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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, 16. 1970 Carl T. Roivan- Grants To Guerrillas South Africans and doubtless some people in other parts of the world were shocked recently by a decision made by the executive of the World Council of Churches in Geneva. The decision was to make grants totalling to guerrilla groups in Southern Africa and anti- apartheid and liberation organiza- tions in Britain and elsewhere. Critics of this decision contend that Christians have no business giving support to groups that resort to vio- lence. The irony is that Christians in South Africa support a regime that daily resorts to violence. It is significant that the grants were voted without dissent by the WCC's 27-member executive. This re- flects a growing feeling among reflec- tive and responsible Christians that some things may be worse than violence racism, for instance. The privileged position which min- ority groups such as the white South Africans enjoy is not only maintained No Reason To Cheer Jubilation was the keynote in a broadcast over CBC when General Motors workers shouted their hurrahs as they walked off the job. Putting management on the spot, asserting the power of the employee over the employer is adrenalin in the veins of some workers but not. all of them. What is ahead? In the words of Dr. John Young, prices and incomes com- mission chairman when he spoke to the Vancouyer Board of Trade be- fore the strike action was taken, it will mean "some combination of high- er unem p 1 o y m e n t, voluntary re- straints and mandatory controls." Time only can tell what these will be. Mr. Young pointed out that re- straint from the business community has been encouraging. But he went on to say that major wage settle- ments in the second quarter of 1970 ran to 8.5 per cent, an enormous in- crease over the long run average an- nual increase of 2.5 to 3 per cent in national productivity. These are figures which ought to have given labor negotiators food for thought. They show that business ex- pansion cannot continue if wages rise at the present rate. Prices will con- tinue to rise, unemployment will rise too under present circumstances. He said that it is possible that "wage and salary increases will indeed re- spond before long, as they have in the past, to a weaker market demand for goods and services and higher unemployment." Dr. Young's speech was made be- fore G.M. was struck. When is "before Productiv- ity is the economic life blood of this country. The strike at G.M. is a dan- gerous" clot in its veins. The entire business community and the work- ing force of Canada are threatened. Neither side ought to be cheering. Victimized Refugees If further proof were needed that millions of innocent people can be victimized by a small group of to- tally unprincipled anarchists, bent only on achieving what they them- selves believe to be just and right, the events of the past few weeks in the Middle East have provided it. Terrorist bombings, violent demon- strations and street fights have been effective in shaping U.S. domestic and foreign policy. In South America, guerrillas have forced governments of Latin American nations to knuckle under to their demands. It is quite probable, that at least in some of these countries; military dictatorships have resulted because of the activ- ities of a handful of totally unprin- cipled men and women bent on forc- ing their demands on a too-easily victimized public. The Middle East madmen, a mere handful of them, have shown that great nations can be made to bow to their will. In the long run they have done great damage to the Arab cause and to the refugees whom they pro- fess to represent. The majority of Palestinian refugees are not follow- ers of the Popular Front for the Lib- eration of Palestine they are not believers in the violent far-out Marxism which their leader Dr. George Habbash professes, nor do they look to China for "liberation" from their present miseries. These refugees are Dr. Habbash's victims, who stand to lose what little they have through his misguided efforts to set them free. Problems Of An Opposition From The Winnipeg Free Press WHATEVER the intentions of its or- ganizers, the hole-in-the-corner meet- ing of Prairie Conservatives in Saskatoon was bound to derogate from the authority of Robert Stanfield in the national party. In a sense the controversy oyer its precise significance obscures the main point. The Conservatives, especially but not solely in the West, are a sorely frustrated party, dis- satisfied about their own performance, un- sure of their direction, gloomy about their prospects. In such a situation, it is tempting to sug- gest that the fault is not in the party or in its message but in the leader who is insuf- ficiently aggressive or charismatic or who fails for other reasons to catch the atten- tion of the country. But the fault is not solely Mr. Stanfield's and would not be cor- rected by a mere change of personalities, because it does involve the party and its message. More than two years have passed since the 1968 election. They have been years of great difficulty for the Trudeau govern- ment, which has been plagued with prob- lems: inflation, unemployment, unsold wheat, endless troubles in the post office, unrest in the civil service, divisions within its own ranks over matters ranging from foreign policy to tax reform. They should, therefore, have been years of opportunity and gathering strength for the Conserva- tive opposition. But there is nothing to sug- gest that the Conservatives have made any headway; the only evident gains having ac- crued to the NDP. No doubt the continuing popularity of the prime minister has helped to