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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Wadneidoy, SopKmbir 16, 1970 THE UTHIRIDGt HIRALD Appa achian Trail Lures Hikers By Dennis I'arncy in The Wall Strccl Journal TTD GAHVEY awoke with the Jj first gray light. He left his sleeping hag and dressed quickly. Then he down- ed a Spartan breakfast (water added to a premised blond of cereal, sugar and powdered shouldered his backpack and started walking. The trail stretched ahead, and he had miles to go. Mr. Garvey, 55, lias spent a summer beginning most morn- ings this way. Thai's because he's out to do something only a handful of people have done before: Hike all about five million the Appalachian Trail. Within a day's drive of 120 million people along the East- ern Seaboard, the Appalachian Trail remains a place of soli- tude and challenge, a footpatli through the mountain forests. Constantly climbing and de- scending, it follows the Appala- chian crest from Georgia to Maine, over granite outcrops and across rushing streams, be- neath oak and maple, hemlock and pine. Although it now at- tracts an estimated one million visitors each year, only about 50 have hiked it from end to end. Mr. Garvey, now working his way north into the White Moun- tains of New HampsWre, aims to join that group. Last April 4 he set out from Georgia's Springer Mountain, the south- ern terminus of the frail. By Oct. 1 (after a 10 day break for his daughter's wedding) he hopes to reach trail's end, atop Mount Katahdin, amid the north woods wilderness of Central Maine. In between, he's having an adventure of a lifetime. "Each day is a new adven- ture" he says enthusiastically. "You're sleeping in a new place, having new experiences, meet- ing new people. You're closer to nature than you've ever been before." That's how the founder of the trail, Benton MacKaye, intend- ed it. In 1921 Mr. MacKaye, a Massachusetts forester and hik- er, proposed a wilderness trail so long that, for all practical purposes, it would seem end- less. Hiking clubs picked up the idea and gradually cleared the narrow footpath, using state and Federal land wherever possible and securing permission from private owners elsewhere. Much of the trail mainte- nance and marking continues to be a private project, co-ordin- ated by tlie Appalachian Trail Conference in Washington, B.C. But in 1968 Congress designated the Appalachian Trail and the Pacific Crest Trail as the first units of a contemplated nation- al trail system. Now states and the Federal Government are working to bring the entire trail length under public control. The additional control is need- ed, Lester L. Holmes, execu- tive director of the Trail Con- ference, speaks of "constantly relocating" sections of the trail to avoid new roads and high- ways, real estate developments and private landowners whoso welcome mat has been with- drawn. Vandals have burned some overnight shelters, trail markers keep getting stolen and littering is a problem. Yet despite these problems and the trail's proximity to the metropolitan Northeast, much of the trail remains a world apart. It is a world of Revolutionary War campsites and abandoned mountain c a b i n s, of rushing streams and icy waterfalls, of Stink Creek ,-m'l Lost Spectacles Gap, of Killatiraiy Ridge and Purgatory Hill, of wild blueber- ries, bloodroot and mayapplo. A- It can be a hot, sweaty, blis- tery world. The trail deliberate- ly seeks out some of the steep- est grades available, and in- sects and the humid, rainy cli- mate can make things miser- able for tire unprepared. In their book, "The Appalachian Plea For Cross-Canada Hiking A Trans-Canada hiking Irail has for long been the vi- sion of many outdoor enthu- siasts. It remains something of an ideal, an objective to help unite the nation as did the railroad a century ago and the highway in more recent years. Gradually and impreceptibly, however, there is emerging on the map of Canada a series of lines which, with a little co-or- dination in long-term planning, could materialize into a foot trail spanning as a begin- ning the five Western prov- inces. Groups within these prov- inces are engaged in indepen- dent trail-building programs. At present there is no long- term objective of establishing a Canadian hiking trail system. It is time to set about such planning and tlis groups al- ready engaged upon programs form a strong nucleus to be augmented by countless other groups and individuals. The trail for Tcstern Canada is submitted as a sound and realistic approach to establish a green belt across the more populated areas of Canada, a backbone to extend eventually through Quebec and the Mari- times and from which side trails will grow. Setting the pace for s u c h a venture is the 467-mile Bruce Trail Ci'.'