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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, September 17, 1973 An Alberta election now? Premier Lougheed is on sound ground in taking the strongest issue with the federal government in its two-price oil policy, but he is distinctly over-reacting by threatening to call a provincial elec- tion on the matter. What would such an election prove? No other party, except possibly the NDP. is going to oppose his oil stand. He will win the next election hands down, no matter what the issue and when it is held, simply because there is no one else to vote for. (Social Credit did not help itself last week by the caucus repudiating the party leader, i Mr. Lougheed is not alone in his im- patience with federal policy. Western Liberals took just about as strong a stand at their national convention last week. Beef, wheat and oil are the only com- modities the government hit with domestic price ceilings, with the producer in fact being forced to take less than the "market price, and all three are essentially western-produced. Yet con- sumer prices on eastern-produced com- modities have been going up steadily and farther, although perhaps less dramatically, and nothing is done about them. Selective price controls it is. with the items selected those made in the West. Mr. Lougheed has the added argument that the Crown, as represented by his government, owns most of the oil. and a large part of his government's revenue comes from oil. and any federal restric- tion on oil prices means less revenue to his government. There are good counter-arguments, but it cannot be denied that this is dis- crimination against the West, especially Alberta. An election, in this instance, would contribute no more to an intelligent solu- tion of the issue than a strike does to a labor dispute, or a back-alley brawl to an argument over religion. It would be a show of force and nothing more. What if the Trudeau government similarly called an election and got vindication of its stand against Alberta? That might happen, since there are more federal voters interested in buying oil than sell- ing it. An election in Alberta now, ostensibly on the oil issue, would destroy Social Credit in -the south and leave Mr. Lougheed with no opposition in the legislature, and it would even more definitely assure him his party's national leadership on which he already has the option of first refusal. It would also lock him in mortal combat with Mr. Trudeau. But it would not help for a peaceful resolution of the oil issue, nor would it sustain the ties of Confederation. In short, it would be smart politics but a disaster in statesmanship. i profitable Look-See Lclhbndgc has taken the lead in initiating the highly successful "Ex- posure" program offering teen-agers a week-long introduction to their preferred careers. Administered by Canada Man- power and lunded by the department ol culture, youth and recreation the program, introduced here a year ago. has since been initiated in Red Deer with other Alberta cities now indicating their interest. The brainchild of local Manpower supervisor. -Jim Kanashiro and Al Brewer, former local representative of the funding provincial department, the program is designed to offer 13- to 16- year olds a one week exposure to the professional, trade, commercial arts, business and educational opportunities available in Lethbridgc. A honorarium goes with it. The lb'0 per cent increase i a jump from the initial 47 to 120 participating students this pasl summer i confirms the program's success. Students informed through the schools, were furnished with forms on which they indicated their interest choice. Employers, briefed on the philosophy and objectives of the program, were quick to oii'er their backing. Due to the large increase of par- ticipants this year the program did en- counter some problems resulting from a lack ol communication but, this is to be corrected in tuture. Feed back has been excellent. Some ambitious young students, including a 15- year old girl with an unusual flair for ad writing and a promising young mechanic have already been promised summer work next year. Mike Clcmis. co-ordinator. reports the program will either reinforce the student's interest in a selected field or convince- him he should choose another. the students rcpond positively or negatively, our goal has been ac- complished." he explains. Thirteen to 16-year olds, still to young tor the job market, are often caught up with the glamor of certain positions while quite unaware of their daily demands. It is lar better to learn early whether they are sufficiently interested to make it a career or if it is merely a passing fancy. The "exposure" program gives the student this opportunity to be on the job and observe it at its grass roots. In this way they can determine whether their interest warrants the training and acquiring the skill the job demands. RUSSELL BAKER I oo 11 Kill widowers Women, according to promoters for the professional football business, are now just as sappy about football as men. and even if this is only half true, it is a sad state of affairs. Just how sad has been easy to observe over the past lew years. Call it sexist, call it chauvinistic, call Gloria Steinem. It is probably terrible, but I can't help it. To me. being a woman is not knowing the difference between a goal post and Howard Things have gone far beyond that now. Nowadays you go into a room where the television is showing the game and there are women in there. Not only lhat. These women know more about what Joe Namath ought to call on third- and-lour than Weeb Kwbank does. They know who Weeb Ewbank is. I wandered into such a room one Sunday afternoon last winter, hoping to win a mushroom omelet. There was a woman there capable ot making a mushroom omelet. She was engrossed in football, which seemed