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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Thursday, September 20, 1973 New era for the UN? The entry of the two Germanys into the United Nations is certainly an important development but whether it marks the beginning of a new era for that organization, as was declared at the for- mal admission, remains to be seen. A bit of rhetoric on the part of the president, Leopoldo Benites of Ecuador, is accep- table on such an occasion but hardly like- ly to be taken uncritically. On the whole, the entry of the two Ger- manys has to be viewed as a positive development in the world scene. Their absence gave a sense of unreality to the deliberations of world affairs. This may not have been quite so true of East Ger- many which is part of a largely in- distinguishable block of puppet Com- munist states. West Germany, however. has become a leading nation making strong waves on the economic oceans of the world. Although no votes were cast against the admission of the two Germanys there were words of denunciation for East Germany voiced by the Israeli spokesman. He .accused East Germany of helping the Arabs in the Middle East conflict. Such a jarring note is perhaps appropriate even on a big day because it prevents any illusions about the UN be- ing a close-knit family. The UN is a world forum. As such all nations ought to belong; almost all do now. Even if it should remain only a forum and an opportunity for diplomats to meet easily it would serve a useful purpose. Many people, however, would like to see the UN evolve into something more; some would like to see it become the chief governing body in the world. UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim has called for a debate on the future role of the organization and it seems like a propitious time for it. Whatever direction the delegates think the UN should take, there are two glar- ing needs for change. It is no longer realistic to expect that four or five major powers should police the world so that the machinery which gives permanent seats and the power of veto in the Securi- ty Council needs revision. Similarly it is ludicrous to make no distinctions between mini-states and major powers in the General Assembly and a system of weighted votes is required. Hope of achieving these changes seems remote in view of the fact that only one amendment to the charter has been pass- ed in the 28 years on the UN's existence. If some changes are made then talk of a new era will be appropriate, but not before. U.S. presidential succession The troubles of President Richard Nix- on and Vice-President Spiro Agnew have raised the question of presidential succession in the United States. Rumors that Mr. Agnew may soon resign heighten the relevance of the question. Those who wrote the U.S. constitution deliberately separated the law-making body from the administrative body. The people elect the two bodies separately and neither has any over-riding authority on the other. The president runs the country. Nixon's current dispute with the courts and the Congress is based on his contention that he answers only to the people, that he is subject to neither Congress nor the courts. The opposing view is that the power of Congress to investigate (but not to administer) reaches into the White House, and the power of the courts to discern justice also reaches into the White House. The only curb on the presidency, according to the Nixon theory, is the constitutional power ot Congress to impeach the president. The vice-president probably enjoys the same constitutional rights as the president. However his only con- stitutional duty (apart from being the nominal speaker of the is to sit and wait in case the president dies (or resigns or is impeached, neither of which has ever What if there is no vice-president when the presidency becomes vacant? The speaker of the House of Representatives then becomes president. At the moment it is Carl Albert, a man of no special attributes or qualifications. Next in line after him is the actual speaker of the Senate (as distinct from the vice- president, the nominal This position is acquired mostly through seniority, and currently is held by Senator Eastland. a southern Conser- vative Democrat of no stature, a dangerous man. Until a few years ago there was no provision for filling the vice-presidency if that position became vacant. It stayed vacant. Thus when Harry Truman and Lyndon Johnson first were thrust into the presidency, they had no vice-presidents until the next elections. That was changed by a constitutional amendment a few years ago. Now the president nominates anyone of his choice for the vice-presidency, and he must be confirmed by a majority of both houses of Congress. At the moment both houses are controlled by the Democrats. So if Nixon resigned or were impeached, Agnew would become president and would nominate a new vice-president and be approved by a Democratic Congress. The prospect of Agnew as president is the chief reason why almost no one ex- pects Nixon to be impeached. However much Nixon may have lost the country's confidence, Agnew would have less of it. (Often overlooked in the discussion of Agnew's disqualification for the office is his Mafia connections through Frank Sinatra.) But if Agnew is removed as vice- president, through death, resignation or impeachment, then Nixon nominates a new one acceptable to Congress. Ob- viously Congress would accept only a