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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta OlD STYLE CATTLE DRIVE - For a short 30 minutes, 900 head of cattle being driven, io Prime Feeders Ltd. north of Fort Macleod stopped traffic. RCMP aided Ken Hurlburt and nine helpers get the cattle across the highway. Six men on horses and four in trucks drove the cattle the 10 miles from Mr. Hurlburl't ranch south west / of Granum. It was all local help which participated in one of the largest cattle drives in the area. -Waller Kerber Photo Snfo, usiness on Hogs down According to the Meat Packers Council of Canada, USDA reports indicate U.S. hogmen intend to reduce farrowings about nine per cent during the period from June to November. Meanwhile, the Canadian report calls for a two per cent decline in Canadian farrowings during the same six months compared with a year ago. Proper use vital Hormones said important to Canada Both researchers and feeders are enthusiastic about using hormones in cattle fattening rations, providing they are used properly. To date, hormones have not been as widely used in Canada as they have hi the United States where 90 per cent of all cattle finished in feedlots are fed either DES or MGA. The -Ross Gibb Photo Corn experts and local department of agriculture officials discuss field corn situation. Alberta Corn Committee Held tour a success By ROSS GIBB Herald News Service TABER - The increasing importance of field corn for both grain and forage, in the agricultural economy of southern Alberta was emphasized recently during a day - long tour of experimental and commerc i a 1 corn crops. The tour was arranged by the Alberta Corn Committee headed by chairman Ralph Trimmer, Lethbridge regional supervisor of the plant industry division, Alberta department of agriculture, in co-operation with the Lethbridge Research Station. Dr. Stan Freyman of the station conducted the tour with special guests Dr. Lome Donovan of Ottawa, head corn breeder of C.D.A. and Dr. R. I. (Bob) Hamilton of C.D.A., Brandon, Manitoba. Represent a t i v e s of grain firms producing corn seed, interested growers, researchers, and others concerned with the corn industry made up the 50 participants on the tour. Dr. Donovan told the group the potential in southern Alberta ?s very attractive for the growing of corn as a replacement for the now over-produced barley crop, with suit- SOLO JET-PAK SPRAYER 425 A "must" In every garden for proper ond efficient application of modern chemicals. This handy Sprayer weighs only '8 lbs., and offers a tank capacity of 4 gals. Made of high quality polyethylene plastic - will never corrode, dent or rust. Standard equipped with "VITON" gaskets making it resistant even against most aggressive chemicals, tar, etc. Even spray application with a minimum of working force. Prenure up to 85 lbs. p.s.i. Handle grip with instant shut-bff valve. Practical and helpful attachments: extension tube for high tree spraying up 1o 20 ft., Pressure gauge; pressure control valve; spray guards for special jobs. For �ffec1ive pest control in larger areas to spray - try the unique SOLO motorized Mistblower (for more details sea 'our catalogue for agricultural and forestry equipment!. 20 ARRIVING THIS WEEK Dealer Inquiries Invited MOTQ R8 MO W E R DISTRIBUTOR FOR AITA. and SASK. 817 3rd Ave, S. Phone 327-2669 able hybrid varieties for silage "very significant." He spoke particularly about two open pollination varieties, Howe's Early Alberta and Saskatchewan White Flint as basics in the breeding program. At the research station, some 25 hybrid varieties for both grain and silage were discussed, the testing of which may result in Alberta Corn Committee approval of the most favorable varieties considering both maturing tine and yield. Yields of up to 75 bushels of grain corn per acre is in prospect on 30 acres on the Joe Hacer farm north of Cranford, while 18 to 20 tons per acre of silage corn is expected from the Ronald Johnson farm north of Barnwell. An extension of the research station studies to the Alan Od-land farm north of Taber, in co-operation with the committee, saw some 102 varieties under test, most from hybrid seed supplied by the grain companies. Some varieties being tested here are expected to yield over 100 bushels per acre, based on the test results. There were 320 acres of both silage and grain corn witnessed on the Birch farm, after which Joe Kusalik's grain corn field six miles south of Grassy Lake was visited. Commercial production of two varieties of grain corn on two soil types (light and heavy) on 140 acres on the Walter Clel-land farm was most impressive. At Bow Island, Joe Thacker Jr. is a first year grower with 50 acres on irrigated land and 10 acres on dry land as an experiment. The research station's long arm extended to the Franz Bros silage corn crop west of Medicine Hat, where hybrid varieties are being tested to suit local soil and climatic conditions. U.S.D.A. estimates that if DES, the most commonly used hormone, were banned, the annual cost to the consumer would be in the neighborhood of $300-400 million because of higher production costs. They also suggest that an additional 3,172,000 tons of feed grains would be required to feed steers now in DES to presently accepted market weights. If MGA, used for heifers, were also withdrawn, a further 649,-000 tons of feed would be needed. P. J. Martin, animal nutritionist with the Alberta department of agriculture, explains that synthetic hormones probably have the effect of inducing cattle to produce higher levels of natural hormones. DES' tends to lengthen the growth stage and to deposit more protein and less fat than is usually the case with an untreated animal of the same weight. Since hormones are neither wonder drugs nor "cure-alls," they cannot be expected to correct nutritional deficiencies. To obtain the maximum response from these growth promotants, adequate quantities of a well-balanced ration must be provided, Mr. Martin said. There is another side to the use of hormones