a wasle ol engrossment in view of her talent for preparing eggs. Anybody can watch football. How many can make an omelet? I pretended interest in the game, cunningly playing the good fellow to achieve my end. aware that you have to break up a lew foot- ball games to make an omelet these days. The Washington Redskins were playing the Minnesota something-or-others. and the screen was the usual jumble of passes, crucial third-down situations and penalties nullifying magnificent touchdown runs. The Redskins ought to have Hakulak run Ihe ball around left end. and what about an omelet'1" I said. "There is no Hakulak." she said. "The runner you have in mind is nymed Harraway. Charlie Harraway. Moreover, a weak-side sweep on third clown against Minnesota would be idiotic especially since Larry Brown's in- jured knee reduced his bloc-king efficiency, and make yourself a baloney sandwich." Women really talk that way about football now and it is their right, their perfectly American right as spelled out in the con- stitution I do not. question the right. I merely wonder it this is a right that women in large niiinhors want to insist upon Is it really progress lor the greater part ol American womanhood to be as much at case as lhandv Don. will) the- post pattern and Ihe i illegal receiver downlield. with the beer, the blades and Ihe newest thing in snow-lire treads'1 I loresee a new crisis in American family lite, which. Lord knows, needs not one crisis more. Like so much else in American life, it lakes the form ol situation comedy, a household halt hour weekly of predictable witlessness Its characters are B. J. and his wife. Myra, who. like most women, has despised football until, two or three years ago. she took B. J.'s advice to sil down and watch the game. What Myra saw when she quit fuming fascinated her She told Myrtle and Gladys and Fern and Lucy about it. and soon they too were watching the games. The quality of B. J.'s autumn-winter weekends began changing. When on a Sunday night, late in the third quarter of the second game of the day. B. J. would call for Myra to bring him some dinner on a heated plate. Myra. Myrtle. Gladys. Fern and Lucy would tell him to be quiet and (iuit interrupting the game. B. J.'s slowly lost his appetite for football. It was not surprising, since he had already seen 32.000 televised football games, but there was more than boredom at work. Myra and her friends could call the right play twice as often as B. J. They could spot a clipping penalty while B. J. was still trying to figure out who had the old pigskin. B. ,J. realized, with dreadful, depressing clarity, that he would never be more than a fifth-rater at watching TV football. B. J. quit watching altogether and began meeting other husbands who were hav- ing similar experiences and now had nothing to do but complain about the emptiness of American family life caused by football. Nowadays. Myra, Myrtle, Gladys. Fern and Lucy spend three and four-day weekends seal- ed in the TV room among pyramids of cigarette butts. They guzzle beer by the case, lay out cash for funny T-shirts that say "cer- tified TV football viewer" and call periodical- ly tor B. .1. to bring them dinner on heated plates while they watch the final half of the second game. I am not sure how B. J. resolves this problem, aside from sulking and taking perverse satisfaction in telling Myra to fix herself a fried baloney sandwich, but I have an ugly feeling that it ends in somebody's bringing back the stag bar. which will even- tually. I suppose, lure Myra and friends out of the TV room. Women, after all. have a right to go to stag bars. too. This would leave television for the children, which might be the best thing for football since Knuto Rockne. Christian Science Monitor the replacement for that Atlas Limited dividends only Bv Bruce Whitestone, syndicated commentator How will the current proposals lor a price freeze tollowed by price control; sty tul up to objective analysis? We would like to believe that these could provide an answer to our economic problems but._ clearly, this is not the case." Unfortunately, it looks as though this anti-inflation package is another example of failure to understand what it is that has been causing prices to rise. To begin with the proposed price freeze, makes little sense. It has been widely acknowledged, even by Presi- dent Nixon, that the United States June .July price freeze was a mistake. Shortages were intensified and demand stimulated by consumers who wanted to purchase items while prices were artificially restrained. Once the freeze was lilted prices tended to rise oven more rapidly than otherwise as demand had been unnaturally s t i in u I a t e d. Further, the price I'reexe was morally questionable as it ar- bitrarily rewarded those who had already increased their prices and unfairly penalized I hose who had pursued a more restrained course. II is now proposed that price increases be limited increases in productivity or costs, but this ignores the fact I hat most of the price increases in the last decade have taken place in the ser- vice sector where productivi- Iv measurement is im- possible. The ability to deter- mine cost increases in general industry also is extremely dif- licult Corporations would be tempted to pad costs, to un- dertake "expenses" now so that price increase would be granted. The other side of the suggested control program in- volves an income policy. Wage controls, however, can be effective even temporarily only if there is a fair degree of co-operation by unions as well as the ultimate weapon, an en- forceable law. You cannot have a wage policy without widespread agreement. If profits were allowed to proceed unchecked, unions are inclined to believe they would be cheated. If profits were controlled, savings and investment would dry up and the economy would stagnate. Also, to the extent