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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 20, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta i^AGE TEN THE ilETHBRIDGE DAILY riERALD ' FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20. 1918 fiRiEHING OF LIGNITE WOUL REPLACE ANMACIIE IN WEST initial Report of the Scientific and Industrial Research , \\ Committee  Ottawa.-The first annual report ot 5Dr. A. B. Macalluin, administrative tUalrman ot tt>e advisory council for Bclentifio and industrial, research, issued Ja printed form today, marks the new departure to both matter and form ot governmental blue books. It packs into some forty pages of clear and sue-. ~bint statement a mass of most valu-�tble information to industrial Ccnada, and tells in illuminative manner of the little heralded but vitaliy important work of the council. That work, under-ttakefa by Canada In the autumn. of 1,916, is in brief, as recited in the order in council constituting the advisory council, the making: ot "a scientific study ot our common unused resources, the waste and by-products ot ou^ larms, forests, fisheries and Indu^ Ties, with a view to their utilization in new subsidiary processes ot manufacture, thu^ adding to the wealth and em-Jjloyment ot our people." What Has Been Don� So Far What the council has already accom- plished, and the probletas it is now at work upon, are summarized by Dr. MaCallum in his report. As to what has already been accomplished, the report ^ftvfers a score or so ot subjects of assisted research, all connected with practical prpblems of industrial interest .arid importance. Apart from the work ot the council in connection with the aevelopment*of the very large and hitherto untxploUed lignite deposits in Western Canada, to which publicity has already been given, the special problems investigated with good practical results may be briefly enumerated. A special siSdy was made of the com-|�mercial uses of tar tog, as applied to plants in Canada engaged in the distillation ot coal. wood, the liquid products resulting from the manufacture of producer gas. etc. A new process has been found which will be utiliz^ by several distillation plants in Canacta in the near future. An invastigation was made into'the commercial feasibility ot utilization for heat and light on the farms of the Prairie Provijices the enormous^uuan-tities of straw, estimated at twenty million tons.,now annually burned. It is expected as the result ot expert- WE SELL THE GOOD KIND ARE YOU SURE VhAT THE THINGS YOU PUT ON YOUR TABLE ARE GOOD AND PURE? YOU CAN BE SURE THEY ARE IF THEY COME FROM OUR STORE. WE KEEP ONLY THE BEST QUALITY OF GROCERIES AND WE SELL THEM FOR THE LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICE. " WE KNOW FROM EXPERIENCE HOW RTOoH TO ORDER SO WE CAN ALWAYS KEEP A FRESH SUPJPt.Y COMING IN, YOU WON'T GET STALE GROCERIES FRO� US-BUT FRESH HIGH-QUALITY GOODS. ' For this week end is in excellent xonditton and would advise early buying. Crab Apples, Hyslop No. 1s, large case ............. 3.10 Pears, Flemish Beauties, choice, large case ............. 3.80 Peaches, B. C. Elbertas, per ease ................... 1.95 Prunes, Italian, No. 1 stock, 1.80 Green Tomatoes, Terrills, per lb.....................'.. .05 Larger quantities, per lb. .OV/z Ripe Tomatoes, choice firm stock, basket ............40 4 basket case .......'.. 1.50 Green Peppers, per lb......35 Cauliflower, large white heads, .^2y^ and ................15 Celery, B.C., per lb........10 Sweet Potatoes, per lb, 2 for .25 WE ARE ADVISED THAT PEACHES' FOR PRESERV-ING WILL BE PRACTICALLY OVER THIS WEEK. DON'T BE DISAPPOINTED. Apples, Wealthys, g^od cookers, box.................... 2.70 Potatoes, good sound, stock, 10 lbs. for......;............25 . Per hundred.......2.40 Baking Powder- Prices, per tin ...........45 Eggo, per tin .,,...........23 Magic, per tin............26 Blueberries, per tin.........17 Peaches, No. 1 tin.........21 Peaches No. 1 tin .........24 Campbefl's Soups, assorted, each .....................18 Finnan Haddle, .20, .25 and .33 Salmon, finest pink ........22 Corn, per tin .........;.....24 Tomatoes, per tin......... .22 Peas, per tin ..... .19 and .21. Pumpkin, per tin ..........27 Pork and Beans, small size, plain ...................08 Pork and Beans, small size, tomato sauce.............10 Catsup, large bottle ........26 Diamond Bar Catsup...... .34 Corn Flakes, 2 pkgs. ..... .25 Honey, 2'/z lb. tins, each .. .84 Honey, 5 lb. tins, each ____ 1.67 Jam-Wagstaffes- Strawberry, 4 lb, pail .. 