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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 21, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Mondoy, September 51, 1970-------- Maurice Western Numb Voter Party consultants, pollsters anil forecasters arc baffled when it comes to predicting the result of the upcom- ing elections in the U.S. But they do agree on two things, first that the electorate is confused politically and secondly, worried about the economy, social unrest and the rising crime rate. Most observers agree that Viet- nam has lost top priority as an issue of national concern. The voters think that the President is doing the best possible job in extraordinarily diffi- cult circumstances. They are reluc- tant to interfere. This mood of course could change abruptly if there were signs of increased American involve- ment in Indochina. Many voters are so turned off that they have drifted into a feeling of hopeless lethargy. According to Rob- ert Teeter of Market Opinion Re- search, people "have begun to ques- tion whether the political system can really affect their lives, whether it's going to produce solutions to the prob- lems worrying them." Other election watchers believe that the two par- ties are moving toward similar posi- tions on the major issues, that there is no sharp division and that this in itself breeds disinterest. It's a kind of no matter how I vote, nothing is going to get done anyway, syndrome. Then there is what is known as the "information a weighty burden of facts, figures, opinions, pre- dictions simply too exhausting for the average man to form an opinion about. Numbness is the consequence. If numbness sets in, people are dis- inclined to change horses in the mid- dle of the stream. The implication, at the moment, is that the Republicans will top the polls in November. Chile A Second Cuba? self styled Marxist, Dr. Sal- vador Allende will probably be elected president of Chile when the Congress meets in late October unless the army intervenes which is a possibility. He polled slightly more than one third of the popular vote. The reason for his victory is probably not that his chief opponent lacked charisma, but that the people were disenchanted with the slow pace of reform promised by his pre- decessor. The people were promised an end to the concentration of land ownership by a few wealthy fami- lies and an end to the dominance of export economies by foreigners. Ad- vances were too slow. If Dr. Allende has liis way, re- forms will come a lot faster. The big copper companies Anaconda and Kennecott will be nationalized, whether with or without compensa- tion no one yet knows. If he does it with compensation it will strain the economy lo its utmost. If he does it by a simple takeover it will mean a massive flight of foreign capital from Chile. His land program will mean that large estates will be broken up either into small ones or, if he is a true Marxist, they will be- come state farms. It is a disappointment for those who believe in the middle way al- though the alarmists who talk about Russian tanks in Santiago streets are probably wrong. But those Chileans who pin the realization of their rising expectations on Dr. Al- lende's brand of Communism, what- ever it is, will be bitterly disappoint- ed. Communist rule has meant eco- nomic deterioration, police terror- ism, muzzling of the press and re- pression of all kinds in every coun- try where it has been tried. De-Recognized Princes At the time of independence the princely states of India occupied half her territory. Tales of the lim- itless wealth the luxurious way of life, the gold, the jewels, the ele- phant corps, the splendid palaces enliven the history of pre-1947 India. Most of that has teen a memory for over thirty years when the princes agreed to join their dominions into a United India. (All except the rich- est of them, the Nizam of Hydera- bad, who held out for a year before In return for giving up their territories, the princes were awarded tax-free annuities, given certain privileges such as im- munity from court action, import duties on personal goods, and reten- tion of personal standards, of spe- cial license plates etc. The annuities were not immense, but they were a thorn in Mrs. Gand- hi's side. So were the privileges of princely birth. In spite of constitu- tional barriers Mrs. Gandhi has found a way to get.rid of both the privileges and the expenses. She has persuaded President Giri to sign an executive order which "de-recog- nizes" the princes. The princes, who have formed their own trade union and mutual defence associa- tion, threaten to take their case to the Supreme Court. Win or lose, the princes have fall- en victim to politics. Under pres- sure from the far left in her shaky coalition government, Mrs. Gandhi has displayed her distaste for privi- leged aristocracy, even though she has had to bypass parliament lo do it. There are few who will regret the princes enforced assimilation in a more just society. One can sym- pathize though with the London Ob- server reporter after he had inter- viewed the "de-recognized" Maha- rajah of Jaipur, Lt. Col Bahawan Singh. He writes nostalgically that "never again will Bahawan Singh ride through the streets of his cap- ital in the silver howdah of an ele- phant bedecked with velvet and gold preceded