Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 21, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
TEACHERS WANT GOOD CONDITIONS, NOT MORE MONEY A Woman School Teacher Say That Salaries are High Enough. RURAL PREMISES NEED IMPROVING Better Equipment and Buildings and Better Housing for Teachers Required. Want Good' Condition*. Tt will be good news to the teachers to learn that Hon. Dr. Cody, Minister of Education, is about to inaugurate a movement for the advance of the salaries o� the women engaged in the profession. It is generally understood that the teachers of Ontario are the best paid body of women in the-world at the present moment. What will it be when the increase comes?-Milton Champion. A school in the district advertised for a teacher. A young lady (from Grand Valley made a motor trip and examined the school premises, and then phoned the trustees that she would not accept, as the said premises were not sufficiently up to date.-Boiton Enterprise. By A WOMAN TEACHER. THUS the press._ What do the teachers say? The married man with a family to support is justified in asking for a raise in salary. But he is negligible in the article I have In mind to write. The female teacher, and especially the female teacher ot the rural districts, is the one I had in mind as I read and clipped the items above. The average teacher thinks she Is pretty well-paid. The complaints about salaries, in so far as I have heard them, have come chiefly from women .who live in homes where other members \>t the family are employed in vocations that call for longer hours and higher pay than In the case of, the average teacher". Of course, it a teacher spends all she makes on dress, no salary would be largo enough to gratify her'tastes. The teacher ot to-day is not noted for the size of her bank account Expensive trips. Indulgences of various kinds in -which, the teacher of a decade ago would have thought it beneath her profession to partake, ill can' make a call on the salary ot the teacher of to-day, that causes unthinking people to pronounce the :cacher underpaid. But all Income and outlay are jroportionate. When it Is considered :liat the average teacher receives >G00 for teaching: " less than 40 xeeks in the year, or a salary ot fifteen dollars per week for five days )f less than sis hours each, she is 701 badly paid as remuneration goes. Vnd if she makes no further use of :he hours at her disposal, and spends ill that she makes and even caUs on he people at home for more, as I lave known some teachers to do, :he is apt to consider ;herselt untler-jaid. REAL PATRIOTISM You Can't judge Manitoba Folks bY &e Names of TKeir Cottages. WOMEN ARE WORKING They are Canning Fruit' and Knitting Socks for . the Boys. "CVLEMISH women, each working out her eyes in making one design. Some of the forty1 thousand lace makers thrown out of work by the war. hare gotten Into worse surroundings. Beyond all that, I had a reputation to sustain for being "no quitter.")] When things have been very, very badr I became possessed of a sporting instinct to get through them any way. But my mind was made up that there were vocations which presented better fields for work, better environment for working in, and better opportunities lor making the most of life's possibilities. A teacher I must always be, having been born with an unusual aptitude for teach suggests that her room is too warm or too cold, according to the season, she is accorded the privilege of finding something she will like better. Following on such a search, if she is brave enough to undertako It, is l.ir discovery that the entire neighborhood is her enemy, and she too. may begin to take an interest in the columns of "Teachers Wanted." In some sections the ^people will and do see that the teacher has a home, that she is taken to and from the school on had days, that she gets to church regularly, and that she has ing and for training. In school and' opportunity, to leave the section oc- High-salaried stenographers, nurses tnd munition workers are the only vomen who receive more money" .han schooliltea'chers, and their hours 1 -.re 'much longer. * ' The only teacher whom ,1 have leard talking about being under-4, laid during ;tbe past twelve months^, (rid 1 am' in "contact with teachers ill the time, was one who had been n the profession for 15 years, and vho Is a failure. She wanted to eenre an advance on the salary of he teacher whom she succeeded, be-ore