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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, September 20. 1011. THE LETHBRIDOB DAILY HERALD WELCOMED BY A GREAT BRITISH STATESMAN Lord Haldane, the Secretary of State for War, and at once one of the ablest British statesmen of the day and a strong Imperialist, said in a speech in the British House of Lords: "The policy of the Government is to give every facility to Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the people of Canada to do the best .they can for them- selves, to enter into this agreement, andi as they think and we believe, to take thereby the best step they can for the development of Canada. (Hear, hear.) We hold that it is not a disadvantage for us that Canada should develop by the growth of trade with the United States. We hold that the enlarged Canada with a great trade of this fail to be a more prosperous Canada, a Canada which will be a better market for our goods, and which will do more trade with ourselves. Therefore, from every point of view, we look upon the step which Canada has taken as being probably a very good step in our own interests, as well as in the interests of Canada." IS NOT LORD HALDANE A MORE RELIABLE GUIDE THAN MR. R. L. BORDEN OR MR. C. A. MAGRATH? EDITORIAL CONTINUED A Last Word on Reciprocity (Continued from Rape Four.) agreement must 'be killed at any cost. The head of the great Oliver Manu- facturing Co. at present completing a million dollar plant at Hamilton, Out., says that If reciprocity Is adopted, h'3 .will hare to increase his plant at The Quaker Oats Co. manager [states that they will build a 'branch iPiill in the at once if the pact gctes through. The legitimate prosperity of Icgi- tirnate manufacturing establishments dapenda upon population more Ui.au on Whw-e the people aro there will the factories to also. Buui- men are not going to haul raw I material long distances and haul the finished products back again if there is Bofflcient population to provide a market nearer to theh- raw material. .Those 'who believe that prps- Uwrlty a country te dependent upon protective tariff not. fear 'the j reciprocity agreement. With tho ex- Ice ption of a reduction of to 5 per (cent, duty on agricultural implements, j the same reduction on canned seaboard, can, 'by reducing their rates to those charged by the American roads, vUH.get UAJ business and make such profits as any corporation is Justly entitled to make. fact of the matter Is that the Canadian lines, tageous virtue of their more advan- trade routes, stand to get more from thvj United States than the American .lines get from, -Canada. The only freight that over the American lines is thata'currjed- from 'one country to another for con- sumption. And as the Canaaian com- pdntes already have enough mileage in the States to make another trans- continental line, they .stand to get a large share even of this traffic. The P. R. is opposing reciprocity for fear of Itjsing its monopoly in West: ern' Canada. The Natural Resources The opponents of reciprocity pro- fess a fear that Canada's natural re- sources will be ravaged by the United (goods, biscuits, cement, pickles, con- States. It te H significant fact that Idvpiod milk and musical inBtru-jUie only natural resources thaVcan iiiantc, tfcore no changes made the tariff on goods manufactured in Canada. They profess to tear "tlie thra edge ,of the iredRw" that ultimately will down the tariff wall, they said the flame tiling when the British Pre- ference waa introduced, but they diti not suffer. The government has and has promised not to, sub' niit tiie manufacturers to competition beyond what t.hoy are ante to bear. Their fear Is that of a guilty con- science, knowing they have been us- ing the tariff to take an unfair advan- tage both of the producer of their .-raw materials and of the consumer of their finished product. Transportation Companies Similar to the fears of the manu- facturers are those of the transpor- tation companies. When the Grand Trunk Pacific railway was mooted, the Conservative party, always ready to do the .bidding of the C. P. R., was loud in the expression of its fears thafc tho construction of the new line would ruin th'e C. P. R. But al- though 'both tho G. T. P. and the C. N. R. have been built, the C. P. R. ,Js mora prosperous than ever and, each year has been building hundreds of im'lea of railway. In this campaign the cry is raised that reciprocity will the traffic north and south that JK now going wret and west. One nnswer to that i-s that the w-estwn people have always been clamoring for more railways' and more trans- portation competition. If reciprocity provides.that, as it undoubtedly