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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGI HERALD Thursday, Soptembir 17, 1970 Joseph Kraft Playing Dirty The Soviets and the Egyptians have By this kind of double talk, these Hussein's Number Coming Up Fast? been making an inept, dishonest, to say nothing of naive attempt to pull the wool over American and Israeli eyes. They have denied that they have been using the cease-fire as an oportunity to strengthen Egyp- tian missile defence systems close to the border. They proclaim that they have simply been maintaining and perhaps re deploying the in- stallations already in existence. This is an unscrupulous ruse because in the first place it has been disproved by aerial reconaissance photographs, and in the second place the provi- sion of the cease fire forbids such re-deployment. The truce terms state unequivocally that maintenance of existing installations must be con- fined to "their present sites and po- sitions." unscrupulous underhand tactics, both the Soviets and the Egyptians are seriously undermining world hopes as expressed by President Nixon, that we might be entering an "era of ne- gotiation." How can nations negotiate without some degree of confidence in the integrity of those involved? Unless the Russians, as the Big Power involved in the dispute, can rectify these violations they will have done more harm to the hopes of peace in the world than they may realize now. In the long run the chances for East West agreements on the limitation of strategic arms, of revision of European security ar- rangements, and reduction of NATO and Warsaw pact forces have been sadly diminished by this outrageous breach of the ground rules. Playing dirty ruins the game. WASHINGTON Is lie mere- ly the James Dfean of Arab feudalism? Or is lie a courageous m o n a r c h strong enough to engross his own kingdom the most explos- ive force in the Middle East? Those questions about King Hussein of Jordan are now forced to the surface of events by the combined thrust of plane hijackings and the move for a settlement between Israel and the Arabs. And while the an- swer is not yet in, all signs sug- gest that Hussein's number is coming up fast. The most explosive force in the Middle East, of course, emanates from the Palestinian Arabs. The plare hijackings have been the work of Palestin- ians belonging to the extremist People's Front fpr Palestine Liberation under Dr. George Habach. Guerrilla forces ic- cruited from among the Pales- tinians harass Israeli borders, and when stymied there, direct their fury against the regular Arab governments, notably in Jordan. No doubt these activists com- prise only a liny majority of the roughly 2 million Palestin- ian Arabs. But it is easy to understand why the agents of the Palestinian cause are des- perate men. Fpr the Palestini- ans are a nation dispossessed. Most of them fled or were driven from their homes when the state of Israel was estab- lished in J948. Now they exist as stateless refugees about in tlie Gaza Strip about in Syria and Leb- anon, and the rest in Jordan. Being proud heirs to an ancient cultural tradition, many of them their ex- pectations run high. But for years they were used as pawns by the Arab states and tricked by their own leaders. The gap between ambition and achieve- ment bred a mood of seething frustration, resentment, and hatred. And out of that mood were born the hijack and the guerrilla fighters. As it happens, there is a time- tested remedy for meeting this kind of frustration the rem- edy of nationhood. If they had a state to run cities to police, mails to deliver, roads to build the Palestinians would not now be seizing planes and undermining other countries. That is why serious people sur- for a Palestinian entity. It ad- dresses itself to and thus en- shrines, the present states of Israel, Jordan, and Egypt. To the Palestinians it offers only compensation for lost lands, or possible return to Israel. But only a tiny number can possibly be reabsorbcd ir. Israel, for the Jews are not going to accept a majority of Arabs in their homeland. As Prime Minister yeying the possibilities for Golda Meir once put it to this peace in the Near East, have columnist: "If a Palestinian always figured there needed to be some kind of Palestinian en- tity. But'the recent current peace initiative, a jerry-built, slap- dash affair, leaves no opening Man's Common Heritage Not long ago tlu's newspaper ran an editorial outlining the work of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of the Seabeds. It commended the suggestion by President Nixon that the enormous wealth to be found in the deepest parts of the ocean should be international property, and that profits from extraction should go at least in part, to the development of underdeveloped nations. In spite of opposition by powerful oil and min- eral lobbies the United States-fought hard to advance its internationaliza- tion proposal, surely one of the most idealistic ever envisaged. The UN committee which had hoped to be able to present a set of basic prin- ciples before this session of the Gen- eral Assembly, has been unable to agree. Moscow, in a very obvious attempt to curry favor with the Latin Ameri- can countries who are making claims to national sovereignty 200 miles be- yond their coastlines, has put a mon- key wrench in the works. It has re- vived a suggestion, which the U.S. hoped and expected had been dis- carded, to ban all military uses of the deep ocean bed. Two years ago in disarmament dis- cussions at Geneva, the Russians had tacitly acknowledged that certain