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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THl IETHBRIDCI HERAID Wednnlelay, Saptember SO, 1974 John Richmond Europe needs Hassan Last month's abortive attack on King Hassan of Morocco was inter- preted at first as just another sign of endemic instability in government of Arab nations bordering the Medi- terranean. On more sober thought, the very real possibility that the fac- tions who want to overthrow the King will be successful one of. these days soon, is alarming to Western interests in the area. A number of. European nations de- pend heavily on continuance of friendly relations with Morocco, the most westerly of all Arab countries. Spain, for instance, lays claim to the southern desert colony of Span- ish Sahara. King Hassan has pre- vented militant Moroccan national- ists from taking action to oust Span- ish interests there, even though Span- ish Sahara has become a major world producer of phosphates in competi- tion with Morocco. In this case the Moroccan monarch thinks it unwise to rock the boat. He might after all be the first to fall overboard. Britain also, has a stake in Moroc- co. 'Hie colony of Gibraltar, watch- dog of the western Med., claimed by Spain is largely supplied by Mor- occan labor, fresh food and water. France, the former Moroccan colo- nial power, still lias tremendous in- terests there, controlling major min- ing, banking, and manufacturing in- vestments. A change government, particularly to a leftist and strongly nationalist faction, would be an eco- nomic blow to France, and a danger to NATO defence. The Moroccan naval base at Kenitra, southwest of Gibraltar, is not only used for train- ing Moroccan fliers (using American it is important to the U.S. position in the Mediterranean because the Americans are allowed to use its facilities to operate naval and other communication facilities. King Hassan dismisses talk about demilitarization of the Mediterrane- an, a goal which is being increasing- ly talked about by southern Arab nations. He says it's only "a dream and a waste of time." The threat to the interests of European nations on the northern shores of the Med, to Britain and the U.S. could become very real, if the next shots aimed at King Hassan hit the mark. Canadian content In advocating a 'Canadian content' rule for the film industry, similar to that for broadcasting, a report to the Committee for an Independent Can- ada says "Canadian audiences have operated too long on the tacit assumption that 'good' and 'Canadian' were mutually exclusive Then, in somewhat more reassur- ing tone, but the change has begun, and they appear to be over- coming their psychological distaste (sic) for their own art and artists." Pointing out that the industry is dominated by two foreign giants, Famous Players (US) and Odeon the report goes on to say "If Canadian films are to become a reality to the Canadian audience, it is essential that they gain entry to this mainstream of commercial dis- tribution. The only way to ensure that they. do is to institute a content quota." One hestitetes to deal unsympathet- ically with any proposal to assist the development Canadian art or art- ists, especially in a medium that could exert a strong appeal, but there are serious weaknesses in the case, as it was presented. The first and most serious is appar- ent reliance on the tired old cliche that Canadians suffer from a mental block that precludes their appreciat- ing anything Canadian. That argu- ment just won't stand up, it has been used far too often as an excuse by artists who value their talents more highly than do their audiences, and as a sort of plea in exculpation by genuine stars who are made to feel abashed at having sought greener pastures or larger audiences else- where. The presence a Bujold, a Shimkus or a Jewison in Hollywood doesn't mean Canadians despise Can- adian movies, any more than Gordie Howe leaving Floral, Saskatchewan, for Detroit proves the Canadians have a "psychological distaste" for hockey. There is another difficulty, less ob- vious but more troubling. Conceding for the sake argument that the film industry has as much right to a content quota as does broadcasting, where does this sort special plead- ing take us? How far can it legiti- mately go? Do we next insist that every library must acquire, and every bookstore stock, a prescribed percentage of books written and published by Cana- dians? That foreigners like Shake- speare and Shaw must vie with the Drama League's latest discovery for a place on our stages and in our classrooms? That a measured propor- tion of the garbage turned out by the magazine trade proudly bear the label 'Made in Canada'? Certainly there is something to be said for any scheme to speed devel- opment of Canadian art forms, but there must be a better way than leg- islating what the nation is permitted to see on its movie screens. ANDY RUSSELL Horse, bells of the things I recall with nostalgia and pleasant memories of the old days when we wandered the Rockies with a wilderness packtrain is the sound of horse bells. They were music to the ears of the horsewranEler, for we never picketted or hobbled our horses, but turned them loose at night with only one tied up for the wrangler to use while rounding up the bunch each morning. Having been horse- wrangler for many