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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 24 THE LETHBH'.liGE HERALD Tuesday, September 18, 1973 Community-wide experiment Doctor issues warning Finns change diets, life styles Smallpox threat By LAWRENCE K. ALTMAN New York Times Service JOENSUU. Finland Tens of thousands of Finns have begun to change their diets and life-styles in a community-wide experiment to soften the deadly impact of arteriosclerosis in the area with the world's highest in- cidence of heart attacks. The five year experiment, which involves 186.000 Finns living in North Karelia, along the Russian border, will seek evidence that many of the heart attacks caused by arteriosclerosis can be prevented. The experiment aims also at determining just how far people accustomed to a tasty diet unusually high in fat content will go to'mcrease chances of longevity. Because heart disease is the leading killer in most western countries, results of the ex- periment are expected to be as important to Americans as to Finns. For that reason, many American doctors have come here to see the project sponsored by the World Health Organization and Km- nish government. In the past, doctors have ad- vised individual heart attack patients to stop smoking and eat less fat. The American Heart Association, among other groups, has urged the public to do the same on the assumption that such measures would reduce their chances of suffering a heart attack or angina pectoris. However, doctors have not actively intervened with intense public education and medical examination and have not monitored the effect life-style changes in a com- munity as they are doing here. DOCUMENTED Studies have documented that the heart attack in- cidence in North Karelia is twice that elsewhere in Scan- dinavia. Each year heart at- tacks strike 9.3 per 1.000 North Karelian males aged 20 to compared with 5.3 in Helsinki and about one in Sofia. Bulgaria, where the rate is considered the world's lowest. Liberals elect Senator Molgat party president By JOHN HAY OTTAWA (CP) Senator Giidas Moigat new president of the Liberal party, says Liberals from the prime minister down have a lot of explaining to do before the next election. Senator Molgat. winner of a two-man presidential race at the party's national conventi- on Saturday night, acknowledged that the party- performed badly in the Oc- tober. 1972. that reduced the Liberal Commons majority to a minority. "We didn't really conduct a campaign as such." he told re- porters Sunday. "We all share the blame on this." The 46-year-old former leader of the Manitoba Liberals said Prime Minister T r u d e a u. his cabinet members and party rank-and- file must make greater efforts to carry the Liberal message to the voters. Senator Molgat was the clear favorite of the party es- tablishment and delegates as he defeated Winnipeg fur- niture merchant Norman Turner for the two-year presidential term. Following his nomination by Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan. his convention-hall entrance at the head of a brass band had delegates on their feet cheering before the vote was even taken. As" usual, the vote count was not disclosed. Senator Molgat was first elected to the Manitoba legislature in ML A ever to enter the chamber. He was elected Liberal leader in 1961 and was op- position leader until his retirement, in 1969. Prime Minister Trudeau named him to the Senate in 1970. He succeeds Senator Richard Stanbury president since 1968. He told reporters the party has failed to explain govern- ment policies, particularly in the West. As a result, the opposition had succeeded in misinterpreting party stands on such issues as the Official Languages Act. "1 have a great faith in the fairness of he said. "Hut if they don't get the reasons i tor they rebel." PUBLIC UNHAPPY WITH NATO AID New York Times Service BRUSSELS Belgium and The Netherlands, faced with growing public discontent about their military contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, plan to make major changes in the structure of their ar- mies soon. The Belgian government, under pressure to end the draft system, announced a plan this week to make its combat units that are pledged to NATO all volunteer by 1976. In The Netherlands, the new center left government of Premier Joop M. Den Uyl, which promised major cuts in the billion defense budget, has delayed a decision until it finishes consultations with the other NATO members on ways to save money while maintaining a fair contribution. With these talks, which beg- an early this month at NATO headquarters in Brussels, the Dutch are forcing the allies to consider seriously specialization of tasks among various national armies. the new Dutch government took office in May. NATO officials expected quick cutbacks. One possibili- ty was a Dutch decision not to join a joint allied plan to replace the truck-launched Honest .John tactical missiles with the short range lance Missiles. In June, at a Brussels meeting, the Dutch defense minister. Henk Vredeling. told his NATO colleagues that Holland was determined to save money, but that ft was willing to delay diecisions if serious consultations were set up to study long-neglected economy steps, especially specialization of forces. Such discussion had been held in the past but on a general level. The Dutch wanted and got a p radical c a s e b y c a s e approach. In particular, the Dutch are interested in dropping the Lance and reducing the role of their air force. Faced with replacing their 150 Star- tighters with new jets that can handle stragegic attack roles, they would like to hand over their attack tasks to Ger- many, for example, and assume a greater troop- support role requiring a much cheaper plane. "We would save and Ger- tn a n y w o u 1 d have less logistical costs also." accordi- ng to one Dutch diplomat. The Netherlands, which has a large navy, is also