assuming' her duties at all. Now hat the end of her year has come, he 1b Interested In the page devoted o "Teachers "Wanted." * But while I have ndt heard a eacher say that she ought to be �etting* more money, I have heard iany'teachers speak in unqualified erms of things that should be done Dr teachers in order to make it pos-Ible for them to earn the salary hey do receive in a manner satis-lctory from every standpoint. I can appreciate to the full the ttitude of the teacher who motored roro her home town, inspected the chool and said: "I- won't teach here!" I admire her spunk, and 'hen ivhat she" did becomes gener-/ Jly known, not a teacher will fan � applaud her' action. Take my own experience. Think f appearing as teacher at the door f a school where the well was never umped out from year's end to ear's end, where the children were lade responsible for putting the inter's supply of hardwood in the hed, where the teacher had to sweep, ust and light the fires, where the iitbuildings were more than three -undred feet from the school, and lien to the north winds that swept cross the fields with sufficient :>rce to take the' smaller children ff their feet. Rural Conditions Bad ' MAG IKE my feelings when 1 . found that inside the building latters were equally bad. The win-ows had to he opened by .main 31'cc. the blinds, what were left of lem,.'.raised .and lowered by boy ower, applied; as the boy stood on ne sills of the Windows. The *lieat-lg plant was adequate only for a bicker, house on a, mild day. The ' Ihds poured into the building' from very corner of the earth. The equip-ient was conspicuous by its ab-mce. Yet-I spent three years in-*' that chool and prepared and "passed" area entrance classes; Why'did I stay" there when the .'onditions were, so bad? I had to trn �.livelihood for myself, and ISre were others dependent on me, b that I could not afford to pick �4 choose. And, besides, 1 wight, out of it, I prepared for a change and when the time came, I willingly laid down the pointer for the pen and the copy-paper of a newspaper office. Among ideal surroundings for work, making a little home in a bachelor woman's flat, I am earning a livelihood as a writer and whenever and wherever the opportunity offers. I am employing: ray powers as a teacher and trainer. My salary for my* last year's teaching was $625. Now-by dint of steady application to the various lines open to a writer on a newspaper, I can make ?800 a year. The increased cost of living in a town uses up that additional 5173, but I am recompensed by the improved conditions under which I am working. Within a radius of six^miles from-i that school in which I taught, were four schools on. which mine had! nothing when it came to being out of date^-These schools were- situated in a locality where the great bank barns, with their adjoining stables, sheltering herds of sleek, beautiful and valuable cattle, can ba Men*, for miles around; where every fanner has a car; where the .women can take a place among the most .advanced thinkers of the Province. But their motto is; "It was good enough for us when we went to school, it is good enough for the children now." The fathers and mothers of the children now attending these schools were educated in these very buildings as they stand. They fared forth into the world, and have made good according to their ideals. Why cannot their children do the same, they say. They do not see that while . the mark of progress is stamped on everything else in the neighborhood, the school and often the church, too, ar* guiltless of any such distinguishing feature. If the Minister of Education should ask each rural teacher tor a full and unbiased description of the last school in which she taught, with an accompanying: list ot reeommendar tions that might be applied to the improvement of the school. I am afraid he would he appalled at the reading matter that would b-s piled upon him. But the appearance and equipment of the schools are only two of the many things to which teachers ;ob-ject in viewing a new field. There is the question of a home. Within ten miles of where I sit writing, it is almost impossible to find anyone willing to "board the teacher." One teacher, a very fine, very capable young woman will have to board in the town nearest her school, and ^either walk or .wheel: to school daily. When the weather becomes unfit for wheeling, by reason of the wet. or the snow that blocks that road very badly In