1.00 Rasp|ierry, 4 lb. pail .....92 Jam-King Beach- Strawberry, 1918 4 lb, pall 1.15 Apples and Raspberry, 4 lb. -pall ....................66 Apple aiid S.B., 4 lb. pall .66 Maple Syrup, per bottle ... .46 Maple Syrup, per quart bot. .82 Maple^Syrup, quart tins ... .76 Pickles, Heinz' sweet mustard, bottle.................. .34 India Relish, Helnr ........34 Pickles, Red Cross mixed.. .37 Salad Dressing, Durkees... .42 Salad Dressing, Royal ..... .37 Salad bdeMing, Yacht Club .41 Worcester Sauce, resul^20c, on sale this-week, 2 bottles for .25 Corn Starch, pkt.......... :13 Launjiry Starch, pkt. ...... .14 Celluloid Starch; pkt........13 Corn Flour, 6 lbs. for.......54 Oat Flour, 6 lbs. for ,.<... .48 Barley Flour, 6 lbs. for ... .48 Lima Beans, 2 lbs. for......39 -Oustbane, per tin .......40 Wondershine for Gold and Silver, no rubbing required, on sale ......................15 Jam, King Beach Apricot, 4 lb. pails, each ...............91 Bramble Jelly, 4 lb. palls.. 1.03 Molasses, 2 lb. tins, Dixie.. .20 Water Gias^ 1 lb. tins, each .17 Lemon Polishing Oil, bottle .21 Izal, Dislnfecjtant Powder, per 1;ln ................21 Todhunters' Pure Cocoa In glass, 33c and ............SS Patterson's Crimp Cofffee, per bottle ...................32 0x0 Cordial, 16 oz. bottle, each ................... 1.20 Borax, Bull Dog brand, larger Pkg......................14 Sweet Tomato Relish, put up by Terrlil and Kerr, from a famous recipe, quart sealers, each ....................53 'Ezy-Way Glycerine Washing Tablets, reg. 26c, on sale, .21 Coblin Soap Works Wonders, 2 cakes....................13 Electric Soap Chips ........29 Coffee, Our Ideal Blend, whole or niesh ground ..........38 Coffee.NMocha and Java Blend, per lb.\...................50 Sunkiet Prunes, 2 lb. tins, in heavy synip..............SO Rosadala A0/-lcots, 1 lb. tins, .21 S?0. Phones 1453 and 1365 V 313 Fifth ^Street South ments now being conducted that re-' torts and distilling apparatus ot very simple design and automatic in operation can be supplied to the farmers at a cost of about flvo hundred dollars each, with the full equipment necessary tor heating and llghtins their buildings from waste straw. The results of fog signaling experiments undertaken at the instance ot the Council forecast a n-^w type o? science for use in the River St. Lawrence and the Gulf, thus making an important contribution to the safety ot St. Lawrence navigation. Studies and experiments on the composition of sulphite liquor waste in Canadian pulp mills, enormoivs in quantity and destructive ot fish lite in 8l,renms, have given results which point the way to the commercial uti'. ization ot' at least the sugar It con tains to furnish alcohol for industrial purposes. Experiments are also being conducted in regard to the production of a rusB-resisting wheat, the necesstity for which is seen from tho fact that annually more than twenty million dollars is lost through rusted grain in the prairie provinces. These are but some ot the problems which the council nas been working on for the past year. The brief mention of all the subjects on which it has been asked to make special inquiry covers two full pages of the report and includes some seventy problems of applied science. Briquetting of Lignite In regard to the BIG U.S. GUNS e utilization of the undeveloped lignite products in the Prairie provinces an illuminative chapter is given in the repbrt. Largely as a result ot the work of the Council the first briquetting plant is now being efected near Estevan under a ioint arrangement of the Federal Government and the Provincial Governments of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. OwiJis to the delay in adopting the recommendations of the council as made last year, the plant will not be xjroduclng until .next year, but there is every reason to believe, as the report says,, that "it will blaze the path to the utilization not only of the titty-seven billions of tons ot lignites ot Saskatchewan, but also o^ the vastly greater quantity ot the better grades of this fuel in Alberta." To Replace Anthracite In West The report further notes in this connection that the success of the .initial plant "will induce private capital" to go into this enterprise, and eventually several plants may be erected which will supply the halt 1 million tons that .will be required to replace the . anthracite hitherto dm-norted into Manitoba and Saskatche-,wan from PennsyJvania, thus retain-' ing In the country about five million dollars now annually spent abroad for he supply of this fuel. Canada Sadly Behind Steps have been taken by the Coun-; cil to determine the equipment and ' man-power tor research in Canada, 1 now sadly deficient as compared with ' other countries, and to create perman-j ent organizations tor research by in-j dustrial groups, by the aid pf which Canadian industries may be assisted to develop, by the application to that e-id of the most. advanced scientific procfi.sses, and thereby enabled not only to meet the needs ot the home market, but also to compete with their rivals abroad. In this connection Dr. Macallum siys: Of P;.ramount Importance "This question one ot paramount importance to Canada in view of the intenEified application ot science to V^ashington, Sept. 20.