de- vices for submarine detection and other defensive purposes are essen- tial to the safety of some Western powers. At that time, Moscow ap- peared to acknowledge that its own dependence on sea lines is less vital for military defence purposes and that it could therefore refuse to press for complete demilitarization of the ocean floor. Now, in the interest of short term power politics and in the hope of at- tracting favor in non aligned Latin American nations who refuse to go along with internationalization of the seabed, the whole idea of using the seabed riches for "the common heri- tage of mankind" has received a ma- jor setback. Revival of support for one of the most enlightened altruistic interna- tional projects ever to be envisioned must be encouraged. That can only be done by allaying the fears of these Latin .American countries whose up- surging nationalism has made them highly suspicious of Big Neighbor's motives. It calls for quiet diplomacy of the highest order. The cynics say it will never work. It will take a lot of persuasion to prove them wrong. Bur I aOTTA LOTTA J RESPECT A PRIME MINISTER THE OUE MILLION OF fiOHAVENTURB FROM Oily Sea Monsters entity means that I live as part of a minority in a state run by Arabs then I'd prefer to go back to Milwaukee." That means that the Pales- tinian cause is, in effect, con- signed to Jordan. And that is why all the recent pressures against lira peace initiative have been concentrated there. That is why the hijacked planes were taken to Jordan, why there was still another assas- sination attempt on the king's life, why there has been a run- ning series of rumbles between the Palestinian commandos and the royal Jordanian forces. In one way or another these pressures on the king are bound to persist. And the next act in the Middle East depends on how he reacts. Because he is a gutsy guy, a flier of jet planes and a driver of racing cars who has repeat- edly risked Ills own life against heavy odds, there is great ad- miration for the king in this country. He commands a well- armed force, which is still prob- ably superior to the Palestine Guerrillas. In the past, at least, he had numerous chances to roll back the commandos and keep the Palestinians in check. But politically the king is not strong. Monarchy is not exactly the with-it form of government. The Palestinians are a major- ity in his country. While he has repeatedly pounded his fist and demanded "law and order in my he has always drawn back from confrontations with the Palestinians. Now the string has well-nigh run out. And the political inhi- bitions which have caused the king to hold his hand seem to have unfitted him for leading a country that is supposed to a buffer state. (Field Enterprises Inc.) The Manhattan, a super sized oil tanker? It won't be in that category very long according to a report from Tokyo, where plans for a vessel three times its size have been authorized by the Japanese Ministry of Trans- port. At tons, the British-built tanker which will be chartered by the Tokyo Tanker Company, will be over four times the capacity of the ton Manhattan. It is expected that the ship will be completed in 1973, that five more of the same size will be built, with computerization and that none of them will require more than 36 of a crew. Further, Japanese shipyards envisage a time in the not- toc-distant future when million ton capacity tankers will be a reality. Japanese seamen have voiced strong objections to building these giant ships because of recent dis- asters involving Japanese built bulk ore carriers. Other ships of similar type were recently recalled for in- spection and found to have structur- al weaknesses. The objections of the seamen al- most certainly were not entirely due to worries about structural weak- nesses. Many of them stand to lose their jobs when these sea monsters go in to service. But they have a strong point when they claim that ships of this size are a hazard on the ocean. The experts claim that they are satisfied that "safety and technical problems" have been solved. In view of the Aquarius dis- aster in which a ton vessel loaded with crude oil collided in the Persian Gulf with a Russian vessel, the Japanese Ministry of Transport ought to take a second look. Is the saving in transportation costs worth the risk of spilling all that oil any- where in the ocean? And who are those "experts" who are so satisfied that all the technical hazards have been overcome? Carl T. Rmvan White Guilt And Uneasiness Divide South Africa Learning For Leisure By Terence Morris, Central School TJUIUNG the present century there has rewarding life it is often necessary been a substantial increase in the learn and develop those very amount of leisure time available to people. just how to use this extra free time must be a personal choice but it has been sug- gested lhat training for leisure could be- come an essential part of the school pro- gram. Are our schools too academically ori- ented? Of course school is a place for developing excellence in academic subjects but this is only part of its funclion. There is also a real place for offering our students a chance to learn some of the non-academic skills that are so necessary for living a full and enriched life. We are enjoying more leisure time and can expect to live longer but is there any point in having all this extra time if we do not improve the quality of our way of life? There has been much research on the biological factors of aging but is it nol tune lhat we had some re- search on achieving what to many is a most important goal a full, happy, and worthwhile