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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta LCTMttMIDOe DAILY HIRALO, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, IIM. Best British Built Plowing Tractor SPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR CANADA Manufactured by Marshall, Soni Co., Ltd., Gainsborough, England [per acre, that in 1907 it dropped to three and one-half (3 1-2) cents per acre, and in 1908 to two (2) cents per acre; from licensed lands. Where Royalties Came From As stated above, the averages for Licensed can not be accurately estimated, owing to the bulking 'of all other royalties, aside, from those' collected from the leased lands; but there is no doubt that the largest portion aof these royalties comes from' the licensed lands, and that for the last- year they amounted to at least ten as that re- ceived from There must beTT cause for this tro-j mendous increase, and it is reason-j able to suppose that it from' the commercial side of the question. FOR SEVENTEEN YEARS The Quality of TKfe Tta "LOOMED UP" Contpicuoutty Above a Hundred IMITATORS BLACK-MIXED-GREEN 40c., 50e. and 60c. per pound At all grocers TEA mill men arid the .holders of timber On the face of the the li-jare displaying an earnest desire to j cense holder pays twice as much j meet the government, in any efforts j rental per acre as does the hold- deemed best to remedy the present er, but in practice it is more than defects in that regard. probable that this is not the case.! It would seem that under tions, and to burn at a suitable time each year, under the of government foresters appointed with a view to their qualifications for such duty, Tvould seem that the these problem of fire protection would be A man or a company holding twen- j most- favorable circumstances the gov solved in the most effective way. _ jty-one (21) square 'miles of timber j ernment is in a position to effect a under the Special License Regulation, change regarding tenure, rates of cost of the Cascade range, 'would pay j ground rent and royalty, which, would per year for rental; but as Lchange what is proving in practice there is no way under the regulations j an automatic arrangement for the en- to compel the keeping up of these j couragement of the wasteful cutting rentals, it follows that-as fast as [of timber into an automatic arrange- the timber is taken from these lands'ment for the proper conservation of the licenses are thrown up; cons-.-j this most important asset, quently -the average just half as much. 25 Horse Four Cylinder "CANADIAN PLOWING TRACTOR capable of developing 60 to 70 Brake H.P. This Engine can be relied on to do the work above mentioned, year in and year out, weather permitting. Representatives: The WESTERN CANADA AGENCY, Ltd., LETHBRIDGE, Alta. WANT TO STOP WORK OF TIMBER FIRE FIEND (Concluded from First Page.) wealth, while at the same time pro- The acreage lease in the year 1906 was reported to be -tecting the interests of the manu- facturers of lumber and the revenue to the Province accruing from the timber. It ie unnecessary to take up the .subject of conservation as applied to this subject in this brief paper, as all who have had' to do with the subject in a general or official -way are well aware of its importance. The figures used herein are taken irom the annual reports of the Chief Commissioner- of Lands and "Works for the years 1906. 1907 and and while not exact in some particulars, owing to the difficulty of segregation, can be learned from them to -illustrate the points discussed. 075, and the rental therefrom was The amount of timber land held under special license during the same year was acres, and the rent- al was The area of leased lands increased to in the year 1907, an increase acres, and The acreage held under. Special Li- censes during the same year had in- creased by and was reported to be Rental from Licensed Lands The rentals from the licensed a little more-than; the rental amounted to a decrease of lands during that year, were 401.00. The acreage of leased lands shows no increase for the year 1908, remain- ing at and the rental'was re- ported to be the same, namely, 045.37. The acreage of licensed lands for this last year is reported to be 000, most phenomenal increase1 over the previous year, and the rentals were Following these reports a little far- ther we find that the average- rental obtained from leased timber" lands is, approximately, ten and one-half (10 1-2) cents per acre, and' thot ob- tained from the special licensed land amounts to an average of; twenty and' three-tenths (20 3-10) cents per acre, or practically twice as much as is derived from leased land per acre. The royalties derived from timber cut from leased lands per acre for the year 1906 amounted to two and one-mfth (2'1-5) "cents, totalling 493.25. During the year 1907 these royalties amounted to an increase of the average per acre be- ing three and one-third (3 1-3) cents. During the year 1908 the royalty rental will be When the regulations now in exist- To illustrate: "Suppose the owners of the 21 licenses cuts off one square mile each year for twenty-one years, the life of the contract, it follows that at the end of the term he -will have paid just half of the per square mile -into the provincial treasury., Owing to this wrong provision an incentive, a very strong one, ie cre- ated, legally for the holder of Special Licenses to cut and market his timber as rapidly as possible in order to de- crease his ground rent, this further it wil7 be seen that if the owner cuts all the timber from his licensed ground in one year he reduces his, ground rent over twenty times what he woul 3 have to pay if hp held it for the fult thrie. Has a Bad Effect In the light of the facts as ihown by the tremendous increase '.f the cut cf timber from licensed lands as compared with that taken from Itns- ed lands, it can scarcely be Doubted from theee lands amounted to only that thig feature of the case hag and the average per- acre was