winter, Bhe will have to make the two miles on foot, often breaking the road, as she struggles, up to her knees, through the drifts. Poor Meals and Room WOULD a factory girl do that dally? Not any factory girl ot my acquaintance, **and I know several score of them. But there are hundreds ot school teacher's who do it every winter in the Province of Ontario. "Well,,.it don't hurt them!" says some clever trustee, speaking out ot his recollections of the teachers who have done it for 25 years ^vithln his ken. "It Will make them all the stronger!" he continues facetiously. Does It not hurt teachers to undergo such exposure? I know from experience that it does hurt them. I could cite cases of_ teachers, who had to make that sort of struggle for several years, played out by it. I could tell of a schoolmate who is entering on the third year of an enforced rest after a winter spent in struggling through Just such conditions, combined with a smoky, badly-heated schoolroom^ and a heatleBs room at her boarding-house. It the; teacher> Is allowed to board in the neighborhood, she must take what she is given in-the shapo of a room. The meals are usually served without consulting hor tastes. If she ; casionally. They do not expect her to sweep a quantity of the section out of the schoolroom every night, when her nerves are tired, and when her vitality has been lowered by teaching In a poor atmosphere all, day. Nor do they derive pleasure from the fact that she has to break a road to tbo school at S a.m., in order to have the building warm when the scholars arrive at 9-o'clock. But such sections are few and far between. In a section in the northern part of the Province, the teacher committed suicide because of the loneliness, and the condition of. the school, and the laok of everything that was homelike in the boor boarding house. Her successor stayed less than two months. U is no use to say that ateacher should have more spunk. It does no good to urge teachers to have more backbone. It will not remedy matters to tell teachers of the sublime and uplifting calling -of which they have become followers. Teachers there must be and teachers there will be. But whether the teachers are going to view the^land and then refuse to till it, or whether] they are going to put up with conditions as they are to be found in most rural schools, for a couple ot years, aofl then leave the-rrofesslon for solhething better, remains for the. Minister of Education in Ontario to see to. One reason given for teachers leaving the profession is by way of being improved. No teacher can honestly say that the curriculum, as it stands, is conducive to keeping teachers in_. the profession. With an improvement there, alone, more teachers will pluck up heart and stay "on the job." The freshest teacher, newiy out from the Normal School, with her head filled with the idealistic stuff taught there, becomes weary of trying to get in all the subjects called for in the different grades. It takes a species of planning that ends in persisterft brain-fag, to arrange a time-table that will be acceptable to the inspector when be makes his semi-annual visit. The little folks do not respond as easily to the present system of teaching as they did to the system -rin ' use a generation ago. There is/:inofce-demand on the teacher and less oh jthe pupil. There is to be seen in the scholars:that lassitude of mind that, results in an undesirable activity of body-the fidgets. Sctiool Buildings Disgraceful Y-AND-BYE," the teacher gets the fidgets herself, but the doctor: calls it" a nervous breakdown, and prescribes a-long, rest. She may try teaching again.-,�'D, he did. He painted the boards white and in black letters that one might have seen a duarter of a mile away he printed on them such names as: Lendahand, U-Kant-Loaf-Here, Buzzaround, We-Need-a-Cook, Hardscrabbie Hall, Busylot, Sunrise Farm, Kumrite Inn, Seven-Day-Grind, Earn-Your-Keep, Up-at-Four and Weneedu. Whether he ever succeeded in his full design or not, we cannot say, but his district, it turned out, had no lack of help /that autumn, " That farmer would view the summer resort of this year with, a more charitable eye- Living mostly on fish, fresh-caught from the lake, and on the luscious blueberries that abound in the woods and along the rocky hills, one should say that of all people in the land the summer campers are the most economical this season. Numbers of women order their su^rar from the city and can their fruit fresh from the bushes, taking it nack to town in the fall packed in excelsior. The risk of breakage is negligible-Only one jar out of forty-two in a consignment was broken last summer. We heard of a flady well past the sixty mark, who canned eighty pounds of fresh lake fish last year. Some of the fish she had caught herself sitting on the dock with her knitting, a pole between her knees. No doubt her cottage boro a name like: So-E-Z or Rest-a-Bit. and the i - 1 APPLE SAUCE CAN ., BE DELICIOUS Here are Some Ways to Trans v figure the Usual Old > Dish. o. .