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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta WARMER HIGH FORECAST FRIDAY 73. The Lethlnidge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 233 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1970 KB ICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 28 PAGES Showdown In Mideast Under Way By IAN MacDOWALL BEIRUT, Lebanon (Reuters) After two years of cliffhanging tension and four crises of ever-mount- ing violence, the final showdown seems to have coma today in King Hussein's battle of wills with the Pales- tinian Arab guerrillas. His capital city, filled with solid limestone houses and refugee shanties, erupted at dawn into a savage battleground when Hussein's new military government moved in to smash the guerrilla militia who have been the real masters of Amman for the last two years. The guerrillas defied Hussein's last-chance offer to them to abide by the string of ceasefire agreements concluded and broken in the last few weeks and months. But today's military crackdown in response to the guerrilla-ordered general strike plunged not just Jordan, but the whole Arab word into crisis. Observers here said whatever the result of the life- and-death battle now being fought in Amman, the pattern of Arab politics could be profoundly altered. Expects Support C it Hussein's letter Wednesday appointing Brig. Mo- hammed Daoud as premier and head of the military government made it unmistakably clear that the king is looking to Egypt to back him as he fights to pre- serve his throne. Egyptian President Nasser was once the bitterest enemy of the 44-year-old king, but has been his closest ally since me 1907 June war brought disaster to both their countries. Nasser's prestige is irrevocably committed on the side of Hussein, who obediently followed Egypt's lead in accepting the U.S. Middle East peace initiative July so plunjed himself into a new wave of trou- bles with the guerrillas who are completely opposed to a peaceful solution. Hussein must have few doubts about the ability of his army to crush the guerrillas, who are strongly entrenched in the capital. But the mili- tary balance of strength could be seriously altered if there is outside intervention by either of the rival Baathis Arab socialist countries that border him to the north and east or by Israel, that lies across the River Jordan. Both Iraq and Syria gave veiled warnings early today that they cannot stand by and permit the liquidation of the Palestine resistance movement, Nasser is badly placed geographically to help Hus- sein because'their countries are .separated by hostilo Israel and the Israeli-occupied Sinai. No one knows what the Israelis will do. Some Arabs think they might use Jordan's civil war to smash across the river and take their revenge on the guerrillas who have plagued them for the last three years. McKay Murder Trial Attracts Big Crowds By CAROL KENNEDY LONDON (CP) Turmoil in the Middle East still occupies most headlines, but there's nothing that grabs the attention of the London public more than a clas- sic murder trial at the Old Bailey and the McKay case, entering its fourth day today, is ho exception. To inhabitants of Sherlock Holmes' city that has produced such legendary villains as Jack the Ripper and Dr. Crippen, the most gripping drama comes not in threats but in the cosy panelled No. 1 courtroom of that 'grey stone building under the gilded figure of justice. Each day a queue of Londoners forms outside the Old known as UK Central Criminal tickets to the public benches in No. -1 court. There. Attorney-General Sir Peter R.awlinson' is conducting the prosecution in the bizarre case label- led by some newspaper scribes the "murder without a body." On trial are two Trinidad-born brothers, Arthur and Nizajnodeen Hosein, respectively a tailor and a farm laborer, who live at a remote farm in Hert- fordshire guarded by two fierce .dogs. They are charged with the kidnapping and murder of Muriel McKay, 55, wife of a newspaper executive, and of de- manding million in ransom from her husband Alick McKay. Both have pleaded not guilty to the In all. Body Missing Mrs. McKay, whose husband is deputy chairman of the mass-circulation Sunday News of the World, disappeared from her South London home last Dec, 20. Her body has not been found. The prosecution alleged at the opening of the trial Monday that Mrs. McKay had been kidnapped in mis- take for Mrs. Rupert Murdoch, wife of the Aus- tralian proprietor of the News of the World and Sun newspapers. The Murdochs were abroad at the time and the an Australian