only a fraction over one (1) cent per acre. It is more difficult to arrive at the exact royalty per acre obtained from Special Licensed lands during these same years, owing" to the fact that all Crown land royalties are bulked in one sum; but taking these, figures as a basis it is the average royalty per acre for the year 1906 "was eight and three quarters (8 3-4) cents bad eect, in so far as conserving the timber is concerned, as well as turbing- effecli 'upon market 'condi- tions, causing over production. "In close relation to this of the timber situation is the subjact cf fire protection; and it is plainly evi- dent from the interest taken ell parties are agreed that some niuch more effective methods of protection should be devised. In this connec- tion it is gratifying to note -that the ence were formulated the government was obliged to make first considera- tion of the necessity for immediate revenue, and too much attention could not, that time be bestowed upon the future results of the regu- lations adopted. In the light of experience under the operotion of the regulations, it has developed .that neither the govern- ment nor the timber men are satis- fied with the results, and-both sides of the discussion" are asking for a change. f The government has emerged from the financial conditions which- com- pelled the adoption -of 'these regula- tions, and the timber men are asking for perpetuity of tenure, at least'till the timber ia all cut off. Reduction of Ground Rents Under these favorable conditions it would seem that a system could be evolved which would result most ben- eficially to all parties. If, in consideration of perpetuity of tenure granted by the government to the holders of Special Licenses, and in further consideration it were deem- ed equitable and just to the people of the in mind- the requirements the government for revenue from this a Deduction of'ground rents be made upon these the timber men agree to a stipulation, as remunera- tion to the government fo'r the exten- sion of would enhance the value of their for a reduction in rentals, to cut 'all slashings made in the logging ope To those who, are most familiar with the question o'f bush fires it must be evident that as the slashings from the cutting of timber increases the danger from fire grows more and more imminent, and that fighting fir- es in slashings in the hot dry sea- son of the year is a most difficult un-- dert'aking; in fact it is almost an- impossibility to totally extinguish these fires in many cases until heavy rains fall to complete the task.' The matter of reforestation can -in this way be accomplished moat ef-' fectively, provided due care taken in the, piling-and-burning of slash, f Such an arrangement aimjvli- fy the process-of fire and- of reforesting, and it would seenrAhat an equitable rates jt rents could be made whereby all "par-" ties could'-be justly treated. The importance of nre protection does not 'cease -with the solving the question of the protection of the timber; v The the denuding cf lands in the drier portions of Province by the-cutting of the timtier .j and the burning of the slash after- 7, wards is painfully apparent. X The change of- climatic conditions about Fernie, so noticeable to all, follows the same causes wherever they- are put into operation. Every of Fernie painfully cognizant' of tne' wind storms as thev'c" side hills" are bared, turning' them from soft 'carpeted, shady exudera of moisture into th'e of heat as you see them lying .now in the scorching rays of If these slopes had been logged by proper methods, the slash with a care of the young' they would" be emiling at us today in their of younff trees j beauty spots' on 'the smiling face of nature, and' a source of future wealth, instead of the- hideous reminders of" awful disaster. Valley Fruit Lands The Object of this advertisement is to interest you in what we believe to be the safest, surest and wisest investment in Western Canada. We are the sole Lethbridge agents of the Okanagan Valley Land Co., who are the owners of 5000 acres of the choicest Irrigated Fruit Lands in B.C. This property is situated on the Okanagan Lake, adjoining the growing town of Okanagan Centre. Transportation facilities are first-class; fruit .shipped from Okanagan Centre landed in Lethbridge within twenty-six hours. There is Profit as well as Pleasure in Fruit Culture In the glorious dim magnificent scenery and happy home surroundings of the Okanagan Valley, the profits on fruit growing are very large for example, from twenty acres of apples on the Coldstream Ranch a net profit of was derived. Peach orchards pay as high as per acre. Our soil is well adapted to peach growing as well as all other varieties- of. fruit. HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF Five years ago you could buy fruit lands in the fruit districts of the State of Washington per acre that to-day are selling at per acre. Just as great an advance will take place in the Okanagan. Thousands of people have made homes there within the last three years. Good irrigated lands are getting scarcer every day, and the large holdings are being rapidly cut into small farms ane sold out. We offer you to-day choice, level, clear land, without a stone, on it, at per acre, terms easy; and that you may be con- vinced we will take you to examine the lands, and if you purchase ten acres or over, the cost of your railway transportation from Leth- bridge and return will be refunded to you. The party'will leave Lethbridge on Tuesday, September 28th. The Company will provide boats and conveyances and conduct prospective purchasers to the various other fruit districts in the Valley, and only when you have seen and are convinced that we have what you want will you be asked to buy. Call at once, and talk the matter over with us, Mr. Maddock, a Director of the Company, will be at our office, and will be pleased to give all information. The LETHBR1DGE-WEYBURN REALTY CO Successors to W. R. Dobbin and Co. Room 1, Southard Blot ;