it will prove an in'sstimabl-a .boon to the country, Th'e other argument he taken into the United States free of duty those whose annual waste through decay and destruction is greater than what the United States would take if free entry IB given. Neither are on th-a; free list except asbestos, gypsum and salt Under the agree- ment coal Is protected .by duty of t.'enls a ton and iron ore by 14 cents. More Umber and puipwood diws or is burned each year than would supply the of the United States and the annual loss of fish would meet ttoair demand. Natural resources to be valuable must be developed. To keep them as the Indians did adds nothing to their value to the nation. _ When the Am- ericans want our lumber or pulp they must, spend money to get them from our forests and that money stays in the country. As it te less expensive to ship the finished product than the raw material, they will find it to their advantage to build their mills where the forests are. Canada has hundreds of millions of acres of tim- ber and pulp Tenants that would sup- ply tbte whole continent for hundreds of yeara -if it were iierer renewed. But there w a conservation, commis- sion with iJJcn. Clifford Sifton, whoso anxiety for the welfaiv of the natural resources IK much praised .by the Con- servatives, at itm head. It will see that proper regulations are observed in the development of the natural re- sources of this country. Favored Nation Treaties The favored nation treaties are an- other -bugaboo .feared by thfe oppon- ents of reciprocity. Suffice to say the present Canadian lines hav-1 that the majority of these nations ling shortest and most direct route not only from 'Western Canada but from thte .Western States to the have little or no trade with Canada nor any possibility of any that will compete with Canadian producers. Arjs'antins will not ship its wheat o cattle here while the European mark-el lasts, and would ..'be foolish-to try it "It is significant that Magralh ad mits that he does not expect them LO try. Jf such a remote possibility should occur, the government has the womis'a of .the Imperial government that the" treaties will be'abrogated. Fiscal and Political Independence 'When all other arguments fail, the opponents oE reciprocity Invariably raise the.cry that Canada _by the adop- tion of reciprocity will lose her fiscal and political independence. II. B. Bennett and Sir James Whitney, in sane.momenta, said they.had no fear of ahn'axation, and this opinion is held self-respecting Canad- ian. If 'Canada's' loyalty to tlie Em- pire and independence of the United States depended on her trade, 'it would have separated from Britain years ago and have become subserv- ient to the ggreat republic, for a look at the trade returns of tiie country shows that' Canada's trade with the United States in spite of the tariff1 s always been greater than- with Hritain and, moreover, has been in-, creasing at a much more rapid rate. The previous reciprocity agreement was negotiated in 385-J toy bord Elgin to prevent a movement towards an- nexation, and it succeeded in doing BO. While Ihere Is now no thought of annexation in Canada except in th-a minds of the Conservative ers, there is-absolutely no justifica- tion for that reciprocity will; Canada'to, lose rtith'er its fiscal >r. political independence. Tire Her-, aid has 'published' of the. leaders of public opinion of 'both parties la Britain. ,_is not public man or newspaper of any, consequence that holds any fear whatever of the results of in that respect. It is a silly cry, dis- believed .by Us advocates, raised for a political purpose. The Bour-HH Alliance The- cry is particularly foolish' on the nartr of using view' of bclieve-j that the advantages claimed absolut-aly overwhelm ilio disadvan- tages' advanced vby tho opposition. Hut the proof of the pudding is In the eating. Whether reciprocity will prove a good.or a .bad thing for Can- ada will never be known unless It Is tried. If the offer of reciprocity, which tlie United States has been so slow in is rejected it won't he maria or accepted by them during the !ife time of the present generation at least. The agreement i.s such that it can be terminated at any time by either party; It is not a hard and 'ast treaty -for-a certain term of years. This is clearly shown by th.e wording of the agreement published elsewhere issue. Jt will hot-take long for the farmers to find out whether the market pro- vided them by reciprocity Is good or not. It will not take long for the consumer Ho-find out whether it is increasing or reducing his cost of living. It will not take long for the manufacturer, the lumberman, the fisherman or the miner to find on