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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD-Thurtday, September The mayor and the aldermen It is a compliment to Mayor Ander- son's respect in the community and to his political strength that no one saw fit to oppose his re election. We agree with him that on principle these offices should not be filled by acclamation, that an election campaign offers an opportunity for public discus- sion of the issues that might not otherwise take place. However not many people of substance and worth are anx- ious to "take on" a popular and effective mayor just for the sake of promoting debate. Two points remain to be clarified, one by the voters and the other by the new council and the mayor. It is widely felt that the City Council in office in the last three years has not been a strong one. While there have been some capable and concerned aldermen, there have been some who contributed little to the general wisdom and leadership of City Council. The slate offered the voters this year gives the electorate a chance to strengthen the civic government. Secondly, the responsibilities and routine of the mayor must be revised. The office has been considered a part time one, and the remuneration is fixed accordingly. But because he is so con- scientious and because his business needs little of his time, Mayor Anderson has been making it more than a part time office. This must be corrected by the mayor himself saying "no" to more of the social and ceremonial demands made on him and his office, the aldermen by taking over more of those functions, and the people by being less demanding. So the campaign for aldermanic and board positions now commences, with a large number of candidates to choose from. Anyone who offers himself for public office deserves congratulations and thanks. And especially Mayor Ander- son, who has been a diligent "public ser- vant" in elected offices in Lethbridge for 24 years and in the semi public area for even longer, and who has now been elected mayor for another three years. South Africa plays it cool Outnumbered 40 to one, the whites in Mozambique had no chance of succeeding in the uprising they staged last week. The fact that the Portuguese soldiers had orders to oppose any such revolt just adds to the hopelessness of the rebellion. Why, then, was it attempted? The uprising may have been intended to provide an occasion for intervention by sympathizers in Rhodesia and South Africa. But that was not forthcoming and no help can be expected in the future either. South Africa clearly intends to try to get along with the black dominated government of Mozambique and has signalled Rhodesia that it should do likewise. The Vorster government's posi- tion was enunciated by the minister of foreign affairs, Dr. Hilgard Miller, in a speech in Parliament. .In his speech Dr. Miller stated that colonialism and neo colonialism are un- acceptable "in any shape or that self determination is South Africa's policy for its own black people; that South Africa will not interfere in Mozam- bique's affairs or try to dictate who should govern there; that South African mercenaries will not be allowed under any circumstances to go into Mozambi- que. This is obviously a wise and significant approach to what could be a dangerous situation in southern Africa. Nevertheless, a major hindrance to coex- istence remains the Vorster government's policy of race dis- crimination. Opposition MPs reacted to the Miller speech by suggesting that the time has come for radical change in that policy. There may be a glimmer of hope on this issue in the distance travelled already by the Vorster government as demonstrated in the Miller speech. THE CASSEROLE Reports from the world population conference in Bucharest say that Western feminists, concerned for their sisters in the underdeveloped- countries, lobbied deter- minedly until they got a strong "women's liberation" clause included in the World Population Plan of Action. There is no report of any parallel attempt to include a clause ex- pressing concern that western states are still determined to assert their values, regardless of how disastrously these may affect other cultures. Urban planners in several American cities have revived the trolley car as an effective method of transportation. The decision was made apparently because of efforts to provide quality mass transportation superior to the bus. but cheaper than the subway and high-speed rapid transit; combined with technical problems of the San Francisco's Bay Area Rapid Transit. Mr. Whelan's staunch defence of the Cana- dian Egg Marketing Board will go a long way in one direction or the other in allaying consumer concern about how Canada's food business is being managed. As he pointed out. the nine million eggs destroyed the other day represent "only one-thirtl of an egg for each Canadian." By that reasoning delays in grain shipments, that cost a day. only amount to "a few cents a day for each Should people stop fretting about the delavs. then? There are shortages, some of them quite serious, of plastics, paper, anti-freeze, rein- forcing steel, appliances, cement, insec- ticides, tires, twine, fabrics, beer, building materials the list goes on and on. The one that makes the front pages and the news broadcasts more frequently is the temporary shortage of beer. Former U.S. Defence Secretary Melvin Laird warns that Persian Gulf countries are using their oil money to buy arms, and are building up what he describes as "an awesome arsenal of armaments." He neglected to mention who was selling them. ART BUCHWALD A goodbye Gerry letter Dear Gerry. By the time you find this note I will be gone. 1 don't know how to tell you this, but the honeymoon is over. I guess I should