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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Salurdoy, September It, 1971 THE LETHMIDGE HERALD John Gould Forecasting frost by first goldenrod TISBON Falls, Maine Goldenrod, llicy tell, me in tome places Is esteemed as a commercial flower, being offer- ed tor sale. In Maine, it's com- mon as grass, and although it beautifies many a home as a tall arrangement when thrust amongst some autumn maple foliage, it remains exactly what it is a prevalent wild flower. My first notice of gold- enrod came when I was a smalt boy, and was walking with Grandfather one morning up the lane to set the bars in the gap after the cattle has gone into the pasture. It was Aug- ust, and I was not there to hc'p Gramp; it was because of the Red Aslrachans. The Red Astrachan was al- ways a boy's apple, and the rule of our house was that a particular tree alongside the pasture lane should never be attacked, but must be waited out. It would capitulate in its own proper time, and there would come a morning when, cool with dew, the first of the crop would lie on the ground, mealy and mellow, ready and willing. It had to be eaten there if you tucked one in your pocket to refer to later in the day it would have lost its magic, and might even come out mushy. That morning was the morning. Gramp and I found a few, but not enough to call for a basket it would be a few days yet before sup- per would include a dish of pink, Red Astrachan, apple sauce. As we went along up the lane, Gramp spied the first goldenrod, a single glint of yel- low in the corner of the or- chard. He pointed it out to me and said, "Six weeks to frost." As the Red Astrachans waned, the goldenrod waxed, and soon our summer was over. In the years since then, I have usually marked a cal- endar on the basis of the first goldenrod in bloom, and on a long average Cramp's predic- tion is right on the nose. Some few years, the moon has hur- ried or delayed the precise date. Tell ma when goldenrod shows, and J will tell you the night to cover the tomato plants. I see one of the books says over 80 species of goldenrod flourish across the United States, with many hybrids and intergrades until identification is sometimes difficult. But only Kentucky and Nebraska seem to have selected this prolific and uniquitous flower as worthy of public honor, New Hampshire's official bloom is the common lilac, but one bo- tanist tells of identifying 15 dif- ferent goldenrods along a quar- ter milo of New Hampshire highway. Canadian provinces might, consider the goldenrod. loo. be- cause it ranges from New- foundland to Northwest Terri- tories, to British Columbia. There is one goldenrod which is not golden the albino Soli- dago bicolor, silver-rod, which ranges from New Brunswick to Georgia and west to Ontario and Minnesota. As the farmer hopes his sweetcorn will have a few more days of grace than the golden- rod allots, the night of our first hard frost is not the end of our summer just the end of our garden. The goldenrod will stand tall while we have some of the best days of our year, including Indian Summer. Af- ter two-three sharp nighls, we may go almost a month before we have heavy frost again. The harvest is home except for the winter apples and the turnips, belli of which improve in fla- vor if left to lire last moment. Gramp, then, had time to take me lining bees a pastime our stale legislature has for some reason now made illegal. Goldenrod honey is dark and hearty, nothing like the light nectars of early summer when the bees work apple blossoms and white clover. It is even darker than basswood honey, and some say it is rank. But I somewhat prefer it, because of the times Gramp and I rolled in the warm fall sun, by a stone wall, and waited for our bee line to form, With a little box containing a wedge of comb honey, and a pane of glass for a cover, we would brush a bee off a goldenrnd bloom and lay on the glass so he couldn't get out of the box. (1 will now pet lellri-s from bee-buffs telling me a bee is Anyway, after protesting his capjlivity sufficiently, the bep would discover the honey and fill up on ic. Now we wtild re- move the glass, and off he'd go to his wild coiiniy or sometimes back to our own beehives. When he returned, he'd have some friends, and as Grcmp and I soaked up the in- dolence of the warm fall day we could see the night of bees forming a line in the air now we knew where the colony was, and by the time it took for one bee we put some red color on him I to fly and return we eoulJ judge how far away it was. A few times we really robbed the bees, hut only a few the fun was in starting the line, enjoying the day, and making use of goldenrod. It had accurately foretold I h e first frost, hut how long before it would snoiv? Autumn migration Trailing callle out of ihe Porcupine Hills lo a feedlot near Fort Mac leod Photo by El wood Ferguson Book Reviews Two looks at the youth scene today "The Drifters" by James A, Miclicner (Random House, 751 pages, VOUNG people drifting about from one centre to another is a familiar phenomenon. That sociologists sliould be interest- ed in probing into whatever purpose and pattern is to be found iii these people is to be expected. Not surprising, eilh- er, is that novelisls should be attracted lo this rich lode for