life? One of our local citizens put it very well when she said thai, "leisure lime is be- coming increasingly available, and Ihe constructive use of it correspondingly more important To help develop (his con- structivc use of leisure lime (here is no reason why we shouldn't reduce tlie amount of time spent on academic subjects in our schools and make way for a richer and more meaningful curriculum for this age of leisure. The objcclives of most of our school systems are pathetically limited. It is impossible for many of those involved in education to lift" their eyes above the mediocre horizon of academic skills. Any- thing lhat is possibly non-academic or 'cul- tural' is immediately suspect and is a frill to be ruthlessly eliminated from the school program. Yet to lead a rich and to learn are called 'frills' or extra-curricular in our conventional school programs. The ability to camp and fish, landscape a garden, col- lect stamps or coins, to make music, tinker w i t h a car, paint, or create in some personal way the list is endless, but these are the tilings that help to make life enjoyable, enriching and worthwhile for human beings. Perhaps we are losing sight of Ihe essen- tials for living. Life would be richer if a wider range of activities were encouraged throughout life. As psychiatrist, Robert Butler puts it, "Perhaps the greatest dan- ger in life is being frozen into a role that limits one's self-expression and develop- ment." It could be that our schools are the most effective deep freezers we have and when our studenls finally escape from the classroom and thaw out they are going to be very angry at what they have missed. Of course, there will always be those who find complete salisfaclion in the academic side of education, but I wonder how many students are looking for a lot more than the inevitable round of lesls, homework and research projects that make up so much of our school program. A few years ago a university professor caused a minor stir when he suggested lhat bridge should be an acceptable credit as part of Ihe degree program. Why nol? In- deed, why shouldn't we consider so many hours in the study of leisure activities as compulsory before graduation from high school or university is possible? If it is true that, "what play is to the development of a child, leisure is to the development of then our schools will have to develop much broader Iwri- zons if Ihey hope to remain an active and integral part of the local community. TOWN Despite the cohesive factor of fear, while Soulh Africa is becom- ing an uncertain society, in- creasingly at war wilh itself. As pressures from the outside world grow, and as laws de- signed to keep internal order become more oppressive, con- flicting views about the path to survival seem to grow more intense. Tlie Rev. Byers Naude of Johannesburg says he senses a stirring of conscience in the Dutch Reformed Church, whose earlier moral indifference caused him to abandon it. A young businessman noted that "Port Elizabeth is dying industrially because the gov- ernment won't allow hi enough black and other busi- nessmen are protesting that economic growth is hampered by a law saying that certain jobs must be reserved for whites (although there are not enough whites to do The young businessman says South Africa will change be- cause "Ihe Africaner will be overrun by economic neces- sily." A most intriguing sign of de- bate wilhin this government lies in the question of S'outh Africa's relations with tlie coun- tries of black Africa. Key people in government told me again and again that South Africa attaches the high- Letter To The Editor est. priority to opening up diplo- matic relations with countries like Ghana and Kenya. (Mal- awi is there, but everyone, white or black, considers this an Uncle Tom arrangement.) "We can't ever sleep in Soulh Africa if we can'l Eve in friend- ship with our black a foreign ministry spokesman told me. He said a diplomatic dialogue is essenlial if South Africa and her neighbors are not to become involved in a wasteful arms race. "But I demanded, "do you expect Ghana or Kenya to send black diplomats here to face the insults of He said his government could ensure that black diplomats would face no more embarrass- ment in South Africa than Ihey do in the United States or the Soviet Union, a remark sug- gesting that they might have let me in, with white carpet treat- ment, just to show how effec- tively they could protect for- eigners from their laws. But for every verliglc (en- lightened S'outh Africa still has several verkramptcs (cramped ones, or reactionar- The minister of information, C. P. Mulder, agreed that it is official policy to try to get black African nations to open diplomatic relations. "But lhey'11 have lo take us us we he said defiantly, Free Regarding the free-parking In downtown Lclhbridge on Saturday, I'll wager I'm not the only citizen who finds this a "convenience" the city can do without. There arc no signs stating whether or not a certain color- ed meter signifies free-park- ing. Consequently, there arc those (like myself) who end up shelling out twenty times the price we'd oixlin.irily pay for one hour of metercd parking plus some well-worded phrases to the police in charge of re- ceiving fines, who, in actual fact have nothing to do with the whole mess.) Still others play it safe and feed the meters regardless, fo avoid those "ticket-on-the-windshield- blucs'1 (which according to one policeman, seem to be reach- ing epidemic heights since the Downtown Businessmen's As- sociation put their little effort into effect.) Undoubtedly, there will be