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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE ICTHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, September U, 1971 Arnold Toyiibee Canada's economic crisis Canadians who expected cheerful news on unemployment and cost of living figures, got a blow in the solar plexus inslead when the Aug- ust figures were tabled in the House of Commons. Unemployment is up and prices are up, and there is no end in sight. Add that when the im- pact of the U.S. import surcharge is felt with full force, unemployment are certain to rise even higher and you have a gloomy fore- cast which no amount of govern- ment analysis and sweet reason can diminish. The government has been caught off-base. It has said that it will not introduce a wage-price freeze which many Canadians now believe is the only answer, albeit a grim one. It talks vaguely about make-work pro- grams for the coming winter and says it has been trying lo arrange a meeting with provincial govern- ments to lay plans to alleviate a situation that can only he called crisis. Theories about what should be done abound. Excuses for failure of palliative measures proliferate. The time for theories is past; the time for action has come. Canadians want to know what the government has in mind and when it is going lo unveil the "contingency plan'1 :.t ought to have. Blow the whistle A question a lot of taxpayers must be asking themselves in the urban centres ot this land is why they should foot the bill for hockey arenas. Hoc- key has become as much a business as a sport. Citizens are not asked to put up the money for the plants re- quired by merchants and manufac- turers why should they do so for sports promoters? If the owners of major league teams c.-an afford to give a hockey player a million dollar contract, they ought to be able to arrange their own financing for arenas. And where a sports complex is talked about, pro- moters from various sports should get together. It would even seem to be a good investment for (he money peo- ple who have no sports interests. Lelhbridge is not a big enough cen- tre lo attract major commercial sports so Ihe question does not loom large in connection with the building of an arena here. Yet it is part of the picture since commercialism reaches clown quite far in the hockey system Nobody should be deluded into thinking" that an arena in Lethbridge is essentially a service to the com- munity; it is fundamentally a link in a big business enterprise. Not only will the arena be used by the com- mercial operation known as the Leth- lindge Sugar Kings but it will be em- ployed as the recruiting ground for the system. As soon as a boy shows promise as a hockey player and can be spirit- ed away without loo much protest from his parents, he becomes a pawn to be moved about by Ihe operators for money making, the notion that hockey is simply a form of recrea- tion is thus increasingly suspect. Be- cause of the system, citizens do not even have the opportunity lo watch local boys compete against the local boys of another centre. Perhaps the most serious question that could he asked about, investing tax money in sports facilities is whe- ther sports is something worthy of support. The increasing violence and cheating manifest in so many sports suggests the lime may have come to blow the whistle. D. K. VI. Will it work? British Columbia's Premier W. A. C. Bennett, irreverently known as Wacky Bennett by friend and foe alike, has come up with another of his novel ideas. This time he has a scheme for creating employment in a province which is outstanding in Canada for the lack of it. He has proposed that the B.C. government will pay half the wages of indus- tries and governments who create new jobs and employ welfare recipi- ents to fill them. But he hasn't said anything about jobs for those who need them and want them, but have been so far able lo stay off the wel- fare rolls. The scheme could very well give the welfare recipient an edge in fill- ing a marginal job and the net result would be (hat the man who has fought taking welfare is forced to do so, because he is not eligible for the government subsidy. The plan could very easily simply have the effect of replacing one man who is on wel- fare by another who isn't. Nevertheless it's an interesting scheme, even if it's only a six-months plan, when presumably the subsidies will cease. Weekend Meditation You have faults too A group of British doctors were pre- senting a petition lo Queen Victoria. They opened, "Conscious as we are of our Faults." At this point one of Ihe doctors spoke up, "Let 113 change that. Put in con- scious as are of one another's faults. Let us not lie to Ihe A man com- plained that he could not have any