offfering to assume more sea patroling duties. The Dutch hope that enough progress can be made in the NATO consultations to allow I hem to publish a white paper on the subject by the end of the year. Nevertheless, they concede that specialization cannot be pushed too far unless there is a parallel increase in political unity since in a specialized NATO each country would need lull confidence that the others would do their jobs. CAREERS STATIONARY ENGINEER Required immediately by major employer, second class stationary engineer to work shifts for three months. Salary month. Excellent for retired or semi-retired. Apply W. Mass Canada Manpower Centre._________ The fact that North Karelia has the highest incidence of heart attacks is a paradox. Heart attacks have come to be considered a disease of stress in industrialized urban societies. Typically, they are thought of as' striking overweight people who seldom exercise, sit behind desks at work and drive home to watch television. But North Karelia is a serene lakeland, forested with firs and pines, resembling Maine. Farming and lumberi- ng are the bases of the economy. Hard physical work is the way of life. Yet heart attacks fell robust Finnish lumberjacks like timber. So striking is the phenomen- on that two years ago anxious North Karelian residents petitioned Finnish politicians to "do something" to stop the epidemic of heart attacks. Doctors have identified several risk factors that are associated with a greater chance of suffering a heart at- tack. North Karelian health leaders have concentrated on just the three they consider the most important and easily measurable cigarette smoking. increased cholesterol bloodlevels and high blood pressure. Dr. Pekka Puska. principal investigator for the North Karelia project, said in his University of Kuopio office: "We're working on the hypothesis that it is the en- vironment chiefly the diet and smoking." The predominant weight of scientific evidence points to the North Karelian diet, which is high in dairy fats and con- tains few Vegetables, as the primary risk factor for the rising number of heart at- tacks. EAT VEGETABLES in co-operation with local dairies, and health officials, many North Karelians have started to drink milk that con- tains much less fat yet tastes as delicious. Doctors are also encouraging North Karelians to eat more vegetables and less butter. To test their hypothesis on a long-term basis, health of- ficials last year made a base- line survey measuring the risk factor in a random sample in North Karelia and Kuopio counties. They have also set up heart attack, stroke and high blood pressure registries in North Karelia. On the basis of previous studies, the doctors know that no sharp cut-off point exists for dangerous blood cholesterol levels. Chances for a heart attack multiply as the cholesterol level rises slightly and the risk factors are combined. North Karelia doctors, for example, have found that non- smoker with low blood cholesterol and blood pressure has half the risk of his average countryman of getting a heart attack. However, one risk factor doubles, two risk factors triple, and all three raise by nearly tenfold a person's chance of getting a heart at- tack. A chief aim is to make it socially acceptable not to smoke'or tempt others with cigarettes and to cook meals with less fat. Another aim is to increase the public's interest in having blood, pressure checked at screening clinics. Doctors know that un- treated high blood pressure or hypertension can lead to a heart attack. Will the changes in lifestyle be worthwhile? The answer will come in five or more years from results of surveys in the two counties. NEW DELHI (Keuter) A major smallpox epidemic now raging in India will pose a threat to the rest of Southeast Asia and the world if it is not eradicated within two years. the director-general of the World Health Organization said today. Dr. Halfdan Mahler, a 50- year-old Dane who became head of the organization two months ago. told a news conference it is of the utmost importance "to lick smallpox in India right here and now." He said discussions are goi- ng on between WHO and the Indian and Bangladesh governments to launch a ma- jor eradication program with- in the next two months. Organization sources told Reuters news agency that 90 per cent of the world's smallpox cases occur in India. A statement said that in the first half of 1973 smallpox was reported in 83 out of 87 dis- tricts in the three northern In- dian states of Uttar Pradesh. Bihar and West Bengal. The sources said the epidemic is more serious than indicated by Indian governme- nt figures. They said doctors at rural health centres are afraid to report smallpox as the outbreaks reflect badlv on them and sometimes result in their being transferred. The organization proposed that as part of the eradication scheme doctors be rewarded for reporting cases. Lethbridge Community College Invites applications for the following position Assistant Director in the School of Continuing Education DUTIES: General supervision of on-campus evening programs including registration; assist in ad- ministration of all programs; assist in develop- ment and promotion of continuing education pro- grams; assist Director in selection of personnel for courses; other related duties. QUALIFICATIONS: Academic training at Bachelor's level; teaching experience; experience in super- vising people; ability to work cooperatively with people. APPLICATION DEADLINE: September 26th. 1973. Interested persons should apply for the Standard Application for Employment form to: Director of Personnel Lethbridge Community College Lethbridge, Alberta Phone 327-2141 Ext. 216 Save 31% Enjoy virgin wool. Snuggle up to a natural beauty. Soft Fluffy. And, with its schiffli embroidered border, it's a real fashion show-off. Temptingly priced for 4 days only. SHOP WED. A.M. 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