by the banners of his house and escorted by nine Maha- rajahs, as he did on his wedding day in 19fi6." Crisis Compounded That universities around the world are faced with crisis is widely known; that this crisis is really compounded by five crises may not be so well understood. James A. Perkins, Chair- man and Director of the Centre for Educational Enquiry in New York, has discussed the crises with admir- able clarity in an article in The UNESCO Courier. Three of the crises are obvious and interrelated. They are the crises of numbers, costs and relevance. There has been phenomenal growth at all levels of education but the highest percentage increase has been at the level of higher education where the numbers have doubled in the past decade. The strain on most institu- tions is almost intolerable. Heavy stu- dent enrolments have created de- mands for funds for which neither fiscal policy nor tax structures are adequately prepared. The result has been shortages in both manpower and money. Most news about the university sit- uation comes from student demands that there be greater relevance in the curriculum. A better balance of humanities, social sciences, and sci- ences is called for as well as a bal- ance between basic and applied courses. This latter emphasis is of urgent concern in countries in the process of modernization. As a wider section of society has been admitted to universities, students from minority groups have1 been demanding also that what is taught have a connection with the agonies of the environments from which they came. Difficult to deal with as these throe crises arc, they are less complicated than the remaining two. The first of these has to do with priorities. A great shift took place in the sixties away from previous social priorities. Among the young there was a shift away from attention to affluence, full employment, and peace-keeping by military power toward more preoc- cupation with justice for the minori- ties and the poor, the quality of the environment, and peace keeping through subordination of national am- bitions to the idea of the international community. Universities, seen by some of the young as embodiments of the old values, have been put under seige lo change. The final crisis imperils the very idea of the university itself. It is the new skepticism that denies the possi- bility of objective, rational thought. The old belief that reasoning man in a reasonable universe would increas- ingly comprehend his environment to the benefit of a better evolution of mankind is a notion that has less cur- rency with each passing year. That reason has brought mankind to the edge of a nuclear abyss and the pos- sibility of being poisoned by pollution seems sufficient refutation of it. There is a belief that in feeling rather than thought one is more likely to find truth than in objective examin- ation of the world. Hence there is a vogue for irrational religions and an interest in experimenting with drugs. iN'ot only universities are faced with crisis. All institutions are faced with crisis. The shift in priorities along with the new skepticism con- stitute a challenge of the most radical sort. Statesmanship of the tallest order is required inside and outside the universities. Quebec Premier Takes Different Tack QT 'I'fTAWA Somclliing i s wrong with Hie consti- tutional review process. Unhap- pily Ihe political doctors differ in their diagnoses arid conse- quently in Hie remedies which they have to offer. According to the federal and Quebec governments, Hie meth- od involving a grand examin- ation o[ the entire constitution is basically sound and re- quires only a speed-up to pro- duce satisfactory results. Otta- wa lias been summoning ths provinces to greater effort at more meetings hotli of minis- ters and officials. Mr. Bourassa, the new Que- bec premier, has been saying mucli the same tiling but with greater urgency. The last prov- incial election demonstrated, h.e argues that Quebec wants a "new federal contract." For him, at least, "it is obvious that the present structures of the Canadian federation are ill- suited to our requirements." It is necessary "to conscript our energies in record time to arrive quickly at concrete solu- tions "Our Quebec fellow citizens will not tolerate any longer cither the excessive slowness of the revision pro- cedure of our constitution, or the lingering chaos which stems from it." This view of Hie constitution and its present effects seems to be limited to Quebec. Several provinces have constitutional grievances (usually related to taxation) which they are pre- pared, with little or no prod- ding, to expound. Others (notably Saskatchewan and Newfoundland) are well enough satisfied with the British North America Act to regard with ill- disguised impatience Hie amount of time being expended in constitutional review. From this standpoint, there is much logic in the proposal advanced by Mr. Robarts, and, in effect, endorsed by Mr. Thatcher. The Ontario premier (without mucli applause from Saskatchewan) argues that the method followed has been very helpful especially in clearing the atmosphere. Unhappily and this point Mr. Thatcher heavily underlin.es there lias been a "lack of tangible pro- gress." Urgent matters ought not to be delayed until every- thing is agreed; there, "let us act together when we agree