years with up to fifty wilderness packtrain, 1 know how import- ant bells can be to locate free roving horses in open mountain country. There are many kinds of bells, some of them being about as musical BS a can with a rock in it. The best of them come from Switzerland, finely handcrafted from bronze in different keys making beautiful music in the high clear air of a mountain morning. It was these we used and many the night I went contentedly asleep with their melody ringing in the distance where the horses grazed on good grass. Bells are one of the oldest contrivances of man to keep him in communication with his domestic livestock and are still used on dogs, mules, horses, sheep, caltle, cam- els and even elephants. Apart from this, animals learn to make use of them to keep track of their own kind. Not only did we find bells extremely useful to keep track of our horses in wilderness regions but they also used them to keep in touch with each other in the rough, heavily Umbered and folded country of the Rockies. Each bunch of horses running free on open range has within its ranks certain in- dividuals that are leaders and these have their own retinue of followers that often become jealously attached to them within the general band. Consequently, when they are feeding, they almost always separate to some extent, each smaller bunCh trail- ing with its leader and picking its own choice of feed and location. At the same time the bells keep these smaller groups informed of the location of the others. To remove the bells from our horses would have caused much confusion among them Trudeau woos first time voters MONTREAL The cam- paign for Canada's general el- ection went into top gear last week with Prime Minister Pierre Trudcau, accompanied by his pretty 24-year-old wife Mar- garet, making his opening speech in his upper middle- class Montreal constituency of Mount floyul. The Prime Minister attacked Quebec separatism and landed biliiigualism, stressing the im- portance of Canada's two jnain cultures which "no longer com- pete or cause tension, for each of them is an opportunity, a key to a rich culture." Tru- deau, snazzily dressed, perhaps to attract the votes of the sig- nificant numbers of newly-en- franchised 18 to 24-year-olds, in a trendy beige suit with a yellow rose in his buttonhole, uidlcatedi that the Liberal Parly electoral thrust would be based on the viability of federalism. The Progressive Conservative leader, Robert Stan field, form- ally started his campaign in Halifax, Nova Scotia, with the slogan of "get Canada back to to say nothing of the disorganization and loss of time it would have caused us. So we kept our leaders belled, and strangely enough these are usually mares in the society of horses. Each leader had its own particular bell that rang in its distinctive key a great help to a wrang- ler with an ear for music but not much use to one that was tone deaf. Most of us could recognize the sound of different bells and one could sit his saddle completely out of sight and know exactly which horses were in ear-shot and also those that were miss- ing. Apart from this important informa- tion, he also knew by -the cadence of the bells if the horses were grazing, travelling or fiph'.ing flies in some shady spot in the timber. If the bunch was on the move it was easy to tell if they were walking, trot- ting or galloping. Such knowledge often saved long hot l.ours of hard riding. One time it was my job to move forty odd horses a distance of over ninety miles alone and a time limit meant that the move had to be made without undue delay. In my saddle at dawn, I rounded up the siring and hit the trail at a steady, long trot. Catching fres-h horses as my mounts tired, I rode four different horses during the nay. At dusk I roped a smart, surefooted mare out of the buncb and put my saddle on her, for she was a wonderful night horse with an uncanny sense of direction and feel for rough ground In (he dark. For twenty odd miles we travelled in the dark when all I could see was a few of the horses directly in front of me. But the bells kept me in- formed what was going on out there in the gloom ahead and when one would split off to the side, a quick yell usually brough the wanderer back into line. At midnight, 75 miles from where I had started in the morning, I opened a ranch pasture gate and drove my horses into it for the rest of the night. A count the following morning showed that no horses were missing. The rest of the trip was made in good time. Such a job would have been utterly impossible without the tells and a hunch of horses that knew me as well as I knew them. "You better let me handle this I speak their language." Accusing the Liberal Government of being "an ar- rogant elitist executive threat- ening the integrity of Parlia- Staiifield's speech sig- nalled a campaign based on is. sues of unemployment, trust, the necessity for tax cuts and concern with' the rising costs ot welfare. New Democratic Party lead- er David Lowis advocates a mildly socialist line .which has much in common with the Brit- ish Labour Party programme. His Party fears that Canada's identity Is being eroded by huge American corporations. It urges that more attention should be paid to the ecological consequences of economic ex- pansion and to the necessity of a carefully-planned Canadian economy. The