compensate for the unpopularity of min- isterial policies. But John Diefenbaker, who in 1958 had even wider appeal, lost ground very quickly as opinion shifted in favor of the Liberals. The difference today is that voters, even when disenchanted with the government, fail to recognize in the official opposition a credible alternative. An important reason, almost certainly, is that the psrty leadership (including the whole parliamentary caucus and the hier- archy) has spurned the means of its own renewal. The Conservative group in the House of Commons ought to represent Con- servative opinion in the country. In fact it appears to operate in a partial vacuum, re- acting (as to some extent it must do) to daily pronouncements of government and improvising policy with the aid of various study groups as it goes along. Mr. Stan- field was given no policy at the outset and he has acquired little in the way of guide- lines since. The conference at Niagara Falls, which might have set the party back on its feet, was ill conceived, ill prepared and is now almost forgotten by the public. It large- ly failed to involve the Conservatives in the country. Those who did attend spent much of their time listening to wandering min- strels from the universities; resource peo- ple, strangers to the party. So much of the time was taken up in rather academic dis- cussions by small, unrepresentative groups that little came before the plenary sessions and some of the most important issues dis- appeared in the end into thin air. After 1957 it was said that the Liberal brass had lost touch with the grass. This is the Conservative problem today. It is much more important than Mr. Stanfield's personality or platform style. It would not be solved by the substitution of another personality and another style. Mr. Pearson, in similar plight, sought out Liberal opinion nothing comparable on the Conservative at the policy rally of 1959. There has been side. Lacking guidelines, the parliamentary party relies on its crystal ball. Whether it represents Conservative Uu'nking, no one knows; least of all the general public. When its very credentials are suspect, how can it hope to find support? The problems of policy making are diffi- cult, expense alone being a deterrent to popular democracy and an argument for caucus divination. The Conservatives must either tackle them or lose by default. The least that can be said about the conclave in Saskatoon is that it is a portent of serious trouble in the party unless there is purpose- ful action to replace the present drift. Chilling Night In A Black Township by violence or threat of violence but was generally created initially through violence. Christians have been implicated from the beginning in this unsavory business. It was a combination of commercial and Christian missionary interests that led to conquest and exploitation. Some Christians have concluded that the only way the injustice of many established systems can be challenged is through threat of vio- lence. The most dramatic evidence is that of Roman Catholic priests in Soflth America becoming radicalized and personally participating in guer- rilla activity. White South Africans must soon begin to realize that world opinion is massing against apartheid policies. Apartheid is abhorrent to most Chris- tians. If violence is more abhorrent to white South African Christians they should demonstrate this by giv- ing up their reliance upon it to sup- port apartheid and then give up apartheid itself. JOHANNESBURG A popular story in South Africa apocryphal perhaps about a white matron in a wealthy section of this city who turned to her African houseboy and said: "Joseph, if Hie Bantu staged a rebellion, you wouldn't really cut my throat, would "Certainly the black servant replied. "Houseboy next door cut your' throat; I chop off head of his master." The threat inherent in that story says much about the tragedy of apartheid in this land, where 3.5 million whites rule absolutely about 16 million non-whites. It is fear of rebellion and cut throats, plus an aged but weak- ening certainty of the superior- ity of Die while race, that is responsible for Africans being herded into townships which, niceties of language stripped away, are really genteel con- centration camps. It is from the largest of these vast black ghettoes, on a Sat- urday night, that my wife and I write the notes and impres- sions that form the heart of this column. We are in Soweto, some 15 miles from the white- by-night city of Johannesburg. We are "illegal" guests of Afri- cans who say they are proud to entertain black Americans who refuse to bow to apartheid regulations and who openly tell the press that Africans Iiere get perhaps the rawest deal of any group of human beings anywhere. I say we are in Soweto illegally and that point read- ers must understand if they are to comprehend South Africa and the ultimate calam- ity that is building up in the southern end of a vast con- tinent whose future will help determine the well-being of Americans, Britons and Frenchmen. There about a million Africans in Soweto. They are in this township because, like people everywhere, they have fled the boredom and hopeless- ness of rural areas seeking a better life in the cities; but the areas, colored is to visit an white man does _ not permit Africans to reside in Johannes- burg. In truth, he permits al- most nothing in the way of per- sonal freedom. Every black soul here car- ries a passbook, with various endorsements, indicating where that African may be at any time. God help him if he is caught in downtown Johannes- burg after 11 p.m. without a passbook showing he has a spe- cial reason and permit to be there. Not only is the African for- bidden to enter the