themes around which to build stones and through which lo vent their judgments. The pop- ular writer, James A. Michen- er, thus hc.s undertaken a novel will a sociological veneer that covers a very wide spectrum of the drifter scene. Six young drifters and two older leeches arc (lie principals of the book. Joe is a California draft dodger; Brilta is a Nor- For young readers nlr. Toad Invites a Friend In Dinner" (16 p., "Mr. Hal Goes Out To Din- ner" (20 p., "Toulon Finds n Hat" (8 p., "Monsieur Maugrel and The Burglar" p., S.1.2D) liy Robert Dnvcy, illustrated by Gordon Dnvcy (C'lnrkc, Irwin nnd Compiiny {JNCE upon a lime there, lived, by Ihe side of a lake, a certain Mr. Toad. And Mr, Toad had some frierids, Mr, Hat. Miss Mouse, Mr. Hedgehog, and Mrs. Mole thai should have been ladies He also had ono niemy, Mr. Fox., One day, Mr, Toad invited his friends lo din- ner and oh goodness me, what excitement .surrounds his worm Hid Lire guys win (and (lie soup is "de- In fact, in all four books, the young reader will find that Uie good guys always win and fur- Uiermore, honesty always triumphs in Ihe end! In Tonlou, our friend the sausage-dog finds a lost hat, re- turns it to its owner, and is re- warded wilh a. biscuit. Then both go happily on their" way. In MM and "the H, Boris ihe Burglar is tracked nnd caught by Ihe famous MntiRret and his dog Caesar, but be reforms. And, of course, everyone is happy. Oh, I almost forgot, Mr. Fox Isn't very happy. He. pels the rollcn end of (he (ail (espe- cially when his lands in tho worm J1ID1 WALKEH. wegian beauty running away from a place where people dream to a place where dreams come true; Cnto is a black militant from Philadel- phia, wanted by the police; Monica is the daughter of a displaced BriLish colonial who abandons herself to sex and drugs; Yigal-Bruce is torn be- tween citizenship in Israel or in the United Slates; Cretchen is a Boston girl, disillusioned by what happened at (lie time of the 1968 National Convention in ChicaEo. The two older men represent the latent drifters seen so often in the veiled longings of Ihe harping critics who get some measure of forbidden satisfac- tion by dwelling on Ihe details of Ihe adventures and misadven- tures of the open drifters. Al- though one of these men had a kind of fatherly interest in four of Ihe young people, lu's con- slant banging around with them inevitably aroi'ses a sus- picion which Michener allows Monica to express in accusing him of being "a dirty old man." The other man who ob- jects to draft dodgers, drag taking, open sex liasons, rock nuric and modern movies eventually shacks up wilh Brit- ta. A rather feeble attempt is made to provide a convincing rationale for the narrator, sixty-one year-old Mr. Fair- banks, spending so much tinio with Ihe young drifters. On pngo 322 he finnlly explains, "my son was losl lo mo. through hitter misunderstand- ings and 1 felt llic need of com- proliending what llic youth of this age were up In." Ninely pages later the render learns thai Ihe son is in jail. Considerable is done iu the Iwok. Tlic arRiMricnt that the individual can control drug taking is met with a warning about Uie danger of psychological pressures. 11 is pointed out for the benefit of young blacks turning to Islam because Christianity has de- frauded Uie black man, that Islam historically has treated him worse. And lo those who look for Ihe light in Eastern mysticisms the word is, "No fable is so ridiculous as the one that says that India has the answer lo anything.'' Despite the fact that Uie is- sues touched on in Ihe book are real enough there is a lot that seems unreal about the treat- ment of them. The improbabil- ities keep getting in the way of Ihe reader absorb- ed in the story. Rich while men are nol apt to endow black mil- ilanls so they can lire impro- riuctivcly abroad; young people who seldom look at a paper are not likely to know about an in- cident in Sinai or Philadelphia, let alone remember Uie names of the participants; no matter liow virile a 44-year old man he, he is nol going to be very responsive lo a teaiiliful young woman gelling into his hospital bed uitli him naked, jus! after he has had an enraged bull ram a horn inlo his abdomen. And some of llic conversation is so contrived that il is em- barrassing lo read. All Iliis is dragged mil in a dial is twice loo long. Reading it becomes n chore. "Don'1. Khool Art- Vo.u by An- Ihony l.nkas Random House, 401 pnRcs, ypIEN Ihe reader finishes the len portraits of vomit; Americans in this book hi; will be ready lo give considerable credence lo Hie observation of Profprsor Frik Krikson (quoted in Ihe "The genera- lion gap is just anolbrr of saying lhal Ihe younger gene- ration makes overt what is co- vert in Ihe older generation." The responsibility which par- ents have for mailing their chil- dren what they are ought to temper Uie kind of outburst that followed the shootings at Kent Slate University when old- er people said more students should have been Shot. Perhaps J. Antliony Lukas had that shocking incident in mind in his choice of title. Those portraits had Uieir gen- esis in an assignment given by the New York Times to dig into the background of a young couple found murdered in a basement in New York City. The story which Mr. Lukas wrote, The Two Worlds of Linda