friends because as soon as he discovered someone with whom he could be friendly he found some fault in the man. One marvels at such conceit. As if tliis man himself were without fault or could expect to find any one who did not have faults. Carlyle says that the greatest of faults is to he con- scious of none. Shakespeare says that the Gods give us some fauHs to make us men. Indeed if you worship some hero it is safer not lo get too close to him. Dame Ethel SmyUie was sent as a young girl to Leipzig lo sludy music. She was enor- mously cxcilcd when invited to meel Brahms, a great hero of hers, at a lunch. Certainly sl'.e was right in thinking him one of Ihe musical immortals. But she tells of her disappointment, "Such a disillusion- ment for a girl. 1 w.is so thrilled and he said li.inlly ;i v, and, when a lifl of sardines was passed around, he ate all that were left, and then picked up Ihe tin and greedily sopped up 'he oil." Tt haa been said of Cluu chill that when one first met him mil', s.'iw all liis faulls Init after one got lo know him one became so aware of his great virtues thnt one ignored hi; faults. Pearl S. Buck lells of Uie visit of Charles Lindbergh to China and of the great crowds that came to cheer him. Mrs. Buck scrvcd a most pathetic scene. A little American hoy of eight or ten wa.i stand- ing, his while with excitement, and his blur eyes blazing. Obviously Lindhergl was his tremendous hero and this was Hie moment of the hoy's life. Just when Lind- bergh was within a foot nf him the boy shoulcd. "Hello, lindbergh just looked blankly inlo the hoy's face and went mi any recognition whatever. Tlic slrii'krn look on Ilio child's f.'lco haunl.l Mrs. Buck bill, a.s she, remarks, probably .ill of us have been guilly of Eonte unmeant p.'iin Kii'en lo .someone in n fashion. There is no deeper anguish in life than Ihe memory of hnving Ihitiiglitlcs.sly, stu- pidly, having said or dono tomclhing Dial hurt another and being quite unable to do anything atom it now. Some writers have achieved fame by writing biographies of great men showing their feet of clay. What great man had them not? A group of people visiting George Washington was amazed on ar- riving just in time to see him having a violent quarrel with a man who was paint- ing his house. In a rage he kicked the lad- der from under the poor fellow bringing him tumbling down and then roundly bawl- ed him out. Yet Bertrand Russell, who could be cynical enough, said that Ameri- ca was really founded on the character of George Washington. Undoubtedly Gandhi will go down in history of India as a saint, but it is most difficult to read his biography and still admire him. The same holds true of Martin Lulher. Both men had great faulls though both men had great achievements and force of personality. Sometimes one thinks that the very virtues of a man result -n certain faults. The Bible is very frank about lhe.se. weaknesses of all men. Thus Abraham was capable of some despicable deeds. Ja- cob could he a scheming, crooked rascal at times. David despised himself for the wickedness of his life. Solomon Ihe Wise was astonishingly stupid and in some ways a tyrannical and had ruler. So life goes. As Mark Rutherford put it. "Blessed he he who heals us for our As long as a man is conscious of hLs faulLs there is hope for him. Bernard Shaw had a frightening sclf-righloousne.is and it is very difficult to understand and forgive his dreadful rudeness lo the gra- cious and lovely Helen Keller, If i.s a grand thing to find honest humility Peter Howard lells of writing FUI article at Bca verbrook's request. Beaverbrook disliked the article extremely and told Howard so in violent terms. Howard it was a hil- tor November day nnd he trudged off through the wet and cold of St. James' Square. "Then behind rno I heard a scurry and pallrr. There was Bcaverhrook, a small a.slhmalic figure, c'Killess and hal- less, trotting nflcr me. Tcler, be paid, 'Forgive me. I shouldn't speak to you liko that. You'll think no more of Beaverbrook bud hi.s faulls l.uo, but one thinks a great deal more of him after reading an Incident like that. Whose "Manifest Destiny" comes next? PRESIDENT NIXON has now taken, in quick suc- cession, two new departures that illustrate the unpred- ictability of human affairs. He has sought a rapprochement with Cluna and he has taken drastic measures to salvage the once "almighty" dollar. He is the executive head ol the country in which the plirasc "manifest destiny" was coined, in the last century, apropos of the United States Events since the Second World War have been demonstrating the unmanilestness of destiny, not only for Uie United States, but for much eke besides. For citizens of the United Stales until the Japanese at- tack on Pearl Harbor