whether or not he is getting anj benefit or -loss from it. If it proves unsatisfactory :it can be abrogated any time. No government would at tempt to in force. But. if it troves satisfactory, the people wil want it continued and no government will dare to' do otherwise. only to find-but'is to give it a trial There is no chance to lose and there s a. chance "to gain. A vote for Bii chanan f-a a vote to take the proffered Reciprocal 'relation, and try1 'it tee if it will be good or It is the only way to vote. -Well enough is not good when there Is a chance to be'and do -better. Vote for Uuchanan and- reciprocity. tirage made from the high-eat grade barley grown exclusively by the far- mers of the Western plains." Ques- tion: Who knows best whether our is fit for malting H. S. Lake, or the1 Calgary Bi'jwlng and Malting Co.? their close allinnco made up by importation is iflO bushels. With barley so scarce )rices on the other side are very ligh. Th'e New York Produce Ex- hange quoted inalling hurley at o at Buffalo on Friday. On he same day malting barley was quot- ed at 70 cents at, otitsidc points in On- tario. Both Quotations were nominal, for very little business has been done, or will be done in malting: barley until after September 21. After reciproc- ity is adopted, every b.usliel of malt- ing barley in Ontario will be worth 30 cents.more than it Is at present. The Mail and Empire says that tho price of barley will not go up under reciprocity, because lUmsian barley i will come into Canada duty free under; the most-favored nation clnuse, and .n be laid down In Montreal at 73 j cents per bushel. No one woi think of importing Odessa malting j barley for feeding purposes. The only use lo which ii, would be put would be to supply the Canadian inn li- sters. The total quantity of barley used in Camida for malting lust year was buslicls. Canadian barley-growers quite well understand that Russian barluy en- tering the United States after the Canadian Parliament approves of tne agreement must still pay 30 cents duty, and that only Canadian barley will go into the United States duty 'free.' If Canada can send twenty mllliuu bushels of hurley into United States this fall at mi average price of even a dollar per bushel, tho maltsters of Canada will 'cither hav? to pay the price on .the anmli quuntity they ise or try to get rilotn; with the Rus- sian barley the Mail and Empire of- 'era at 7.1 cents per bushel. There is 10 the world -vhy iho Cin- the voter! We ar.2 sorry to learn Alex. Gnnd- strom received word' of hlrs father'! d'aath in Sweden last week. -Mrs. J. A. Warner has -had her sis: According to a United States census bulletin just issued, the population of the United States increased 21 -per ctent. In the ten years from 1900 to 1910, but the total acreage devoted to agriculture was extended during the same per- iod only 4.2 per cent. The, number oC farms rose from'.V in 1300, to a gala of per in the, meanwhile siBe decreased from, 14fi :acres to 138 acres, the actual area in farms being ac-. res in 1000, and 1910. Improved land increa's- O cd more rapidly than the total farm acreage or number of farms, the advance being from acres in 1000 to acres in 1910, a gain of acres, or 15.2 ]ier cent, -in ten years. Yet this percentage of increase was only about, two-thirds th'e growth of that at the best the number of acres under cultivation" and used for the production of crops had not kept pace with the increas-e in the number of people. TRY TO COERCE MANUFACTURERS Montreal, Sept. ef- forts are being1 put forth by the Anti-reciprocity. in fJiis city defeat La.urier. Their latest, ef- !orts are concentrated upon the manufacturers of, Montreal. They, are bringing pressure upon the manufac- turers to have them address their era- )loyees and warii them that the pass- ng of reciprocity will bring dire TP suits in its 'train. Hhe League are joing jiist as far as tho law regard- ng the intimidation of eleciors will allow them. In many factoriea in the city signs are conspicuously displayed Baying that "this "firm is utterly on- to etc., etc. These have been printed an< displayed by the 'League. A few (lavs ago the Dengue endeavored to have full-page idvci'tisemohts placed in The Mont- Witness, which has always been d staunch friend of reciprocity. hough the advertising would 'have run, tei', accompanied 'by her 'little daugh-Jinto the thousands of dollars. It ter, visiting her. by The Witness. Dominion Election Score Cards Can be had at any of the undermentioned places for Jackson Cope's Drug Store Red Cross Drug Book Store J. D. Higinbotham's Drug Store Alberta Drug Store Robertson's Book Store The Alexandra News Stand Herald Office ;