the loan of their Rolls-Royce. Nizamodcen Hosein, 22, made seven admissions through his counsel Tuesday, including one that he had applied to the Greater London Council for details of the Rolls-Royce's owner. On Wednesday, a leading expert in Scotland Yard's fingerprints bureau testified (hat a palm-print found on a ransom note for million was that of Arthur Hosein and that a fingerprint on a note from Mrs. McKay also was his, Fighting Mounts IA A n Mi Army Key Areas EMBATTLED ARAB LEADER King Hussein carried a self-loading rifle as he visited commando troops "somewhere in Jordan" in June, 1970. On Thursday, Jordanian army troops were engaged in a life-or-death struggle with Palestinian guerrillas for control of the country. The fighting could shatter whatever hopes remain in efforts to bring about an Arab-Israeli peace. Still Jobless OTTAWA (CP) The num- ber of unemployed fell to an estimated in August, down from July, but still 40 per cent higher than a year ago, it was officially reported today. The Dominion Bureau of Sta- tistics and the manpower de- partment said there were fewer employed persons. Al- though a reduction of employ- ment also occurred last mid- summer, there usually is an ex- pansion of employment at this time of year. Viet Cong Submits New Peace Offers PARIS (Reuters) The Viet Cong presented today a new series of proposals aimed at a military and political settlement in South Vietnam. Proposals Clash With Nixon Plans From WASHINGTON (CP) United States officials said Viet Cong proposals made at the Paris peace talks today had a familiar ring and failed to move the negotiations toward a peace- ful settlement of the Indochina war. The proposals clashed with President Nixon's refusal to be frozen into a rigid timetable for his Vietnam troop-withdrawal program or to abandon Presi- dent Nguyen Van Thieu as the leader of the legitimate South Vietnamese government, they said. The officials said the Com- munists made their position su- perficially more attractive by offering to stop attacks against American troops and to discuss the issue of prisoners of war. But the over-all judgment was that the Viet Cong were pushing positions which the U.S. has found unacceptable in the past. The proposals based on the guerrillas' existing 10-pomt peace plan, including their de- mands for total American Tith- drawal and the replacement of the present Saigon leadership. The Viet Cong said that if the United States agreed to with- draw all its troops arid those of its foreign allies from South Vietnam by June 30, 1971, the guerrilla forces would stop at- tacking them and would discuss safety guarantees and the ques- tion of releasing prisoners. The proposals, made by chief Viet Cong negotiator Mrs. Ngu- yen Thi Binh at tlie Paris peace conference, called for talks to establish a coalition government composed of members of the Viet Cong-backed provisional revolutionary government, members of the present Saigon administration who want peace, independence, neutrality and democracy, and political exiles. As a first step Mrs. Binh said (lie provisional regime is ready to talk with a Saigon adminis- tration which would exclude President Nguyen Van Vice-President Nguyen Cao Ky and Prime Minister Tran Thien Khiem. There was a sharp reduction in the labor force, larger than usual for the season. It dropped to 8.72 million from 8.82 in July. As a percentage of {he total labor force, ihe number- of Un- employed Jell last month to 5.1 from 5.9 per cent in July and 6.1 per cent in June. But last rn o n t h 's unemployment rate was sharply Iiigher than 3.7 per cent in August last year. Tlie monthly employment re- port contained more than the usual amount of data on season- ally-adjusted employment and unemployment figures. Statisti- cians adjust the figures to take into account seasonal trends that otherwise make it difficult to compare one month's figures with another. On the seasonally-adjusted basis, unemployment in August was 6.7 per cent of tlie labor force, unchanged from July but the highest since early 1964. It was tlie second successive month of decline in actual un- employment figures, while the seasonally-adjusted rate of un- employment rose from 6.1 per cent in June to 6.7 in July, re- maining there in August. For the first time, the report gave seasonally-adjusted unem- ployment rates for regions. These showed a drop to 8.5 per cent from 9.5 in July for the Atlantic provinces. The rate continued high at 8.9 per cent in Quebec, u n c h a n g e d for the month, but declined in Ontario to 4.4 from 4.7 per cent. By THE CANADIAN PRESS The government