Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LCTHBRIDGE HERALD Salurcloy, September lY, 1970 Is Co-operation Possible? Members of the Biology Depart- ment of the University of Lethbrklge who were quoted in The Herald's re- cent feature on the Kaiser coal min- ing operation seemed to have rather negative views about the likelihood of the rehabilitation of the area. They appear to he skeptical of the serious- ness of the company's avowed intent as well as dubious of whether rehabil- itation can be achieved. The Kaiser corporation at least gives an appearance of being seri- ous about rehabilitation. A program has been instituted. The company has not waited until extraction has been completed before beginning this part of the overall operation. It seems defeatist to write off the program when experimentation is only beginning. Would it not be bet- ter to bo co-operative rather than critical at this stage? Encouragement should be given so that the company's momentum on re- habilitation might be maintained. If the excellent resources of the Biology Department of the University of Leth- bridge could somehow be made avail- able to the men directly engaged in research at the mining site at least in a consul'ative way the program might not falter. Anyone who has seen the chewed up area of the mining operation as well as the adjacent scarred terrain resulting from an earlier logging en- terprise cannot help but feel depress- ed by the desolation. But it is futile now to simply indulge in lamenta- tion. Every effort should be made to assist in the development of effective rehabilitative measures. Supervision Extended supervision will even- tually be extended to all inmates ol federal prisons who leave before the expiry of sentence. This is an indica- tion of the success of the parole sys- tem. The supervision and counselling provided by the parole system has worked so well for so many persons that it has been thought wise to ex- tend it to all. Help during the weeks immediately fol 1 o w i n g release is needed by most individuals. It will be given by parole officers. Even those who are not paroled get out of prison before the expiry of their sentences. Early release by re- mission is possible through both sta- tutory remission one quarter of his sentence and earned remis- sion up to three days for each month in prison. An inmate can be released after serving about two- thirds of his sentence. Under mandatory supervision the person will be dealt with in the same manner as a parolee, with the same benefits and penalties. He will be counselled and assisted in finding a job. Violations of the conditions of supervision could mean return to prison to serve the remainder of the sentence. Unfortunately this sensible pro- gram only comes into effect with those who enter penitentiary after August 1, 1970. Thus the.earliest date at which someone would be released on mandatory supervision would be in December, 1971 16 months hence. Presumably the reason for the de- lay is that an adequate number of supervisors will have to be built up. The sound rehabilitative theory be- hind the program would be jeopar- dized by suddenly swamping the ex- isting personnel with unrealistic case loads. But it is regrettable, nonethe- less, that the program cannot be put into full effect immediately. Nasser's Tigers Time is running out for President Nasser of Egypt to make up his mind whether he slands with the forces of guerrilla anarchy or whether he real- ly wants the turmoil to end. He has denounced guerrilla aclion in Jordan, has proiested against the hijackings, but he has done nothing publicly to prove that he is the leader of Ihe Arab world. It is ironic that it was Nasser him- self who was responsible for organiz- ing the guerrillas in the first place, that he was the motivating force be- hind what has now become an uncon- trolable network of defiant Arabs who recognize no cause but their own. Nasser gave birth to a tiger. It is lime he twisted its he can. Weekend Meditation The Life-Changing Process advises eveyone else to change his life and the man himself knows best of all that he should change it. The advice is glibly given, for no one is too silly that he fails to see the faults of his fellowman. Now it is true that some men really prefer an evil or dirty life, like the pigs in Chaucer's tale who were angry when they were turned back into being men. Some folk like squalor and filth, a fact which social reformers do not suffi- ciently take into account. Nor do most men like responsibility. Michelangelo's "Adam" shrinks back from the touch of the finger of God. Multitudes of nren, however, live in con- ditions of unhappiness, loneliness, and boredom from which they would escape if they could1. They are now prisoners of habits and ways of thought. Their lives have become conditioned like a musical record. They lack freedom of soul and body and are prisoners of themselves in a real sense. Men talk of "free but most men can never recall a moment when they had free will, when they could act freely and spontaneously. They live like tieep-walkers. Did not Hitler call himself a somnambulist, going the way fate had sent him? Heredity and environment determine the