in 1041, their country's apparently manifest destiny was to create, for1 people of European race. an carllily paradise free from Europe's endemic evils of v.'ar and social injustice, and Lo in- sulate the whole of the New World, under the aegis of the United States, from becoming involved again in the Old World's tragic history. From 1M1 until this month the American people's concep- tion of ils manifest destiny has been Ihe exact opposite of its traditional destiny that the Con- gress at Washington was still trying to conserve when it pass- ed the Neutrality Acts on the eve of the Second World War. Since 1941 the United States has heen waging a Thirty Years' War as the champion of the "free first against Nazism and Japanese militar- ism, and Ihen, since 1946 will) stronger conviction and great- er zeal, against communism. Americans believed that their country's economic strength would prove equal to those ti- tanic demands on it. Today the dollar is faltering and the ad- ministration in Washington is making conciliatory overtures lo tile two super-powers of the United States' own calibre into which the supposedly monolith- ic Communist bloc has now split. Today the Russo-Chineso Cojnniunist monolith has split on national and racial Lines of division and the Russians are watching anxiously while the Chinese are responding lo Hie Americans' overtures. As for the British and the Japanese, they did stait by fending off continental despotism victo- riously. The Japanese repelled two Mongol invasions and the Mongol Empire was the largest that the world has seen yet. Britain frustrated one at- tempt by Spain and two at- tempts each by France and Germany to conquer Europe, Erilain included. But Britain and Japan, like Russia, went over to the offensive, and they too have had changes of for- tune that have made their "destinies" kaleidoscopic. Britain made herself tho world's workshop and banker by being the firsl country in Hie world lo put itself through the industrial revolution. Brit- ain plumed herself, snobbishly, on being an "overseas coun- try" like her colossal offspring the United S'tates. But now the world's doors have closed on Britain; the last and biggest door has been slammed by President Nixon, and Britain is cnlcring the Uniled Europe "Bert will go Q long way if he doesn't Carl Roivan The tragedy of Attica prison WASHINGTON This na- tion's greatest p r i s on tragedy, Uie bloody uprising at AUica. becomes history as the last narr.es are added to the horrible death toll. Bui, For good or ill. Ihe re- percussions will have profound impact on this troubled sociely. You hear some Americans berating only the inmates and their "cold blooded murder of. the hostages." You hear others speak of Uie assault on the prison as an un- necessary "mass murder'1 of prisoners. You hoar .someone else em- phasize the racial implications and Puerto Rican pri- soners agamst their white mas- ters, the and refer to Altica as proof of the swift- ness with which this society can turn lo genocide. The special tragedy of Altica is that no one is are no angels anywhere. But there is enough anger and vin- dictivcncss everywhere for dis- Letter to the editor agreeing factions lo make a pathetic prison's crisis even worse. No civilized person is going to condone (he. seizing and mur- dering of hostages by inmates. Yet, how does anyone justify an ultimatum lo the prisoners followed by a military assault that guaranteed the killing of several of the hostages? The families of those nine slain hostages will ask a mil- lion limes; "Why couldn't they negotiate a little longer? Why were they in such a hurry to kill and force others to One authority on prisons, Dr. Venion Fox, says force is gen- erally used where politicians want lo protect their image with the puhhc. New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller apparently felt that a decision consigning dozens of people lo immediale death was a lot more bearable in the political long run than a decision to knuckle under to the convicts and earn a storm of accusations I bat he is soft on crime. There i.s another rationaliza- tion being expressed by [hose involved in (lie decision to use force. They say that Hie mili- tant convicts and their de- mands represented a tin-cat to all of society, so the lives of lite nine hostages were sacri- ficed to save soci; ly from criminal revolutionaries. Rockefeller was quick lo blame the Attica uprising on the "revolutionary tactics of militants" and to imply that "outside forces" were some- how involved in a plot. This docs not jibe with the views of Rep. Bertram L. Podell (D.