to- gether and not await the one grand day of wholesale consti- tutional change a day which, in any event, is not likely to come about soon." In other words Mr. Robarts is now for a new, more selec- tive approach. He would give immediate priority to an amending formula, an im- proved version of Fullon-Fav- reau, seeking this through spe- cific amendment. Then, if there is consensus on the spending power, he would favor a change in tiie written constitution to in- corporate what is agreed, with- out delaying everything until accord extends to the entire re- form package. Obviously this argument is sharply at variance with the Quebec thesis, although Mr. Robarls and Mr. Bourassa do appear to agree that the search for practical solutions to problems through Ihe estab- lishment of belter inter-govern- mental machinery and im- proved consultation need n o I await on formal change. There seems also to be a clear diver- gence between Mr. Bourassa's emphasis on the "new federal contract" and Mr. Thatcher's insistence that "we should build on the present constitution." There is another argument, almost never conceded in these talks, for a selective approach. This is that it is not enough for tiie 11 governments to agree on what is constitutionally desir- able and to set it out in legal form. They must also once this is done, sell their proposals to the public in each of the prov- inces. Fulton-Favreau fell be- cause Mr. Lesage despaired of selling it to Quebec voters. But that formula, complicated as it was, dealt with a single subject (to which delegation was said to be The larger the package placed before the pub- lic, the greater will be the num- ber of possible targets for cri- ticism. Substantial opposition to any single proposal could doom the entire project. "Dammit man! I fell you I'm one of those armed g yards Nixon appointed to PREVENT Letters To The Editor Warnings On Hitch-Hikers And Illegitimate Drugs As one, who lias been much helped by the Alberta Motor Association, and as a physician, obstinately interested in med- ico legal problems, may J place belore Herald readers, as a worthy jury, certain points to help them decide for or against the A.M.A. and our Legal Pro- tectors when considering the serious accusations of Jim Wil- son published in the Herald about a month 1. Approximately two weeks before "publication of this con- demnatory article, a well-mean- ing Social Worker in Montana gave a lift to two long-haired hippy types. This Social Work- er was slaughtered, his heart cooked as a meal ind bits of his anatomy found on those to whom he had given a such a kindly and innocent manner! 2. About ten years ago, the Social Worker of the Barons- Eureka Health Unit gave a lift to a man in S'askat c h e w a n. Feeling the sharp point of a knife in his back, he was in- structed to drive to a more se- cluded area, hand over his money and his car. Considering discretion the better part of va- lor, Mr. Exner sensibly did ac- cording to instructions: He lost not his life but his car and money. His predatory passen- ger passed on his way, manag- ing cunningly not to be caught. 3. Our police, magistrates and judges have been particularly in Lethbridge but also across Canada in at- tempting to prevent drug abuse, and in dealing leniently with young victims of drug abuse, whether of the psychosigenic drugs Pot, LSD, or or the so called hard narco- tics those treasures still of modern scientific Opiates. Our jury has only to peruse police files and court judgments without bias, ob- jectively and therefore scienti- fically to appreciate this point. <1. The psychosigenic those potentially producing tem- porary or permanent include Marijuana, Hashish, Speed and many others. Some psychologists and sociologists were invited recently to be hu- man guinea-pigs to prove or dis- prove their point that Mari- juana was innocuous and not narcotic. Tlieir lives guar- anteed but not their minds. None volunteered. Will Jim .Wil- son? C. P. Lethbridge. On Hie other hand, the num- ber of agreed proposals which can in practice be disentang- led from the mass may bo found to be relatively few. For, in the process of revisions, the premiers must sooner or later lackle the central problem of the division of powers and it is not to be expected that any government will risk its 'best bargaining counters until it can see tiie shape of the whole deal. Apart from Hie difference over mefhod, the most interest- ing development was Mr. Bour- assa's demands. The change of tone from Union National days was marked, Mr. Bourassa be- ing the advocate of "true eco- nomic federalism." There are also important changes of sub- stance. Thus, it is clear from Mr. Bourassa's brief that Que- bec will not press .for the ac- ceptance of its original, highly controversial and manifestly unattainable propositions on the monarchy, parliamentary gov- ernment, the official name of the federation, the existence of two nations and the right to self-determination. It is not in- terested, as the premier rather oddly puts it, "in starling a quarrel around words or sym- bols." Secondly, and this is a most important gain for Mr. Trudeau, Ihe new Quebec government favors the adoption of a consti- tutional charter of human rights binding alike on the fed- eral and provincial govern- ments. On other matters, though, Mr. Bourassa seems