornets. Quite often it took some time to repair the dam- age. One man now runs an automatic pick- up baler, and either tows a bale-wagon behind, or picks up the bales later with a one-man combination picker-stacker. He loads them on his truck later wilh a bale- elevator, and never even works up a slight sweat. I hope one museum somewhere has a baler-jack hanging straddle its long frame. If this particular horsepower model isn'l preserved, lhere'11 be no jack either, and that would be a sad mistake. A collection of haypress jacks wouldn't be very exten- sive, but il would be interesting lo some oldlimers. I wonder if a skimmer collec- tion would make a very spectacular dis- play. I suppose it would lo another branch of an oldtime group. I'll slick wilh the jack. I can never forget a remark made by a visitor lo our hayficld operations after seeing us use the jack he said, "You bel- ter keep that Ihing lied up, or it'll suck Ihe cows While Margaret completes her collcclion of skimmers, and her husband watches for antique slove-shakers. f might try to locale a few haypress jacks for display. Early in IIv the Doug Walker morning IM'XATIYKS dm-endwl updii us recent- ly-in droves. One of Ihe jiroups was ihe Cumins nl Otlawa. They wore on a rampini; Inp and had JU.-.L from the mountains. Tho Cnri-i'ii liid.i also enjoy needling Iheir mother. They made a hiK thine out nf Ihe fad lhal a bear wns poking around Ihi'ir Mil' one mnniim; until mother II.T head oul. of Ihe lent. Tlic hear look one look and i-harwd ,-iwny. Jennifer and Slephcn say that Ihcir mother'.-; appear mice in Ihe. morning would frighlen any- body or anything! I judiciously refrained from resurrect- ing the old chestnut about the woman who, uixm hearing the sanitary engineers in the lane, rushed out with the garbage, as she an old dressing gown, hair in curlers, no makeup. When she asked when', (o deposit ll'.o garbage Ihe Mlims said, "ju.sl ciimb on anywhoro.'1 Farewell to another unworkable theory I was hiding in the dark Pacific coast jungle (he new of the world came, if il. came at all, Through an an- cient radio of spasmodic habils. And it seemed lo me thai the true meaning of the news was I'ist on 1111! air and. per- haps, in the gre.il debate of pol- itics, too. The true meaning, surely, is lhat a popular theory of eco- nomics has suddenly collapsed, as if someone had pricked a child's toy balloon. This Ihecry, preached by avant garde eco- nomists throughout the world, holds that inflation doesn't really matter, that wages, pen- sions and other incomes can al- ways be kept abreast of prices, lhat no one will suffer in the end because everyone will en- joy full employment and bound- less prosperity, underwritten by the all-wise state. To be sure, the theory hadn't worked very well diiring recent years. Vigorously enforced by all governments, it had pro- duced both high prices and high unemployment at the same lime. But Ihese condi- tions, we were told by govern- ments and I heir experts, were temporary. Wilh a lillle more inflation, larger budgetary defi- cits and increased debt, the grand riddle of the ages would be unlocked. Just be patient imlil Ihe experts finished their mit'hty work of perpetual mo- lion There was nolhiag wrong n-ilh the theory provided that all the nations, all the pou'cr groups within the na- lions and all the individuals within Ilic groups co-oneraled benevolently and ail Ihe num- berless gears of Ihe worldwide machine fitted smoothly logeth- er. Which is equivale.., to say- ing (hat pigs would fly if they had wings; or, even more un- likely, lhal all human beings, rich and poor, would change their natures, behave reason- ably, cease to struggle for their own private interests and be- come saints like the better Western economist and the selfless communists of Russia and China. Sad to relate but hardly sur- prising, the miracle did not oc- cur. The gears would not mesh. The humans remained human and slubbornly imperfect. The richest nation on earth, having inHaled ilsclf for some ten 'years under Ihe im- pression lhal il could do any- thing regardless of lesser breeds without MIL law, discov- ered overnight that it was close In inlcruf'linnal bankruplcy, as the old-fashioned, reactionary economists had long foreseen when no cne would