Filzpatrick, won him the Pulitzer Prize. That slory is in- cluded in this book us well as the slory of James "Groovy" Hutcliinson, Uie zany young man whose body was found with Linda's. All Uie young people por- trayed are radicals to some de- gree. No attempt was made to do studies of representative youni; people. The len whose stories are lold just uileresled Jlr. There is a boy who lore up his draft csrcl and wcnl to jail. of Ihe young people are civil rights workers. Three (the two who were mur- dered nnd another Iwy) belong- ed to the drug scene. A black boy from llic Watts district in Angeles permits a look into n.'llurr. And Him Ilierc is Gerry Ruliin, the Vipjiy lender, whose dropout from a promis- ing sport.s-wril.ini; career makes an a.siounding slory. The stories are well done. They nrc as nuicii portraits of Ihe parents as o! the children. Some of the young people nnd Ihcir parents are very altrarlivo people others are less so. Well ivnrlh rrnriiiiR. HOl'G WALKF.H. Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE Westward ho (hum) COME of you may have noticed that much of Hie paraphernalia we call a university including a building or two- has been carted across Ihe river to that monstrous mass of concrete that glowers among the coulees on the west bank. My it seems, had to be included in tho move. Accordingly, I now have Uie special privilege and pleasure of looking out of my office window and seeing sky, whereas on the despised east site I had no window at all. If one may judge from Uie extravagant- sounding claims of the romantic pools, who seemed to set great store by the sky, I should count myself fortunate. I regret lo report, however, ungrateful wretch that I ajn, that I don't see it quite that way. As a matter of fact, in roughly a month's oc- cupancy of my new quarters, I have yet to discern a single advantage that has been gained by me or anyone else through this rather expensive and at-one-time contro- versial move to the west side. At this point, I should pause long enough to deny Ural this is an "I told you so" com- ment, or the sour reaction of a poor loser. Those who recall the celebrated west side controversy especially Ihose who really knew what was going on will tes- tify that I was a staunch advocate of the move, and put in endless hours developing relevant propaganda. (I never really cared R hooL where they put if, buL was absolute- ly rabid as to the right of the board and administration to place it wherever they Nor do I harbor any particular concem as to how our main-line academic opera- tion is likely to be affected by the move. I happen to believe that, given even mini- mal resources and fairly bright kids, the undergraduate aspects of tile academic op- eration can be quite adequately managed in a building like this, just as they were quite adequately managed before we got it, (This is not the place lo press the point, but I doubt there is any real evidence that buildings matter a scrap to the educational process, though Iliey may matter to the less able among those involved in ill. And I have no particular objection to the building itself. Admittedly it is hopelessly ugly, both inside and out, but that is to be expected on a university campus in this part of the world where, except for a bit of budget-broiling rhetoric at contract time, no one pays any attention to the aesthetic dimension of instilulional building. And naturally it's depressing, but what aspect of modern education is not? Let me gainsay, too, any serious concern over whether or not the building is func- tional. Of course it isn't, at tin's point, and most probably never will be, but remember its purpose is education, F.O i'. scarcely rent- ters. As implied above, most students ask only for some books, someone lo talk or listen to, and the absence of major dis- comfoils. No, my beai is along much less esaltc-d lines, fn my usual pedestrian way, I ara concerned about the simple, mundane mat- ter of convenience, for the couple of thous- and people v.'ho make their wny over here every day. Lelhbridge is rather a small place, when compared to major cilics, or even Uie minor cities that sprawl across the prairies. People here have got used to regarding distance in terms of a five min- ute drive or a ten or fifteen minute walk. They are accustomed to being able to park in the front of where they are going or, at worst, in the same block. Our old site was quite consonant with this view of distance. Now, we are seven or eight miles away from where anyone lives, the five minute drive has stretched out lo twenty or more, and the ten or fifteen minule walk has be- come an impossibility. As for well. I and a number of other people corns close to apoplexy just thinking about it. I don't suppose any of these things mat- ter much, and even if they matter today, they won't in a year or so. I can't help won- dering, however, wliy an institution that claims to function on Uie high upward slopes of human knowledge couldn't have discovered a place to operate that wasn't as inconvenient as hell for two thousand people. But as Uiey couldn't or didn't the question arises as lo what to do about it. One tiling would be to start lobbying for that bridge the old government said they'd delay till 1976. (Or was it Maybe the new government will be willing lo take an- other