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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 21, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta fW **AGE EIGHT THE LETHBRIDGE D\lhY IIERALD SATURDAY, SKPTEMBISK 21, l'JI� OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS (Some Nuts to Craok by the U. P. A., by S. S. Dunham, Ex Vice-Pres.) * One of the problems that continually arises in the Farmers' organization to the attitude that the organization ihould take iu political controversies. It is a popular delusion on the part �f farmers that in order to secure the things for which they are organized they should form a poliUeTU party, and, tanners' organizations on this continent have heretofore given up their existence in their efforts along these lines. In an address delivered by the writ-1 r before the U.F.A. Convention some consistently urged by our good president, H. W. "Wood, and that is, that the U. F. A. is bigger and broader and has mors important -work to do than any political party. Now this does not mean that the V. F. A. should not have political influence. As a matter of fact the force of onr organization can best be expressed as an "influence," but this influence is not confined to political matters by any means. Indeed the powerful men of this continent arc not the politicians. Rather do the powerful men control the politicians. We rears ago. we dwelt upon this subject., '"'^",-77',,""' """.TTV,  � Hd while this letter does not permit j J.nt� *'�-v It,ha' .is SB to go into the matter at length, we , �cT"p"�he1dT' ^t politically, the m.s-�t!II believe that what we said then ! � �? �7 , / !?' 1�.?* exte,nt Is sound. The U. F. A. should learn j�� >�>�t. to control the politicians. In from the history of farmers' organize I �r�*'� do"'V? T h�ndle. freat tions that have preceded it. The great %u� �* a,,d>o1^ Sreat problems. Farmers' Alliance movement in the \ g^'0" f,nd VT0^ms T* i�ports States developed into the Populist J f"deeper mere Questions of poll->arty. The platform, historically known j as the "Omaha Platform," adopted at j .Tue lesson for us to learn from the the first annual convention in 1SS0. ad- i history of the prior farmers" organiza-� vocated principles that were new to [ tions on the continent, is that die in-the politics of that day. The citjor > fluence that they exerted in political portion of thefee principles was after-1 affairs, by themselves goinp into poli- � ' -  - - fins ns a nnrtv rnnlri hnvn been exert- wai-ds enacted into law chiefly by the Democratic party. This platform was 'conceived in Uie minds of the leaders of the farmers' organizations. Several congressmen were elected upon it, and several states, for a short time, were controlled by the Populist officials, but tn accomplishing this much work the Populist party, and the farmers' organization with it, went out of existence, and this is the sad history of farmers' organizations that permit themselves to drift as organizations in. to the political arena. We should all tully grasp the idea that has been so ANCHOR-DONALDSON LINE POPULAR SERVICE Canada to Glasgow For full information apply to Agentt or Company's Office, 270 Main St, 10f party Winnipeg. tics as a party, could have been exerted just as well and probably better had they, as a party, remained out of polities, and as an organization have impressed upon public opinion, and through public opinion upon the political parties existing, the principles for which they stood. By pursuing this course ambitious and designing politicians who sought to use the organization for personal advancement would not have gotten control of it; and the organization as an organization, not having assumed the responsibilities and engendered the opposition which necessarily accompany a political party, would have survived for its more important work. In this connection it is not out of place to discuss our relation with the Non-Parti3an League. The U. F. A. is a brotherhood of farmers irrespective Recently many of our mem- LEMON JUICE TAKES OFF TAN Girls! Make 'bleaching lotion if skiri- is sunburned, tanned or freckled ; V:;,___________., Squeeze the juice of two lemons into a bottle containing^ three'ounces ot Orchard White, shake .well, and yon have a quarter pint of the best freckle, sunburn and tan-lotion, and complexion beautifier, at very, .very small cost. Your grocer has the lemons and any drug store or toilet counter will supply three ounces of Orchard Whitejtor a few cents. Massage this sweetly fragrant lotion Into the face, neck, arms