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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta TuMdcy, Stptwnbcr 17, 1974-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD-5 Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb Will you please answer some questions for me about tuberculosis? My doctor will not explain to me, so I hope you will. I have inac- tive T.B. and have had for two years or more. What does that mean? Will it likely become active? Was it active once? Can it become cured? My hus- band coughs a lot but was not X rayed. Why? I have never had anything done for my T.B., so I guess if it was active once it just became inactive on its own. I'm a senior citizen with emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Dear Reader The more important thing is what your doctor means by inactive tuberculosis. Usually it means that you were once infected with tuberculosis, but there is no evidence of any live T.B. germs or continuing tuber- culosis process. In about 99 per cent of people who are infected with tuberculosis ger- ms, the body develops im- munity to the infection, con- tains it, and there is no further difficulty. There may be some old scars where the infection was, that represent healed tuberculosis. The healing oc- curs on its own. In other instances the infec- tion is activated or there is some breakdown in the body's immunity, and the bacteria start to increase in number, causing cavities in the lung and other changes from active tuberculosis. There is still some argu- ment about whether an old infection which appears cured can become active and cause problems later. Some doctors believe this happens, "and others believe when people develop active tuberculosis it is from reinfection. There is an increase in frequency in tuberculosis in later years. In any case, because of the higher rate in older people I do think that a chest X ray every year in this age group as part of the regular medical evaluation is a good idea, whether or not you have had previous infection with tuber- culosis. Obviously your tuberculosis was once an active infection, which it had to be to leave any evidence of it, and you belong to the group of 99 per cent where it became inactive and is no longer of major medical importance. Today even per- sistent active tuberculosis can usually be cured, but the best results occur with early detec- tion before any damage is done. It is hard, for example, to do much about reversing some lung damage once it has already occurred. Probably you had an infection when you were young. The first infec- tion often occurs in childhood. Your husband definitely should have a chest X ray. There are lots of things besides tuberculosis that can cause a cough. Anyone who has a cough that lasts longer than two weeks should seek medical attention. Although tuberculosis is not the problem it once was, I'd like to emphasize that'it is still a major health problem. It is quite important to find all cases of tuberculosis and to check the status of all persons who have been in contact with anyone with active tuber- culosis. It is still a common problem in Mexican Americ- ans, Orientals and those of In- dian extraction. In many parts of the world, particularly in parts of Asia and Latin America, it is still the most common cause of death and leading medicial problem. Anyone living in these areas has a greater chance of being exposed to tuberculosis. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this new- spaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on ulcers, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for the "Ulcers" booklet. Flashback TODAY IN HISTORY Sept. 17, 1974 The Canada Steamship Lines passenger vessel Noronic was destroyed by fire at her dock in Toronto 25 years ago in 1949 taking the lives of 119 persons. The majority of the 542 passengers aboard were from Cleveland and Detroit, making the last excursion of the Noronic's 36th season. The fire spread quickly, resulting in the worst Great Lakes tragedy in 100 years. 1792 The first legislative assembly of Upper Canada opened at Newark on the Niagara frontier. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN Tkt CWuw TrikMt Both vulnerable. South deals. NORTH V3 AKQ1098 AQ2 WEST EAST VQ72 VK8654 73 J 1096544 3 SOUTH V AJ109 J The bidding: South West North East 1 Pass 3 Pass 3 Pass 3 Pass 3" NT Pass Pass Pass 5 NT Pass 6 Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Jack of 4 Pity the poor expert! On occasion only he will go down in a contract that is a virtual certainty. Consider this hand, where East produced a brilliant fatsecard to lure declarer to his destruction. North had slam in mind the moment his partner opened thr bidding- He jump shifted, gave preference to to first suit and then, over his partner's no trump sign off, he cue-hid the ace of clubs. Since all of Soulh's points were in lop controls, he accepted his partner's slam invitation by cue- bidding his second-round club conlroL North's bid of five no trump was the Grand Slam Force, asking partner to go on to seven with two of the three top trump honors (spades in this South could not oblige. West led the jack of clubs. Dummy's queen won and de- clarer was delighted with his prospects. Only a 4-1 trump break could place his con- tract in jeopardy, and to guard against this possi- bility, declarer cashed dum- my's king of spades. Had West followed with the nine or an honor, declarer intend- ed running the ten of trumps through East. However, he had to re- consider his strategy when East casually dropped the queen of spades under the king! If he continued with a trump to the ace and East showed out, declarer would have to lose two trump tricks. To prevent West from scoring two trump tricks with his presumed J-9-3 of trumps, declarer crossed to his hand with the jack of diamonds and led a low trump towards the ten. If West indeed held all the remaining trumps. this would have limited him to one trump trick, and would have earned declarer accolades for his thought- fulness. Unfortunately. West won the jack of trumps and recovered sufficiently from his surprise to lead a second club. East's ruff com- pleted a well-deserved one- trick set. Your horoscope ByJeamDixon WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 18 Your birthday today: Promises departure from things as they have been, a start toward a more stable situation in both career and home life. Save what is useful; leave