that real wages are squeezed now. they will rise faster in the future as tutcnipt LW recover losses from past inflation as well as to protect themselves from Iuture inflation. These anti-inflation policies, the control of wages and [.'rices, ignore the real cause of inflation. Milton Friedman of the University of Chicago, a leading economist, slated that. "Inflation is always and everywhere a monetary p h e n o m e n o n. produced in the first place by an unduly rapid growth in the quantity of money." The real cause of price rises is both a scarcity of goods and a surplus of money. Legal ON THE HILL By Joe Clark, MP for Rocky Mountain Since 1950. Parliament has intervened in no less than eight major disputes. Among other things, such frequent intervention means that Canadian workers in cer- tain occupations are denied the effective right to strike. They can go on strike, but they know the government will foce them back to work. If they do stop work, they can tie up the whole affecting people and activities that have no direct influence upon the labor dispute. That happened in the rail dispute: goods weren't moving: tourists were stranded in Newfoundland and Prince Kdward Island; Hay River was down to two days' supply of food. The indirect economic costs are in- calculable. For these reasons. Opposi- tion Leader Bob Stanfield has proposed the establishment of an independent public interest disputes commission, as recommended by the Woods Report. It would determine what services are essential, recommend procedures for resolving differences, where the broad public interest is threatened, and publicly suggest ways to avoid disrup- tion. A s well as r e v e a I i n g systems which are failing, the rail strike also revealed one system, which, despite its several laults. still works fair- ly well. The maligned institution of Parliament a matter ol little more than 100 hours to end the emergen- cy. Parliament was summoned on a Wednesday night, draw- ing Mi's from literally all over the globe (Jim Richardson was in Africa when the call came; I was in Inuvik. with the parliamen- tary committee on Indian af- lairs and northern Before that call, the matter had been kept out of the Com- mons. The government, not Parliament, presided over the long delay. In acting quickly. Parlia- ment was not a rubber st- amp. Several amendments were proposed to the govern- ment bill, and one major Progressive Conservative amendment was accepted. Some critics call Parlia- ment inefficient. Yet it is questionable whether any other national agency for example, a large national company could have acted as quickly, with as much ex- amination of available options and opinions. Certainly, no other national agency has the authority to act as effectively as Parliament did. once the matter came before the House of Commons. price ceilings cannot cure either. Hence, if there were suitable fiscal and monetary policies in place, a control program would not be necessary. In fact, repressed inflation and the proliferation of controls only corrupts ihe ad- ministrative apparatus and diverts the government from more important functions. We would have confrontation between price controllers and contending social groups which, if pursued to the bitter end. would test the democratic process to the ut- most. There would not be any satisfactory means of tem- porizing irreconcilable claims. To the extent that output is reduced, the true rate of infla- tion for a given fiscal and monetary policy will be higher than if there were no controls. Controls, therefore, have the perverse effect of making inflation worse than in a fiee economy. Controls initially may pay political dividends for their advocates. The plans for holding down inflation by- legal edict are the result of thinking of the interests of the people only as consumers and forgetting their interests as producers. Ultimately, controls become politically unpopular when they cause shortages and make the cure worse than the illness. The public outcry would eventual- ly end a control program. However, it would be a pity if we had to go through this pain- ful and tragic process. Letters Expresses delight My custom, is to read The Herald from cover to cover. I was delighted with the first edition "with type produced photographically and the printing done on the new (Joss offset press My congratulations go to the editor and publisher. Cleo W. Mowers, and his staff, for this accomplishment. I am sure the change, with its immense effort and cost, will be appreciated by the readers. The lovely colored picture ol our .Japanese Garden is a fitting adornment lor this memorable edition, while the black and white photography shows significantly just what proportion of the cost of a loaf if bread the farmer receives lor the wheat which goes into that loaf. The print seems blacker, and the paper seems whiter. !'jven the cnisswood puzzle seems easier to do with its larger squares. Reflecting over the various news items. 1 found three which to me portend a better future for flic people of our un- iverse. One was embodied in I lie lirst editorial which suggested that Canada take Ihe lead in the promotion ol the idea that the "wealth of Ihe seas be vested in the United Nations with coastal slates being delegated to the responsibility of policing the waters off their shores. Willingness of Canadians to have their government give a lead in this direction is a test ol their greatness and far- sightedness as a nation." The second came from Dr. Phillip Tobias. University of Witwatersrand. Johannes- burg, South Africa, who specializes in human genetics, anatomy, and evolution. He believes that bodily changes are likely to have less impact on man's future development than they have in the past: he predicts spiritual, technological and physiological development will be the keys to future changes In Dr. Tobias's own words. "There may be a flowering of the human spirit such as we've never seen before." How refreshing it would be to witness a new era when human dignity, peace and spiritual awareness would replace the tension caused by crime, violence, drug addition The third article came from Courtenay. B where a native Indian judge has been transferred from his first liidgship at Prince Rupert to a district which includes his boyhood home ol Alert Bay. Seeing Ihe disadvantages coming to his own people who were involved with the law. he early decided to become -a lawyer to help his people. Judge Scow is the only full- time legally trained Indian judge in British Columbia and will be an inspiration to all his people. MARY B. PHARIS Lellibndge KeperCUSSlOllS expected Handicapped workshop i -1 j i i i .