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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LErHBRIDGE HHAID Thuridoy, 16, 1971 Shizuye Takasliima Minding our business Actor John Wayne's gratuitous ad- vice to Canadians and Japanese pro- testers of the proposed five mega- ton nuclear test on Amchitka island accords with a caricature of Ameri- cans which seemed to be OP. the way out. Since U.S. President Richard heard and heeded. by its own willed policies came re- Canada's or Japan's business that a potentially dangerous test take place on the island. But if ihe worst fears are realized Canada and Japan could It was probably inevitable that nat- uralist groups would protest against As long as there are armies, there must be training grounds, and the the use of the Suffield area north of Suffield prairie area is, according to Medicine Hat for British troop man- the federal government the most suit- oeuvres. The naturalists are current- able. The government has promised ly preparing a write in campaign that breeding grounds for endanger- opposing the use of the area which ed species and archaeological sites wui be avoided. The plain fact is that one million dollars a year for the next ten years is a tremendous boost to the ailing economy of southeastern Alberta. That two million dollars for construc- was previously used for research into chemical and biological warfare, for military training purposes. They say that the motorized equipment may turn the whole area into a dust bowl and that it should instead, be a na- tional grasslands park. Dr. J. G. Nel- tion scheduled to start this fall isn't son, a University of Calgary profes- to be sneezed at either, sor, says that using the area for mili- The federal department of the en- tary training has "overtones of kill- vironment has prepared a study of ing and destruction" which is of the impact of troop training on the are3] kut officials say they don't know when it will be published- It shouldn't be delayed. The longer the course correct. It had the same, though more ominous implications in its former role, even though it was probably less dangerous in ecologi- cal terms. report hangs fire, the greater the con- troversy. Saving prime land Desplie surpluses of agricultural cultural purposes is still a vital is- products in some parts of the world sue. There is only a limited amount and promises of them in others be- of productive soil in the world and cause of the green revolution, the Albertans, accustomed to an appar- spectre of famine can never be light- ent abundance of it, must think ly dismissed. Alberta Highways Min- ister Clarence Copithorne is right in warning that the world is just a show- er away from famine. It is not just drought, of course, that poses the threat. North Vietnam their stewardship of it in the light of world needs. An agricultural man such as Mr. Copithome cannot help viewing the development practices in modem industrial society with grave unease. Every year more and more may have a severe food shortage prime land is gobbled up in urban spread or paved over for highways. Mr. Copithorne has the opportunity now to try to apply his concern in this year because of floods which could prevent the planting of rice in time to assure a harvest. A famine killed a million people in North Viet- his area of special responsibility as nam in 1945 after floods. Starvation highways minister. There is an ob% is not very far away for the refugees vious clash between the technical in- from East Pakistan, a predicament terest of providing wide highways they face because of political folly, that facilitate rapid transit commen- And miracle seeds are not guaran- surate with safety and the saving of teed against the ravages of insects prime land for agricultural use. It and disease. will be interesting to see how such a The keeping of prime land for agri- conflict of interests will be reconciled. Fun's fun, but By Gregory L. Hales CCHOOL and learning should be enjoy- money and enjoying A teacher can able. This is an eminent and neces- sary educational precept. Learning is most easily and most thoroughly achieved if the learning lask is an enjoyable one. But this notion runs Ihe risk of being twisted and distorted. The inherent danger is that this precept could be used as a smoke screen by the educator to conceal a dereliction of his responsibility to edu- cate the children in his trust. An examination of the arguments used to support the "enjoyment in school" the- sis will make apparent where the danger lies. We should, the argument goes, assist those who wish to learn, and allow those who do not to do as they please (so long as they do not prevent the others from The remainder of the argument is that we ought not force a child to learn, because to do so might (will) premanently turn him off to learning. The contentions seem reasonable. But they are evasive and misleading. The point is: what is to become of those children who do not now have the desire to learn? We are led to believe, by the above line of reasoning, that these chil- dren will someday be mysteriously over- come by that same desire to learn pos- sessed by Ihcir classmates. More likely, however, they will be left behind forever, uneducated, ignorant; for as the argument continues, if they don't want to learn it's their own fault. The second part of the argument lends ilsclf most easily to deviousnoss. It would have us believe the only way to get children to learn, who do not now have the desire and enthusinsm, Is by force. But this is nonsense. employ interesting and exciting materials, provide stimulating and varied presenta- tions, and establish an environment which attrads the child and captures his atten- tion. In order lo achieve this situation teacher must discover each child's inter- ests, loves, hates, joys, and pains; the teacher must then entice the child, must draw the child out all in an effort to help that child learn. Which, I understand, is what school and education and teaching is all about. Certainly this entails that much effort and tiire be spent by Hie teacher. And even with supreme effort It is unlikely that every child will be "reached" in any given year. But if all teachers at every level pur- sued this objective, consciously and deli- berately, a cumulative effect would be pro- duced and much more learning would oc- cur for many more children. There are some who will undoubtedly misinterpret (Innocently or deliberately) what I have presented. Some will say that I am advocating that schooling should be "all work and no play; or worse, that I am trying lo purge schools entirely of fun or enjoyment. But they are incorrect. What I am say- ing is that it is possible and valuable to incorporate enjoyment into the learning ex- periences of school children. What I object to is people who maintain that a plethora of meaningless play periods In- side school contribute to the child's learn- ing. We know a lot about what is enjoyable to kids. We know how totally they become involved in pleasurnble experiences. Let us then make learning n pleasurable experi- ence, for every pupil. Let us not just A child in a Canadian prison their perspective far out in space they could see clearly the need for co-operation in working to prevent a fragile environment from being de- stroyed. The arrogance and stupidity of men Nixon began to tone down the im- in power in persisting in flaunting pression that the Americans thought fate by multiplying destructive forces they had some kind of divine mis- lias been depressing. However, a sign sion to ran the world, there has been recognition that no nation has the some hope that other voices might be right to continue to endanger others Technically, since Amchitka is a cently when France finally yielded to U.S possession, it may not be any of the protests of Peru, Japan and New Zealand and called off further nu- clear tests at Muroroa Lagoon in the South Pacific. President Nixon apparently suffer graver consequences than any unlike Mr. Wayne been consider- part of the United States with the ing the protests. The simplistic view exception of Alaska. that the Amchitka test is justified by It was American astronauts who the need to "deal with the commies" succeeded best of all in making it ob- is not shared by many knowledgeable vious that this is one world. From people in the U.S. as well as outside. Tanks or dust bowl? Twenty-two thousand Japa- nese Canadians were uproot- ed from their hnmcn in Bri- tish Columbia in 1942 and sent to primitive shack camps in the Rockies to live oul the war years. As if the injustice and indignity were not enough, the most heart- breaking period came as the war wore on and they were faced with having Lo make a terrible decision. Artist Taka- shlnia describes how it tore her family apart as Indeed It did most other families, in this section from her Book A CHILD IN PRISON CAMP, just published by Tundra Books. QUR FIRST SPRING IMS Father has cleared most of the land around our house. We are in the wilderness, so fiiif is done with hard work. Every day after work, he and Mr. Kono clear the trees and stumps. Father is planting seeds. The front of our house is cleared; the dark, fluffy-looking soil is turned and hoed. Father says after lie plants the seeds here, he will finish clearing the land in the back of the house to plant corn and potatoes and let- tuce. It all sounds nice. Mother says, "This will help us wilh the food. You know father mfikes very little, only thirty- five cents an hour. And that is because no's a foreman. The others make twenty-five cents an hour, hardly enough to pay for the expensive meat and vegetables." I ask father, "Why are we "For land and other father replies. "This is wiry -we are here." "But I'm not Japanese, like you. I was born here. So were you." I look at Yuki, She says, "That's no- thing a Jap is a Jap, wheth- er you're born here or Even if I change my "Yes, you fook oriental, you're a threat." "A threat? "God only Yuki e- plies. "It's mostly racial pre- judice, and jealousy. Remem- ber we had cleared the best land all along the Fraser Val- ley. Good fisherman. This causes envy, so belter la lack us out. The damn war is just an excuse. Dad knows. The West Coasl people never liked the orienlals. 