-The forts of Met:<, the German stronghold in Lor-ratae, are under fire ot American guns ot nine Inch and larger calibre, members of the house military committee were told today at their weekly conference with Acting Secretary Crow-ell and other wsy department officials. Production ot Liberty motors and ot ordnance, pcrtlcularly eight-Inch howitzers, are increasing, the officials siid. The production of motors was said to have passed 7,000 ot which 2,500 have gone to the navy and the allies. Liberty motors now are being used in tanks. E WAS Pm PEACE in imre science or in science applied to industry, has been and is utterly Inadequate to our needs, and unless vigorous action be taken, and soon, to reorganize our industries on scientific lines wherever possible, Canada will face a very serious industrial crisis in the j'ear following tho war. The annual budget of the Massachusetts Institute ot Technology exceeds the total of/the annual expenditure of nil the Faculties of Applied Science In Canada." Research fnstitute Recommended He recommends the establishment at Ottawa or some other centre of a Research Institute, having the function ot the Bureau of Standards at AVashington, or of the National Physical Laboratory of Great Britain. the institute, it is suggested, should be laboratories that may -be at the disposaPot guilds or assocla tions for research which may be founded by the various Canadian in dustries. each in its own line, the firms or companies which are unable to undertake experimental inveslga-tion with the object ot improving their manufacturing processes. The report goes at some length into the detail ot establishing such an institute .and the formation of trade gruilds for research Into common problems. It may be noted in this connection that splendid results have already been achieved in EJugland , since the war began through govern-'j ment-assisted industrial research. The British parliament has voted one million pounds sterling for a live-year budget for this purpose. In Canada the parliamentary appropriation to assist the work ot the council for Scientific and Industrial Research is comparatively absurdly small. Would - ^ Powerful Stimulus In Dr. Macaliuid's summing up of the argument tor'the creatiSti of a Central Research Institute, he says "The, work: of  the proposed, institute would powerf^illy aid the development of scientific Industrial research in Canada by stimulating the Canadian universities to increase their resources and facilities for research -und thereby, to direct into the ranks ot science tlie ablest ot their young graduates desirous of qualifying tor a career whether in pure science or in science applied to Canadian industry. It would place at the service of Canadian industry a factor which would insure Its success in the strenuous international trade competition which is near at hand. It would. Paris, Sept. 20.-Documents estab-lishlng the pacific and .purely defensive nature ot the alliance between Prance and Russia are published in the Yellow Book, distributed In the chamber of deputies yesterday. The early negotiations showed that both Emperor Alexander of Russia ^)�nd Gen. BolsdetCre, the French reprep sentative, insisted upon the pacific character of the convention. , ^ Emperor Alexander hesitated at the outset, fearing that partizans out ot revenge for 1S70 might precipitate a new conflict. The first conversations beoomlng" known in Berlin, tho German emperor became concej-ned. He iB reported in one document as *'ie-gretttng not having attacked Prance In 1887." M. Montebello, the French ambassador to Russia, finally announced the agreement in a dispatch to AI. Ribot, foreign minister, on March 6, 1S93, saying,, "the principle of reciprocal assistariice and mobilization is accepted." It was stipulated that France and Russia would mobilize their forces only if the triple alliance mobilized first. The convention was finally concluded on Dec. IS, 1893, and was preceded by the famous reception to the Russian marines in Paris. The naval convention which was concluded in 1912, provides that the naval forces ot Prance and Russio shall cooperate whenever th^ir land forces take combined action tinder the alliance. forcemehta, but it Is considered that it is Justified by the special needs of 'the Bg'rtpjiUui'fl 'fcViinniunitles at this seBSbh.aad; ihe.'jnjpbrtance of increased prodiretlon. 