behind what is wasteful. Meditation should become a regular part of your daily life if it isn't already. Today's natives specialize in sympathy and service, are able to instruct or entertain. ARIES (March 21-April Notice what direction your change of mind takes. Arouse co-operation and get others to follow similar courses. Plan in more detail now. TAURUS (April 20-May Seek information, but don't act on it yet. Routines well followed today bring satisfac- tion and earnings. Home life improves quietly; evaluate before upsetting the situation. GEMINI (May 21-June Look around thoroughly before you begin work for the day. Simplify habits, try cutting excess. The world is full of talk must you add to it9 CANCER (June 21-July Stir yourself to get something that really concerns you done. Attempt one item at a time, but be persistent. The tide turns for progress around noon. LEO (July 23-Aug. Don't make a big deal of today's activities there are bigger and better things to come. Attend minor household rearrangements, and your usual courtesy. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Later on you'll be-glad to set accounts straight now. Give, people the benefit of all doubts. Most respond favorably as long as they're not taken for granted. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Rehearse to achieve refinements. New ventures are not favored: Redefine them later. Get a broader perspective by reviewing costs and budgets. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. In the probable absence of interference, apply yourself diligently. The best progress is made in already established projects. Home life offers special enjoyments now. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Nothing sophis- ticated is spontaneously achieved Scout your field for future prospects; begin plan- ning. Long-hidden or lost in- formation surfaces. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. "Easy does it! Glide through the day as smoothly and lightly as possible. It's just as well that your plans change while you're biding time. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Clear up what you've agreed to do before attempting new projects or large experiments. Business contacts include delicately balanced competitive manoeuver. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Quietly do the work re- quiring concentration and get finished the most difficult parts first. Check on how those you cherish are faring; offer a hand where it seems needed. Ask Andy BAROMETERS Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Violet Schulert. age 10, of Lansing, Mich, for her question: What does a falling barometer mean? Barometers come in several different shapes. One of the most usual types has a straight glass tube, partly fill- ed with silvery mercury. Naturally a falling barometer is not supposed to fall off the wall. But the mercury in the glass tube does rise higher and fall lower with changing weather conditions. To the weatherman, a falling barometer means a change in the weather usually a change for the worse. The business of a barometer is to weigh the air. Maybe you thought that the filmy air has no weight at all. But it does. The air in your class room weighs several pounds, and there is enough air in an emp- ty drinking glass to weigh as much as an aspirin. But these are small samples and the barometer is interested in a sample of the total at- mosphere. The great shell of filmy air that surrounds the whole earth weighs about five quadrillion tons. This figure is five plus 15 zeros. It's enormous weight presses down upon the surface of the planet Earth. However, the global atmosphere is in a constant state of weathery turmoil. And its filmy air is a mixture of flowing and blow- ing gases. Masses of cool air tend to be thicker and heavier and masses of warm air tend to be thinner and lighter. The barometer measures the changes in the weight of the air. the differences between masses of light air and masses of heavy air. This is called air pressure, or at- mospheric pressure. The barometer measures a slim column of air that reaches from the ground way up to the top of the atmosphere. The usual barometer has a glass lube fixed on top of a small glass bulb. The bulb and part of the tube are filled with silvery, liquid mercury. The weight or pressure of the at- mosphere pushes the mercury higher up the tube or lets it fall lower. The glass is fixed firmly onto a wooden or maybe a plastic frame. The frame is marked with a ladder of lines to show just how much the barometer rises and falls. When the changing weather brings a mass of extra heavy air. it pushes down on the barometer with extra weight. This sends the mercury higher up the glass tube. The barometer is rising. Usually this sort of air mass brings a spell of calm, steady weather. So usually a rising barometer is a sign that a few pleasant, sunny days are on the way. But this nice mass of air is sure to be followed by one that is not so nice. It may be a cold front of light-weight, blustery air. In this case, the air press- ing down on the barometer is much less. With less pressure, more of the mercury falls down the glass tube. The barometer is falling. Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntinglon Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Fun with figures By J.A.H. Hunter Each distinct letter in this addition alphametic stands for a particular but different digit. It's enough to do. and of course it all adds up to a TEAR. What's that? RIP IT TEA Yesterday's answer: The lot bad sides 85 by 132 by 157 feet. I U5EP TO HATE 60IN6 TO SCHOOL, BIT SINCE I'VE GOTTEN TO KNOU) EVERYTHING SHORT RIBS YOU EVERY APTITUPE -TEST IN THE BOOKJ THE RESULTS ARE AMAZING-. ARE MY APTITUDES vcu JUST TO HAVE ANY. HAND LOIS YOU FlX OtiB PROBLEM AND RI6MT AWAV THERE'S ANOTHER ONE WELL, MAYBE TM MCAR THE END OF THE ROLL BUGSBMT EOT I'M NOT THROUGH YOU BETTER LET ME FINISH MY MEAL IF YOU EXPECT TO SET PAID FOR HAVE A NICE BLONDiE OH, I'MSORRY-TMIS IS THE RSflTYOF YOU CEPTAINLY KNOW WOW TO SPOIL. A FELLOW'S DINNER ARCHIE ARCHIE I'M AA IS IT THAT LATE? WE BUSY DRESSED TO GOTO VERONICA'S PARTY I'LL JUST TRY IT OUT...AND DRESS IN, FIVE HAGAR THE HORRIBLE YOLl BUPPY-ONE- OF SJJPB JEETLEMUY Ul LETS NEW if YORK- J TH AT SOUND OP MOSGERS 1AU6HJNS- A AS SOCIAL WORKERS j BAIL OUT AfcE OTHER NOISES WITH THE 8URP1NG- TUMBIEWEEDS CHEER tHEY'S SUM EMENY SOJERS HEAPIN THIS ENEMY SOtPIEKSJ? HOW CLOSE ARE ;