and hands each day. and see bow freckles, sunourn, windburn and tan disappear and how clear, soft and white the skin becomes. Yes! It is harmless. No Humbug! Liftoff Corns Doesn't hurt a bit to lift a corn or callus off with fingers. For a few cents you can get a small bottle of the magic drug freezone recently discovered by a Cincinnati man. Just ask at any drug store for a small bottle of freezone. Apply a few drops upon a tender, aching corn and instantly, yes; immediately, all soreness disappears and shortly you will find and the corn or callus so loose that you lift it out, vroot and all, .with the fingers. Just think! Not one bit m.,,! of pain before applying I' freezone or afterwards. It | doesn't even irritate the surrounding skin. Hard corns. Boft corns i.jm - j I or corns between the toes, I I also hardened calluses on rO i II bottom of feet, just seem , * to shrivel up and fall off without hurting a particle.1 It is almost magical. _ Ladies! Keep a tiny bottle on your dresser and never let a corn or cal-Iub ache twice.-Advertisement. bers have associated themselves with the Non-Partisan League. There can be no objection to this and good may be accomplished thereby, but one thing should be kept continually clear, and that is, that the TJ. F. A. is in no way associated with the League or any political organization. If our members, who aTe affiliated with the League, will keep this clearly in mind, and in their efforts towards the objects foT; which they strive, will use all means to keep the public' and the membership from being confused as to the- identity and objects of the two organizations, all will be well. But on the contrary if the TJ. F. A. becomes so identified with the League or any political organization in its official efforts, that its identity and objects become confused or lost in its political efforts, then the organization's position and its influence will be in a very precarious condition, and if it wirytves such a contingency it will do more than any farmers' organization heretofore existing has been able to do. It behooves the TJ. F. A., and the League also, to keep these things clearly in mind, and whetner we are members of the League or not, let us as members of the U. F. A. select men of the stripe of our good president to be onr. leaders. Men who realize the importance of this phase of our organization, and who are too big to use the TJ. F. A. for political aggrandizement. [ : * : : > * > I *� * ? AUTUMN CULTIVATION > ? FOR WEED CONTROL. ; seeds will germinate? and this holds ', good even if the conditions with re-1 gard to moisture and temperature are | suitable. These normally germinate ' in the spring of the following year i after they are shed, but in many spe-j cies the germination can be delayed for several years if the seeds are buried to a considerable depth in the soil. This is true of such species as wild oats and wild mustard. Each time the surface of the ground Is disturbed some of these buried seeds will germinate, and if uo other seeds ure allowed to fall into the soil in the meantime, the ground will eventually become clear of them. In another group of annual species known as Winter Annuals, the seeds germinate immediately after they are scattered and pass the winter in the form of a small seedling plant which survives under the snow and resumes growth in the following spring. Belong to this group are the following weeds: Chess, Purple Cockle. Night-flowering Catchfly, Stinkweed. Shepherd's Purse, False Flax, Ball Mustard, Wild Radish, Hare's Ear Mustard, Tumbling Mustard, Peppergrass, Wormseed Mustard, Corn Cromwell, Blue Bur or Stickweed, and Stinking Mayweed. It is in the case of these weeds that autumn cultivation is specially desirable and if they are turned under with the plow and covered sufficiently deep, very few of them will be able to continue their growth after the snow melts. �44 (From. Our OwtiJ&jrreaqAiiaihO Milk River, Septf ?17.