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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 14 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday. September 17. 1974 It's ALL In... Research Station report: Crossbreeding The Lethbndgc Herald with bison Local News. National News Editorials News Area News Sports Letters of the Editor Political News Provincial News Women's News Human Interest Stories Advertising "The Lethbridge Herald Serving and Selling The South" Start Your Subscription Now! Clip and Mail this Handy Coupon Today! Please Start My Subscription To The Lethbridge Herald Immediately! R.IM: Name.............................................. 6 Address............................................ 12 Months Rale tor Mail Subscribers in alberta Saskatchewan B.C Mail Coupon to P.O. Box 670, Lethbridge, Alberta 1 am enclosing Order In the amount of By JOHN LAWSON Animal Geneticist Crossbreeding between cattle and bison is not new. It was observed in 1784, but the first serious attempts to cross the two species were made by western ranchers in the 1880s. The Canadian govern- ment began to develop a herd of crossbreds (cat- talo) in 1916 at Wainwright. The bison were crossed with Hereford, Angus, Shorthorn, and Holstein. In 1950, the herd was moved to the Experimental Farm at Manyberries and, in 1965, when their -poten- tial under range conditions has been assessed, the ex- perimental animals were sold. Interest in crossbreeding cattle and bison recently has been renewed for a variety of reasons curiosity, exploitation, and reputedly more efficient beef production being some of them. Several problems occur in crossbreeding with cat- tle and bison. These are il- lustrated by experience from the cattalo herd at Manyberries. Bulls and cows of the two species were unwilling to mate with each other and with the hybrids (one half When bison bulls were mated to cattle, heavy losses of cows and calves occurred before calving. Only a few of the bulls with as little as three sixteenth bison were fertile enough to produce calves when bred naturally. Rate of gain for the bison and bison-cross calves in the feedlot was lower than for Herefords. Undoubtedly, bison-cross animals can be used on northern ranches where cattle cannot be raised economically. The heavy hair coat, proven har- diness, and longevity of bison-crosses will counteract the effects of the cold, rigorous climate and heavy insect infestations. Growth performance can be improved if the cattle to be crossed with bison are chosen carefully and if a performance selection program and artificial insemination are used. The low reproductive rate is a problem that will be more difficult to solve. In less rigorous climates, management problems can be avoided and higher per- formance achieved if crosses are made between breeds of cattle rather than between bison and cattle. Completi niw design in Arc Welders 225 AMP SPARKLER Miller MFGR 19" High 12" Wide 14" SptCill '160 Finn COMPLETELY NEW! 6ASWBJMNG Torch Kit by Harris Tip few Torch m 1-Torch body 1-Ace- Ww tylene reg- a'lf ulator 20 ft. twin hose. Triple Hint striker welding gloves goggles. Total S247.79 SpcM M 1 Have your brand or name marked on your valuables with a WEN-ELECTRIC ENGRA- VER. Marks on almost any material. Reg. Price Sale Special One or three year cylinder contracts available! -rAII other welding products and hand tools 1210 3rd Avenue North, Phone 328-7453 Lethbridge ;