.ario, a well-estab- lished and eminently successful From The Globe and Mail, Toronto trail which points the way northward and westward from the international boundary at Niagara. It invites extension to Manitoulin Island and into a second trail system or Ontario encompassing the ragged scen- ery of the Lake Superior shore- line and the vast wilderness of the northern lakeland. The tourist appeal alons is suffi- cient to justify establishment of this Lakehead trail. In Manitoba, the Pembina District of Scouts is already un- dertaking of an C3- mile section of trail tentatively termed the Trans Canada Hiking Trail. In the knowledge that a national trail must sure- ly pass through the nsck of land spanned by Whiteshell Provincial Park, this group last year took the initiative as a project for Manitoba's centen- ary. Saskatchewan residents for some years have envisaged a recreational trail along the pleasant valley of the Qu'Ap- pelle River which fits admirab- ly into the east, west concept. Last year interest was aroused in the formation of a group to promote and develop the scheme. Here in Alberta three long- distance trail programs are in existence. The Waskahegan Trail Association is engaged hi establishment of a 140-mile cir- cular route around Edmonton. The Chinook Trail Association envisages a circular route through, and io the south of, Calgary with ultimate exten- sion across the province along the Bow River valley. Con- struction has commenced in the city and also along the riv- er on the Blackfoot Indian re- serve 50 miles eastward in the Prairies. In the mountain national parks, pressure is strong for the recognition of a route strad- dling the Continental Divide from Waterton to Jasper. Plans are well advanced for the pro- posed Great Divide Trail. From Jasper and the Yellow- head Pass the way leads into Briths Columbia and a superb and challenging opporum'ty is afforded to follow the Fraser River on ils monumental journ- ey from Mount Hobson, king of the Canadian Rockies, to the Pacific Ocean. The initial miles of the Centennial Trail of Bri- tish Columbia, opened in 1967, include much of the lower Fraser Valley threatened by urbanization which creeps up the valley. By the time all the corners and grades are counted this trail spanning Western Canada 'twist the gates of Toronto and Vancouver" might extend miles. Magnitude alone is not the objective but such a trail will serve countless good causes. Prices effectiva Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sept. 17, 18, 19 Reedy to serve, whole, halves or quarters FREEZER SALE! BEEF FRONTS Red or Blue Brand Beef Cul tind wrapped for freezer Ib, PORK LOINS Cut and wrapped Ib. PORK STEAK Ready for Your freezer Ib. Beef Sousage 99cV Ground Beef ..........2 Ibi 1.09 Chock Roast 55e Chuck Steak 55c FRESH CHICKEN Grade A Whole poly bag....... Ib. 39' Cut up Ib. 45' .00 Liver Chubs sliced Bacon MARGARINE _3bpl8T5 PEACHES APRICOTS HAMS Mb. cello Cock-O-Walk 28-oz. tins Gold Reef 14-oz. tins Maple Loaf Mb. tins 1 ,35 KING OF HAWAII Pineapple Juice 3 89' 48-01. tins Orange Crystals TANG pkgs. BATH. TISSUE Purex 3fcr1.00 OLIVES IP................5-0, ,.r 45c CRANBERRY SAUCE 3f0r79c BANANAS 6 Ibs. Grown, n 1 r Canada No. 1 L Ibs. I JC Grapes 1.29 GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 708 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-5431 MEATS 327-1812 OPEN THURSDAY Till 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVE FREE DELIVERY Ann and Myron Sutlon '.vritc of llic hiker's command- ment: "Thou shall not tell thy neighbor false tales about good hiking in the mountains lest in deceiving thy neighbor, when ho rclurnclh through the snow with naught save his rifle, IB prc- senleth Ihcc with the contents thereof But hikers may make their experience as easy or as diffi- cult as they choose. Some cany all their food and supplies on their backs, travelling light and staying out for days on end. The great majority, however, take their hiking in much shorter outings. And most hikers carry guidebooks, published by the Trail Conference, with direc- tions so explicit that it's diffi- cult to get even when, js frequently happens, the trail leaves the forest to brush with civilization. For example: "From U.S. route 206 pass to left of Worlhington's Bakery (refreshments and groceries sold from March to ascending around east end of ridge Or: "Opposite barn, turn right into driveway, then turn left down steps behind house, pass- ing close to back door Or: pass thru Rockv Glen at M. with statue of Walt Whitman on left and poem "Song of the Open Road" chis- eled in rock opposite." The song of the open road has lured both young and old to the trail. Frederick W. Luelir- ing, a retted coach and physi- cal education professor for such schools as Princeton and the University of Pennsylvania, completed the trail at 82, an age record. (He's 88 now and plan- ning more hiking this Mr. Luehring was joined for the final leg of the trail, more than 100 miles in Maine, by some fellow residents of Swarth- more, Pa.: Mark Boyer, then 3, and his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Boyer. Two years ago, Mark, then 13, became the youngest person to complete the trail. Mrs. Emma G a t ewood, of Thurman, Ohio, mother of It and grandmother of 23, com- pleted the trail in 1955, at. 67. Mrs. Gatewood told friends the experience was rather disap- pointing: Her feet swelled and the s o 1 i t u d e oppressed her. Then, two years later, she hiked the trail again. At 76, she com- pleted the trail a third time. Now, at 82, she says: "I'd be tickled to do it again if I could find someone to go with me." The trail is no place for the out-of-shape. "A lot of people want to coyer the whole thing and don't have any idea what they're getting says Her- bert Killer, an official of the Na- ture Conservancy who 'gradually hiked the entire trail over 14 years of vacations and