have known it wouldn't last forever, but I didn't think it would end so soon. How could you do it. Gerry? I believed everything you told me. We were so happy together, and I was so proud when people would point us out and giggle. "They're on their honeymoon." What a glorious month we had. As far as I was concerned, you could do no wrong. I hung onto every word you said. After my bitter breakup with "you-know-who." I thought you were different. He lied to me and cheated on me and treated me like a fool. 1 said I would never fall in love again. And then you came along with your honest face and strong jaw and sincere smile and damned A my Vart didn't go flip-flop. I said to myself you were special. You knew right from wrong, and you would never be swayed by a lot of rhetoric and double talk Gerry, you promised me you wouldn't do anything until justice took its course You DC under the stars as we held hands that the In -g was over and we would 3ovc jch other forever and ever. Oh. Gerry, what made you change your mind'' What happened to all those dreams you had lor I know you tried to explain it to me You said" ou had to forgive "you-know-who" as an act of compassion because he had suffered enough But he hasn't suffered half as much as we have. Gerry. We13 never know all the things he did to us Even now he refuses to ad- mit that he did anything wrong. He keeps talking about mistakes in ludement. weren't mistakes in judgment, and you know it. They were criminal acts and you had no right to forgive him before we knew what they were. I'm sorry I sound bitter. Gerry. I don't want to. I guess anyone who's been on a honeymoon and then discovers his mate is not a knight in shining armor would feel the same way. Sunday, after you told me what you were going to do. I decided to go see Evei Knievel jump over the Snake River in his steam rocket. I thought this would make me forget. But it did just the opposite. As I stared at the red. white and blue Sky Cycle. I thought of us going off into space together. i could see us flying across chasms and mountains sharing the danger and thrills that had been so much a part of our honeymoon. But then as the rocket filled with hot air and the steam built up and the vehicle started lifting off the ramp, something happened. Before it got off. a parachute opened and. instead of streaking out across the canyon. the rocket nose-dived and floated head first, crash-landing on the rocky bank of the Snake River At that moment, Gerry. 1 broke into tears. I wasn't crying for Evei I was crying for us. The rocket more than anything symbolized our honeymoon It looked so beautiful on the pad with all that steam coming out of its nozzles, its nose pointed toward the sky as if to say. "Here J come world, ready or not." The only trouble. Gerry, with EveFs rocket and your rocket on Sunday about "you-know- who" as that neither one of them would ever flv A B P S Don't trv to find me. Letters Patchin' things up Fiscal responsibility By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator UTTAWA Ontario's Premier William Davis thinks the time has come to hold a great conference on inflation, to be attended by federal and provincial governments and by representatives of business and labor, to plan a national economic strategy. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau replies that the time is not ripe because the spokesmen at such a meeting could only sit and share their troubles and take no effective action. Both men are right to a degree. But both are also ig- noring real difficulties. Davis is right to imply that the federal government can- not by itself win the battle against inflation. It simply does not have the muscle to manage the economy without the co-operation of the provinces in using the so- called big levers of fiscal and monetary policy. Fiscal policy means control of revenues, spending and the balance of national accounts. Total revenues collected by all three levels of government were about billion. After allowing for transfers between governments, Ot- tawa wound up with about 42 per cent of the cash while the provinces and the municipalities, which they control, had 58 per cent. The federal share of spending was 40 per cent and the provincial- municipal share 60 per cent. On a national accounts basis, the federal government had a deficit of million: the provincial and municipal deficit was billion. Monetary policy is strongly influenced by government borrowing. The extent to which governments compete with private borrowers in home money markets influences interest rates, and the extent to which governments borrow abroad influences the value of the dollar. In 1971-73. according to the Economic Review publish- ed last April, total govern- ment borrowing dropped from billion to billion but all the decline was on federal ac- count. So while the federal govern- ment remains the biggest single government, the provinces and municipalities taken together have greater influence on fiscal policy and powerful leverage on monetary policy. Along with the big levers, there is now a widespread view that control of inflation will require some form of in- comes policy. While Ottawa has the constitutional power to impose controls in an emergency, the provinces have substantial powers of influence and persuasion and direction in normal times. They can regulate professional incomes, for ex- ample, control rents and influence the provincially chartered business cor- porations. So in this area of policy also. Ottawa needs the co-operation of the provinces unless il is prepared which obviously it is not to resort to emergency powers. Davis is correct, therefore, in suggesting that a national conference is needed to set national economy policy. Indeed, Ontario .has been say- ing