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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Marijuana medicines THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, September 18, 1973 19 Walking wounded A Cambodian soldier wounded di "ing Khmer Rouge attack earlier this week.on Kampong Cham, a provincial capital 47 miles northeast of Phnom Penh, heads for the rear Sources continued to maintain today that government officers had been shot for ordering retreat during the attack. The government has denied the reports Soviet relations move tactical policy change By JOHN W. FINNEY New York Times Services WASHINGTON Accordi- ng to intelligence reports recently received here, Leonid I Brezhnev, the Soviet Communist Party Leader, has emphasized to eastern Europe leaders that the movement toward improving relations with the West is a tactical policy change to permit the Soviet Bloc to establish its superiority in the next 12 to 15 years Although there is some question about the authentici- ty of the reports, they are contributing to a debate with- in the administration over whether the current Soviet course really represents a basic change in intention or is merely a temporary shift. As summarized by defense and state department officials who have studied the intelligence reports, the Brezhnev explanation went like this To the Soviet Union, the policy of accommodation does represent a tactical policy shift Over the next 15 or so years, the Soviet Union intends to pursue accords with the West and at the same time build up its own economic and military strength At the end of this period, in about the middle 1980's. the strength of the Soviet-Bloc will have increased to the poi- nt at which the Soviet Union, instead of relying on accords, could establish an independent, superior position in its dealings with the West The intelligence reports are for the most part third-or fourth-hand accounts of Brezhnev statements that have filtered through Eastern European sources to Western intelligence agencies and finally to the United States intelligence community. The authenticity of one report of a Brezhnev conver- sation with an Eastern European leader last spring, before the Soviet leader met in June with President Nixon, was said to have been vouched for by British intelligence, which received the report and turned it over to the United States American officials said that similar intelligence reports have been received concerning other such Brezhnev statements, both in Moscow and in Eastern European capitals The consensus among specialists on the Soviet Union is to accept the intelligence reports as probably accurate Differences have developed within the administration over how to interpret the statements. Some high-ranking military officials regard the intelligence reports as confir- mation of their suspicions that the Russians are intent upon using accommodation as a way of disarming the West and establishing a military superiority that will permit a more aggressive Soviet foreign policy EMPLOYEES OF THE FOLLOWING INDUSTRIES: Undertaking and Operation of Funeral Parlours Landscaping Maintenance of Lawns and Gardens Grass Sod Laying Tree Moving, Planting, Pruning and Trimming The Removal of Snow by Means of Hand Tools and Small Snow Blowers The operation of- Tree and Shrub Nurseries Sod Farms WILL COME UNDER THE SCOPE OF THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT EFFECTIVE JANUARY This will ensure coverage for you in the event of injury as a result of an accident arising out of and in the course of your employment in any of these industries Commencing January 1, 1974, you should claim com- pensation, if injured, from the Board. Claim forms are available from your employer, or from any office of the Board. The Workmen's Compensation Board is continually initiating changes that are beneficial to workers. TH E Workmen's Compensation Board ALBERTA Drug companies scramble for lead VANCOUVER (CP) Large drug companies are scrambling to produce marketable medicines from marijuana in the event the drug becomes legal, a leading United States brain researcher said here. Dr. Solomon Snyder, professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, said in an interview a number of ailments were once treated with marijuana by legitimate physicians Dr Snyder, who wrote a book on maijuana's medical history, said drug companies eventually will probably be in a position to put marijuana medicines on the market. He said the legality or il- legality of the drug is not a medical question but depends on a society and the current popular sentiment of its people He declined to take a position on the legalization of marijuana. MANY USES Dr Snyder's book quotes use of the drug as medicine as early as 3.000 years ago in China. The book says it is still common in India and that physicians in the western world used marijuana widely in the late 19th century to ease epilepsy, ulcers, migraine headaches, coughs of tuber- culosis and other ailments. Since the 1964 isolation of marijauna's active ingredient, delta-1- tetraphydrocannabmol, solu bihty and quality control problems have been eliminated, making the drug a good prospect for use in medicine Dr. Snyder. known for the heroin research he carries out in Maryland, also spoke about new discoveries in that field. He said discovery of opiate receptors in the brain could lead to the successful treatment of heroin addicts He said his research has un- covered the locations in the opiate receptors where opiate drugs takTe effect As a result, he said, the search for drugs that block the effect of heroin and other opiates has been made easier because scientists know the brain areas where the blockage occurs Dr Snyder said it is known that antagonists occupy the receptor site, thereby blocki- ng the effect of opiates without producing any noticeable effect of their own. "The idea has not been fully tested, but the ideal heroin treatment may be to ad- minster long-lasting an- tagonists that would then just sit on the receptors to block any incoming opiate." he said. "The heroin addict could shoot up until he was blue in the lace and he still wouldn't achieve any of the euphoric effects of the drug. The idea is that he would eventually lose interest in shooting up MORE RESEARCH But Mr. Snyder conceded that more research is needed. At present, one of the most pressing jobs is to isolate an antagonist that is easy to ad- minister and lasts longer than the average one-day life of most known antagonists. Further research is also needed into the phenomenom of opiate craving, he said If antagonists do not reduce craving while blocking the effect of opiates, the treatme- nt may be less promising than hoped. Dr. Snyder said receptor research could also hasten the development oi the ideal, non- uddictixe pain-killer There's a drug known in the I' S as Talwin that's relatively non-addictive pain- killer Apparently the reason is that it's partly an opiate and partly an opiate antagonist "Hopefully, the perfect relationship of opiate and an- tagonist would produce the perfect pain-killer Another interebting dis- coven, Dr Snyder said, is that heroin in itself has no effect on the brain and is therefore not a true narcotic Instead, he said, heroin is converted in the body to morphine and acts on the brain in that form Dr Synder said his research team is working to develop new antagonists and to locate receptors for other drugs such as the tranquilizers vahum and libnum The research is supported by a three-year. grant from the U S. National In- stitute of Mental Health Dr Snyder was in Van- couver to address the British Columbia Chapter of the Neuro Sciences Societv at the Universitv of B C EVEN THE FAIR SEX learns the art of throwing hand grenades at this military training site west of Phnom Penh, the Cambodian capital. Two months of this and it's off to fight the Communists. PARTY CAKES Margo Oliver's recipes for them are what you need for the social season ahead Here they are Grasshopper Cake, Raspberry Sponge Layers. Banana Cream Cake, Apricot Chiffon Cake, Pecan Cream Cake Watch for them this Saturday in Weekend Magazine In your Lethbridge Herald Weekend Magazine 2500 Alberta children each need a Mother and rather What are you doing with the rest of vour life? There's a young iad in one of our institutions we think you can help. From all indications, he's a nor- mal, hockey-loving, TV-clicking teenager who can sense dinner-time within a tenth of a second Yet this boy lacks something. Abandoned by his true parents as a baby, he has lived most of his life under government care. He tends to shyness in the presence of strangers He is reluctant to return af- fection. He is afraid to share his true feelings. We're asking you to be his parents for a while. With the right kind of help, we're convinced that this youngster and 2500 others like him can regain confidence in themselves and the worla that never gave them anything but a raw deal. If you think you have the right combination of patience, perserverance and humour, why not give us a call? You could be making a friend for life. BE A FOSTER PARENT CALU403) 327-4501 COLLECT xHberfa HEALTH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ;