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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Friday, September 17, 1971 Shizuye Takashima Ontario election Premier William Davis of Ontario is young, energetic and courageous. He's going to need all three attributes if he's to lead his party to victory in the October provincial election. Counting on the more youthful progressive image of the party since he took over six months ago from former Premier Robarts, he must buck the trend to overthrow previous provincial administrations. The record of provincial premiers who have inherited office in mid-term has not been good either. The Conservatives have been in power for 28 years and if Ontario voters follow recent precedent they may decide it's time for a change in spite of the Davis attempts to change the party image. Robert Nixon, the Liberal leader, is also youthful and vigorous, but pro-vincially his party is not as well organized and vital as it should be if he is to lead it to victory. The strongest opposition to the Conservatives will probably come from the NDP under the leadership of the highly articulate and gifted Stephen Lewis. He is the advocate of those seeking radical change in many areas, not the least of these being concerned with foreign ownership and industrial disputes. It could be, that those who find the Lewis medicine too hard to swallow and the Conservative therapy not sufficiently vigorous will take the middle of the road attitude and vote for Robert Nixon. Whatever happens it's bound to be a ding-dong battle. Unfortunately it may also be a bitter one, complicated by the issue of schools in French-speaking communities and provincial funding of separate schools. Federal politicians in Quebec will be watching closely the stance taken by provincial parties on this issue. The Ontario provincial parties can hardly be expected to ignore the Quebec fact, even though they would like to. Tax reform gobbledygook The debate on the new federal tax reform bill is going to take weeks- a lot of weeks. The main reason is that the experts who ought to understand what it's all about, can't make out the intention of most of the proposed changes. The Canadian Bar Association has presented a 76 - page brief to Mr. Benson pointing out that the proposed legislation appears to depart from the government's expressed intention and that in many provisions there is a total lack of technical workability. The brief goes on to say that many provisions of the bill are "virtually unintelligible" because the method of presentation is so obscure that specialists find them impossible to interpret. If this goes for lawyers, particularly those who specialize in taxation law, it is evident that the ordinary taxpayer will find himself in a morass of confusion Now the c h a r t e r e d accountants have sharply criticized the proposed bill on the grounds of its lack of intelligibility. The retiring president of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants, Lancelot J. Smith says that the intricacies of the tax bill "have so far eluded my grasp. If this is so with my background, God help the general practitioner." These are strong v,v,-ds from the highest professional associations in Canada. The criticism must be answered. For if men who have spent years of their lives interpreting taxation laws and acting as a link between the taxpayer and the tax gatherer cannot understand what Mr. Benson's tax bill is all about, it will mean that the taxpayer will be thrown on the mercy of the bureaucrats in the income tax department, who will become the court of last resort in the inevitable disputes. Chrysler of CANADA? Chrysler of Canada has told its employees that it will not put into effect a scheduled five per cent salary increase previously negotiated because the prices of its 1972 cars are frozen at the 1971 level due to the 90 day U.S. wage-price freeze. This is an unwarranted intrusion by the U.S. into Canadian business affairs, assuming as it does that Chrysler's Canadian produced cars will have to be frozen at the 1971 level just as American produced products are. As for the suggestion by the parent company in the U.S. that Canadian employees of a Canadian company should be affected in the same way their U.S counterparts are, this is outrageous. Canadian employees are not subject to U.S. laws. Statements such as those emanating from U.S. Chrysler can only antagonize Canadians and destroy the good corporate image the American companies have been at great pains to build up in this country. The government of Canada should send the strongest possible protests against such flagrant interference. ERIC NICOL Agent James Bondeau /CREATION of a civilian security force withia the solicitor - general's depart-partment was revealed recently. Although it has no direct connection with other police forces, the group will have close liaison with the RCMP. James Bondeau pressed the buzzer, and the door opened to admit him to tho office of Ml, head of the Government Tntier-cover Force (GUF). As he passed Miss Pennypicker, Mi's attarctive pirstr,-secretary, Bondeau winked acknowled?,-. mient that they had spent the night together making maple fudge. Pennypicker belched noncommittally. Ml frowned as Bondeau appeared before