-N.Y.) whn visited Attica when he was chairman of New York's Joint Legisla- tive Committee on Penal In- stitutions and who recalls At- tica as "a seething cauldron of discontent that was about to erupt. Reforms that were then promised never came to pass.1' Forty cabinet ministers next? A pitj isn't it that only twenty two of them got lo be cabinet ministers? When Al- berta after all these years, in- adequately governed by a mere seventeen, a province so rich and progressive, did finally come lo a change we would have thought the dynamic and imaginative Mr. Lougheed could have found posts for more Mian ibis modest number. IVhal a thrill il must be lo finally get one's hands inlo an endless supply of public money, loss it about with reckless abandon, flip choice morsels In favored cronies, and always lie secure in the knowledge that Ihe lowly taxpayers, the work- ing doll, can lie forced at any lime lo refill HM> barrel or lo pay the inlcrest on when production can't .stand the strain. Imagine the exhihration of knowing lhat properly con- ceived and promoted ventures nnd schemes will attract Ilio voles to return one lo office, finfl having Die nwvms li.inr! Id publicise t.ho accomplish mcnl.s of NIP reRinie, and all without any concern (or finding the money lo pay for il. In a country so vast nnd iis Canada, ?i able lo nfiord Tnidcau tax re- form, and Opportunities for Youth all al one lime with no thought for increasing Uie num- ber of workers or paying Ihe bills, no province should have to get by with less than a leg- islative majority of cabinet ministers with I heir staffs, of- fices and entourages. One budding polilican of our acquaintance, an economist, hy his own admission, having studied Ihnt science somewhere far away, has been irritated by rril.ici.sm of Ihe CYC Oio.'.e buses full of frrclojidors nnd lie lells us Ihal. since Ihe. govern- ment "has" all llus money, much better lo spend il lo give young people n good time Ilian to have it lying about gathering interest. Asked what happens when the lax barrel runs dry he says we just raise even-- one's wages teachers, civil servants, officials, everybody. That automatically raises the tax inflow and the problem is solved. Since the eabincl timber clearly at hand, ready, willing and qvialificd, Mr. Longheed's reluctance to go beyond lAvonty-two is bard lo under- stand. Hopefully lie uill over- come this lendency Inward pe- ncxl lime nround. can't up. hnvo at least furly? 1-. H. WAI.KKH. Milk Kiver. Looking backward Through (lin Herald littl Hishop Fullon of bin- don, Onkirio, today received word Iliiit he hns inherited Ipfl to him by a man whom he converted by a ser- mon preached in during I lie oneharLslic, con press at 1JK11 HI Hon. IMnllip Snow- den, chancellor of I he exche- quer lodny asked the British parliament lo bring in the na- tional government's mcasi're suspending (he tfnld standard for the present with its corol- lary provisions. An informed .-onree said today lhat Hrilain and thu Uniled Slates must pour a ma- of war supplies inlo Uiissui to make up Soviel losses and prevent a lurn disnsfrous lo Iho Allies in "Ihe Krenlesl. bnl.tle in hislory." I.T'l iMmi.sIrr Mo- hammed of Irnn was reported today lo he shak- ing his cabinet to strcnglhon h i s Nationalist government internal political oppo- sition and economic pressure from JJriUiin. Podcll fays Ihal "unless im- medialc action is taken to pro- led the lives of prison person- nel n.s well as the civil rights of inmates, Iliis will be Ihe be- ginning of action that will lurn our prisons into slaughterhous- es." Millions of Americans will dwell only on the horrible first reports of inmates cutting UK throats of hostages (although autopsies 'ihow they were shot, possibly ccidentally by storm- ing and Uiey will pniiiarily for more securi- ty, more oppression of prison- ers, tougher and quicker appli- cations of force. Other Americans will recall the, anguished cry of prisoners, "we want to be treated Lite human, beings." And they will cry primarily for prison re- forms that they think will pre- vent uprisings. The likelihood is that the louder, prevailing cry will be fer more oppression nnd Light- er prison security. The pitiful truth i.s that millions of people are not eager to treat inmates as human beings because (hey consider them .subhunran. The result is lhat we are likely to pile stupidity on (op of tragedy. However reluctant the longli law oiid order croud i> (o ndmil il, a lot more radi- cal revolutionaries are created than are killed every time it be- comes necessary to storm a prison like Attica. Tiie firus of anger and rcsenL- meiil hum higlu'r inside and outside Ihe nation's prisons, nnd a mass killing to put down one rebellion simply .cunran- lee.