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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 44 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, September Soldiering is their common bond Bus blocked Striking members of the Montreal Transport Union, garage and maintenance employees, block the path of Montreal Urban Community Transit Com- mission buses. Draft dodgers believe they did no wrong WASHINGTON (CP) American military draft dodg- ers and deserters living in Canada and other countries generally have shown a cool reaction to President Ford's clemency proposals. Many of them don't like the idea of yielding to any specific conditions attached to their return home. Others figure that if they do go back, they would get a better deal from the courts than from Ford. Because of the moral issues involved, the bulk of them are convinced they have com- mitted no moral wrong in evading Vietnam war service. RELY ON COURTS Some who have come back to take their chances in court feel the presidents proposals won't change things substan- tially because the courts, at least in recent years, have inclined toward leniency which has been, in many- cases, greater than that suggested by the president. Donald Feige. an assistant U.S. attorney in nearby Mary- land, prosecuted most of the selective service cases in the District of Columbia and Maryland last year. "Of the last 10 cases I've prosecuted." he says, "two or three were found not guilty on technical grounds and the rest received two to three years' probation with alternative service." Alternative service has in- cluded work in hospitals, schools and recreation pro- grams. One draft evader, a 24-year- old who asked not to be identi- fied, said. "President Ford's amnesty gesture wouldn't really change things for most deserters and resisters." He had been hiding in Mary- land for three years before his conviction and says he would "rather serve the remaining 20 months of my sentence than submit to conditional amnestv." While draft dodgers face a maximum penalty of five years in prison and a fine, Feige says, "There hasn't been a jail sentence here for draft evasion since September, 1973." "There's no explicit policy of leniency. That's just the way the sentencing has been going." A justice department source says the U.S. attorney's office in the District of Columbia not been anxious to prosecute draft evaders." James Hanny, assistant U.S. attorney prosecuting draft evaders in the Washington area, says "many cases have been dropped on technicalities." "I've been writing letters to these people to let them know the non-active status of their cases." Hanny said. PROBLEM SHOWN The case of Erskine Mackall. of Rochester, N.Y., a former Washington resident, illustrates one problem facing federal prosecutors. A justice department lawyer familiar with the case calls it "the most flagrant we have." However, Mackall kept in touch with his draft board and law enforcement of- ficials ever since he failed to show up for induction four years ago. For the last 18 months. Mackal! has been working at an experimental school for black children which he found- ed in Rochester. Hanny. who is prosecuting Mackall. said. "He has prob- ably already satisfied the conditions." Mackall's attorney has mov- ed for a dismissal. j As one federal prosecutor sums it up: "Few draft of- fenders will turn themselves in under conditional amnesty because most of them wouldn't stand to gain much by doing so." Market development program streamlined OTTAWA f'-r Canadian com- launching major pro- jects abroad. 1; si ng the have rr ported million in new export business ii, the three vears of its operation Program costs dur- ing the same period have been about million Gillespie said the pro- gram has been expanded to Sijhsidi7e the travel costs to Canadian companies of taking potential buyers to different parts of the country. NICOSIA (CP) The three men in charge of Canada's 950 troops on this explosive island reflect diverse backgrounds. Soldiering is their common bond. Col. Clay Beattie of Ot- tawa, Col. Guy Lessard of Montreal and Lt.-Col. Don Manuel of Rothesay, N.B., have personalities that appear to make them an ideal trio for the ticklish task of keeping peace among the rival Greek- and Turkish-Cypriots. Beattie, at 46, is a short, quiet man with a bookish air and energetic nature holding the dual role of head of the Canadian contingent and dep- uty chief of staff for the United Nations force here. Lessard. 41, blends the manner of a French aristo- crat with the disciplined strength of a professional sol- dier. His regiment is the Ed- monton-based Canadian Air- borne. Manuel 40, commands Can- ada's troops in the Nicosia dis- trict and bears a striking resemblance to movie star Paul Newman. He is the type of soldier that obviously prefers the bat- tlefield to a military desk. The three share a job that uses the qualities of each.' They are charged with keep- ing the entrenched enemies apart while seemingly endless negotiations between the two sides are carried out. It's a job that requires a mixture of diplomacy-and tough action, of bluff and brute strength. For Beattie and Manuel, on the island when recent fight- ing was at its peak, the work also meant death-defying walks through storms of bul- lets carrying nothing but ra- dios and United Nations flags. For Lessard, it means re- turning to command soldiers on Cyprus during a period far more grave than it was dur- ing his last tour here in 1971- 72. Beattie goes about his job with a worried look, cau- tiously hedging predictions that conditions may be cool- ing somewhat although things will probably get busy again soon. He dismisses everyday skir- mishes between Turk and Greek as the usual thing that one would expect at a time when negotiators are attempt- ing to set new demarcation lines. He refers to his own ex- periences under fire as though they were no more dangerous driving to work. "I just grabbed my radio and fhg and walked through the Greek lines. Then I did the same with the he said recently, describing efforts to' separate the two sides during Turkish attempts to take over the Nicosia airport. Manuel is more flamboyant, yet equally cautious. Nicosia, most sensitive of six districts supervised by the UN peace force, is his responsibility. He wants all soldiers to be well acquainted with their jobs be- fore they are sent out to man observation posts or patrol. LOOKS AFTER TROOPS When reinforcements were sent in to augment the Cana- dian force, he commented: "I'm not going to let them hit the ground and lash out in all directions before they know the lay of the land." Still, when pushed, Manuel acts quickly. He ordered his men to return the fire of Greek fighters during fighting in July when repeated at- tempts to stop Greeks from shooting at his men failed. Two Greek-Cypriots were kill- ed as a result, and several more were wounded. A num- ber of Canadians were also hit. From a military standpoint, that incident drew immediate praise from the Greek com- mand, who congratulated Manuel, saying they would have done the same in the same situation. Manuel's action also went down well with the troops, who have become increas- ingly frustrated with the often dangerous peacekeeping roles they must play. "You have to return fire with said one corporal who, like many others, has been caught in exchanges be- tween the Greek-and Turkish- Cypriots. Sears i Now comfort where it counts! Our very best stretch-to-f it underwear and hoisery for men give you comfort you can count on Stretches as you move, too. Now big savings -3 days only. 40% off Exclusive with Sears. Our best basics in a soft, fine quality blend of Fortrel' polyester and cotton. Wears longer than you're used to. Offers shrink-proof protection for a lasting fit. Colors stay fast for the life of the fabric. Machine wash and dry. Available in white, royal, antique gold or green. Crew neck T-shirt. 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