-*-Threshers' reports continue to shofr better results than the farmers anticipated. On summer fallow ten to twelve .bushels to the acre are common, but no summer tallow spells, no crop every time. Everyone is, working hard plowing or seeding to get an early start for next season. All the sheep men in the south country have done exceptionally well. This week the Harvey ranch shipped a car of sheep to the Calgary market. Johnston and Paterson have shipped their entire flock north of Edmonton for the winter. Joins Air Forcie. * Mr. R. D. White has gone to the air service. The Women's Institute provided a hearty send-off at the home of Mrs. Hunt, on Thursday evening. .Mr. A. It. Shea summed up the feelings of the company in a neat little speech while presenting that most] indispensable part of a smart soldier outfit--a safety razor. After singing "(Sod Save the King" and a rousing "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow," the company dispersed to meet again next day on the station platform for a final handshake and God Speed. Mrs. White accompanied him to Calgary. Mr. White is the third from Milk Kiver to join the air service, the others being Barney Tennant and George Watson, and three better set-up. intelligent and morally clean young gentlemen would be hard to find anywhere. IN HOLD HENGLAND Food Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD on the fertile plains of Western Canada. The Canadian Pacific Railway makes it easy for you to begin. Lands 111 to $30 an acre; irrigated land up to $60; 20 years to pay. Loan to assist settlers on irrigated lands. Get full particulars and free illustrated literature from MIAN CAMERON, GMlftpL l.P.K SQo lit St. Eait, CALGARY ? THE RYE M1XUP * & Kf *J* K" ft K* *� !* ** 'if (Grain Grower's Guide). Many of the men I have talked with this season, are strongly convinced that there has been somewhat of a mix-up with regard to fall and spring rye. As it is impossible to distinguish these two varieties in the grain, it is only natural that there should arise some confusion, which would result in the mixing of the grain. In fact, I have heard of more than one case where spring rye has been deliberately Bold for fall rye, because fall rye was in greater demand and a higher price was offered. A season's growth is all that is necessary, of course, to demonstrate whether a man has sown spring or fall rye. It is more than likely that some of the failures of fall rye, due to killing out last winter, were the result of sowing spring and not fall rye. Two things were emphasized by Professor Harrison in conversation with the writer recently, which are absolutely necessary in order to have success with fall rye. The first of these is to be sure that it is fall rye that is being sown, and the second to get it in time so that there will be a good strong growth in the fall. It could be sown between August 15 and September 1, preferably near the former date. Another danger is that too much may be expected of fall rye. Some men have given it all kinds of abuse, and still secured a good grain crop, but it should not be reasoned from this that the crop will stand all kinds of abuse. If it shows a strong growth in the fall ifc may be pastured down to some extent, but care must be taken to have it go into the winter with a good strong growth. In order to do this it is essential that the stock be kept off it during the last few weeks before the season closes.-R. D. C. At the recent election a senator was elected who thought very favorably of his own tactfulness, so when he returned from his first visit to the Capitol, upon being asked to deliver an address, he started as follows: "My friends, I shall not call you ladies and gentlemen, I know you too well."-Awgwan. ? HARVESTING AND STORING ? CERTAIN VEGETABLES. ? (Experimental Farms Note.) While-vegetables have been has-vested continually in many gardens in Canada since radishes and spinach were ready for use in early spring, the time has come when the bulk of the crop must be gathered to escape hard frosts. As beans discolor and mould very readily, it is important to dry them as soon as possible, and to keep them dry. They should be spread out thinly under cover, and turned every two or three days until quite dry. If it is necessary to harvest the plants before they are thoroughly ripe they can be hung up outside until dry. \There will be many tomatoes which will not ripen before the plants are killed by the frost. If the fully* grown green specimens are picked before being frozen, and each specimen wrapped in paper and stored in closed boxes, they will be found, from tests made at the Experimental Farm, to ripen better than by exposing them to the sun. Even if put into closed boxe3 without wrapping each specimen, they ripen well. Frequently cauliflowers are. just beginning to head when it becomes necessary to harvest them owing to severe frosts. If the plants are _ pulled and replanted- in boxes in the'cellar, and kept watered, they � will go on developing, and one can have cauliflower for some weeks. Brussels sprouts can also be replanted in this way. Both of these vegetables may, however, be left in the ground for some weeks