a few more fines paid and even more complaints heard, but when the "offenders" begin re- fusing lo watch out Mr. Man from the DBA! Until then, here arc a few words lo the and silver meters must be fed. yellow meters mean free parking for two hours only, but keep an eye out for a few with one inch by one-half inch notices posted on them. They too must be fed. Aside from what has been Fr.oe Parking." S'HIRLI GONXY. Lcthbridgc, parroting a line used by Prime Minister John Vorster. Mulder's use of this line irri- tated a newspaper editor whose paper is regarded as a mouth- piece of the ruling National Party. "You never tell anyone, even the girl you are about to mar- ry, lhat they must take you as you the editor said. "You always keep alive the promise of change." In a land where talk of racial change has been heresy, any wooing of black Africa seenis incredible. Tile irony, though, is that even as the government talks of a black-white diplomatic dia- logue, It moves relentlessly to close off dialogue among the different races inside South Africa. Their interest whetted by news stories, a dozen white stu- dents from Steilenbosch, an Afrikaner university, traveled two hours by car just to lalk with my wife and me. "I'd have come if it had been a thousand one student said, "because I've never in my life had the chance to talk to a black man of education and intellect." As other students nodded in assent I noted to myself that there are many such black people here, and I remembered Mr. Naude saying lo me: "Pat- terns of legislation from 1948 onward have forced people into tight racial compartments. This is the evil aspecl. None of Ihe while young people here have any contacl on a level of dig- nity with people of their age of other racial groups." I had gone lo the University of Cape Town and heard stu- dents of British descent casti- gate their ciders for being "loo busy going lo cocklail parties" lo even lalk about laws lhat force an African lo leave his family in order lo get a job. I heard students talk about "the shameful failure of the church" in South Africa. I had been told that Afrikaner students arc of a different breed, but I was surprised lhat of the group from Steilenbosch, only one spoke in support of the government's policies; the rest showed thai Ihey are deeply Iroubled morally and intel- lectually by the present poli- cies and Ihe apparent future of their country. Nothing seems lo trouble them more lhan whal one brave while man, Fred Van Wyk of the S'outh African Insti- tute of Race Relations, calls "enforced separation of mind and spirit." I saw one of the strange turns tin's racial compartmentaliza- lion lakes when I went to the "coloreds-only" University Col- lege of the Western Cape. I had had long, uninhibited, provoca- tive sessions with white stu- dents; now I wanted to hear from some Cape Coloreds. Dr. Nicholaas Sieberhagen, tlie white rector, kept me in his office listening lo what I soon came lo suspect was a filibust- er. Finally I asked, "When do I meet some "Oh, I can't let you talk lo my he said. "I let two whites do that recently and it was very disruptive. But if you want lo know what colored students think, I'll tell you." "I've been on hundreds of I said, '.'and I have yet to see a president who could speak for the students. I must say lo you lhat I find it appalling that the white stu- dents at Steilenbosch and Cape Town are free to talk to me or anyone else, but you wall of! the coloreds. It strikes me as the very antithesis of the atti- lude an educator ought lo hold." I walked out as Sieberhagen's face turned beet red and he yelled, "I suppose you're going to make a big thing of this in the I later learned that some white studenls from Slellen- bosch had been equally unsuc- cessful in efforts to .meet with Sieberhagen's students. What amazed me most Is thai almost all the Africans, coloreds; and liberal whites I met want black African embas- sies here. They want black dip- lomats in the posh "all-white" hotels illustrating the absurdity of apartheid, defying it every day. They have lost hope in over- throwing the white regime through force, so they see change coming only through more interracial dialogue. But the nations of black Afri- ca say they aren't interested if they must take Soulh Africa as she is. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Officials of the inland revenue department of Calgary stated that several cases of al- leged fraud in connection with Hie luxury tax are being in- vestigated and prosecution will be made against several Al- berta merchants. 1930 The new St. Michael's Hospital to be built in the southeast section of Ore cily will cost and will have four operating rooms and two solariums. It is estimated the building will be completed in ten months. 1S40 A westerly gale sweeping Ihrouglr Ihe English channel scattered Germany's invasion fleet and sent ships scurrying for shelter, British reconnaisance planes reported. 1S50 The "Y" hoslel will bo closed September 22. It was opened during the war with the co-operalion of Ihe Kiwanis Club. It is felt it had served its purpose and the space is needed for program work. 1960 A former coal mine building that was converted lo serve the congregations of three churhces for half a cen- lury is being demob'shed. The Firsl United Church hall at Ihe comer of 13th St. and 5th Ave. N. is making way for a new church. The Letlibridp Herald ally Newspaper Circulations 50-1 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Clr CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM IJAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;