'All'men. on leave are expected to report promptly on the 3l8t of October and �a effort will be made to Jmake up tor the tlm^ tost by speeding up tralnins during the tnonUi of October. PERSHING APPBECIATRS i li. BRITISH CONGRATULATIONS ^ London,-' Sept, .^l):-Field Morshjt^^! Halg issued today an orderoC-the-day, In .which ho reported an. .appreciation froin'Oen. "B*ershJ�felof the.British ar-mies* congratul^liohs over;,th)B; recent American vlctorj^?,^ The tlrder says that Geti. Pershlng'i, niessBfe (BXtiress-ed appreciation for thft^sentlmerits of the "veteran British army,-'.whoge heroic conduct Is. an lnsplrfitldn/;t'o all," and that Qen. Pershing, "e^itends to that splendid army the affectlbin and regayi ot the young Amerlcti'n army end assures us that it will battle side by side with us until a permanent peace is secured." EXTENSION LEAVE FOR SOLDIERS ON indusiry which elsewhere will be fosf- above all, enablp, the nation to direct ered after the war by the State anil also through private enterprise. It has been ascertained that not two per cent, of Canadian Industrial concerns have research laboratories, and only about ten per cent, have routing laboratories, chjefly for the elementary testing of materials, "'the provision for research, either its energy towarjls the economic and right utilization, of its untouched stores ot national wealth, in order that It may bear, with some degree of ease, in this and the next generation, the almost Atlantean financial burden it is assuming as a result ot Its playing its part in I the present world struggle." Ottawa, Sept. 30.-The militia department has issued the following statement in reference to harvest leave: "Instructions -were issued by telegram from militia headquarters to all military districts on tho 14th instant, extendinffv harvest leave until Oct. 31, to all men in categories 'A,' 'B' and 'C who were actually working on farms and required for the purpose of saving" the crops, subject to immediate recall should the necessity arise. District commanders were, by the same wire, ordered to deal with all cases, so as to avoid all unnecessary travel and expense. Supplementary Instructions were also forwarded to military commanders to notify all men by telegram or letter in order that it iiiight not be necessary for men to return to their headquarters to obtain extension ot leave. This extension ot leave ot absence extends to all men to whom leave has been given to permit them to work on farms w-he-ther such lea^e was granted by commanding officers or leave of absence boards. Any man by whom notification has not been received sh&l\ communicate at once with his commanding officer. "This action thus taken will to some extent retard the flow ot rein- The Foot Toggery SHOES FOR ALL AGES Boys'Shoes We have tliem made of good solid stock with double sole, standard screw and fair stitch, that will stand some rough wear. Prices run from Is to 5s, $3.75 to ^6.00 pair A boys' shoe travels ten times farther dally than your own, therefore it pays to buy solid shoes at a higher price than those ot Inferior grade. We can give you wear value for money invested, W. J. Nelson & Co. COR. THIRD AVE. AND SEVENTH ST. S.-SHERLOCK BLDG, I J ''Queen Quality" Brand in Ladies' Wear Never before were we able to offer such bargains in Ladies' Suits, Coats and Dresses as we are today; "QUEEN BRAND" quality and style are admitted by all to be the best obtainable. Our small expenses together with practical experience allow us to sell, at a price that, will please all. Our Special offer for Sat'day , September 21st, is 10 per cei:it. off any Suit, Coat or Dress in the Store Pay Day Specials Hyslop Crab Apples, per case............$3.00 Italian Prunes, per case................$1.85 Ripe Tomatoes, per case................$1.10 Green Tomatoes, per lb.................3V2C PEACHES AND PEARS We still have a few cases but expect That this will be the last shipment. BOOTS AND SHOES ^ We have several broken lines, in boots and shoes which we are clearing out at speciat prices. SPECIAL IN CUPS AND SAUCERS Plain White, per dozen.......... .... $2.00 Clover Leaf, per dozen................. $2.35 R. B. MORDEN Phone 1356 CANADA FOOD BOARD LICENSE No. S-10562 526 13th St. N. Come in and try on one of our coats; we wiU not ask you to buy. THAELL THE TAILOR 608 Third AveimeS. Choice Young Beef ior Tomorrow Fed by Mr. S. Turnage, Iron Springs Prices Lower Than Ever Choice Pot Roast from shoulder with blade bone removed....... ...............20c per lb. Boiling Beef, from plate or brisket, 17V2C per Ib^ Prime Rib Roast................ 23c per lb. NO DELIVKRY Meat Market 310 THIRTEENTH STREET NORTH 7 ;