listen to them. So. in a blinding moment of reality, a panic-stricken presi- dent pulled the plug and re- leased strange force.', flowing no one knows whither. If the theory of planned, harmless, foolproof inflation is shown to he a monstrous fal- lacy in economics and simple Ilicft in morals, if its prophets are now revealed as small boys playing wilh dynamite, it does not follow lhat anything funda- mental in the world's affairs has been cured. The disease has been merely diagnosed in a rough, preliminary fashion. President Nixon, the house surgeon or, more accurately the puzzled youi.g intern of eco- nomics in Ihe emergency ward, continues his solemn advice to the palient exactly Ihe op- posite of Ihe advice that he was giving cnly a month The tact that everything he had said, I bought and done since taking office was dcmon- slrably I'aiN h him in the least. His wild somersault and act have not disturbed his health or peace of mind. While standing on his head this agile man pretends, and may even believe, (hat he is standing on his feel, immovable, regnant and in full cor.trol of evenls. And the American public, too bewildered lo understand them, apparently imagines that, hav- ing misjudged everything until August, he knows exactly what he is doing in September. Of course he does not, and cannot, because events are not within his, or any single gov- ernment's, control When a greater American, Ralph Wai do Emerson, said in a much simpler age that events were in the saddle and rode mankind lie could not foresee the vio- lence of that ride in the age of Nixon. All we know for sure now is H7l lr NEA, inn "Remember when vc used to relax fo :eo( men waring lhat the president has broken the existing economic pattern of the world, repudiated his own past without a sigh or re- gret and proposed lo creale a new pattern which, he hopes, will work. Hut Ihe new pat- tern however sound and neces- sary, can easily be botched in cxcculion, since it requires not only the wisdom of the Con- gress and people but the lotal collaboration of other nations, including Canada. It also requires lot more candor from all governments than we have received through the last decade of systematic political dcceplion above all, the candor Lo admil lhat we have been fooling ourselves too long by juggling the monetary ledger, as if we could live on a did of statistics, printing press money and windy prom- ises. It is all very well for the president lo assure Congress and people lhat his present measures are temporary, that after a brief period of minor economic controls, everything will return lo normal in Ihe best of all possible nations in the besl of ail possible worlds. Etil if he believes lhat prophecy he will believe anything. For the obvious truth is that there can be no return lo an old norm when a writhing, evolv- ing society creates, day by day. a new norm as unknown as it is unavoidable. Whatever shape the new norm may take, until it changes yet again, il will have lo in- clude, by volunlary or compul- sory means, some form of con- Irol over Ihe power groups lhal deslroyed the old norm and brought the world economy to the brink of disasler. Society cannot allow ilsclf lo be whip- sawed by a few economic giants forever. Hence Ihe cenlral queslion Is nol whether the easy ways of the pasl can be revived, since Ihey cannol, but whelher Ihe new ways can be made lo work any better; infinitely more im- porUnt, whether modern man really has the sense to govern himself in freedom when free- dom involves far more respon- sibility, intelligence and self- discipline thai he has lalely dis- played. As Hie events of the last month should remind tis, thai ultimate queslion has not been answered yet. (Tlie Herald Special Bureau) Joseph Krufl, How Khrushchev prepared the stage for others WAHINGTON ''We shall not soon see his like again" is Ihe epitaph for Niki- la Khrushchev. For his histor- ic achievement was to move Russia from one-man rule to a form of government by group. Leadership in Ihe Soviet Union has now been instilu- lionalized. There is not free- dom, but blocs and Icbbics counl for something when it comes to making decisions. Not so long ago it was very different. In his day Stalin made foreign policy, deter- mined military slrategy, set rates for economic