person of the very highest integrity and. hopefully, competence. And with such a person at that point only a heart-beat away from the presidency, the resignation or impeach- ment of Nixon himself becomes more plausible. The Christian Science Monitor "You used to be happy just to sit and park with me" Arab-Israel settlement mandatory By Joseph C. Harsch, the Christian Science Monitor One extremely new element was added perhaps restored would be the more accurate word to the world scene the other day. President Nixon announced, implicitly, his readiness to use the leverage which the United States possesses over Israel for the purpose of promoting a settle- ment between the Israelis and the Arabs. The leverage has always ex- isted. The United States is the principal supplier of modern arms to Israel and their main source of essential funds. The arms supply could be shut off, as the French have done; it could be rationed, as the British have done. And tax im- munity could, at least in theory, be withdrawn from contributions to the United Jewish Appeal The UJA is probably the biggest and perhaps only fund- raising organization in the United States whose moneys go to serve the national pur- poses of a foreign state. There is no other organization of comparable size and purpose whose contributions are tax exempt in the United States. The several prongs of this leverage have never been used vigorously. They were available until February of 1972 as a potential means of exerting influence on Israel. But at that time, with a presidential election coming up in the United States, Mr. Nixon agreed to lay the leverage aside. In return, the Israeli ambassador in the United States noted publicly and explicitly Mr. Nixon's un- usual friendship towards Israel. Times change. The election is over. Gasoline and heating oil prices are rising in the United States. There is talk of oil rationing when winter comes. And Saudi Arabia alone has the ability to decide whether oil and gasoline will be plentiful, or in short supply, in the United States, this winter and for many winters to come. In talking about all this Mr. Nixon noted hopefully that; "oil without a market, as Mr. Mossadegh learned many, many years ago, doesn't do a country much good. We and Europe are the market." But the situation is different now. Oil was plentiful and from many sources when Mr. British nationalism is a contradiction This is the last of three ar- tides by Louis Burke, a teacher at Catholic Central High School in Lethbridge, who has recently returned from a year of study in Dublin. The previous two ar- tides, published Tuesday and last Thursday, dealt with Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The two words "British nationalism" somehow jar the intellect. The connection shatters the imagination. They are a contradiction. j There is no such thing! Ab- solutely no! Certainly not! But British nationalism does t. exist. The term in itself is a far- cical umbrella which covers Jt- English. Scottish and Welsh nationalisms. The word "British" is a fake, but the in- dividual nationalisms are very real. All three of them are on the move, stimulated by "f events in Ireland and the Com- rnonwcalth. English nationalism is the best and the strongest in the British Isles The common Englishman is patient, skilled, strong and has an ab- solute belief in his own superiority In 400 years of history, he has conquered y Wales, Scotland and struggled endlessly in Ireland. lie has sailed uncharted seas to over- come the world. All this been done for England and whatever monarch reigned. Today. English nationalism has been re-kindled. The or- dinary Englishman sees his country being invaded; not by Germans, but by East Africans, Indians, Pakistanis, West Indians and just about the whole world. He objects not violently, but more and more firmly. He wants England for the English a slogan rapidly gaining strength. No longer does the simple Englishman accept his country's involvement in Northern Ireland. He wants to have the troops pulled out and he could not care less if the antagonists slaughtered each other therein. He also resents his own government spending his tax- es on Commonwealth countries and citizens, on welfare for colored people and other strangers, on subsidies m support of six Irish coun- ties. He thinks the French silly and their goods shoddy. The Italians are wops and they make him weep. The Asians are pariahs, parasites and wogs while the Irish are stupid beyond belief. He likes the Germans though he has lost millions ot men to them in two disastrous wars in this century ;ilone. Everything, in fact or fic- tion, in recent years, has put the average Englishman on By Louis Burke, local writer the defensive. That in turn has given rise to the phoenix- effect in English nationalism embodied in the expression "England for the English." But the spirit of nationalism moves everywhere in the British Isles these days. It has not left the Scots Untouched. The Scottish people are a canny lot if that word means crafty. Their nationalism seems to lack violence and to the Irish it actually is devoid of all spirit. But this is not so witness the growth in the Nationalist Party and the way the Queen was received the last time she went to Edin- burgh. To dismiss these as malcontents and a few kids drunk is to blind both eyes. Yet Scotland is determined not to follow Ireland in her fight for freedom. She looks across the North Sea to Norway for her