'Yellow Peril' is what they call us." I look at father. "Yuki is speaking the he says. "This is why we had bcttci' re- turn to Japan when we can." Yuki looks surprised. "Return to Japan? I don't want to go. What would I do Father looks at us. "Would you rather stay in camps? Be treated like dogs? You know you could never get a decent job in Vancouver. Look at cou- sin Robert, a university grad- uate, an honors student. No one would hire him. So he's a gar. dener, just like me. Is this v.'hal you want? To be always a third-class citizen? I mind. I didn'l come lo Ihis country for this kind of treatment. Democ- racy! I'm a Canadian. I have very much. Yuki hardly eats. to pay all the taxes, but I We all go to bed early. I do allowed to have never been vole. Even now, here, they took our land, our houses, oar cliil- dren, everytliing. We are their enemies. Don't you un-ter- stand? I have no desire to be part of this country. There is no future for you here either." Yuki looks upset. "I know all (hat. but I still don't see Ihe point of going to Japan." Fath- er looks annoyed. "Japan is your parents' country. All our relatives are there. There at least we will be free." "Free? 1 wonder, what if they lose the war? Anyway, I don't care if they do lose." Yuki is angry now, "I refuse to go, that's all." She stands up, walks into the house, slams the door. Father wipes his hands on his pants. He, too, is angry now. He stares at me, "One day, Shichan, you'll understand all this. You must dp as I say." That night, again, our house is quiet. Father does not speak "Looks like some sort of floating not even read the new book I borrowed from my friend, Mary. I slare into the dark nighl. I whisper, "I'd go wlierever you go." Yuki does not answer. I do not know if she's asleep or just doesn't want to talk. All is quiet. Spring 1944 The war with Japan is getting very bad. I can [eel my parents growing anxious. There is a lot of ten- sion in the camp, rumors of being moved again, of everyone having to return to Japan. Ka- zuo and his family leave fir Japan. Many are angry have left us. Some call them cowards, others call them brave! I only feel sad, for I litred Kazuo so much, so very much. Father shouts at mother, "We relurn to "But what are we going lo do? You have your brothers and sisters there. I have no one. Besides, the children "Never mind the father answers. "They'll adjust. I'm tired of being treated as a spy, a pri- soner, Do what you like; I'm I can see Mrs. Kono looks confused. "My husband is talk- ing of returning lo Japan, too. 1 think it's the best thing. All cur relatives are still there. We have nothing here." Yuld stares at her. "It's all right for you, Mrs. Kono, you were born there, but we weren't. I'm not going. Thai's And the walks out of the house. Mother gets very upset. I know she wants to cry. "I don't want to go to Japan, I say. "They're short of food and clothing there. They haven't enough for their own people. They won't want us back." All of a sudden I Nate that country for having started the war. I say aloud, "Damn Japs! Why don't they stop Father glares. "What do you mean 'Japs'? You think you're not a Jap? If I hear you say that again I'll throttle you." I see anger and hatred in his eyes. I leave the room, go out of tire house. I hear him say loudly to mother, "E's all your fault. You poison our children's minds by saying we're better off here." And another argument starts. I am getting tired of it, and confused. I feel so and wish again I were older, then maybe I could go some- where. But I do not hate the people in Japan. I know Yuki doesn't hate them either, really. It's all so senseless. Really, maybe children should rule the world! Carl Rowan Why so seldom praiseful of President Nixon? _, Ln-b im llvl, JllaL There arc other ways: most cffecUvo throw up mir hands and say, "It's hope- llnfT K-.T1 (in l-tin Wnrl U__ i _... r hoing seduction (in the best sense of the A teacher can seduce a child into learning nnd enjoying it (much like adver- Using seduces the buyer talo spending joyably. less, Billy will never learn Lot us nsk ourselves, "Why isn't Billy loam. And then help him to Icarn, en- WASHINGTON I've received a lot of letters this year from people who ask why I am so often critical and so seldom praiseful of President Nixon and his administration. My answers always add up to this: Even when espousing programs that I approve, this president and his administra- tion have a way of striking a pose which I regard as hostile, or inimical, to the best inter- ests of the country's poor, its black, its dispossessed. At no time has this been il- lustrated more sadly than in the president's address to the joint session of Congress last Thursday. I have applauded the presi- dent's boldness in taking long- overdue steps lo restore the na- tion's economic health. I could cheer lustily when he listed the goals we can achieve with a healthy and. productive eco- nomy: "To help those who cannot help themselves; to feed (he hungry; to provide better health care for the sick; lo pro- vide belter education for the children; to provide more fully for the aged; to restore and renew our national environ- ment; to provide more and heller jobs and more and greater opportunity for all our people." Those seemed lo be the words of a wist', compassionate leader. But all of a sudden the president lapsed into that dis- maying appeal to selfishness, meanness, self righteousness, that has been winning him ap- plnuse from his faithlul: "I ngain urge Ihe Congress to act in this session on wel- fare reform so that going on welfare will not he more pro- fitable than going lo he Mid. "The Ihing that is demeaning is for n man to refuse work and then ask someone else who works lo pay laxes lo keep him on he snld laler. Tills provoked Sen. Wnller Mbndalc (D.