growih. and established standards of excel- lence in arl and science. Everything depended on the "all-powerful father of Ihe peo- and those v'ho opposed him, or even doubled him, were made to pay a terrible price. To a degree Khrushchev worked within Ih- Stalinist Iradilioi'. As Ihe Cuba missile crisis showed, he chopped and Letter to the editor changed on a dizzying scale. More than any leader of the postwar era, he identified himself in a personal way wilh the big developments of his time. The secret speech he gave to the 20th party congress in 1956 became the cornerstone of de- Slalinzalion in the Communist norld. His visit lo the United States in 1959 symbolized :o- exislence among Ihe super- powers. His rapprochemenl with Tilo set Ihe lone for polycentrism in Ihe Communist world. His re- lalions with Col. Nasser mark- ed Russia's emergence as a power in the Easlem Mediter- ranean. His repealed Irips to Ger- many hacked Ihe tips and downs of Ihe Berlin crisis. His performance at Ihe 22nd party congress in 1961 formalized the split with Communist China. Far more than any cosmonaul. he and his bragging exempli- fied Russia's enlry lo Lhc space age. On Icp of all that, he em- bodied Ihe lamls cam- paign, the Russian effort that moved from manpower lo mis- siles in the military field, and a check on Hie "melal-ealers" of heavy induslry in order lo make life heller for consumers. It even took a nod from Khru- shchev for Alexander Solzhenit- syn to be published in the So- viet Union. But even as lie dominated Ihe scene, Khrushchev prepared the stage for others. He ruled by marshalling support in the Politburo, the Cenlral Commit- tee and wider circles. lie at- tacked Stalin for crimes against fellow Communists. Ex- cept for Bcria, his own rivals were demoted, not shot. In Ihe same vein, the appa- ratus of lerror was placed un- der committee control. Against the random use of arbitrary force (here was asserted the principal of "Soviet legality.'1 Sevureid's analysis of Attica And in these conditions, though opposition and factionalism were checked, interest groups asserted themselves. There are the party ideolo- gists. Hie military, the caplains of heavy industry, the regional bosses, Ihe technicians and ef- ficiency experts Decision mak- ing in [he Soviet Union is a pro- cess of touching base with all these different groups. Khrushchev was ousted in 1934 in large measure because he did not touch base, because he acted in a rash and arbi- trary way. Subsequent deci- sions have all borne the mark of committee work. There was obvious backing and filling over a long period before lire march on Czechoslo- vakia in August 1960. Periodic crackdowns and rclaxalions dominate the atliludc of the re- gime toward dissidenl intellec- tuals and nationalities. The es- tablishment of basic priorities for a new five-year plan seems slill net lo be thrashed out. And in dealings wilh Ihe Uniled Stales, Communist China and the rest of Ihe world the Rus- sians now move slep by slcp, making decisions slowly and only in Ihe margin. One obvious result of decision by group is a break for the con- sumer. No leader is strong enough to resist the pcnl up de- mand for heller goods and bel- ter housing. Ordinary Russians have never hod il so good, and Ihe grcr.l fad in Ihe Soviel Union today is the fad of get- ting and spending. This is nol lo be confused with freedom. A very small number of people run Russia. There is no legifimale means for the expression of political opposilion, and Lhc groal mass of Russians seem far more bent on material achievement than on self-government Bui Ihe insfitulionalizaiion of rule in Russia makes Ihe world a less surprising and, to that e.xlcnl, a safer place. Bold moves are nol very likely, nor sweeping changes. Indeed, il probably doesn't make much difference whether Brezhnev rules in Russia or Kosygin or Podgorny or somebody else. (Field ICnlerprises, Inc.) Looking backward Recently Eric b'evareid's transcendent tone and super- cilious detachment finally dis- gusted me lo Ihe poinl of send- ing him a nasty lellor. llr. Scvareid: I have just finished watching your commentary on the Allica tragedy. As has often been the ease in other instances I have been disturbed by your "analy- sis" and in this case find my- self