example, and her leaders scan the sea floor for the gas and oil locked beneath while searching for the model into which they wish to mould their national expression. But with a large Irish contingent within her social structure, most certain- ly that expression must show .'I green tint somewhere. Scotland seeks a Norwegian pattern a peaceful parting Ironi England as Norway and Sweden parted peacefully in the previous century. A canny proposition indeed, with all that wealth lying off the coast of Aberdeen: but England is a bulldog and by nature these creatures never know when to let go. Now was England's reputation gained idly, snapp- ing at air and burying its teeth into water! Yet Welsh nationalism is by no means the most insignifi- cant in the British Isles. Wales, in many ways, lies closer to Ireland than many people care to admit. Welsh bards turn up at National University. Dublin, quite often and ostensibly entertain fellow Celts. Breton ballad singers from France circulate ior ostensibly the same reasons. Problems related to raod signs and language arise with increased frequency in the Welsh countryside these days. Because there exists no natural barriers between England and Wales, the English blanket has grown thicker while time lies heavy on the Welsh. Though they have preserved their culture and their language better than the Irish and Scots, they feel suffocated and smothered in a world given to more and more free national expression. They smoulder under a smothering blanket of English wool. They will have their day, too. The Welsh do not play the fiercest rugby football in the British Isles for nothing. Of course, they do not always win. but they do provide the fireworks, every thime. In Hamlet-fashion, therefore, the ghost of nationalism is abroad in that part of the world. But without the shadow of a doubt, the term "Britisher" and the umbrella "British" are absur- dities, complete and utter shams invented by the few to use and abuse the many Cornish, English. Irish, Manx. Scottish and Welsh peoples. What was done must, and will, be undone in order to re- join in more human and humane ways. Nationalisms, individual and unique, are not the scourges of nations, but parts to a better whole, provided justice and equality are meted out to all in every part of the British Isles and elsewhere. So they say Male dominance is one of the most pervasive and dis- astrous defects in the whole Christian tradition. The equal partnership of men and women is plainly the mark of the true humanity which is God's design and pur- pose. Kenneth Greet, secretary of the Methodist Conference in Britain. The belief that "it's a man's world" quite evidently becomes less valid with every passing day and year. Ray Gciger, editor of the Farmer's Almanac, announcing that the now edition would have fewer- jokes poking fun at women. Mossadegh tried to nationalize Persian (Iranian) oil. And world oil consumption was very much lower than now. It was a buyers' market. Now its a sellers' market and King Faisal of Saudi Arabia has the largest known reserves. More than that, King Faisal is earning more money from oil right now than he can possibly use. Modernization and development of Saudi Arabia is going ahead as fast as possible and oil revenue is piling up unused in his treasury. He doesn't have to sell any more than is necessary to keep up his development program. He could reduce his present production rate without harm to his own country. Besides, any oil he doesn't sell now will be worth more later. But Mr. Nixon wants him to increase his production rate now. It is to King Faisal's advan- tage to hold down on oil production. It is almost a political necessity to Mr. Nix- on to have that production rate go up. King Faisal has enormous leverage on Mr. Nixon. And, ever so gently, he has been letting Washington know that he knows that he has this leverage. In theory, and eventually, the United States could turn from Middle East oil to other sources of energy. But how many years will it take for the United States to convert to nuclear, solar, or other energy? Yes, eventually, as Mr. Nix- on noted, the Arabs "will lose their markets" if they drive too hard a bargain, but "even- tually" won't help Mr. Nixon please the American voters this coming winter. He must bargain with the Arabs right now. And that means that he must pick up the leverage over Israel he put aside in 1972. It means that everyone will have to get down to real business about an Arab-Israel settlement. Letters Make school exciting School at age five, often too soon? May we suggest school at age six is often too late! We feel that the crux of the matter is to determine what proportion of five-year olds experience difficulty at school and why they do so. To suggest that they are not as mature as other youngsters entering grade one is vague and unsatisfactory. We will not argue that the five-year old is as mature as the six- year old. but it doesn't necessarily follow that he is too immature for school. On Sept. 4th The Herald published the results of an English study suggesting that early influences are crucial to the child's development. The children were assessed at ages seven and 11 and the differences in ability noted at age seven were maintained in the intervening years. That such differences are innate and uninfluenced by the en- vironment has never been clearly demonstrated. Dr. K. Pringie. in an address to the Royal Society of Medicine in 1967 said. "Evidence