this for years. At numerous federal-provincial meetings, the Ontario spokesman has called for greater co-operation in setting tax rates, sharing revenues and co-ordinating budgets. But Ontario's rhetoric has always been stronger than its actions. When it has disagreed with federal policy it has not hesitated to operate contrary policies, and has bragged about it. When Ottawa was trying to fight inflation by squeezing the economy in 1970. for example, then- treasurer Darcy McKeough boasted: "Ontario was oblig- ed to implement expansionary economic policies to offset the effects of contractionary federal fiscal policies which we opposed and have no part in designing." Nor has Ontario always been as smart in making policy as it likes to pretend. It was only last year, at the meeting of federal-provincial finance ministers, that Treasurer John White demanded that Ottawa should cut income taxes by billion to stimulate the economy and fight unemployment. Now the complaint is that Ottawa was not tough enough in restraining inflation. Trudeau for his part is right in fearing that a national conference at this stage would talk a great deal and achieve nothing. It might even worsen the situation by raising expec- tations of dramatic action and then revealing that there are deep disagreements about national economic policy, as there usually are when federal and provincial governments meet. Trudeau can, also gently re- mind Davis that he tried to get agreement on national action in 1969 and 1970 and got very little co-operation. He held highly publicized meetings with the provincial premiers and with business leaders to Books in brief "Stress" by Walter McQuade and Ann Aikman (Distributed by E. P. Ontton, People go to the doctor com- plaining of a sore throat when they have other, unrelated worries, which make them more susceptible to the toxic effects and pain. When not so plagued by worries, the sore throat passes off quickly, likewise, ulcers of the gut. heart attacks, arthritis, and even cancer. Thus the main theme of this book, followed by a section on the body's reaction to various stresses, and a final section on ways of altering your reaction to stress exercise, diet, psy- chotherapy and varieties of "religions" and meditation. As a do-it-yourself book much advertised on the wrapper I feel it is a failure. As an account of the causation of disease it is very valuable. A. R F WILLIAMS discuss inflation, and his emissaries tried several times to win the co-operation of the labor unions. The idea was to get agree- ment on a program of volun- tary action, with governments holding down spending and borrowing, business restrain- ing profits and labor restrain- ing wage claims. To make restraints stick, the governments were supppsed to use their powers of per- suasion, leverage and legisla- tion if necessary. Only business showed any readiness to co-operate. Labor wanted no part of wage restraint, and the provinces, including Ontario, gave only lip service to Ottawa. They went their own ways and blamed the federal govern- ment for not doing a better job of managing the economy. The basic problem is one of politics. It does not pay the politicians at one level of government to co-operate on a continuing basis with the politicians at another level. They are often divided by par- ty allegiance. More important, the levels of government are in competi- tion with each other for the taxpayers' dollars. Each likes to take credit for spending while blaming the other for raising taxes: each claims credit for what is right with the economy and blames the other for what is wrong. So while numerous studies have emphasized the need for closer federal-provincial co- operation in economic management, the political reality is that they are adver- saries, and every conference tends to emphasize dis- agreements rather than agreements. The answer is a new struc- ture of government which recognizes economic realities. In articles and in a brief to the Senate-Commons committee considering constitutional change in 1971. I suggested it was "unreal to talk hopefully about the provinces consulting with Ottawa on economic problems without actually sharing power. Democratic politics do not work that way and it is always a mistake to award power without respon- sibility or to give responsibili- ty without power. If the provinces are to have power in the fiscal field they must also be responsible. "The solution may be a joint chamber of federal and provincial governments charged with managing the economy, setting the national budget, dividing tax resources, agreeing on the equalization of provincial revenues and overseeing the Bank of Canada." The chamber would meet in public and make decisions by majority vole, with the federal government perhaps having the deciding voice as it alone has a national mandate. After deciding on the division of revenues, each level of government would be respon- sible (or setting Its own priorities within its jur- isdiction. Hhc idea is still worth ex- ploring. It may be the only way to restore strong central management of the economy. Fluoride essential A recent article in The Herald indicated that the largest chemical plants in Southern Alberta would be go- ing into operation October 2. The chemical plants the sugar refineries. Sucrose, the product, is one of the purest chemical entities produced in mass quantities in the world. I point this out because the word 'chemical' strikes fear in the hearts of some. In reality, of course, our entire material world is a mixture of chemicals and every natural food product we consume is a complex mixture of chemicals. Many common foods contain materials which, if consumed in large quantities, would be toxic. Fortunately in a diet based on both variety and