yet. If cabbage begin to split and it is not yet time to harvest them, the splitting will be prevented to some extent by twisting the plants so as to loosen them. This checks the flow of sap into the head. If the cellar is warm and dry, and the cabbage have to be harvested owing to the frost, they will keep well for a time outside if covered with leaves. Where the accommodation is poor, celery may be kept outside in the soil well into the winter by opening a trench, preferably a narrow one fifteen or sixteen inches wide, and deep enough so that the tops of the celery will come about level with the surface of the ground. The celery plants are put close together in it, and before there are severe frosts, a thin layer of straw or leaves is put over the top. When the cold weather come3 a heavier covering of leaves may bo put over, if it is desirable to leave, the celery longer, and then twelve to fifteen inches of soil over that. By putting sufficient leaves or straw over the soil again, frost may be kept out, and the celery dug out as required. In harvesting potatoes, any which show 'signs of decay should be kept separate from the rr>st. and used first, thus helping to avoid the development of rot when stored. Potatoes should be dry when they are stored. Keep onions Oryj spreakl thinly. Squashes, pumpkins ' and citrons should be kept in a moderately warm, not a cool place. A Frenchman learning English said to his tutor, as reported in the 'Christian Register': "Knglish is a queer language. What does this sentence mean: 'Should Mr. Noble, who' sit3 for this constituency, consent to r.tand again and run, lie will in ajl probability 1 -nalkovcr'?" First English Boy: "Coming' fish-in'. Bill? Second Ditto: No, can't come fish-in' today; I lost me worm ticket.- (Boston Transcript.)  CLEAN THE POTATO CELLAR3 ? Clean up the potato cellars now and don't wait until harvest, ^ays the United States Department of Agriculture in pointing out that the-�otato drop promises to be a big one and that, there is no excuse for allowing losses by rot in storage. Among the suggestions the Department makes are the following: Get rid of every bit of vegetablo matter in the storage cellar; sweep and brush until it is clean; then give a thorough dose of fungicide, either gas or spray, the quickest and easiest to apply being formaldehyde gas. Fungicides to Use For each 1,000 cubic feet of space use 10 ounces of formaldehyde and five of potassium permanganate. Pour the formalin over the permanganate in a deep container, and then leave the cellar immediately, because the gas is given off at once. Should it be found that these chemicals are too expensive, a bordeaux mixture of B-6-60 strength is recommended. It may be applied with hand sprayer, pump or broom; it is effective when thoroughly used and it does not cost much. It is expecting too much, says the Department to look for potatoes fit for markot. from a dirty, ill-ventilated cellar. Time, money, and work spent in growing a crop are wasted if the potatoes are stored where dead potatoes are carrying over the organisms that cause rots. Dry rot attacks newly stored potatoes through bruises and wounds and spreads throughout the stored supply. Many Cellars Polluted Many farmers, it is stated, have cellars that now contain piles of sacks of potatoes, all rotten, sacks and all, and constituting a wet, foul mass that helps to decay the timbers and menaces the crop to be stored. While there is no -way to estimate the loss due to the neglect and un- cleanliness in potato storages, it is k'nown to amount to a great deal, not only in Vpoiled human food but in rotten sacks, and in actual money spout in the labor ot handling unmarketable material, arid, in lowored-market value of what is left to put on sale. There never was a time when something to eat was so valuable as now, and when so much effort has boon expended in food production. For the same reasons there novor was a time when the prevention of this-waste was so important. 4 "I don't see any sense in doctors being sick," said Uttlo Elizabeth, according to the 'Medical Journal,' '"cause they're right around with themselves'all the time." REVI8ED UTTERANCES, The crown .prince; I. have mot tho. enemy, and I am his, Ludendorff: I came, I saw, I ro-treated. ^The Knlser: I regret that I have only 3even lives (mine and my six sons') to keep safely iu the roar for ray country. The Gorman people Give us slavery or give us death.