week- ends. He suggests limiting back- pack weight to 30 pounds and recommends munching dried apricots or salted' peanuts give you the salt you while hiking. And Mr. Garvey, the man currently walking his way north tells the sad tale of a hiking companion at the start of his adventure who "was just ob- viously out of condition." "I had to part company with him the first he says. "I felt very bad about that. But he was col- lapsing every five erally lying on the ground. I later heard he made only four miles the first day." Mr. Garvey made 10 miles that day and averages 14 now. Up most mornings by and on the trail by he stops at 10 for an energy boosting snack, at noon for lunch, and about 4 for an hour and a half of note- taking on the day's experiences. Then it's time to build the eve- ning fire, eat his only hot meal of the day and turn in by His trip hasn't been easy. He lost 15 pounds (to 138) in the first 17 days, before lie realized he wasn't eating enough. "I didn't realize how much energy 1 was burning he says. Along the way, IK has had ex- periences both good and bad. There has been the "wonder- ful, wonderful clear cold water" of the national forests, for ex- ample, spring in the southern Appalachians saw spring like I'd never seen it and the beauty of Laurel Fork Gorge, near Hampton, Tenn. There, paralleling a rushing stream, the trail twists beneath oaks and hickories, past water- falls and clumps of rhododen- dron and mountain laurel. But there also was the "pun- ishingly, brutally sleep" 25-mile section south of the Great Smokey Mountains. "I don't know who laid it Mr. Gar- vey grumbles. "11 goes straight up and down over every knob and mountain. I don't see any point to it." But lie's sure the trip has been worth the effort, even though he finds it hard lo put the experience in words. "Why did Thorcau go to dcn Ire says. "T hose things are hard to explain." Is This Trip Necessary? From.The. Washington.Post AT tile Reverend Carl Mclntire's last big pro-war demonstration in Wash- ington, Georgia's Governor Lester Mad- dox was a featured speaker. There were calls to victory six to eight diatribes against sex education, and no end of suggestions that the Nixon administra- tion was hi the way of selling us out in Vietnam. And just as the peace demon- strators have their more offensive, unin- vited taga'.ongs, so who else? the National Socialist White People's party put in an appearance, marching alongside the paraders with a sign that read "Nixon Is a No-Win Swine." In view of all this, it was hard io imagine what Rev. Mclntire could do for an encore, what attraction he might provide' for his coming October 3 march that wouldn't prove anticlimatic. Well, now we know, and you've got to hand it to Rev. Mclntire: Thursday it was an- nounced that Vietnamese Vice-President Nguyen Cao Ky planned to turn up as guest speaker. So far as we can perceive, the Nixon ad- ministration does not appear entirely thrilled by this development. And we should not be too surprised if, between now and D-Day, Vice-President Ky's iti- nerary or his mission (or both) are some- how revised. That is Rev. Mclntire, who previously charged the administration with attempting to "sabotage" his April rally, may come to look back on that epi- sode as a mere fiddling with the locks that preceded the theft of the war plans. For Mr. Nixon has ample reason to discourage this bizarre appearance, and not just on grounds that Rev. Mclntire plus Vice- President Ky plus whoever comes to coun- ter-demonstrate -is a combination m o r a than likely to end up in another tear-gas bath. After all, it was the President who stressed the point that foreign policy is not. made in the streets, and it is hard to see how his argument can be much helped by the presence of Vice-President Ky at Rev. Mclntire's rally. It is also hard to see how Vice President Ky's presence among this particular group could do much to fortify the faith of the wavering mid- dle in the wisdom of our commitment to the government of South Vietnam. You could argue, of course, that one good turn deserves another, that what we are really witnessing is nothing more than the second step in a cultural exchange of vice-presi- dents. But think what you will of Mr. Ag- new's recent foray abroad, notlu'ng he did or said seems to us to have left this coun- try deserving of such a visit for such a purpose. This, in other words, doesn't strike us as reciprocation at all, but more as a form of massive retaliation. Blood In The Coffee From Brazil By Jean-Claude Leclerc in Montreal Le Devoir TVrOTHING Is more distressing than to read side by side, the accounts that continue to be published on the cruel re- gime in Brazil and the pages the Ottawa government has devoted to ils new foreign policy "to serve Canadians." Behind the padded formulations of the external affairs department, terrible choices, of capital importance to the fu- ture of tiia country, are being made. Under the guise of efficiency, modesty or even international co-operation, the fed- eral government is moving imperceptibly into a policy of de facto support of re- gimes which most inhumanly oppose the democratic creed we preach here. What good will it have done to die for democracy in Europe in the 1940s if, 30 years later, we cooperate with dictator- ships in Brazil, Haiti, South Africa and elsewhere? No