to be de- fending with milder words posi- tions already taken by his pre- decessors. Quebec, as Mr. John- son used to say, must be "in a position to ensure that condi- tions will favor (he flowering of Hie French fact This means maximum use of its existing jurisdiction plus "the exercise of certain powers which will increase the effec- tiveness and radiance of its linguistic personality." Plainly there is difficult ground ahead for Quebec wish- es to be able to participate in the formulation of policies (monetary policy, fiscal policy, trade policy including customs duties, communications policy, immigration, and external re- lations which have been effec- tively controlled by the federal government.) Mr. Bourassa was not too specific and has promised to clarify his propositions. His brief appears, however, to raise the old question: who speaks for Quebecers? The prime min- isetr has argued forcefully that Q u e e b e c participates now through her strong representa- tion in the federal cabinet. Mr. Bennett has, indeed, complain- ed recently that Quebec over- participates. One Quebec min- ister presides over trade, an- other collects customs, too oth- ers supervise communication. It would be difficult to find any- one west of the Ottawa who thinks that Quebec has been overlooked in regional policy. And Mr. Trudeau, who comes from Montreal, supervises the whole cabinet. But although Quebec govern- ments come and go, all appar- ently cherish the conviction that the authentic voice of the prov- ince can only be expressed through a government in Que- bec City. Other premiers often speak in the same way but they do not proceed from an article of faith rooted in the French fact. The difference does not necessarily make for discord in everyday federal-provincial re- lations, but it i s certainly a major barrier to agreement at s. continuing conference charged with revision of the Canadian Constitution. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD Go To Root Of Noise Problem It is interesting to note that the serious concern for motor noise reduction in this city con- tinues in City Council. There is little doubt that the anti-noise bylaw recently formed, as it re- gards motorcycles, sports car and other vehicles has failed. I would hay Ihal this problem of a segment of persons in com- munities regularly denying Hie majority of the populace their right to reasonable quiet at all times, through the operation of noisy vehicles, cannot IK dealt wilh successfully in a direct way. It Hie makers of these vehi- cles were honest I would bet that they would say there is a demand for Hie noisy type and that they want a share of this market in a competitive busi- ness. I IjelLeve that denying young- er boys under 16 years the right lo operate motorcycles would work a hardship on them. I sug- gest instead that they be urged lo purchase the quiet types of motorcycles and make an ef- fort lo muffle the noisy ones Ihey may possess. It may be noted Uiat both quiet and noisy types of motor- cycles are currently purclia.s'c- ablc and I would say that the imperative need now i.s for gov- ernments, through legislation if necessary, lo see thai noisy types are not available on the legitimate market. According lo my beliefs and experience young people have a preference for this type of vehicle, and will not be deterred from Uicir un- democratic behavior (disregard for the rights of others) by en- lightenment or appeals, for by now most of Uicm must be well aware ol what their selfish ac- tions are causing in the com-, munitics. Tiie solution and probably the only really effective one, as I see it, would uc for civic and provinc i a 1 representatives of governments paying a personal visit lo where these machines arc manufactured, presenting the problem lo these people; and demanding lo know why in this age of such mechanical know-how as this is, these noisy machines cannot be adequately muffled. n. WEIGIITMAN Lclhbridgc, THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Ford Motor Company of Canada has announced a reduction in the price of cars. Runabouts will now sell for touring cars at and tractors have also been re- duced. 1930-At least three city ba- keries are selling bread below the ID-cent standard price for Ihe 16-ounce loaf. Bread prices have lagged behind Ihe declin- ing levels on wheat. Official sources dis- closed thai RAF bombers had dumped tons of bombs on Ger- man "invasion fleets" of ships and barges in the French har- bor of Dunkerque and oilier porls along the German-held channel coast. 1D50 Britain's hope of ob- taining substantial dollar sav- ings with a bumper wheat crop have been frustrated by bad weather. Last month's optimis- tic forecasts have withered un- d.er rain, hail and lightning. It will be Britain's worst grain harvest in living memory. application by Hut- terites to purchase land east ol Milk River in southern Alberta was refused by the cabinet. The government is concerned about the concentration of Hul- Icrilc colonies since about 50 per cent ol Hie land in six townships is held by mem at present. Tiie Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 001! Member ol The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and NIC Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate Edilor HOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;