of Jordan claimed late this afternoon that its tanks and armor had won control of AmmaJi, the capital, after fierce fighting between forces loyal to King Hussein and Palestinian Arab guerrillas. The guerrillas had controlled key sectors of the capital when fighting broke out earlier in the day. A Jordanian government broadcast monitored in Beirut, Lebanon, listed a number of dis- tricts taken in Amman by the army but no mention was made of the guerrilla stronghold of Wahdat, a northern suburb where all or some of 54 hos- tages of last week's hijackings are believed held by leftist guerrillas. A pooled dispatch of corre- spondents in Amman reported heavy fighting in the capital throughout the day. It said thick, black smoke rose above the city while artillery, tank guns and machine-guns roared. The Jordanian broadcast said that as of 5 p.m.-ll a.m. the army had control of Amman "except for a few pockets which are now being mopped up PRESENT CEASEFIRE TERMS The broadcast said the army announced it is ready to negoti- ate a ceasefire with the guerril- las. However the terms an- nounced woukr unaccepta- ible to the guerrillas. They in- eluded a demand for the guer- rillas to withdraw from all towns and cities in Jordan and transfer their forces to the Is- raeli ceasefire line. Earlier the guerrillas had de- clared: "This is a fight to tlie finish." They called for help from Iraqi troops stationed in Jordan since the 1967 Middle East war. Field Marshal Habis Majali military leader of the new Jor- danian government proclaimed Wednesday by King Hussein, called in an Amman radio broadcast for the guerrillas to surrender. "We are marching on the principal quarters of Amman to establish the marshal said. "All armed men must sur- render to army troops, who are their brothers, in order to avoid bloodshed and spare your lives." The guerrilla radio in the Iraq capital, Baghdad, said army tanks were "trying to break into Amman's city centre." CLAIM ATTACK REPULSED The broadcast said the guer- rillas had beaten back the ar- mored advance, destroying three tanks and disabling two others with bazooka fire. Later a guerrilla broadcast heard in Israel said the Jordan- ian army had advanced on two guerrilla strongholds in Am- man's Amman and Jebel El-Hussein. It ap- pealed to guerrilla fighters to stand fast and fight and called on "progressive Arab states" to help. "All is on the broadcast said. Earlier dis- patches reported smoke rising over the capital. 'The UN building been Caloil Loses Ceasefire Breach Denied By Meir OTTAWA Ex- chequer Court of Canada reaf- firmed in a judgment published today that Ottawa has the con- stitutional right to regulate the distribution of imported goods even if the regulation tends to invade provincial powers. Justice Jacques Dumoulin re- jected an appeal by Caloil Inc. of Montreal against federal reg- ulations proclaimed last month to .control distribution of im- ported gasoline. In the hearing of the case last week, Caloil argued that the regulations administered by the National Energy Board are un- constitutional. The company said the rules restrict trade both between provinces and within the province of Ontario, impinging upon provincial rights. NEW YORK (AP) Israeli Premier Golda Meir, arriving for. urgent consultations of the Middle East situation, has de- nied a U.S. state department re- port that her country has vio- lated "some" provisions of the cease-fire. She told reporters at Kennedy International Airport Wednes- day night: "I know that Israel is not guilty of some violations or any violations whatsoever." U.S. officials said in Washing- ton Wednesday that Israel had violated the ceasefire by con- ducting reconnaissance flights over Egypt and by strengthen- ing fortifications at the Suez canal. Mrs. Meir stopped here on her way to Washington where she will meet Friday with President Nixon and State Secretary Wil- liam Rogers. Asked to comment on rumors that Israel might soften its posi- tion on releasing Arab prisoners in view of the hostages held by guerrilla airplane hijackers, Mrs. Meir said: "I'm sorry. Those who are in our prisons are men and women who have been brought to trial. They killed or attempted to kill Israelis. They have to serve their terms. believe that a united front of all the countries in- volved is the best way to free hostages and guarantee that there will be no more hostages in the future." Heavy security precautions were in evidence at the airport and Mrs. Meir's El Al jet parked in an isolated section more than a mile from where passengers usually disembark. Protestors Criticized Provinces