him. He said: "When I told you to get rid of your Mountie uniform, I didn't mean that you were to wear nothing." James Bondeau's lips tightened into a trace of a smile. Everybody knew that the Old Man was a stickler for detail. Ml placed what looked like an ordinary attache case on the desk, and said: "This just came up from the lab. You know what it is?" "No, sir." "It's an ordinary attache case. I'm pointing this out in .case you are attempted to muck it about looking for throwing knives, gas grenades, secret compartments, machine gun with telescopic sight, or a collapsible redhead. All it does is hold a change of underwear. We have no budget." "I understand, sir." "Chain it to your wrist, it belongs to the elevator operator and he wants it back for weekends." James Bondeau saluted, out of habit, and accepted the cassete of tape that Ml handed him* "Play it, then eat it," ordered Ml. "Ah, top secret instructions." "No, we've run out of meal tickets." Ml chewed glumly on a length of stirrup retired from The Musical Ride. He handed Bondeau a slip of paper, and said: "Go to this address in Montreal. It is the Quebec separatist headquarters, according to certain information we received from the '.>.!!*> Pages." waned a button on his desk, and the read on the wall opened its mouth al a glowing TV screen. "You're going to show me a personal message from the prime minister," said Bondeau. "No, I'm going to watch I Love Lucy," said Ml. "Get out." Later, civilian security force agent James Bondeau slipped into the flat of a Montreal apartment building. S e v eral Frenchmen wearing sweaters lettered FLQ were sitting around making bombs, but Bondeau's trained eye was alert for anything suspicious. Returning to his own room, in a linen closet, Bondeau was coolly receptive to the nude, voluptous, dark-haired Francophone curled on the stack of pillow cases. "Bon soir, cheri," whispered the girl. "Ow you like to support federal unity?" "God save the Queen!" cried Bondeau, and received the full charge of paralyzing darts fired by the woman's left cair-ring. Before darkness overcame him, he was able to gasp: "How did you spot me?" "You security men wear civilian clothes,'' shrugged the woman, "but always you forget to take off your spurs. Once a Mountie, always a Mountie." (Vancouver Province Features) A child in a Canadian prison camp-6 The end of the Second World War was by no means the end of misery for the 22,000 Japanese Canadians -who had been uprooted from their homes and interned for more than three years. Artist Takashima describes her own family's experience here in a section from her newly published book A Child in Prison Camp, Tundra Books. QERMANY surrenders There is silence in our camp. Some seem relieved; others, confused. Father insists on returning to Japan. He is still very bitter about the way the Canadian government has treated us. David has written us not to sign to return. He says the people in Ontario were curious and suspicious at first, but it's changed. "Jobs we could not hold in Vancouver are open to us here," he writes. "Many have been kind and helped us. If you insist upon returning to Japan, I want you to know that I will not join you, but will remain in Canada." Yuki says, "See. There is a future for us here." Mother looks at father, "I will not go back to Japan without my children." She tries to make it sound gentle; she speaks very quietly, but father stiffens. His hands clench; his lips tighten, I am so confused. Why do we have to make such decisions? June, 1945 - David writes to Yuki to move to Toronto if she can, for now a few people are allowed to leave for the east, provided they have a close relative to look after them. Mother tells her quietly to go. Father is not told. Mother says, "Better that he does not know." So we all keep silent. The end of the war - At last the war with Japan is at an end! We are not surprised, we have been expecting it for months now. It hits the older people very hard. They are given two choices by the Canadian government: to sign a paper and renounce their Canadian citizenship and return to Japan, or to remain here and be relocated elsewhere. There are terrible quarrels. Those who have signed to return to Japan are called "fools"; the ones who have chosen to return are called "dogs," slang for traitors. My mother and I just wait, hoping. Then one day, out of the blue, father says quietly: "We go east! I've placed an application. We sign to go to Toronto." He speaks quietly, more to mother than to me. "It is useless to return now. My family, God knows where they are, if any are still alive. I'm glad it's over. We'll just have to start again. It won't be easy for us." He looks strange. He rises from his chair quickly and walks out. I feel sorry for him. September 1945 - It is almost three years to the day since we left Vancouver. The papers for us to leave for the east come through. This is our last week in New Denver. I go to the lake for the last time with mother to rinse,our clothes. The water is still warm. I swish the white sheets in the clear water. Mother is wringing the clothes. She is singing, she looks so happy. I wonder what David will look like, I say, "We won't be doing this in Toronto." Mother sighs, stops, looks at the mountains. "All in