early years and one settles into a groove which is different from a grave only in depth. Matthew Arnold wrote of a friend, "from the contagion of the world's slow stain, he is secure." Some- times it seerns as if one is only free from the contagion of the world's slow stain when one is dead. Man likes to think of himself as his own master, captain of his fate. He never is. "You shall be as gods" was the promise of (he Devil to Adam and Eve. Man is only like God when he is commanded by God, subject to God. Man should be free lo choose between good and evil, but he may lose this capacity of choice and many have. Maimonides in his study of "The Laws of Repentance" says that no one coerces or decrees what a man may do or draws him to either of twx> ways; but every person turns to the ways which lie desires, spontaneously and of his own voli- tion. Maimonides believed that there was 2. strength in man which enabled him to change if he willed, so that the repentant sinner is called "baal or "mas- ter of return." No man is master of his own return except through God. One re- calls the poor addict who said, "I'm going down town tonight to get drunk and, God how 1 hate One should develop a habit of continual change. Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes once remarked, "f have learned that when you have taken one trench, there is a new firing line beyond." This keeps you out of life's stopping-places, out of the habit of drift, and ready for an ascent. The habit of living horizontally and not vertically is a dangerous one and pre- vents an ascent to a higher plateau. Once a man loses the sense of the sublime he is a sony spectacle and cannot break out of his present situation. The trouble is that most people spend life on getting places rather than being persons. The question is, how much do you want it? If you want lo be a different person you can. Man was made for dominion, ac- cording to the Bible. But it isn't easy and it is impossible for a man unaided. Only when God went with him was Joshua or David victorious. When the Holy Spirit de- parted from them Saul and Samson crum- bled. Prayer: Give me the power, 0 Gofl. !n break free from my shabny, restricted, sick and sinful life. S. M. A. Moving Address By Doug Walker Mayor Andy Anderson may not generally be considered to be an eleclrifying speaker. But he proved that he can be a moving one during the Chamber of Commerce Howdy Neighbor excursion recently. At Cranbiook he surmounled 'extreme odds in speaking over human and feline interference tn Iwo IxMhhridge gentle- men lo their loot. Down Nicy came to the front just as at a revival humbly make an atoning gift of three dol- lars cacly to the Cranbrook United Appeal. There might be some who would doubt that Dick Gray and Tom McNab were in- fluenced solely by Ihc Mayor's persua- sive talk. It might be thought that spirils had something to do wilh it or that it was simply in Ilio cards. Yet so impressed uoro Ihc men that lalcr when Andy got on a loaded bus there was a spontaneous cry, SI'KECll! Tim Traynor Youth As A Political Force In U.S. WASHINGTON: YouUi so oflen at Ihc centre of Hie political stage in recent years may be on its way to be- coming established as a politi- caJ force in the United States. The Nixon administration is ac- tively following up the passage by Congress of a measure to lower the voting age to IN. States unprepared to accept Congress' authority in the mai- ler have been invited to so in- dicate opening the way for a constitutional test before the Supreme Court in mid-October. Though the president has ex- pressed doubts about the con- stitutionality of the current measure, some observers fed there is a good chance the court will uphold it. In the event of a negative ruling, there will still be the possibility of an early bid for a constitu- tional amendment to accom- plish the change. Politicians of every stripe are hastening to assess I5ie likely impact of a reduction in the voting age, as the result of which an estimated 11.5 million voters would be added to thu rolls. (If the congressional ac- tion is upheld by the court, this would take effect as of the be- ginning of 1971.) It is evident that the bom- bast of leftist radicalism is not a good guide to the attitudes of the prospective new electorate. One poll of individuals between 18 amt 24 indicated that about 1.2 million identified with the New Lcfl, while, at the other extreme, about six million ad- mired Goerge Wallace, Mr. Wallace got about 15 per cent of the 21-lo-2D year-old vote in the 19U8 presidential race.) Again, the results of surveys over' the past year have not supported the "generation gap" concept. At one point, the president had the approval of something over CO per cent of adults and young alike. Criti- cism of the Vietnam war was shown to be increasing at much the same pace in both groups. In one University of Michi- gan survey, two out of three high school seniors polled agreed that fighting in Viet- nam is important to protect friendly countries and to show other nations the U.S. keeps its promises, On the other hand, two out of three believed that the war there was moving tho world closer to a world war, and half said the