�*^f":^;M" SPICED AND PICKLED Other Novelties are Fried Apple ; Sauce and Flavor With a;, _ ; ' .-Raisins: .(...jjgfj By .M^RGARBf HAJIEL1.V._ jj j^^"'6~ 'you''*'iik'e' apple* sauceY which an*!.not utilizing their garbage are missing tgeir chance to produce 4,400,000 poun3sv6f nitroglycerin, 40,-000,000 twelve-ounce cakos of soap,, and an amount of fertilizer elements sufficient to raise 3,000,000 bushels of wheat. A simple*"-"'fnethou of garbage disposal is feedins it to hogs, , pessimist passing by had oft remark ed that "those city people sure do have a soft snap." On this particular August day when the mercury was flirting with the eighty-in-the-shade mark, one saw a'little maiden of nine knitting a pair of khaki socks, Australian fashion, that is to say one inside the other, while she "minded" the baby. Her mother had-pinned her ringlets up on her. head in true grown-up style on account of the heat, and she looked like an industrious little Dresden shepherdess. "Wouldn't you rather play dolls?'1 someone asked her. She uhook her head gravely and went on counting her stitches, then gave the yarn a jerk to slacken It up on her little forearni end went to it again, her needles clicking and flashing almost uncannily. Work Worth While ON the verandah of a camp house overlooking the beautiful little lagoon which is behind the first range of hills, and a'dellghtfully sequestered spot, a dozen women were' busily making dresses for little French orphans out of men's discarded shirts. Over five hundred of these gingham and blue-jean shirts had been donnt-: ed and those not already washed were put through the laundering* process and then the tops arid? sleeves were cut off and with a bit of sewing many littie one-piece frocks were evolved. In case we should think that we-had merely hit upon a day when the campers had had a spell of energy, one young woman In bloomers and middy took us about on a kind of tour of Inspection. We saw box afteri,, box filled with the product of busy | needles nnd shelf after shelf of can Sled fruit- - asked a young housekeeper, bent on pleasing the taste of her husbanfl. "I might, if I did not suspect it of being so good for me," was the laughing response. And the wise littlo housekeepor understood perfectly that hero was man who has never tasted any real apple sauce at all, save the insipid watery stuff that frequently masquerades under the name, Unfortunately, many persons entertain the same idea ot apple sauce, khowlng but one variety of this savory compound; and they would fall to recognize or believo that some of the delicious conserves served under tha't name were really prepared from the everyday apple. In making any'lclnd of apple sauce great care must be exercised in the selection ot the fruit. Tart, juicy apples (generally known as "cooking apples") are always given the preference, and an agateware or enamelled saucepan should be used for cooking them. It is difficult to give the exact amount ot sugar or other sweetening agents and of water to be used In the cooking, as the tartness and julcincssi of .the fruit" as well as personal taste, govern both of these Ingredients. If apple sauce is to be strained, it is a waste of time and ot fruit to peel or core the apples. Merely wash them and cut. them in, pieces, and you will be surprised to find how the . amount of sauce is increased. If red-skinned apples are used and the fruit is to be left In pieces it may be given a beautiful red color by stewing the skins (after peeflng) in just enough water to cover for three-quarters of an hour. ' Then strain off the liquid and utilize this in making the "sauce" instead of plain water. MOI.A.SSKS APri.E SAUCE. rriHIS was a decided favorite in.colonial days. Over a sufficient quantity of pared and cored apples pour enough boiling water to cover, and simmer until the fruit begins to (�often. Meanwhile, cook