compelled lo I ell you so. Part way through your piece say of course prison reform is needed." The rest of the commentary tells me thai you are one who is not going io do anything about prison re- form or societal reform and are in fact opcraling lo keep present repressions and inhii- maneness in operation. Your last comment ran somewhat as follows: if we had given inlo all Ihe demands of Ihe pri- soners then Iherc would surely be a rash of prison riots all over the country." You cannot know Ihiil! That "analysis" uses Ihe same argument, an emotional one, as if we abolish the death penalty Ihen Ihe murder rale will go up all over Ihe counlry" or if we iv'av sr-x censorship sex mines will intwiiM'." If is lhaf kind of thinking lhal keeps you (us) in Vietnam: if we are 'defeated1 in Indochina there will be a rash of Commu- nist uprisings all over Ihe world and prell.y soon we will be fighting them off Ihe shores ol Hawaii." You emphasized lhat (he men are nol political prison- ers." I believe thai deep in your own heart you arc nol con- vinced of lhat statement. You talked of "crazed animals" really You and many other Americans cannot see why prisoners arc willing lo fight you to Ihe death; why Viet- namese, peasants are willing to fight you In Ihe dealh: why your society appears to he breaking down, II is useless for me lo try lo lell you why. I can only wish lhal you could be pul in Ihcir place so lhal. you could fed what Ihey feel and learn what Ihey have learned. Would you Ihen refer In yourself as a "crazed ani- m.d" or a Why nol incel, the prisoners' demands? Do you fear lhal a rash of prison reform would break oul all over the country? Hut no Ihe classic mind of the oppressor musl prevail. Kafka and Orwell describe il well. This tragedy and your com- mentary upon it reflects Ihe harmful Christian ideas: of free will, of absolute right and wrong, of good and evil, God and Devil, of punishment for sin deeply rooted. Yon also reflect a nation running scared, one lhal cannol lei go, one lhal believes il must heal poor pri- soners uhen they ask for jus- tice, localise you cannot afford lo give ground for thai would show1 Ihe weakness lhat you feel wilhin yourselves and lh.it ou then would lose control. "Magnanimity, Unit attribute of Ihe strong and ju.sl quite absent. You are a nationally known journalist wilh some, small power to change uini's minds, but instead you reinforce bad ideas, do nol Irani from pasl lessons, do net bill only fol- low. All I hose apnlogisls of Ibis incident, you, Nixon, Hockelcl- Icr. are anachronisms. The ra- cism of Ihis event shonls lo the world, l.ovc is hale; peace is war; analysis is to juslifj, lo vindicate; analysis is propa- ganda. JOHN Through Hie Herald 11121 _ The lolal destruction of the town of Oppau, a Ger- man Iown in Ihe Worms region and the deaths of thousands of people was Ilic result of an ex- plosion of a chemical plant nearby. ment workers called upon the great port city's defenders lo "win or die." Fresh fighling broke out loday at Ipcilaying, a north- ern suburb of Mukden. Chinese torce.s were attacking the town, which was Ihe first point cap- lured by the Japanese Satur- day. fiercest fighting on Ilic whole Russian baltlefront flames Inwards a climax loday around Leningrad where arma- George is lo have an operation in Ihe near future. There was no mention of the type of surgery required but it is understood that the King has cancelled all tours for the next year. Hungry Haluba Iribcs- mrn went on ihf warpath from IliiMr giant refugee camp on the outskirts of ilClisabclln'ille .shortly before agreement, was reached on a ceasefire belwccn Kalangan forces and I hose of Ihe Uniled Nations in Ihe Con- The LctHbtidgc Herald 50-1 7th St. Alberta LETIIimiDRE HERALD CO. LTD., Propriciors and Publishers Published 105-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sccnnd Class Mall No. OD1V Memlior of Tho Canndlan Press and" me Daily Publishers' Association and the Audir Gurcriu of Clrculalloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor find Publifhor THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnncjcr JOE DALLA WILLIAM HAY Manacling Edllor Editor ROY F MILTS DOUGLAS K WAIKPR Advcf lls.nn Miiniidnr [fdilur "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"