-> ether rehnllums lhat re- quire, more mid more Killings. The "1'Hik, ma, I'm lough1' croud hnn.sl, (hat it will shiMil. rlown the miriMnl-s as fa.1-! ;is (dry ri.sc up. Hul there ir.ust be a saner way for a humane, civilized society to deal wilh have been imprixnicd fur transgressions .igainsi .society. (I'Yilil iMilrrprisi'S, Inc.) which she avcited it was her nightmare for four cen- turies. Japan's destiny has turned more somersaults in fewer years thm the other destinies that were supposedly manifest. When the Mongols were suc- ceeded by the Westerner's as the menace lo Japan's indepen- dence, Japan replied first with n self-insulation that surpassed America's in its strictness, and then wilh a self-transformation which sin-passed Russia's in and after the time of Peter the Great. Like the 17th-century Russians, the 19th-century Jap- anese came to the conclusion that their only chance of hold- irg their own against the West was to master the use of West- ern weapons. This sucked Ja- pan into the maelstrom of mod- ern world-wide power-politics. In t h e Russo-Japanese War in 1904-5, Japan demonstrated that Imperial Russia was a gi- ant in Western uniform who had feet of clay. Then in 1M1 Japan demonstrated lhat Uie West itself, including the colos- sal United States, was not in- vincible. Next, in Japan forfeited her traditional destiny by being occupied by a foreign conqueror for the first time in her history. Within the next quarter of a century, under her American conquerors' nuclear umbrella, she made herself the second greatest economic pow- er in the world and won by "peaceful penetration" the "co- prosperity sphere'' that she had tried and failed in 1931-41 to conquer by force of arms. Now Japan is staggering un- der two unexpected blows from the United Sidles. After the U.S. had pressed Japan into co-operating in the U.S. policy ot encircling China, the United fa'Utcs had suddenly reversed her policy towards China and left Japan saddled wilh the odium of the hostile policy that America has now abandoned. Today, once again as before 1945, Japan is threatened with being encircled herself by an American Chinese entente. And next, within a few weeks of this first American blow, Ja- pan sees the American market basis of Japan's post-war economic boom being closed against her. What is Japan's erratic des- tiny now going lo take? Will she compete with America in courting China's favor. For winning this Japan holds a trump card. In Article 9 of her post war constitution (Ameri- can made, like Japan's post- war anIi-ChJnese .slanru) Japan has renounced the po: session of ailnamcnls. This article if anything might possibly counteract the effect Tif Chinese memories of Jap- nncsc aggression in J094 and in 1931-1945. But is the reassuring article slill intact? Has it not perhaps been damagingly ero- this, too, under Ameri- can pressure? Japan's destiny may not have tinned its last somersault >et. Can we read mankind's des- tiny in Ihese elusive destinies ot fractions of mankind? What is the driving-force behind the various abortive attempts to unite the world militarily or economically or financially or ideologically? The driving- force is surely mankind's need for global unification on all planes of human activity now that, on the tcchnicological plane, world unity has become an accomplished fact. Mankind cannot stay united on one plane but divided on all the others. It must unite on all planes it must coalesce Into something as close-knit as a family if it is not to tear itself lo pieces tlirough falling on the technological plane into a suicidal atomic world war. Meanwhile, the destiny of one country has been manifest steadily for 21 centuries. IJc- fore the year 221 BC China was a chaos of warring slates like the present-day world. In 221 BC China was unified political- ly, and she has remained nni- led, on ;iml off, (ill (oday. China's temporary conquerors have left lier legacies of nddi- linnal provinces. In the century European prcdalois nibbled at her fringes, but China v. ;is nei I her pa rtil.ioncd like Africa nor swallowed whole like India. She has em- erged intacl. Is it her destiny to unilo "All that is under Heaven1' as her first Emperor united half of il? iWi'illi'ii for Thr Ileralil :iiul Tim Observer, London) The Lcthbridge Herald 5IH 7th St. S., Ixtthbiiilge, Alherla LETHRRTDGF, HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published J903-JM4, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Srcnnrl Clfl'.s Mall RrqlMrflllon No. 0013 or Ihe Cnnnclifln Prrii nna mo Cnnflrtinn Dally Ncwspnpnr Association nnd tho Audit Durcnu of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllo' And Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, Gcncrnl Mnn.iqnr JOE flAI LA Wll.l 1AM MAY M.iiMii.tnti Tfhlnr tcMor ROY MlLf.s DOUGLAS K WAI KER Advcrlisinfl Wtonncirr Udiloilnl Fntjo Eriilor '''THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;