all, Shichan, the three years have not been very hard, when you think of all the poor people who have been killed and hurt, and now the suffering in Japan." Epilogue - Toronto, Ontario June 7, 1964 - Nineteen years have passed. Tonight I have "It's utter nonsense to suggest changes could occur in fish from the pollution in the water!" come here to watch the end of a story. I am standing before a gray concrete, fortresslike building with a crowd of my people, all Japanese Canadians. They have come from all over Ontario to be at this outdoor ceremony. After years of planning and money-raising, the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre is ready. A black limousine pulls up. A group of officials have been waiting for it. They move forward as the door is opened. Out of it gets a smiling man and woman: the prime minister of Canada, Lester B. Pearson, and Mrs. Pearson. We watch them go towards the platform. As the speeches start, my mind wanders back, tracing the years. We are moved east from the camp, only to find that the quota of Japanese permitted to live in Toronto is filled, and there are no jobs. My jarents go to work as domestic servants for an American family in Oakville, father to do the gardening and cooking, and mother to clean and care for their small child. I cannot join them, father tells me gently, for the estate is in the country and there are no schools nearby ... In the fall of 1946, David helps us to buy a house in Toronto and we can all be together. I focus back on the voices from the platform. The Prime Minister is introduced. He talks of all the fine things Japanese-Canadians have done for Canada; I feel a nervous tension go through the crowd as he comes to the hardships we suffered during the Second World War: "The action of the Canadian government of the day - though taken under the strains and fears and pressures and irrationalities of war - was a black mark against Canada's traditional fairness and devotion to the principles of human rights. We have no reason to be proud of this episode nor are we. ..." I look at the faces near me and feel the private silence of each listener. Some stare at their laps; others have their eyes closed. Some stare out at the sky, eyes moist. I look up too, and see the vast orange sky ... I remember how often I stood outside our house in the New Denver camp and watched the sun set. The sun, the sky look the same, still beautiful, patient, so knowing. . . . India's West Bengal in a state of near-chaos By B. C. Nag, in The Winnipeg Free Press /CALCUTTA - On my visit to this city and the countryside of West Bengal after a year, I find that near-anarchy prevails everywhere. The situation is w o r s e than it was last year. It has nothing to do with the present influx of refugees from East Bengal, for there has been something like a cordon sanitaire drawn between the local population and these refugees from the beginning. But they have now fully turned the outside public gaze from the state's own problems. Some broad features of its present socio - economic life may be summed up as follows: Violent inter - party clashes among followers of different; political parties, leading to daily political murders and murders for sundry causes; large-scale use of anti-social elements by political parties ; depredations by these elements, disrupting the community life; breakdown of the educational system caused by frequent students' strikes; burning and destruction of educational institutions and vandalism and violence, resulting in armed clashes between insurrectionists and police. A sense of insecurity and uncertainty about the future prevails among the people, casting its shadow on economic life. Industrial and agricultural growth has ground to a halt. Not only new investments are tending to fall to zero, but the withdrawal of the existing capital is increasing. A large number of factories have closed, causing an acute unemployment problem. The agrarian trouble over the right-to-land has become an endemic malady in the rural economy, while the pressure of population on land goes on increasing without abatement. Public resistance to violence and vandalism is conspicuous by its absence, reflecting an almost complete breakdown of public morale or loss of faith in social values. No less ominous is the lack of any effective remedial measures to deal with the crisis. On the contrary, political opportunism has become even more ram- pant, everybody is trying to fish in troubled waters. There arc at present 24 political groups and parties in the state. Take, for example, the land policy of the government and of the various political parties -one of the basic causes of the trouble. All parties are for redistribution of land among the landless poor peasants. But what they will not face is the question of how much land would be available for redistribution among the teeming millions of the landless. A sim. pie exercise in arithmetic would show that, given the number of the landless peasants and the available surplus land with ceilings on holdings, the distributable land available to a landless peasant would be much too small to provide him with the absolute minimum subsistence for his family. This applies to India as a whole and not to West Bengal alone. But for the government