white city except to work for the white man, but no white man, for- eigner, Indian or, in some "Departure desk to pilot everything O.K. nothing to worry about with this lot." Letters To The Editor Arab Guerrillas: West's Refusal To Face Guilt I object to parts of your "Thugs hi the .Sky" editorial of September 10 particularly guerrillas who have flouted all standards of decent behavior" and thugs who have declared war on us all." Yours is another example of our con- tinual denial to face our own guilt. These guerrillas have been created by us as a direct result of our Christian persecu- tion of Jews. Arabs and Jews were living in peaceful co-existence for many years in Middle East un- til the end of the Second World War when the West, horrified by what we had done to the Jewish people, generated anew the idea of a Jewish state. Howard Society Needs Aid It seems incredible to this writer that the City Council should turn down assistance of a mere to the needs of the Lethbridge John Howard Society. This organization, if you will look into its history, both past and present, here and elsewhere in the world, has done a magnanimous job in helping suffering humanity. This "sav.e money policy" on the part of City Council is hard to comprehend, particularly, when, without any approval of the over-burdened taxpayer, it voted for some of its members and wives to go on a gala trip to St. Laurent, Que- bec this summer. I presume next year St. Laurent will send a delegation here to be entertained lavishly by City Council at further cost. The taxpayer is not included in these events. He just pays. Dur- ing this period when Canada is promoting an "aus t e r i t y pro- gram" it seems to me, that the needs of our young people in these "disturbing times" are more important than any last- ing effect, either on our econ- omy or character, this adopted relationship with St. Laurent Province of Quebec will have. Tlie unfortunate people in our area need our s u p p o r t the masses of young people in jail now for drug convictions need we shall lose many of them permanently. The John Howard Society is willing to give this help but they can't to it without financial aid. Can the City Council, in the face of its many extravagant gestures, close its eyes to such a plea? MRS. A. G. VIRTUE. Lethbridge. Safe Crossing On Magrath Drive Five years ago, September 14, 1965, my young daughter was fatally injured by a car at Mayor Magrath Drive. At the time there were letters to you, lots' of talk, and even a traffic survey completed. Peo- ple were demanding something be done about the dangerous situation on Mayor Magrath Drive. It all lasted about six months. People forgot and the city changed tile traffic lights. Nothing more. It saddens me when I visit the city to realize so little was done to protect your children. They say education is the key- note. Education can do only so much, I assure you. Something must be done about the Driva. Certainly this will take money. Is one child's life not worth it? Tax money provides playgrounds, swim- ming pools and skating rinks for your children. Should it not provide safe crossings on this very busy Drive for those chil- dren? I am sure many tax dol- lars are spent for less impor- tant projects in Lethbridgs. I am a Lethbridge taxpayer and I can certainly say I would happily see tax monies spent for such necessary safety. Calgary' has tried to elimin- ate their problem with fences and overhead crosswalks, such as along the Crowchild and Blackfoot Trails. Why can't Lethbridge? Must there be another tragedy on Mayor Ma- grath Drive? M. L. BALKHAM. St. Paul, Alberta. Economics To Blame We are told that in Northern Ireland there is a constant straggle between Protestants and Roman Catholics over jobs, housing, and other needs. It is obvious that this economic struggle is at the root of the hatred between the two, and the discrimination against the LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1520 Twelve eight-horse teams and a number of four- horse teams are hauling rye from the Camreon Ranch. The carrier across tlic Oldinan Riv- er is working and can trnasport 50 bushels each trip. Forty thousands bushels will be moved. 1930 Sir Thomas Lipton challenger .'or the America's Cup without success since 89, gave up hope ol victory in the current scries when Shamrock V broke a main halyard, giving Enterprise her third victory in the series. 1310 A huge bombing and gunnery school costing is to be established at bridge. The present elementary school here will be transferred to High River. 10.10 The super-stream- lined, jet-propelled F-8G Sabre now being built, for the RCAF by Canadair, is tho world's fastest plane. The Sabre holds UK official record of 670 miles an hour. I860 Tom Uphill, Fernie, who sat in the British Columbia legislature a record 40 years says he'll be around next ses- sion sitting in the galleries and keeping an eye on things. Catholic minority, which Miss Bernadette Devlin testified; is encouraged by the dominant Protestant capitalists and land- owners who restrict the job and housing opportunities of Catho- lics. This discrimination is clearly to the advantage of Protestants in the struggle for jobs, housing, etc. Workers are thus kept di- vided and fighting each other while the real cause of their economic plight, the general lack of jobs and housing, and insufficient incomes, inherent in the profit-motivated, labor- exploiting capitalist system, is kept obscured. In a genuine Socialist society, advocated by by the Socialist Labor Party, wherein a socially owned and democratically controlled eco- nomy will be planned to pro- vide jobs and affluence for all, a man's color, nationality or religion will be more a cause for hatred or discrimination