Social Credit leader, Real Coouelle, blames Can- ada's ills on the structure of the monetary system, on creeping socialism and elephantine bur- eaucracy. His Poujadist-style approach mirrors the fears of his largely lower middle-class supporters about anonymous capitalism and governmental planning. The Federal. House of Com- mons in Ottawa has 264 seats and at dissolution 147 seats were held by Liberals, 73 by Progressive Conservatives, 25 by the New Democratic Party, 13 by Social Credit, two by in- dependents and four were va- cant. Voting takes place on 30 October. Quebec's 76 seats havo al- ways been a predominantly Federal Liberal stronghold but the emergence of a strong re- gional Conservative f i g u re, Claude Wagner, may change the picture. Wagner, a former judge, appeals to a fairly larga law and order at all costs groups and may become as the election campaign continues the champion of a "hard-hat" silent majority seg- ment. Psephologists are forecasting a Liberal victory but with a de- creased majority. The mem- bers of Quebec's separatist party, Le Parti Quebecois, are boycotting the federal election. (Written for The Herald anil The Observer in London) Cheque to follow maybe, and if you're lucky By Tom Saunucrs, In III c Winnipeg Free Press TV-JY colleague Fred Manor has been having trouble with the income-tax people. He is not alone. So, in a minor way, have I. It is not that either of us is grumbling about the tax we have to pay though that, in all conscience, is high enough but that we don't know where we stand, and the cost to the taxpayer for handling our in- come-tax returns must now be considered. If our cases may be taken as typical, no wonder taxes are high: To all the other items to wfich we are contributing education, health, welfare, etc. must be added a dispropor- tionate outlay for the mechanics of tax-collecting itself. It started with the filing of my 1970 income-tax returns in the spring of 1971. Some extra in- come had accrued during the year and, to make sure my re- turns were correct, I engaged the services of a tax-consul- tant. As I anticipated, he informed me that I owed the govern- ment a sizable sum in addition to what had been deducted from salary. he said, "don't send this money now. Send your return in as it has been calculated and get the in- come tax people to confirm it. It will be soon enough then to send the money." Letter to the editor Acting on this advice, all seemed to go as planned. The income-tax people sent word that the return, as calculated, was correct. A cheque was sent for the money owed. Several months later (on Nov. 8, 1971) I received a statement informing me that a tax-adjust- ment of had been computed. Since the statement did not in- dicate whether the "adjustment meant that I owed them or that they owed me this sum, I was in something of a quand- ary. Why should there ha any "adjustment" when the returns, months before, had been certi- fied correct? This situation did not last long. The following day (Nov. 9) a "notice of reassessment" came in the mail with the re- quest for an "adjustment" of plus interest. This sort of increase from one day to the next, even to an unmath- ematical mind, didn't seem to make sense (especially when it turned out that I owed them rather than that they owed It was at this point that my wife (who specializes in math- ematics) took a hand in the pro- ceedings. She phoned income tax and asked for an explana- tion. Unfortunately, she was told, my folder was not on file (probably out in the hands of someone who was looking for another "adjustment" to stick me with) but, if she would write a letter, they would look into the matter and reply within two weeks. The letter was duly written, but no reply was forthcoming. Instead, about two-and-a-half months later (on Jan. 25, I received word that I now owed I was almost tempted to pay this amount before it topped the hundred, but my wife, who is a stickler for such things, insisted on phoning again. This time they told her they had lost my file. They would have to write to the data centre in Ottawa for printouts, which we presumed meant copies. These should ar- rive in ten days and we would hear from the assessing depart- ment soon thereafter. Again there was no word. But almost four months laler (on May 15) I received the good news that I didn't really owe- anything. Instead of me owing them money, they now owed me plus in interest. 1 was so overjoyed by tins news that I was seriously think- ing of buying my wife a pres- ent with the government's cheque when it arrived. My joy, however, was short-lived. Five days later (on May 23) I receiv- ed another communication from income tax. Instead of them ow- ing me plus interest, it now developed that I owed them This information was repeat- ed in other communications on June 1, July 4 and July 21. Also, on June 26, my wife (who had, except for her phone calls and letters, been an innocent by- stander so far) got a notice say- ing she owed an additional This was enough to get her on the phone again, and this time she made contact with "a very nice lady." My wife told her she wanted to know why she owed when she had earned only enough in both 1970 and 1971 so that I could claim her as a dependent. Moreover, she pointed out, she had long ago received no- tices that her returns for both years were