moderation, there is no harm in such con- sumption since our livers have evolved the capacity to de- toxify moderate quantities of these materials. With the old scare tactics re: fluoride again being cranked up, it might be instructive to refer to the 8th edition of Recommended Dietary Allowances published in 1974 by the Food and Nutri- tion Board of the National Research Council, National Academy of Science The statements re: fluoride therein, which, as a public document, could be quoted in their entirety, indicate that fluoride is present in small but widely varying concentrations in all soils, water supplies, plants and animals and is therefore a constituent of all diets. It is incorporated in the structure of teeth and re- quired for maximal resistance to dental caries. Recent studies with the growth of ex- perimental animals on fluoride-free diets lead to the conclusion that fluoride "can therefore be considered an es- sential element." "Standardization of water supplies by addition of fluoride to bring the concentration to 1 (1.0 ppm) has proved to be a safe, economical and efficient way to reduce the incidence of tooth decay a very impor- tant nutritional public health measure in areas where natural water supplies contain less than this amount." the daily intakes required to produce symptoms of chronic toxicity after years of con- sumption are 20-80 mg or more, far in excess of the average intake in the United States." I cannot become emotional over the issue of water fluoridation any longer. The scientific evidence to support this public health measure is overwhelming but it is not likely to sway those who will not respond to the facts. The only possible issue remaining is that of whether it is proper to adjust the water supply of all for the benefit of our children. In my mind, the benefits to their dental health suggests that it is proper. To those who suggest the prescription route, I would suggest that they price some fluoride tablets in their local pharmacy and then consider that again it is the children of the less affluent who will go without and suffer most. These also are the parents who can least afford the den- tal care which will inevitably be needed. My final comment is this. Do you wish to believe those who are best equipped to un- derstand the physiology and biochemistry of fluoride as a part of our diet or do you put your faith in those who get their information from what I choose to call "nonsense ROGER B. MEINTZER Professor of Chemistry Lethbridge Christian witnessing Everyone is aware of the media's efforts to ban Chris- tian witnessing in Lethbridge. The Herald as well as the radio station is opposed to any Bible-believing group that takes free spiritual food to the people on the street and to those who cannot get out of their houses. What The Herald may not be aware of is the backlash Book review that has developed. Three Christian denominations who are opposed to blood trans- fusions as medically unsafe and unscriptural have a move underfoot to prevent the Red Cross from going door to door collecting money. Wish these Christians luck in their bann- ing of unspiritual causes! MARILYN MacGILL Lethbridge U.K. social history "Temporary Kings" by Anthony Powell (William Heineman, 280 This is the eleventh of a pro- jected 12-novel series entitled The Music of Time by British author Anthony Powell. The series is an intricate study of the social history of the United Kingdom in the 20th century. The dance of Powell's upper middle class characters in Temporary Kings has now become grimly autumnal. It is a sad con- templation of the varying degrees of decay. The "tem- porary kings" of the title are literary representatives of many nations gathered in Venice in 1958 for a cultural conference. For one reason or another, many of the earlier major characters that appeared in the first 10 novels of the sequence find .themselves there as well as some new ones. Again Powell uses Nicholas Jenkins as his narrator. Jenkins, like his creator, was born in the early years of the century, educated at Eton and Balliol College. Oxford. What the novelist has done is to build the sequence around the structure of his own life. To understand this novel, the reader should know all the ojUiers of the series or certain characters and allusions are meaningless. There is an up dating of the latest fortunes of the whole gallery of Jenkins' acquaintances. The difference here is the way in which the most crucial facts are built up piecemeal over the entire course of the narrative rather than presented as conclusive sur- prises. This work requires attentive reading on another level than that needed simply to recall "who is who'' from previous books. A new feature is Powell's unusual sexual explicitness Hidden and unpalatable facts, scarcely treated with overt humor the novelist's forte in earlier books are coming to light as the dance to the music of time transmutes into a maccabre dance of death. The action moves slowly, with characteristic and significant flashbacks to the past, through the small talk, the wining and dining between conference sessions. The curiously futile air of the whole gathering is rendered perfectly. The novel is per- vaded with the sense of decay and impending tragedy. Temporary Kings has been hailed by the critics as one of aging Anthony Powell's best novels. ERNEST MAROON The Lethbridge Herald 504 7ft ST. S Alberta IETW8RIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and PutrttSbers Second Class Mat! flegWrtftton No 0012 deo MOWERS. Editor ma OON M TO.UNG Managrng Editor 00NAIO 00RAM General Manager ftOY F MILES Adverttgmg Manager DCHJG1ASK WAIKES Editorial Page Editor Ciroflafliori Manager JCClMWETH E BASNET! Busmess Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH' ;