-Minn.) lo sny: "I wish he'd slop Ihis chcnp lino that impUet welfare recipients are basically chiselers." That puts it pretty well, be- cause the president was kick- ing America's down-and-out people in an effort to sell his program. Surely no program worthy of this nation has to be sold by such tactics. Tlie president knows that one reason Ihe welfare burden is so high is that 5 million Ameri- cans want to work, are begging for work, but. cannot find a job. Maybe there is shame in hav- ing lo live off Ihe charity of fel- low citizens; but it is more than shameful that a society with a trillion-dollar economy cannot provide meaningful work for 5 million people. The president also knows that the great bulk of welfare funds Letter to the editor is spent to support children youngsters who are not to blame for their wretched plight and who have not "refused work" so they can live off taxes paid by someone else. Mr. Nixon knows that most of the other welfare recipients are old, blind, disabled, sick or mothers of those young chil- dren. He knows that there are relatively few able-bodied men who actually refuse work so they can mooch off the rest of Why does the president insist on tarnishing good programs and ideas wilh this kind of un- fair kicking around of Ameri- cans least able to defend them- selves? Is he so inculcated with the Horatio Alger syn- Exploring the wilderness drome, so intoxicated with his own cliches to the effect that "hard work is what made America great" that he blinds himself to the truth? The. feeling persisls thai it is just polilics. That applause has told Mr. Nixon that welfare re- cipients are one of the most unpopular groups in the coun- try, so how can there fail to be political mileage in attacking them? I stay pretty disenchanted with the administration be- cause I see too much of this calculated playing to the pas- sions of the mob. The president made a fine move in asking Congress to al- locate billion to help school districts desegregate. But he nullified that by playing to Ihe emotions of all those potential voters who oppose busing as a means of achieving integration. In doing so, the president in- tensified a bad climate to the point that the Kluxers again feel free lo bomb buses end ln> dulge in other violence. Then there is crime In tfa streets, another of those tional veins that can be mined votes. Crime increased U per cent in the United Statei in 1969 and 11 per cent in 1970, and that surely does not entitle the administration to boast about how it has brought law and order to the land. But, without apparent shame, the justice department is rewriting FBI reports and using some of the very newest math to try to sell the argument that "the rale of increase" is less than it was when the Republicans took over. So why am I critical? Be- cause these appeals to meanness and Ihe gullibility of the American people turn me off. I have a feeling they are repelling a lot more of the peo- ple than the administration realizes. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) I am shocked and saddened by altitudes such as "Disheart- ened Liberal" regarding the proposed Kishinena road. Hav- ing spent most of my life in southern California, 1 have seen beautiful countryside re- placed mile by mile with high- ways, gas stations, and bill- boards. I have seen the once clear blue sky change lo a dirty brown muck. All for more peo- ple lo see more country more quickly. The attitude that everyone must be able lo drive into every inch of the National Parks brings to mind a quole by Rolwrt Marshall "Since so few people will ever go to the Louvre in Paris, should the Mona Lisa be cut up info many liltfc pieces and dis- tributed to the art galleries of the world, thereby enabling millions In see what hundreds see Preposterous idea? No more so than cutting the few remain- ing areas of wilderness Into smaller and smaller pieces so (hat more nnd more people can gel lo it. Why is tie automobile con- sidered the only means of trav- el? Have we forgotten how bo walk or sit a horse? The lack of a new highway does not deny anyone the opportunity to see the wilderness. On the con- trary the finest experience a human being can have is lo explore the wilderness on foot or horseback. Only then can a human truly feel that he is a part of nature. Can we deny our future generations this ir- replaceable opportunity? ROBERTA V. SEIBEL. (A DISHEARTENED West Glacier, Montana. So They Say I look at it us a Job, and I imagine I do it at much (ho same pressure I would any other job. Prince Philip, on being a prince. A half-truth is like half a brick; you can throw it far- ther. Adm. Hyman G. Rlck- ovor. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 The first round trip of the world by airplane is con- templated by Sir Ross Smith who last summer successfully completed an England-Austra- lia flight. 1931 Charles W. Gonlon, pilot-geologist, missing for thirty one days since he took off on a flighl to Trout Lake, was found by searchers on the shores of Trout Lake today. Axis planes bombed the city heavily, killing 29 civilians and wounding 93. 1951 High River is to be the centre for Ihe construclion of hutments for the Canadian Army, Navy and Air plant lo be located at the air- port there. in; The Herald's first cir- culalion manager, S. A. "Slan" Buchanan, 71, died unexpecled- ly today. Mr. Buchanan was a 1911 Cairo suffered its first 32 yenr veteran of the newspa- nir raid of the war today when per business. The Lethbridge Herald 50-1 ?ih St. 5., Lcllibridgc, Alberto LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clois Mall No. 0012 Member nf The cnnadlAn Press rino inn Canndian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association And 1ho Audit Bureau of clrculalions CtEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Pifhllsncr THOMAS H. ADAMi, General Mflnaner JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edllor Associate Edllor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advartlslng Mnnatlir Edllor Pago Editor 'THE HERAIO SERVES THE SOUTH" ;