which should also be stressed. Their misuse could jeopardize human health and could result in their being withdrawn from the market, Mr. Martin said. There has already been some agitation in the United States to have them taken off the market. Twenty-one countries, including Australia and Argentina, have already banned the use of DES, and Sweden and Italy have gone as far as to ban importation of U.S. meat from cattle fed DES. However, Mr. Martin feels that products such as DES' are necessary to enable Canadian beef producers to compete effectively with beef producers in other countries, and that it is up to each producer who uses hormones in his cattle rations to ensure that they are used strictly according to the manufacturer's directions. These directions included the following: Implant DES (stimplants) at least 120 days before the animals are to be slaughtered; Remove oral DES from H� feed at least 48 hours before the animals are slaughtered; Implant Synovex S and Syno-vex H at least 70 days before the animals are to be slaughtered; When using DES, use either the oral form or the implants, but do not use both; and LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Dryland fertilizer use U. J. PITTMAN The environment in which crops grow is continually changing. Farming practices have changed, particularly in recent years, and consequently, the soil environment' has changed. It is therefore important to assess, and periodically reassess, the nutrient status of all major agricultural soils. The assessment will show not only the quantities of available nutrients present but also what elements are in short supply and thus likely to limit the growth of various crops, now and in the future. For about 25 years agronomists at the Lethbridge Research Station have conducted trials to determine the fertilizer needs of southern Alberta soils. Test plots have been placed on 15 major soil types at about 40 dry - land locations to determine the crop response to various amounts of applied nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Spring and fall wheats, barley, oats, flax, rye, mustard, s a f f lower, sunflower, buckwheat and rape, as well as native and seeded grasses and legumes, have been used as test crops. Time of application, placement relative to the seed, and fertilizer formulation also were considered in these tests. The effects of the fertilizer on germination, growth, maturity, yield, and quality of the crop are but a few of the factors that have been assessed. Previous soil management, soli moisture, and analyses of the soil taken from each location, all considered in the light of the actual crop response to the applied fertilizer, help us to make recommendations for improving crop production. The periodic hitroduction of new or improved crops, the effect of fertilizers on winter hardiness and plant diseases, and the variability of weather necessitate repeating the tests for several years at each location. Changing markets for crops grown for malting or for other specific purposes, such as high quantities of protein or oil, require that the fertility of the soil be regularly assessed so that the deficient nutrients may be added to produce the desired results. Though this important research often appears repetitious and seems to throw but a glimmer of light on a bewilderingly complex subject, it promises future progress in our understanding oi our greatest asset- the soil. Livestock and meat industry proves lively for first half The Meat Packers Council of Canada has released a midyear review at the livestock and meat industry at the midpoint of 1971. All species of livestock except calves, showed gains in slaughter during the first six months of 1971. For the first six months, Jan. uary-June, federally inspected cattle slaughter totalled 1,347 396 head, up 3.8 per cent from the same period in 1970. Western slaughter jumped about 5 per cent due largely to a 10.4 per cent increase in Alberta. Eastern output was up just 1 per cent. -Looking at beef quality, output of choice and good carcasses increased 2.3 per cent compared to a year ago, totalling 859,812 carcasses for the six months, representing 63.8 per cent of the total slaughter. -A significant factor in the first half of 1971 was the Im- portation of nearly 45,000 cattle from the U.S. for immediate slaughter, compared to about 1,000 head for the same six months a year ago. -Beef exports to the end of June amounted to 89.3 million pounds, down about 25 per cent from 52.9 million a year earlier. Exports of beef cattle to the U.S. totalled 7,110 head compared to 12,400 for the first half of 1970. -Hog gradings for the six months totalled 5,238,046 head or an average of 201,463 per week, up nearly 26 per cent from the same period in 1970. Western Canada output was up 47 per cent and eastern production increased 11 per cent. The west accounted for 48 per cent of total gradings in the first half compared to 41 per cent in 1970. -Pork exports in the first half totalled 42.6 million pounds, up nearly 23 per. cent from a year ago. Exports of fresh, frozen pork increased one-third to 39.3 million pounds for the six month period. Imports of pork declined by about one-third during the first half. Exports of Jive hogs increased to 35,875 head for the six months compared to 26,937 a year ago. -Federally inspected calf slaughter totalled 279,839 head for January-June 1971, down 8 per cent from a year ago. Sheep and lamb slaughter showed a gain of 18 per cent to 83,181 head. ACCIDENTS DOWN The Alberta Salety Council reports that traffic deaths in Alberta during June were 10 per cent lower than during the same period last year and that injuries were about the same. There were 452 fewer accidents reported compared with June pf 1970, ARCTIC CAT �72! And we have them! Lynx. Puma. Panther. And a hard-and-fast-running newcomer, the Cheetah. We have big inventory. And yve have lots of Cats coming in all the time. So ueuknow if Just any Cat won't do ... try us first. Chance, CDUklt are better you'll find your Cat here. ^Qy