is ac- cumulating to show that early failure to stimulate a child's desire to learn may result in a permanent impairment of learning ability." This is in keeping with Madam Montessori's hypothesis that children should be taught skills as soon as they are ready to do so and not later. Perhaps the child whom is not thoroughtly at home with learning by the age of seven has missed the boat and ac- tually these children who appear least ready for school are in the greatest need of school being made an exciting place, responsive to his needs' and potential. For this reason we wonder if it might not be better if the schools admitted the young and immature five-year olds and tailored the classroom to suit him rather than express frustration at a teacher's inability to bash a round peg into a square hole. R. KINGSTON, MRS. P. KINGSTON, MRS. OL. SMITH Coaldale. Alta. Sympathy for leaders This letter is long delayed, and yet the subject matter is hardly a forgotten one. I'm sure. My husband and I were camping at Waterton Park at the time search parties were out looking for Arthur Cor- diero. Naturally, we were concerned and saddened when we heard of his death, after we left. Our thoughts and prayers were for his family, as I know was the case with many who knew about it. I have had an additional concern I would like to ex- press to his family and that is for the two young counsellors for the group of boys. We picked them up when they were going to another search area. They had been hunting steadily for at least 36 hours, and were feeling ex- hausted and heart broken that such a thing had happened. I sjncerely hope that Arthur's parents, and others involved, have sympathized with them and have under- stood what they went through. Anyone in charge of a group of boys of that age can't possibly hold their hands all the time, as you can a four-year-old and in a place like Waterton. if boys, or adults choose to wander off on their own they rick losing their way. or suf- fering an accident. And so my prayers have been not only for Arthur's family, but also for his counsellors. We spent one night camping in the Lethbridge campground and found it most attractive and well-kept. And also enjoy- ed the Japanese Garden. We wish the cities in the U.S. would follow Canada's lead in having city camping areas. DORIS HAMILTON Trurnbull. Ontario. Health risks limited A recent issue of your new- spaper contained an editorial relating to the possibly harm- ful effects to human health of exposure to asbestos fibre. Recent public discussion of the health implications of ex- posure to asbestos fibre has led to the unwarranted and erroneous assumption that data on health risks associat- ed with heavy, long-term, on- the-job exposure to asbestos can also be applied to the general public. Canada's 11 producers of chrysotile asbestos which between them account for over 40 per cent of the world's supply of the six different varieties of asbestos believe that the known medical facts, supported by nearly half a century of inter- national studies and ongoing research, are as 1. Asbestos-related health risks are basically confined to the job setting. Every step is being taken to eliminate these health risks. 2. Asbestos-related diseases develop, generally, only after the inhalation of sub- stantial quantities of asbestos dust for a prolong- ed period of time. ,'i. There is at present no evidence that exposure to the minute amounts of asbestos that may be prese- nt in community air con- stitute any hazard what- soever to the general public. Chrysotile asbestos concentrations both in the workplace and in community air can be satisfactorily controlled. There is therefore, from a public health stand- point, no reason to ban the use of any asbestos-containing product. In fact, society would undoubtedly suffer if deprived of the wide range of asbestos- containing products designed to protect human life, health and property. PAUL-A, FILTEAU, General Manager, Quebec Asbestos Mining Association Praise for police I was a member of a tour of senior citizens from Helena, Montana who spent a night in Lethbridge. I would like to compliment the people of Lethbridge on their very fine police force. The young officer who accom- panied us on our tour of the city was most pleasant and told very interesting facts. Chief of Police Ralph Mickels- on addressed us at dinner that evening, and we felt so free to ask questions. We have only happy memories of our stay; and I invite you all to visit our city. We are proud of it and its history too. FEROL L. NELSON Canyon Creek. Montana Protests increase I presume that the citixens ot Lethbridge have noticed the drastic increase in the water and light bills for the last two months. On inquiring at city hall I was told that the water rates had risen approximately 50 per cent and light about seven per cent, that these rates had been settled last May and a notice to that effect, had appeared in The Heraid that month. It seems a bit odd to me that the city lathers saw fit to im- plement these increases so quietly and during two of the Holiest, driest months we ve ever experienced. I would like to protest the raise and the manner in which it was done. A WORRIED TAXPAYER. Lethbridge. 504 7th St S. Lethbndge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954. by Hon. WA BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING Managing Editor ROY MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" Thiil will be icn ;