than whether he is short or tall, fat or thin. JAMES MINAL. Burnaby, B.C. Britain was the power in the Middle East and with Ameri- can concurrence and pressure, Arab people could do little to oppose. Jews fleeing our per- secution and exploiting oiir guilt forced their way into Palestine, engaged hi terrorism against both the British and the Arabs, managed to force the creation of the state and since that time have been ex- panding territorially against a technologically backward and politically unorganized people. Two million Arabs have been forced from their homes. If we want a country for three million Jewish' people why not carve out part of Cali- fornia or better yet, Alberta; there would be fewer people to displace. Unthinkable? Arabs have to think that way. I sug- gest that we pack up that whole damn hornets' nest of Jewish "guerrillas" and invite them back to their "real" homes, but then they never were welcome here, were they? Who has been "flouting all standards of decent Who has "declared war" on whom? You blame Arabs for fighting back? Somewhere, someone must derive wry amusement from our indignant reaction to guerrillas that jump out at us from thin air. Our shame can know no end. JOHN MacKENZIE. Lethbridge. Warm Welcome I was most surprised to read the letter from During the 25 years I have been a citizen of our city I have always commented on the friendliness of the inhabitants. I would suggest that "New- comer" overcomes her ideas of unfriendliness and I know that if she attends some other Sen- ior Citizens activities she will receive a more than warm wel- come. Should she wish to know of these activities will she get in touch with me through your of- fice or phon.5 the Golden Mile Drop-In Centre, 7-5333. HAPPY CITIZEN. Lethbridge. African township without a spe- cial permit from the govern- ment agency that controls "Bantu affairs." But I came to South Africa with the clear stipulation that I would have the same free- dom of movement as a news- man that I enjoy in any other country. And that to me means moving about without special government permits and gov- ernment escorts. So when a few courageous Africans invited us to a Sat- urday night party and ah Afri- can-eye look at this "notorious" township, we defied the prob- abilities of rape and robbery and the likelihood of Prime Minister Vorster's displeasure, and accepted. (At no time did the government try to curb us.) The first truth that struck us is that even in this sprawling black ghetto the African is in- secure. He is here totally at the whim of the white man. A newcomer black may not get a house here until he has worked for one employer at least ten years, or two employ- ers at least 15. Thus an Afri- can who has worked for a white family or firm for seven years dares not quit for a bet- ter job, or because he is being abused, because to do so is to lose valuable years toward gaining the right to a house. Changing jobs can mean ban- ishment to the bush. This is a delicate form of slavery, and it serves well to keep African workers station- docile. And Africans may own no land in Soweto. Government of- ficials emphasized to me that Eowelo technically is on "white" laud and that the mil- lion Africans living on it are temporary "visitors in a white man's as the minister of information and immigration put it. In short, these million Afri- cans are 1 i v e-in servants. It's just that the white boss has put the servants' quarters 15 miles away. So here the Africans live, In drab little houses, usually with an outhouse and a water tap in the yard, complaining bitterly that they will pay rent till death and own nothing. A few lucky ones have "trading permits" which 1st them run cinemas, butcher shops, filling stations. They are sheltered from competition, so they are certain to if they co-operate. Any trading permit can be cancelled on a month's notice. And that is ex- planation enough why the white security police have such a vast number of black in- formers, lushing with tips that doom any natives who get rest- less. We took an earlier govern- ment approved, daylight tour of Soweto and found it chilling to hear African after African whisper his anger and rage, explaining that "if I talk too much I will Mind up behind bars." That illegal nighttime ses- sion was even more depress- ing. Despite a ban on political talk and gatherings by blacks, the people poured out griev- ances in ways that the govern- ment would surely declare political: free school books for white children, none for blacks; compulsory education for whites, but not for blacks; lower pay for blacks with higher training doing exactly tile same work as whiles. (Tte average monthly pay in indus- try is ?382 for whites, for Africans.) Rising out of this cacophony of black rage we heard young cries of black power suddenly emerging upon Ihe South Afri- can Past midnight, as our hosts pushed us toward tears with a spontaneous outburst of songs, including the "African national all I could remember was: White official telling me that "our Africans here are happy; they like Ihe way they leaving me with the eerie feeling that I had heard that line before. young woman, doing skilled work in a pottery fac. tery for a week, whisper- ing to me: "We no longer have hops. Too many of our people who had the education and ability to change things have fled the country, or they have been put in jail. "So don't tell me freedom will come, mister. We no long- er have hope." (Field Enterprises, Inc.) The LetKbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class Man Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit (Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pafle Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THS SOUTH" ;