ignorance is bliss. In the face of a stagnating, or rather decaying, economy, agitations like strikes, ghe-raoes (illegal confinement of top executives by employees in government and business), bundhs (total strikes), etc., organized and led by political parties, contribute to further economic decline. These agitations disrupt production, reduce the profit and economic surplus available for investment and prevent any increase of this surplus. Under the circumstances, economic growth has slowed down alarmingly and employment has been limited. But the greatest danger lies in the illusory expectations of the landless, aroused by the promise of land distribution. A similar dangerous potential is represented by the mass of unemployed urban youth. West Bengal has the largest number of the educated unemployed in India. Already, frustrated youth has taken to trying to destroy the existing so. cial order. They resort to organized violent action before which the general public ap-pears powerless. In this situation anti-social elements .are having a field day. In fact they have never had it so good, thanks to the pampering patronage extended to them by political parties. They now hold the whole society to ransom. Day in and day out they are dislocating the social fabric. Their special target is the railway system. Movement of trains is frequently halted by large-scale theft of overhead copper wire for electric trains, and the theft of signalling wire or telephone cables. Only a few weeks ago one such theft led to two serious train accidents, resulting in a large number of deaths. Train movements are halted to enable the thieves to remove batteries supplying energy. More seriously, the movement of freight traffic is halted to allow the breaking up of freight cars for loot. Freight-car-breaking has become a lucrative business, inflicting damage of several millions of rupees on railways and a far greater damage on the national economy as a whole, as railways are the most important transport system of the country. This sort of exploitation of the railway transport has not only been going on for a considerable number of years but has now risen to a peak. Cal- 'Crazy Capers' cutta is the greatest centre of this criminal activity in the country. Another barbarous aspect of social disorder is the large-scale killing among the younger section of the people divided into rival groups. It has become a daily feature of social life. The anti-social bent of a considerable number of the youth has created two broad groups. One, generally the educated youth, has taken to the path of armed action aimed at destroying the present socio-economic system. The other ,bas simply turned conventionally anti-social; with ever more capacity for mischief, they can now have an abundant supply of firearms, ammunition and explosives. The police and the administration have clearly failed to cope with this anarchical situation, whether they act under an elected government or under President's Rule. And their failure is becoming more glaring as days go by. It is not surprising therefore, that little or no economic or social improvement has been achieved by successive govern, ments. Rather, they have failed miserably to arrest the continuous process of all-round social deterioration. Expenditure on the five-year-plan projects is under the control of the Union government. Hence, New Delhi cannot absolve itself of the charge of failure in this respect. The people of West Bengal gave chances to almost all political parties, but they failed to deliver the goods. What is worse, they directly contributed to the forces of destruction and decline. No wonder the people are now suffering from a crisis of confidence and faith which will have far-reaching effects on the future of the state and, for that matter, of the whole of India. To have problems is the condition of life and nobody expects that this state would have no problems or that they would be fully solved or solved inv mediately. But what troubles the Bengali is that he does not see any prospect of even their partial solution. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - More than 19,000,000 bushels of this year's grain from the three prairie provinces, the bulk of it destined for Fort William, has been moved by the Canadian Pacific Railway. 1931 - The Canadian dollar was quoted at 93.65 cents on the local foreign exchange markets today. The dollar had started the day at the nominal discount of three per cent. 1941-Alberta's schools opened today after a three-week de- lay caused by the outbreaks of infantile paralysis and sleeping sickness. 1951 - Canada's external affairs minister Lester Pearson today took over the chairmanship of the North Atlantic Council, supreme body of alliance. 19C1 - Rev. Robert L. Pier-son, son-in-law of New York's governor Nelson Rockefeller, was among 15 clergymen jailed in Jackson, Miss, when they tried to enter a "white only" restaurant. Three of the group were Negroes. ....then she comes out with a string of those nasty four letter words - like give, cash, work, lazy! The Lethbtrtdge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press ana me Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor__ ROY F.MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;