the saino amount of-molasses as water used on the apples and allow a teaspoon-ful of butter for each cupful of molasses and simmer gently until quite thick. . This is excellent served in deop saucers, with a little cream poured over each portion. BRITISH FOOD ORDERS STRICT Patrons of English Hotels Very Little Meat, Bub .:- ter, Milk,-Etc., i HE tfAU WEEKL'Y la Indebted to Mr. JtoVtrt Parker, of Low-tftsr avenue, Toronto, liow in Englas*. tot � fSfter' defining the food regulation* ijkt': public eating places in ths Mother. ^Country. .The poster is Mng up In Itote!s�'and restaurants, 4una it reads'ais lollqisis: : T0OT> ORt>E*K; ..,>- Warning of Uatfftlty/Jo'. heavy fl��s under; the public- iheaM_c-rder; , . J\ was reoestJ.jr fined'�170 for' suppbrtatt lowanccs as sttkdfled io( the pubils meals order. '* Will visitors la this establishment please remember that the management have no option but to conform to the Ministry's food regulations? The principal food restrictions affecting residents in htls establish-, ment arc: 1. No meat, ham, bacon, or sausages may be served at breakfast. ' 2. A maximum of three ounces of meat only may be served for lunch and dinner, except on Wednesdays and Fridays, which trs two compul- . sory meatless days. (The three ounces is the weigrht of the meat uncooked, including bone.) 3. Total amount of sugar for cook- -ing Is two ounces per bead per week. Maximum amount ot sugar allowed to residents ' for sweetening purposes is six" ounces per week (provided they- satisfy the management that no sugar ration for any week during their residence has been obtained from other sources in.respect of themselves). Residents for les than four days most provide their own sugar for sweetening purposes. 4. Milk, as a beverage, may only be supplied to chlldren_under ten and invalids on a doctor's certificate. i. Bread, including, biscuits, cakes, etc.; Breakfast, 3 ounces; lunch, 2 ounces; afternoon tea, J. 1-2 ounces;* dinner, 3 ounces. 6. Butter, margarine, fat. Including that used, for cooking, 1 1-4 ounces daily. 7. Flour, two ounces' dally. 5. Guests ot residents and chance customers for meals must supply tholr own sugar for sweetening, purposes. 9. "Residents" means persons rt*?. siding in the establishment for fou4> days or over, and Includes visitors, management, and staff. to taste with brown sugar, press through a sieve and add a little strained orange juic*. SPICED PICKLED APPLG BATJCE. rpHIS .is a delicious conserve to servo with cold moats. Very tart, sour apples are required. Cut the fruit' from the cores'^ without C1IJRR APPLE SAUCE. T>ARE, core nnd/cut the apples in small pieces. Put them in an agateware kettle, cover with sweet cider and add a bit of stick cinnamon and two or. three /slices of lemon. Mash the fruit with a wire potato masher as the apples become tender, and when the cider is nearly .all absorbed sweeten to taBte with crushed maple sugar. Cook, stirring constantly, ,for five or six minutes, then remove the lemon and turn into a glass dish. , ' FRIED AI'PI,E SAUCE. riiHIS Ja a decided novelty and has a piquant flavor not found in any other varloty of apple sauoc. Fare and core llio apples and after cut-,, ting in bIIccb,- cook In hot oleo until soft* Turn the fruit ho that ft will brown evenly, and when soft sprinkle with a little grated nutmeg, Sweeten peeling and bring the applo^slices to a boll in a mixture of half water and half ^vinegar. Allow one cupful of the liquid to each three cupsful ot tl'ie sliced fruit. When the apples are soft strain ana Set-back on tbo range with syrup to taBte and a small bag containing whole spicos (stick cinnamon, whole cloves, allspice and nutmeg). Boil -the sauce down slowly until very thick, bping careful that it does not burn, stir in a level, tablespoon of butter to each three cups of apple and set away %m cool. � ' ' , VUAIX APPLE SAUCE WITH *\ JtAISINg.. CIELECT tart, Juicy apples and peel them thinly. This is a matter of some Importance, for It is claimed that niuch of the delicious fruit flavor lies directly undecthe skin. Cut the apples in slices and pour over them Just enough unfermented grape juice to keep them from burning'. Add a large handful of raisins, a bit of stick cliiiiamoii and a little gratod lemon peel. Simmer gently until the slices are transparent, then lift them out, add a very little sugar and cook down the syrup until ..thick. Pour n I over the fruit and sot in "a cold plscs.