look even if we are eleclorally out of phase with the rest of the province. The Voice Of One DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Recovery of the seven virtues EN the pornographic sex novel and play along with a variety of drugs have become the opiate of the people it would seem to be an excellent time to re- cover the seven virtues as given by the saints of the middle ages, justice, pru- dence, temperance, fortitude, faith, hope and charity or love. The first four are ob- viously Greek virtues rather than Chris- tian, although Paul had much to say about fortitude. Paul believed that without for- titude no other virtue was safe or even possible. But some great Cluistian virtues are omitted here such as gratitude. Shakespeare too thought that gratitude was the greatest of the virtues and ingra- titude the worst. Another is the spiritual mind. As Paul puts it, "lo be carnally minded is death; to be spiritually minded is joy and peace." The heart of Jesus' ethical teaching was the spiritual mind. Jesus also taught tliat a primary virtue was the use of life. A man who buried his talent went to hell. The rich man who told his soul to take it's ease and relax from labor 'went to hell. Prudence was a very dubious virtue indeed from a Chris- tain point of view. Lists of virtues are common in Ihe New Testament as the Fruit of tile Spirit. One of the finest is the ladder of virtues given by Saint Peter: 'Add to your faith, virtue, and lo virtue, knowledge, and lo knowl- edge, temperance, and lo temperance, pa- tience, and !o patience, Godliness, and (o Godliness brotlerly kindness, and to brotherly kindness, charity." With Peter everything begins with faith, as indeed, it does wilh Paul. Many people, even theolo- gians who ought to know beilcr, talk as if love were Ihe beginning and the end of virtue. Paul makes it clear that without faith one does not have love. Love does not come cheaply, a quick and easy tiling. A cynic described the average religious exper- ience as "An mital spasm followed by chronic inertia." Faith is followed by vir- tue or courage which means a striving for excellence. Very logically then, Peter puts next knowledge. The Greeks had two words for knowledge, 'Sophia' which was a phil- osoplu'cal wisdom, and 'pnosis' which is the word used here ,uid which means a prac- tical ability which knows (lie right thing lo do and Ihe wrong thing lo avoid. Per- haps mis is what the Greeks really meant by prudence. Self control follows next, a virtue much admired by Shakespeare's Hamlet who said. "Show me that man who is not passion's slave and I will wear him in my heart's core." Tlien comes steadfastness or patience, tile endurance that wins through ad- versity, not a dumb submission bul a life of hope and faith. So Frosled Moses says in Hugh IValpole's novel, "Tisn't life that mailers! 'Tis the cour- age you bring to it." One plain clothes philosopher expressed the idea when he said, "It isn't the size of the dog in the fight that matters but the size of the fight in the dog." Peter goes on quickly to say that such fortitude required Godliness. The Greek wcrd used here suggests a piety that comes from the proper worship of God. This relationship to God brought the pro- per relation lo one's fellow men. And Pe- ler says that to piety must be added brotherly kinovncss. Many profoundly reli- gious people have forgotten this. Some have even retreated from the world into their own personal cave where they can be secure in their own self-righteousness. In the matchless story of the Good Sam- aritan Jesus makes clear that the Priest and tile Levile in passing by on the other side were not truly Godly, whereas Uie despised Samaritaji was a real neighbor and a child of God.-Peter now concludes by giving love as the crown of Hie vir- tues. Die final fruit of faith. This love is wider tlian any group of people extending like (lie Love of God to a whole world. Peter says that the man who lacks those virtues is blind and short-sighted ami Ivii forgotten he was cleansed from IIB old sins. Life eitlier goes forward or back- ward; it never stays stand still. One must keep diligently climbing that ladder of vir- tues with an eye fixed steadily on an eter- nal destiny. In these days when violence has become a religion with many people and the papers are filled wilh stories of Protestant and Homan Catholic battling in Ireland, Mos- lem and Jew in the Middle East, Buddhist and Moslem in Pakistan, and Communist and Democrat everywhere, i( would ha well to reflect upon these virtues and feck their realization in human life. De.-pcr.ilcly we need a revival of faith, hope, and love, that olhcr virtues may flourish, and all men may have jusiiee. Let us brine hope back into tire human life, for Ihis world is far darker than it need be. The way In light is up IhjiL ladder of virtue. The challenger By Dong Walker fE HFTIALD golf tournament is In tho prizes, I have a gro offing agnin. As in previous years, I luve boon practising for (his great occa- sion. There Is a difference this time, how- ever. Instead of fcllJtiR my sights on the lop l rally V In achieve. I have decided lo rMI- lenge Charlie Buijert for the hoobie pnze. Judi wauled me lo challenge her but she'll have (o fight it oul (he ollior gals. Hey, maybe Ihe Walkers can make a sweep (if ill ;