correct. But the nice lady informed her that that did not really mean any- thing. "We send out these notices she said, "if the summation on the returns is accurate" that is, if the adding and subtracting is cor- rect. "We go into the returns in more detail she explained. My wife wanted to know why they sent out these notices at all if they didn't mean any- thing, but the nice lady was unable to give a satisfactory ex- planation. She conceded, how- ever, that there seemed to have been a mix-up on my wife's re- turns and my own, and she promised to give them personal attention. At (his point the matter rests. What the final outcome will be I doubt if even the income tax people know. I have made up my miiid, however, that, if they inform us again that either of us owes them money, we shall be in no hurry to send It. They have changed their minds so often in the past that they may well do so again. If, on the other hand, they decide that they owe us money, I hope they will send It Immediately, not because we are In dire need of it, but before they have a chance to change their minds again. Meanwhile, I cogitate on the strange ways of the income-tax department and wonder how many others have had exper- iences as frustrating and cost- ly as our own. P.S. As this goes to press another communication has ar- rived from income tax. It in- forms me that, instead of me owing them they also owe me There is also the heartening news, "Cheque to follow." Hopefully, this will be the end of the matter as far as I am concerned. My wife's case, however, is still pending, New tax rules ivould help taxpayer Looking backward Mr. Hoffman's letter, publish- ed Sept. 12, does not set out his thinking (or the thinking of the NDP) in sufficient detail although I do appreciate his fairness so far as he went. Per- haps my former letter which he a n w e r e d was not detailed enough, but in Umited space one cannot cover such a broad subject in full. He compares the corporation with the co-operative, but does not state that the co-operative' has many tax advantages over the corporation. In comparing either of them, with the in- dividual as to taxation, he has missed my point. Any income to the individual from either, whether by dividend, earnings or otherwise, should form part of the Individual's income for taxation purposes, so long as we operate under the present outmoded Keynsian Deficit Fi- nancing System. This would have the levelling effect Mr. Hoffman seeks, for those with low income may not have to pay any taxes on their divid- ends, or it would increase their tax minimal. On the other hand, tho.se with high income would have their taxes increased and in many cases the tax rale for them would be even higher than the corporate tax rale. The corporation or the co- operative would either pay div- idends which would be taxable, or plough their profits back, and by so doing would provide more employment. There need be no problem in keeping com- pany profits in Canada, either working for Canada, or taxing them if the company chose to take them out of Canada. Un- der this plan, there should be no need for government grants to either corporations or co-op- eratives. The wage earner certainly has his problems, as does the small business, the farmer, the tradesman, and many others. The government's tax policy is designed to plug any loopholes for any of the lower or middle income class, Just as heavy taxation cannot help but de- stroy the corporation or co-op- erative, so it also is In the pro- cess of destroying small busi- ness, trades, and-or profes- sions. If the trend continues, there will soon be only two classes, the few super rich, and all others who will then be slaves of the system. Taxing corporations does not reduce the income level of the super rich, but only enhances their position of power over the masses. Should we not rather change the rules while we still have the democratic right to do so? If the power to create tha money supply of Ihe nation was re-vested in the nation we would not need to tax, and the wage earner over whom Mr. Hoffman is deeply concerned would be truly released from h i s financial bondage. Thank you. A. E. HANCOCK. Raymond, Through Herald 1922 Sir John Willison of Toronto, President of the Cana- dian Colonization association, and other members of the dir- ectorate will be in Le.thbridgc on Friday and will tour the Leth- bridge Northern and irrigated districts. 1932 With the 46th week of the Alberta egg laying contest at the Lethbridge Experimen- tal farm just concluded, Fred Garrick's two pens continue to hold the lead. 19IZ For the first time In the history of the beet sugar industry i n southern Alberta there will be no refined sugar carryover at the factories. MS2 The Alberta Depart- ment of Agriculture has "pois- son-proofed" more than 350 farmsteads against rats (his summer along a ninety mile buffer zone on the Alberta- Saskatchewan border. The LetJibridge Herald 504 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, hy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mai) Registration No. Ml2 Member of Tfia Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau cf ClrculaHoni CLEO W, MOWERS, EdUor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS. K. WALKER Advirtlslng Manager Ed Mortal Pago tailor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;