-Life. SAVE 'EM FOR COAL. The food administrator has frowned upon the envelope plan of serving sugar in restaurants, "but perhaps tho idea ought not-to be abandoned altogether. The envelopes "may be handy to serve coal in next winter.- Kansas City Star. THE STANDARD DANK op canada HEAD OFHCE  TORONTO A General Banking Business conducted, offering special facilities in the handling of business accounts. J. C. SCOTT, Manager,  C. F. BLETCHER, Manager, . D. A. CURRJE, AccountanNin-Charge, 241 13th St. North. 4th Avenue South.  fc Coalhurit THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE SIR EDMUND WALKER. CV.O.� LL.D.. D.CU, Pnw'oVni H V. F. JONES, As�'lG�V l Manager SIR JOHN AIRD, General Manager V. C. BROWN, Sup't of Central Wenem Branches CapitalPajdUp,j15,ooo,ooo \ Reserve Fund.  $i3,500,ooo ESTABLISHED OVEK 104 YmVUIS Safety Deposit Boxes It is unwise to keep Bonds, Securities, Insurance Papers and other valuables in a house or office. Safety Deposit Boxes in the vaults of this Bank may be rented at a moderate charge. / LETHBRIDGE BRANCH MCa.0 ornec.montreau. G. H. HARMAN, Manager I have on hand a large quantity put up in five gallon packages. COLORS GREEN, SLATE, GREY, CREAM AND WHITE To clear I am offering it at reduced prices. House Paint. Regular $4.25. Sale Price $3.75 gallon. Barn Red. Regular $1.75. Sale Price $1.35 gallon. Shingle Stain. Regular $1.75. Sale Price $1.35 gallon. White Lead. Regular $24.00 per 100 lbs. Sale Price, $20.00. SPECIAL DISCOUNT FOR QUANTITIES. ARTHUR HAYR P. 0; BOX 275 OFFICE 416 FOURTH AVE. S. MAIL YOUR ORDER TODAY, C.O.D. Careful attention is &iven to the bank-jt� requirements of farmers, with whom an important part of the business of this Bank is transacted. Farmers may rely upon prompt and courteous service. Lethbridge Branch - - - - - R. T. Brymner, Manager Warner Branch ------ J. H. S. Gordon, Manager Milk River Branch -.....J- V. Steele, Manager Co11 ^"ions For Business Houses The satisfactory service which The Merchants Bank renders to Business Houses, in the matter of collecting Notes, Drafts and other financial paper, is due to the number and strategic location of its branches throughout Canada, and the efficient system in force. Special attention is given to collections ; returns are promptly made and credited ; losses are often prevented by the care and thoroughness with which we do this part of our work. MERCHANTS BANK Head Office : Montreal. OF . CANADA Established 1864. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH, . . R. J. DINNING, Ma&ager. MONARCH BRANCH,  V. A. EBERLY, Acting Manager. NOBLEFORD BRANCH.  M. A. KILPATRICK, Acting Manager. Co-operative Saving Is facilitated and encouraged by the opening of a Joint Savings Account in the name3 of Husband and Wife, Father and Son, Brother and Sister, or any two or more members of the family. Either can deposit or withdraw money at will, and the Interest accrues to the credit of both. Ask the Manager for full particulars. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH CARDSTON BRANCH .. BARONS^ BRANCH ..... .. F. W. Nicholson, Manager ..... F. V. Cavers, Manager ---- S. D, Griffiths, Manager A Prosperous City $50,000,000 worth of Grain and other iield products pass annually through the City of Lethbridge. Mr. Farmer, are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come? Buy a Victory Bond or tvvo and see that your Will is properly drawn. The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, ETC. HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH STREET S. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA PHONE 1843 For Many Reasons Trust Companies are preferred as EXECUTORS AND TRUSTEES UNDER WILLS. Their fees are ' never more than is allowed to private individuals. Consult us about YOUR WILL today. FULLEST INFORMATION FREELY GIVEN WITHOUT ! EXPENSE OR OBLIGATION TO YOU. The Trusts and Guarantee Company, Limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA LETHBRIDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING, J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOD, MEDICINE HAT. CALGARYv RED DEER. STETTLER. P. LUND & SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER Lath, Shingles, Mouldings and Finishing Lumber Builders' Supplies All Kinds CONSULT US REGARDING PRICES, PLANS, ETC. WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAD OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING YARD, CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND SEVENTEENTH STREET, LETHBRIDGE. BRANCH YARDS: AT MACLEOD, COALDALE, CHIN AND BARNWELL. AT THESE POINT8 WE HANDLE FENCING MATERIAL, HARDWARE AND FARM IMPLEMENTS. BOX 189, OR PHONE 516; LETHBRIDGE ;