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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta News analysis by BOYCE RENSBERGER New York Times I Food crisis I stark reality for millions NEW YORK During the last few months the world food crisis has developed from what once seemed to be another exaggerated doomsday forecast to a reality that is gnawing at the bellies of hundreds of thousands of people and threatening to take the lives of millions. Early this summer, when leading agricultural experts began reporting the first signs of an immi- that they said could reach disastrous proportions before the year was out, the New York Times began a series of ar- ticles exploring the situation. Now that Times reporters have pursued the topic in hundreds of interviews with scientists and economists around the world, patterns of consensus have begun to emerge. This is an interim report on a continuing in- quiry. The most basic conclusion that can be drawn from the investigation to date is that among the experts there is virtually unanimous agreement that a serious world food crisis has indeed begun. There has been almost total agreement that the most severe impact in the immediate future will be in India, the world's second most populous country, where millions may face starvation in the next few months. The latest wheat crop there has been harvested and has fallen below expectation by an amount equivalent to the food needs of 50 million people for a full year. Many authorities say that without wide international aid beginning soon, the present Indian food shortage could develop into a famine vastly exceeding in scale anything in sub-Saharan Africa or in India of years past. Situation grave "The situation around the world is very bad; in India I would say it is said Dr. Norman E. Borlaug, the Nobel Prize-winning scientist who has played a major role in guiding India's agricultural development in recent years. Borlaug was the developer of high-yielding, fertilizer-dependent wheat varieties that made India self-sufficient in wheat until recently. Another important conclusion shared by many is that, because of the increasingly intertwined economies of all countries and because of global resource scarcities, repercussions from an Indian famine would be felt throughout the world. It is recognized generally that the world's nearly four billion people now draw upon a common pool of food-producing resources, including land, fertilizer, energy, machinery, pesticides and global distribution systems. A change in farm policy a subject once considered an internal affair of any country in the Soviet Union, for example, led to the large purchase oL American grain in 1972 and contributed significantly to the surge-in American food prices. Indian farmers, to cite another example, were short of fertilizer not only because of the Arab policies that reduced production of oil, from which much fertilizer is made, but also because the United States restricted the export of fertilizer, which was wanted by American fanners. Supply dwindled Until recent years the links between energy and food had largely been taken for granted. When fossil fuels were being mined and pumped in ample quantities, the prices of petroleum-based fertilizer or fuel for farm machinery were low. With the coming of the energy shortage and oil price rises, competition from other energy uses cut deeply into supplies available for agriculture. In his United Nations address, President Ford clear- ly extended the fobd-eneigy link for economic and technological bases to the realm of global politics. Recognizing that the U.S. is the world's largest supplier of food, or as some put it, "we are the Arabs of the food Ford Drew parallels between this country's responsibility on world food supplies and the Arabs' position on world energy supplies. The link is likely to be of significance as various countries prepare for the United Nations-sponsored world food conference in Rome in November. By linking the food and energy questions politically and pledging American co-operation, Ford would appear to be adding pressure on the Arab countries to respond in similar fashion. Mr. Ford gave no specifics. He said these would be presented at the conference in November. By then, however, the crisis in India may have reached disastrous proportions. So closely related are the food needs of nearly all countries that many authorities believe an Indian famine could require such vast international aid. draw- ing upon grain reserves that are already the lowest in decades, that Americans might well have to shift their diets to consume less meat and poorer cuts to free the food resources that could be used in a humanitarian ef- fort. While various public figures have suggested that Americans help by giving up one hamburger a week or by reducing the population of meat-eating cats and dogs the first concrete step toward changing the American diet has been a move by the department of agriculture to lower the criteria for meat grade classifications. The effect would be to require less fattening of cattle to qualify the beef for a higher grade. Anti-Allende generals had massive U.S. help The generals who toppled Chilean President