fighting was far out of tune with tile nation- al interest. In several stales, 13-year-olds are already enfranchised. Only one out of three eligible voters in the 18-to-21 year-old group turned out for the 1MB poll. This, along with other findings, indicates a pronounced unpre- dictability, but it is by no means clear that this has any- thing much to do with the New Left inclination to reject the existing system. On the con- "But Principal my bunch are still having trouble with their FIRST language trory, a 19G9 poll of high school seniors showed that per cent wanted the vole. A Harris survey after this spring's campus upheavals in- dicated that, even among col- legi students, a sizable ma- jority had faith in change with- in the system. Sixly-lhree per cent of those polled expressed confidence in the possibility of democratic reform, and G5 per cent looked to the election of better public officials as t h e best way of brmging about im- provement in real problem areas. In the view of qualified ob- servers the Democrats cannot assume that the new electorate will automatically be drawn to them because of their activist tradition and their position as the traditional majority party. The Republicans, for their part, have by no means written off these potential votes. The situation was put Into clear perspective by Senator Edward Ke.'.nedy in recent testimony to a Democratic par- ty reform subcommittee. There had been a marked erosion of loyalty to the established par- lies, and this threatened not only them, but also the nation, he said. While endorsing co-op- eration bstween college stu- dents and Democratic anti-war candidates in this fall's con- gressional elections he urged the psrty to give equal atten- tion to the large segment of prospective voters whose stand-point differed from' that of the student. Of the 11.5 million prospec- tive volers he pointed out, 4.L million were workers, one mil- lion were housewives and 000 were servicemen. "We simply cannot allow a love affair with campus youth on the issue of the war to weaken or obscure the close tie the party lias always had with the labor movement and the working he said. "The umbrella of the Demo- cratic party is broad enough to cover every type of young American the young hard- hat as well as the young dove, the worker as well as the stu- dent. We are the party of the pool', the black, the young and the college, but that is not all we are or ought to be. We must also reach out to the un- poor, the unblack, the unyonng and the uncollcge. "The growing gulf between our students and our working- men may well be t h e worst division that now exists in our party and our society we have become so pre- occupied with the generation gap that we have failed to see the class gap that is opening under us and that threatens us far more seriously. (Herald Washington Bureau) Shaim Herron Just Asking A Few Innocent Questions rjNE of the tilings that puz- zles some people is why, when an industrial dispute arises between the members of a union and the management of a plant, it should be allowed to continue after it has begun to affect adversely those who are not involved in the issues at stake. The argument, when this question arises, revolves around what is called "collect- ive bargaining." This is some sort of sacred right it has been so called which ap- parently cannot be tampered with. The minister of labor, Bryce Mackasey, has several times appeared lo doubt its sacredness, and at other times, presumably according lo the political climate, has betrayed a measure of horror that it could ever be interfered with. What most of us have diffi- culty understanding is why it is so sacred? More and more of us begin to believe that only the reactionaries of our indus- trial society believe in it as a. fundamental right. Where it has been questioned in B.C. and Saskatchewan the unions have screamed blue murder and charged that the sncred thing is being eroded. But what a lot of simple people would like lo know is whether society and all its machinery exists at the plea- sure of the employees and the employers in any particular in- dustry at any given time? For example, Macleans magazine offers its readers some Mir- prising figures about (ho de- pendence of about a quarter of Canada's work force on the automobile industry. It would seem fairly obvious that what goes on in that industry be- tween those directly employed in it and Ihosc who employ them intimate and polo'.l tally damaging cflccUs oil the rest of us and that the rest of us arc therefore indirect parties to any dispute that may arise. This is very simple thinking, of course, but look at a few of the figures Macleans has print- ed. Car manufacturers em- ploy people and pay them a year. The livelihood of some oth- er people are dependent on these auto employees mir- ror glazers, miners, sleelwork- ers, rubber workers, car sales- men, dealers, gas station own- Vox Populi By Don NEA Service IT? E W newspaper traditions are older or more cher- ished than the letter Lo the editor. And by all indications, the tra- dition has never been more alive and kicking than current- ly. Editors everywhere these days are receiving a sharply increased flow of reader mail. In a report on the phenom- enon, the Wall Street Journal notes that the New York Times' mail has nearly doubled in the past five years. The 1969 total was letters. Although the scale may be smaller, Ihc trend is similar on papers across the country with many, like the Times, increasing the space allotted to their writing readers. Our strenuous times plenti- ful domestic and foreign crises, civil controversy at a high pitch on a number of undoubtedly largely account for it. Currently critical attitudes toward the press ilself are also involved. It's frequently the editor himself thai a writer wants U> tell off. But it must say something about the press as a democra- tic institution that at a time of supposed widespread public dis- enchantment with its peiTonr.