one can be belter informed about this Brazilian situation than the present gov- ernment. Long before former trade minis- ter Robert Winters became, in 1963, the president of Brazilian Light and Power now Brascan Ltd., the vice-president of this Canadian company in Brazil was from 1958 to 1962, Mr. Mitchell Sharp, who has since become external affairs minis- ter. Surveying Latin America without a word about the regimes of torture, the de- partment concluded that "the principal role of Canada in this area is to come to the aid of those who seek to eliminate the eventual causes of violent revolution in the hemisphere." Just as revealing and revolting are pages the government dared to publish on Canada's objectives in South Africa, the essence of which can be summed up in one argument: Canada can continue to trade with the torturers of Pretoria, seeing that it gives charity to the Negroes of neigh- boring countries! It will be too late to cry crocodile tears when revolutionary groups attack the lives and property of Canadians abroad. There is too much blood in the coffee that comes to us from. Brazil The sad truth is that Canma is con- tinuing to lose its moral substance We can no longer pretend to be building the just society in Canada while making pacts aboard with regimes of torturers. A nation does not live by self-interest alone. The Why Of Crime From The Christian Science Monitor 17011 those hardy enough or rash enough to wade through the 128-page "New Pogram of the Communist Party U.S.A.." there are some extraordinary and reveal- ing nuggets to be uncovered; Let us con- sider just one of these. In a short, two-line paragraph the American Communist Party states: 'With capitalism gone, organized crime will also go, for it is the profit system that corrupts people and breeds crime." At first glance many persons might ask what is either extraordinary or revealing about that. Haven't the Communists always made such a claim? But have they? Let us look again. Let us note par- ticularly the use of the word and we shall see that in regard to Marx- ism's effect on crime, Communist prop- aganda has changed enormously. For pre- viously, and for the Communists claimed that, once capitalism were abol- ished, all crime would go with it. Indeed, it was a pillar of Marxist faith that communism would so change men's outlook on life, their attitude towards pri- vate property, their feelings towards each other that all kinds of crime, lawlessness, and violence would wither away. They claimed that men's moral viewpoint would be so raised and society's tension so low- ered that human nature would be mads over, and crime could not persist. The statement quoted above from the American Communists only confirms if indirectly what the Soviet Union ad- mits every day. And this is that crime, all types of crime, remains rampant in a Marxist society. Unhappily, robbery, mur- der, assault, rape, embezzlement, fraud and so on continue to flourish in Russia. And so does a whole range of crimes which does not exist in the non-Communist world, many of them growing out of the Soviet Union's one-party, public-ownership etltDS. While Communist newspapers print little crime news, enough is revealed to show that Marxist lands not only have a great deal of crime, but that the crime rate is rising. This helps confirm what more and persons are coming to recognize, namely, that crime is not primarily attributable to any political, economic or social system. Crime comes from an insufficiently devel- oped moral sense, from the failure of par- ents or society to inculcate moral ideals, from an individual's failure to follow the higher prompting which everyone's con- science affords. NeiUier wealth, cominu- nism, nor capitalism can do away with crime. Crime can only be first held in check and then abolished when human life lifts its moral goals and stremrtheia its spiritual ideals. The Tldrd Pollution From The Great Falls Tribune IVTOISE, rather than air and water pol- lution, may turn out to be the undoing of many cities. Like Great Falls, for in- stance. There is plenty of fresh air in the Big Sky country. Mountain snows provide an abimdance of good water. But how about noise, particularly at night in summer when householders open their windows to let in some of the cool, fresh air? In whiter, touscs and apartments are closed to keep out the cold, but summer is different. More and more, however, summer which should be something plea- sant is turning inlo a three-month night- mare because of noise. The freight train pulling out of town shatters tire midnight stillness with its loud whistling about lite time it reaches the upper end of Gibson Park. Heavily loaded trucks coming out of the wholesale district "gun" it in their hurry to reach the open road. Tavern patrons on their way home when the downtown bars close "rev up" the en- gines of their souped up sports cars or "Howling Hondas" with total disregard for tlw suffering populace. Stereo sessions break out in tire neighbor- hood with the "in" tunes from Tin Pan Alley. Twanging guitars and voices raised in "live" song add to tha din. Just as one is about to fall asleep the distant wailing of an ambulance siren or the lovenraking of an amorous tomcat brings him sharply to attention again. Matters are worse on weekends, of course, hut must all these things be? ;