Salvador Allende received one of the biggest United States military aid programs in Latin the same time that the U.S. was cutting off economic and humanitarian support for Allende's Marxist government. During the four years, 1970 to 1973, Allende was in power, U.S. economic aid dropped to a year from million, state department figures show. At the same time, military grants to train Chilean military officers in the use of U.S. weapons remained at a year, and credit sales of weapons to the Chilean generals jumped to million from million. Together with the secret Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) support to political op- ponents of Allende, the U.S. economic and military aid programs form a pattern showing a direct U.S. effort to make it difficult for him to govern while strengthening the political and military forces that could depose him. Reports of secret testimony by William Colby, the director of the CIA say the United States spent million on op- ponents of Allende from 1970 to 1973. State Secretary Henry Kissinger has denied any U.S. involvement in the military coup of Sept. in which Allende died and his govern- ment was replaced by a right- wing military dictatorship. However, the Colby testimony states that Kissinger personally authoriz- ed the expenditure of million to opponents of Allende in August, 1973, at a time when the state depart- ment admits it was receiving almost daily reports that a coup was imminent. Kissinger has told the Senate foreign relations com- mittee that credits to Chile were cut off because it became a bad credit risk as a result of Allende's economic policies. But credits for military sales were increased, despite this alleged bad credit rating, U.S. aid figures show. In fiscal 1972, the year after Allende's rise to power, Chile received more U.S. military aid than any other country in Latin America. Humanitarian aid programs, such as the school- lunch and infant-feeding schemes, were being cut, meanwhile, to million in fiscal 1974 from million in 1971. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, J974 15 CENTS 32 Pages Nixon sought as trial witness FIRST EVADER ACCEPTS CLEMENCY SAN FRANCISCO (AP) John Barry has signed an agreement with the United States government to perform up to 24 months alternate service, becoming the first to do so under President Ford's cle- mency program for Vietnam war draft evaders. Barry, 22, and United States Attorney James Browning signed the document Wednesday in Browning's office here. "This is the first in the country to be Browning said. Barry's lawyer, Joseph Morales, said Barry will appear before the state Selec- tive Service board in Sacramento by Oct. 18 to report on his efforts to find a suitable job which will serve as his alternate ser- vice. The board must approve Barry's choice. WASHINGTON (Reuter) Watergate special prosecutor Leon Jaworski today issued a subpoena ordering former president Richard Nixon to appear as a prosecution witness in the Watergate cover-up trial. A spokesman for Jaworski said the special prosecutor's office had ordered the FBI to serve the subpoena on the for- mer president, who is already under a court order to appear as a defence witness in the trial. The spokesman, John Barker, said the special prosecutor wants the former president to testify against the six former White House and re-election campaign aides who are due to go on trial Oct. 1. Nixon, who has been in Cali- fornia since he resigned Aug. 9 over the Watergate scandals, is apparently on the verge of hospital for treat- ment oPphlebitis. He may try to avoid making a personal appearance at the trial on grounds of ill health. Earlier this week lawyers for the former president told a federal court in Los Angeles that he was too ill to testify in an unrelated case. The judge in that case has not yet decid- ed on whether to waive an appearance by the president. Mr. Nixon's daughter, Julie Eisenhower, told reporters Tuesday that her father would enter a hospital'in about a weeks time for treatment of the recurring phlebitis, an in- flammation of veins in his left leg. 250 drowned House charred WALTER KERBER ptiotos The blackened interior of the Dr. George Fitzpatrick home, 1401 7th Ave. S., shows some of the damage caused by a fire early this morning. Believed to have started in a sofa, the blaze was quickly doused by Lethbridge firefighters. Story on Page 17. Syrians, PLO dissociate Inside in Bangladesh froni Japanese terrorists A A A DACCA (Reuter) A large barge capsized in the Bay of Bengal Wednesday and a local newspaper in the Bangladesh capital said today that 250 peo- ple are feared drowned. Two survivors were picked up and taken to hospital, it said. District officials said a search had been mounted for missing passengers. DAMASCUS, Syria (AP) Both the Palestinian leadership and the Syrian government sought today to dissociate the guerrilla move- ment from the Japanese Red British politicians off and running and htard About town County of Lethbridge coun- cillors scratching their heads over Alberta Disaster Ser- vices instructions to post the disaster handbook in a "loca- tion known to all." and Coon. Jim Nicol suggesting the top of the pop machine. LONDON