Fail To Receive Added Funds From Ottawa Saen and Heard ABOUT TOWN JVEWCOMER TO LETH- bridge Cathy B I c z a r d walking from downtown to the university to "get ac- quainted" with the city Bryant Smilli pulling his old "hide the football" trick in the lobby of a local hotel. lioli Niven, Hoy Fislicr and Spike AlnrfcH, after polishing off a Chincsc-A m c r i c a n smorgasbord, agreeing "the world sure looks a lot Incentive Plan Supplement Is Possibility CALGARY (CP) Tile pro- vincial government is studying means of supplementing fed- eral incentive plans for small Alberta communities, industry and tourism minister Ray Batzlaff said today. Although any new assistance program would be a departure from government policy, draft legislation was being prepared for presentation to the cabinet within the next few months. The success of federal pro- grams in bringing new indus- try to southern centres such as Lethbridg.e and Brooks was part of the reason for the pro- vincial move into the field. Some centres are in federal1 aid areas and this gives them an advantage over other com- munities c x p e r i c n c ing dif- ficulty because of a decline in farm population and rural eco- nomics, he said. OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- ister Trudeau had good, if possi- bly only short-lived, news for Canadian taxpayers Wednesday night. The provinces did not succeed in getting any more money out of Ottawa at their three-day summit conference here, he said. The Ireads of government came down from Monday's and Tuesday's scaling of the consti- tutional heights to Wednesday's subject which is really dearest to their hearts; public money. British Columbia asked for a grant of million annually from Ottawa. Mr. Trudeau told a news con- ference that his government did not encourage B.C. to think the money would he forthcoming scon. Premier Robert Bourassa of Quebec wanted even more multi-million-dollar stabilization fund to help eco- nomically weaker provinces in time of high unemployment, plus million which ho claims the federals owe Quebec from their take from the two- per-cent social security tax. Mr. Trudeau said Quebec it- self did not hold too strongly to its stabilization-fund formula. Ottawa again gave no ground on the million request. The provinces not only played energetically their old game of how to get more cash out of the federals, they also bickered po- litely among each other about how much each is getting from Ottawa now. Premier John Robarts of On- tario told reporters that the wealthier provinces, out of taxa- tion, would have to finance Quebec's proposed stabilization fund. Premier Ross Thatcher of Saskatchewan said Quebec was perhaps getting more than its fair share of money from Ot- tawa. Prenu'er W. A. C. Bennett of British Columbia said his prov- ince is receiving relatively little assistance from (lie same de- partment. Finance Minister Edgar Ben- son promised that tlie provinces could make further submissions on his white paper tax proposals the changes in fore the draft legislation is presented to Parliament in March or April. The occasion will be a meet- ing of finance ministers this fall. And there will be another meeting in the spring when tlie legislation is introduced. The conference-pending com- munique also said provinces with regulations which are re- stricting imports of farm prod- ucts from other provinces will review the situation. GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (AP) Vice-President S p i r o T. Agnew, after telling chanting demonstrators "you're pa- accused some Demo- crats Wednesday night of en- couraging "the most rude, crude and lewd heckling imagi- nable." He wrote the gccusation into his speech at a Republican fund-raising dinner, fashioning his encounter with the noisy dis- senters into political weaponry for his continuing assault on "radical-liberals." "The obscene shouts of an ar- rogant few will never in the state of Michigan drown out the quiet voices, young and old, of dignity and the vice- president told more than people in Grand Rapids as he wound up a week of election campaigning in six states. The Michigan demonstrators, perhaps 100 strong, chanted peace slogans interspersed with obscene taunts from the rear of the crowd of more than people in an airport hangar in Saginaw. He shook a finger toward Ui3 hecklers and them: "You people out there preach a lot about dissent but you're afraid of other points of view because you don't have the strength of your own convic- tions." "One, two, three, four, we don't want your the hecklers shouted. UNITED APPEAL Countdown To Go Sinn ;