___ Bv Jack Serkot'f, London Observer commentator BONN Chancellor Willy Brandt's government has taken Ihe Soviet authorities to lask. if only in a roundabout way. lor their harsh measures against dissidents. Government sources, who refused to be further iden- I if led. went on record with a prepared statement express- ing tears that restrictions on scientists and writers could jeopardize the success of the Kuropoan Security Conference, whose second stage is to begin in Geneva soon Apparently leaked !o some correspondents here with the tacit approval of HCIT Brandt himself, the statement served as notice thai West Germany will not be an easy negotiating partner at Ihe Geneva conference. The day before the unof- ficial government line was put mil. ihe governing body ol II err B. ra nd t s Soe i a 1 Democratic P.irty iSPDi issued a lormal declaration which said German Social Democrats were greatly concerned over the persecu- tion ,ind oppression ol critical scientists and writers in the Soviet I 'moil The SIM) noted ihe campaign against dis- sidents caused disquiet ,inning those Ger- mans who most emphatically desired continuous normaliza- tion and good-neighborly relations. The euphoria over Bonn- Moscow rapprochement has now worn off. llerr Brandt's Oslpolitik has run into trouble. Kstablishment of diplomatic relations with the last throe countries outside Bonn's network of normalized relations with the Warsaw- Pact Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Bulgaria is held up by a diplomatic row over West Berlin in which Prague, Budapest and Sofia have taken their cues from Moscow Aptly enough, the release ol Bonn's statements on the situation ol outspoken writers in Moscow appears to have been hastened by an out- spoken writer at home; Guiiler Grass llerr Grass due to i ravel to Moscow at the private invitation of Bonn's ambassador there, llerr Ulrich Sahm. At the last moment however llerr Sahm advised the author to postpone his I ripe because of the ner- almosphere caused by ihr reccnl ol dissidents. ,i 111.111 in mince his words, llerr Grass went on ,i furious al- l.ick on the Bonn foreign of- fice in particular and govern- menl policy in general. He said there were signs that Bonn was pursuing detente at Hie cost ol cultural policy, and Ilia! the foreign office was part and parcel of a con- spiracy to silence anybody who might disturb the process ol deienle by raising a critical voice The West, German government, he cried, must not pursue detente at all costs. Heir Grass's remarks no doubt touched a raw nerve with Hie chancellor. Far from being a lonely malcontent, llerr Grass reflects con- siderable disenchantment among intellectuals here with Ihe practical results, or lack ol them, ol Oslpolitik. There is a I eel ing here lhat world- wide relaxation of tension has so lar tended to bring the least benefit to those who have often supported it most vigorously writers, intellec- luals and scientists in the Kastern bloc. And. although no official here would publicly admit it. observers said the unexpected lury ol the row over (Jrass's Moscow trip undoubtedly helped the SPD and caused "government sources" to make up their minds to speak up on the anti-dissident cam- paign I would like to take this op- portunity to make some com- ments about the article which appeared in The Herald (Sept. 101 regarding the Rehabilita- tion Society. I have visited the centre three times in the past two months and certainly could not connect the centre I visited with the one reported on. There are absolutely no arts and crafts done in the workshop, unless the manufacture of wedding and float flowers would come un- der this category. All contracts are of the light in- dustry types: sorting pop car- Ions, labelling bottles and so on. There are people in the workshop suffering from all types ol handicaps, social, emotional, intellectual and physical. The society does not believe in discrimination against any form of handicap, believing such segregation is neither useful or realistic in our modern society. Mr. Merkl is not using up-to- date facts when he says he has never seen any person rehabilitated. 1 am sure the society will supply him with the latest data. When visiting the workshop I asked about the bus and was told there is no grant covering operating or maintenance costs; that a fee is charged, which is usually paid by the department of social development, failing this there is no charge for those who are not financially able. Finally. I take The Lethbridgc Herald to task, for it lias printed two photographs and several articles (all done by its own staff) in the past months showing the progress made by the workshop and the type ol work which is done. KVKLYN PARSONS Lethbriclge The Lethbridge Herald 7lh SI 8 LiMhhndqo Alberta i Ml RAI n CO I rn Prnpnotnrs and Pulilislmr Ji.'d IQOS 1054 My Hon W A BUCHANAN .'iond Rcqislralior N" 001? ,il The in. idi, in I'rc'.s .iiul Ih" Canadian Daily M I ihs in" AsMH.i.ih'i'l and I he Audit Unr- it if C.IM til itKnr, ill) MO 'AM MS I Mil." and HMMA' 'I HI MAI nssinvrs THI SOUTH" ;