- ancc, it is to the press lh.it Ihe public turns in greater numbers than ever to let off steam. ers and employees, body-shop workers, mechanics, car-wash employees, insurance people, radio workers. "Of the 372 radios made in Canada lost year were installed in cars." Macleans says. (Had a figure like that ever occurred lo And of course, this is only the beginning of the list of those affected by whatever af- fects the auto work'ers and their employers. To us simple minded people, who do not see society's seg- ments as independent entities sealed off from one another and minding their own busi- ness it is impossible to believe that the best way to manage the affairs of the auto industry when a dispute exists is to let it continue till its effects have injured the entire economy. That this is not acceptable lo society at large is clear from the fact that governments call special sessions to "force the men back to work" or other- wise put an end to the effects of damaging strikes. Why then is it legitmate to take this sort of fragmented or occasional ac- tion to defend the community against "private" disputations between contracting parties, and impossible lo set up orderly machinery to deal with the same situation. It is hard to convince the. great mass of the people Ihat it is impossible any more impossible than it was to evolve a system of law under which private disputes of whatever order are o'ealt with so that they can not damage or destroy the bystanders. It seems dismally obscuran- tist to tlirow up hands of hor- ror at the mention of labor or industrial courts. What is so veiy horrifying about submit- ting the claims of a union against an industry to a court which is equipped lo take into account Ihc true slalc of Ilic industry's capacity to pay, the .vlalc of (lie economy, liic ef- fect of any proposed settle- ment upon the economy in- cluding prices and tire bear- ing of the unresolved dispute on the livelihoods of others not involved? We are surely not to assume that since we have become so interdependent in all our ways, mere power, rather than rea- son and reality as it affects us all, is the only possible meth- od at our disposal? In fact, every time Parliament, is call- ed to enforce a settlement of an industrial dispute, it makes nonsense of the real objection to a system of industrial courts. I'm only asking questions. I'm puzzled by Ihe horror that reformers of society feel and express when they hear the words "industrial courts" or "compulsory arbitration" and since the unions decided at their last convention to take a hand in reforming our I would like to think they, were genuinely enough concerned about the total welfare of so- ciety to bring some positive thinking to this probelm. I'm sure the automobile union is aware that a prolong- ed strike in the industry will accelerate the rate of bankrupt- cies among car dealers in Saskatchewan. I should nope the corporations were not in- different to the effects an in- flated settlement would have on our national economy. But why should, these two power groups determine those effects by themselves? An increasing number of people want to know. (Herald Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Four undesirables who had floated into the city were put on a westbound train and shipped out of town. They were told to get to parts where laziness was countenanced. 1MO Elsie Slorrow, Toron- to parachute jumper, estab- lished a new Canadian record for women with a foot jump. London was bombed for the consecutive night and dark, subway benches and platforms began filling up as Londoners pre- pared to spend the night under- ground. 1D50 A pilot plan for the new provincial court house in the civic centre has been ap- proved by council. It is be- lieved construction will begin this fall, but no confirmation has been received from the government. law Tuberculin testing of Canada's cattle population has been completed wilh the ex- ception of the Peace River dis- trict and in Newfoundland. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0017 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper publishers' Association and Ihe Audll Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor ond Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE OALLA WILLIAM MAY Menacing Edilor Associate Ctlitor KOY'r- MILES DOUGLAS K. V.'Al-KLR Advertising Edilorial Patia Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"